Greek inscription cut in the face of a quarry in Şenol on the island of Prokonnesos (Sea of Marmara). The quarry is named after *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) or a sanctuary dedicated to her. Probably the 5th c. or later.
Type of Evidence
Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
+ λατομ(εῖον) τῆς Θεωτόκου
τῆς ἐν τῷ ὄρι +
'+ The quarry (of the church?) of the Theotokos, the one on the mountain. +'
Text: Asgari & Drew-Bear 2002, no. 7.
Cult building - unspecifiedPlaces Named after Saint
SourceThe inscription was cut in the face of a quarry, located in Şenol on the island of Prokonnesos, to the west of Salta Tapesi.
DiscussionThe inscription mentions a quarry called after the Theotokos or after a sanctuary consecrated to her (which perhaps owned the quarry).
The Virgin is called ἡ ἐν τῷ ὄρι. ὄρος may mean literally 'a mountain' but also 'a desolate place, desert, monastery'. We find a similar description in Procopius, On the buildings V 9 (E05099) where it refers to the monastery of Mary on the Mount of Olives: τὸ (μοναστήριον) τῆς ἁγίας Μαρίας ἐν τῷ ὄρει τῶν Ἐλαιῶν.
The inscription can be dated to the 5th or later, as the term Theotokos ('bearer of God') is very unlikely to occur earlier.
Asgari, N., Drew-Bear, Th., "The quarry inscriptions of Prokonnesos", in: J. Herrmann, N. Herz and R. Newman (eds.), ASMOSIA V. Interdisciplinary Studies on Ancient Stone: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference of the Association for the Study of Marble and Other Stones in Antiquity, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, June 1998 (London: Archetype Publications, 2002), 1-18.
L'Année épigraphique (2002), 1372.
Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 247.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 53, 1395.
Related Saint Records
Record Created By
Date Last Modified
|ID||Name||Name in Source||Identity||S00033||Mary, Mother of Christ||Θεωτόκος||Certain|
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00729 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E00729