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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), addressed as the God-Bearer, authorised by the emperor Anastasius. Found near Neoklaudioupolis (Helenopontus, northern Asia Minor). 491-518.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

ὅροι παρασχεθέντε-
ς τῷ εὐκτηρίῳ οἴκῳ
τῆς ἁγίας καὶ ἐ<ν>δοξ<ο>-
<τά>της Θεοτόκου καὶ παρ-
θένου Μαρίας παρὰ
τοῦ εὐσεβ(εστάτου) καὶ φιλο-
χρήστου ἡμῶν βασ-
ιλέως Ἀναστασίου

3-4. ΕΔΟξΩ|ΤΗC

'Boundaries granted to the oratory of the holy and most glorious Virgin Mary, the God-Bearer by our most pious and Christ-loving emperor Anastasius.'

Text: Kahl 1997.

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Non Liturgical Activity

Awarding privileges to cult centres
Seeking asylum at church/shrine

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family


A fragment of a yellow marble column. H. c. 0.72 m; diameter 0.4 m. Dimensions of the text field: H. 0.62 m; W. 0.36 m. Found at Boruk, to the south-west of Vezirköprü (ancient Neoklaudioupolis, Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). When recorded, it was reused in a mosque.


The inscription is on a boundary stone of a church (or an estate belonging to a church) of *Mary, addressed as the Virgin (παρθένος) and the God-Bearer (Θεοτόκος). Interestingly, she is also addressed with the superlative form of the epithet ἔνδοξος (glorious) in lines 3-4, while the positive form was usually chosen by the authors of Anatolian inscriptions. Perhaps the text closely follows the phrasing of a relevant imperial letter, awarding the boundary stones to the discussed sanctuary, as saints were often given superlative epithets in the writings issued by the imperial office.

Dating: 491-518, based on the reference to the emperor Anastasius in lines 6-8.


Kahl, G., "Pontica II. Ein Asyldekret des Kaisers Anastasios", Orbis Terrarum 3 (1997), 203-205.

Reference works:
Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 453.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum
47, 1691.

Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of Christ ΜαρίαCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E00974 -