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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Fragment of a Greek inscription with the name of a sanctuary dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) called 'the one (of the district?) of the Kyrou.' Found in Miletos (Caria, western Asia Minor), tentatively dated to 5th-6th c.

Evidence ID

E00805

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

[- - - τῆς δεσποί]̣νης ἡμῶν τῆς ἁγίας ἐνδόξου Θ+εοτόκου καὶ ἀειπαρθένου Μαρίας τῆς εἰς τὰ Κύρρου +
1. ]
̣ιτης (?) Herrmann

'[- - of] our [La]dy, the holy and glorious Th+eotokos and ever-Virgin Mary, the one (of the district?) of the Kyrou +.'

Text:
Milet VI/2, no. 961.

Cult Places

Cult building - unspecified

Source

Piece of a white marble architrave (H. 0,26 m; W. 1,94 m; Th. 0,65 m), found near the city walls of Miletos (Caria, western Asia Minor). Perhaps displaced from the so-called round church located near the southern section of the wall (for this sanctuary see Kleiner, G., Die Ruinen von Milet (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1968), 138).

Discussion

The inscription gives us the name of a sanctuary dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ), called 'our Lady, the holy and glorious Theotokos and ever-Virgin Mary' and 'the one of the Kyrrou'. Henri Grégoire plausibly suggested that the latter designation referred to a Constantinopolitan monastery of Mary, called μονὴ τῆς Θεοτόκου τῶν Κύρου, which was located in the district τὰ Κύρου.

Probably late antique, tentatively dated to the 5th or 6th c. by Henri Grégoire.


Bibliography

Edition:
Milet VI/2 961.

Grégoire, H. (ed.), Recueil des inscriptions grecques chrétiennes d'Asie Mineure, vol. 1 (Paris: Leroux, 1922), no. 224.

Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1718: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/1718

Reference works:
L'Année épigraphique (1998), 1360.

Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine
, 304.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum
48, 1411.


Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

08/01/2018

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΜαρίαCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00805 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E00805