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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek inscription cut in the face of a quarry in Şenol on the island of Prokonnesos (Sea of Marmara). The quarry is named after *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) or a sanctuary dedicated to her. Probably the 5th c. or later.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

+ λατομ(εῖον) τῆς Θεωτόκου
τῆς ἐν τῷ ὄρι +

'+ The quarry (of the church?) of the Theotokos, the one on the mountain. +'

Text: Asgari & Drew-Bear 2002, no. 7.

Cult Places

Cult building - unspecified

Places Named after Saint



The inscription was cut in the face of a quarry, located in Şenol on the island of Prokonnesos, to the west of Salta Tapesi.


The inscription mentions a quarry called after the Theotokos or after a sanctuary consecrated to her (which perhaps owned the quarry).

The Virgin is called ἡ ἐν τῷ ὄρι. ὄρος may mean literally 'a mountain' but also 'a desolate place, desert, monastery'. We find a similar description in Procopius,
On the buildings V 9 (E05099) where it refers to the monastery of Mary on the Mount of Olives: τὸ (μοναστήριον) τῆς ἁγίας Μαρίας ἐν τῷ ὄρει τῶν Ἐλαιῶν.

The inscription can be dated to the 5th or later, as the term Theotokos ('bearer of God') is very unlikely to occur earlier.


Asgari, N., Drew-Bear, Th., "The quarry inscriptions of Prokonnesos", in: J. Herrmann, N. Herz and R. Newman (eds.), ASMOSIA V. Interdisciplinary Studies on Ancient Stone: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of the Association for the Study of Marble and Other Stones in Antiquity, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, June 1998 (London: Archetype Publications, 2002), 1-18.

Reference works:
L'Année épigraphique (2002), 1372.

Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine
, 247.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum
53, 1395.

Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεωτόκοςCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00729 -