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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), addressed as the God-Bearer, authorised by the emperor Anastasius. Found near Neoklaudioupolis (Helenopontus, northern Asia Minor). 491-518.

Evidence ID

E00974

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

ὅροι παρασχεθέντε-
ς τῷ εὐκτηρίῳ οἴκῳ
τῆς ἁγίας καὶ ἐ<ν>δοξ<ο>-
<τά>της Θεοτόκου καὶ παρ-
θένου Μαρίας παρὰ
τοῦ εὐσεβ(εστάτου) καὶ φιλο-
χρήστου ἡμῶν βασ-
ιλέως Ἀναστασίου

3-4. ΕΔΟξΩ|ΤΗC
lapis

'Boundaries granted to the oratory of the holy and most glorious Virgin Mary, the God-Bearer by our most pious and Christ-loving emperor Anastasius.'

Text: Kahl 1997.

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Non Liturgical Activity

Awarding privileges to cult centres
Seeking asylum at church/shrine

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

A fragment of a yellow marble column. H. c. 0.72 m; diameter 0.4 m. Dimensions of the text field: H. 0.62 m; W. 0.36 m. Found at Boruk, to the south-west of Vezirköprü (ancient Neoklaudioupolis, Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). When recorded, it was reused in a mosque.

Discussion

The inscription is on a boundary stone of a church (or an estate belonging to a church) of *Mary, addressed as the Virgin (παρθένος) and the God-Bearer (Θεοτόκος). Interestingly, she is also addressed with the superlative form of the epithet ἔνδοξος (glorious) in lines 3-4, while the positive form was usually chosen by the authors of Anatolian inscriptions. Perhaps the text closely follows the phrasing of a relevant imperial letter, awarding the boundary stones to the discussed sanctuary, as saints were often given superlative epithets in the writings issued by the imperial office.

Dating: 491-518, based on the reference to the emperor Anastasius in lines 6-8.


Bibliography

Edition:
Kahl, G., "Pontica II. Ein Asyldekret des Kaisers Anastasios", Orbis Terrarum 3 (1997), 203-205.

Reference works:
Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 453.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum
47, 1691.


Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

11/06/2020

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of Christ ΜαρίαCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00974 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E00974