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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Gregory the Great, writing in Latin in c. 593 in Rome, describes a vision of *Euticius (presbyter and martyr of Ferento, S01228) experienced by a bishop at Euticius’ church and tomb in the vicinity of Ferento, central Italy; account in Dialogues 3.38.

Evidence ID

E05259

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts

Major author/Major anonymous work

Gregory the Great (pope)

Gregory the Great, Dialogues 3.38

Summary:

When travelling in his diocese, Redemptus, a bishop of Ferento, stayed overnight in a church devoted to Euticius. He slept near his tomb. That night, he had a vision of the martyr, who told him that ‘the end of all flesh comes' (
finis venit universae carni). He then had a vision of armies appearing from the north. Shortly after this event, the Lombards invaded Italy.

Summary: Frances
Trzeciak.
Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)
Burial site of a saint - tomb/grave

Non Liturgical Activity

Incubation

Miracles

Miracle after death
Revelation of hidden knowledge (past, present and future)
Apparition, vision, dream, revelation

Relics

Bodily relic - entire body

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops
Foreigners (including Barbarians)
Soldiers

Source

Gregory the Great (Pope, 590-604) wrote his Dialogues on the Lives and Miracles of the Italian Fathers (Dialogi de vita et miraculis patrum italicorum) in Rome around 593. Organised into four books, the first three are a collection of lives and miracles of various Italian saints. The longest is the Life of Benedict of Nursia, which comprises the entirety of book 2. The final book consists of an essay on the immortality of souls after death. As a whole, the work documents and explains the presence of the miraculous in the contemporary world and the ability of saints to effect miracles both before and after death. The attribution of the Dialogues to Gregory has been disputed, most recently by Francis Clark who argued that the work was created in the 680s in Rome. Others - such as Adalbert de Vogüé, Paul Meyvaert and Matthew dal Santo - have, however, strongly argued for Gregory's authorship and it is broadly accepted that Gregory was responsible for the Dialogues.

For a discussion of Gregory's devotion in writing the
Dialogues, see E04383, and for the role of the Dialogues as a tract justifying the nature of miracles and theorising on the immortality of souls, see E04506.

Gregory's principal aim in collecting the miracle stories of the holy men and a very few women of sixth-century Italy was to show the presence of God's power on earth as manifested through them, rather than to encourage the cult of these individuals. Indeed, though posthumous miracles at the graves of a few individuals are recorded (and also a few miracles aided by contact relics of dead saints), there is very little emphasis in the
Dialogues on posthumous cult; some of the miraculous events that Gregory records (e.g. E04429) are not even attributed to named individuals. Although very few of the holy persons in the Dialogues are 'proper' saints, with long-term cult, we have included them all in our database, for the sake of completeness and as an illustration of the impossibility of dividing 'proper' saints from more 'ordinary' holy individuals.


Discussion

This is early evidence of the cult of Euticius. For a discussion of the account of his martyrdom, see E02493. The incident described can be dated to shortly before 568 (the date of the Lombard invasion of Italy).


Bibliography

Edition:
Vogüé, A. de, Grégoire le Grand, Dialogues, Sources chrétiennes 260 (Paris: Cerf, 1979).

Translation:
Zimmerman, O.J., Dialogues of Saint Gregory the Great, Fathers of the Church 39 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1959).

Further Reading:
Clark, F.,The 'Gregorian' Dialogues and the Origins of Benedictine Monasticism (Leiden: Brill, 2003).

Dal Santo, M., "The Shadow of A Doubt? A Note on the
Dialogues and Registrum Epistolarum of Pope Gregory the Great (590–604)," Journal of Ecclesiatical History, 61.1, (2010), 3-17.

Meyvaert, P., "The Enigma of Gregory the Great’s Dialogues: A Reply to Francis Clark,"
Journal of Ecclesiastical History 39 (1988), 335–81.

Vogüé, A. de, "Grégoire le Grand et ses Dialogues d’après deux ouvrages récents,"
Revue d’histoire ecclésiastique 83 (1988), 281–348.


Record Created By

Frances Trzeciak

Date Last Modified

09/10/2018

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S01228Euticius, presbyter and martyr of Ferento, central ItalyEuticiusCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Frances Trzeciak, Cult of Saints, E05259 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E05259