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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek inscription inscribed on a column in Ephesos (western Asia Minor), invoking the aid of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) for the city. Probably late antique (5th-8th c.).

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti

+ Θεωτόκε,
τῇ πόλη

'O Theotokos, help this city!'

I. Ephesos, no. 1358.

Non Liturgical Activity

Saint as patron - of a community


Inscription on a white marble column (H.1.5 m, diameter 0.5 m) belonging to the eastern portico of the agora street.


The inscription is a request for help for the town of Ephesos addressed to Mary as the Theotokos, the Bearer of God.

The name Theotokos is very unlikely to occur in inscriptions before the council of Ephesus (431).


Die Inschriften von Ephesos, no. 1358.

Engelmann, H., Knibbe, D., "Aus ephesischen Skizzenbüchern",
Jahreshefte des österreichischen Archäologischen Institutes 52 (1978-1980), no. 95

Reference works:
Bulletin épigraphique (1981), 429

Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεωτόκοςCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00742 -