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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek inscription inscribed on a column in Ephesos (western Asia Minor), invoking the aid of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) for the city. Probably late antique (5th-8th c.).

Evidence ID

E00742

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti

+ Θεωτόκε,
βοήθη
τῇ πόλη

'O Theotokos, help this city!'

Text:
I. Ephesos, no. 1358.

Non Liturgical Activity

Prayer/supplication/invocation
Saint as patron - of a community

Source

Inscription on a white marble column (H.1.5 m, diameter 0.5 m) belonging to the eastern portico of the agora street.

Discussion

The inscription is a request for help for the town of Ephesos addressed to Mary as the Theotokos, the Bearer of God.

The name Theotokos is very unlikely to occur in inscriptions before the council of Ephesus (431).


Bibliography

Edition:
Die Inschriften von Ephesos, no. 1358.

Engelmann, H., Knibbe, D., "Aus ephesischen Skizzenbüchern",
Jahreshefte des österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes 52 (1978-1980), no. 95

Reference works:
Bulletin épigraphique (1981), 429


Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

20/10/2017

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεωτόκοςCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00742 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E00742