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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek inscription labelling a sarcophagus owned by a burial club or charitable institution named after *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) as the God-Bearer, perhaps affiliated to a church dedicated to the saint. Found at Korykos/Corycus (Cilicia, south-east Asia Minor). Probably late 5th or 6th c.

Evidence ID

E01063

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

σωματωθήκη
διαφέρουσα +
τοῦ φηληα
̣κὸ̣ν
τῆς Θεωτώκου
Κωρύκου

'Sarcophagus belonging + to the fellowship of the God-Bearer of Korykos.'

Text:
MAMA III, no. 780a.

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Places Named after Saint

Hospital and other charitable institutions

Non Liturgical Activity

Saint as patron - of a community
Cultic confraternities

Source

A sarcophagus. The inscription is framed within a tabula ansata. Letter height 0.05 m. To the right of our inscription there is a further one, announcing that the tomb was set up under the archons Theoktistos and Tarasios, who are otherwise unattested. Recorded at Korykos (south-eastern Asia Minor) in 1914.

Discussion

The inscription labels a tomb at Korykos, owned by a guild, named after *Mary as the God-Bearer, perhaps affiliated to a church dedicated to the saint. The guild is called φιλιακόν, which literally means 'a friendly association', and may designate a burial club, raising funds for burials of its members. For a commentary on the term φιλιακόν, see E01029.

Inscriptions presented in record E01062 show that another φιλιακόν, this time named after Saint *Charitina, was also active at the city.

Dating: probably late 5th or 6th c. (based on the style of the lettering and sarcophagus).


Bibliography

Edition:
Hagel, St., Tomaschitz, K., (eds.), Repertorium der westkilikischen Inschriften (Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Denkschriften der philosophisch-historischen Klasse 265, Ergänzungsbände zu den Tituli Asiae Minoris 22, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1998), no. Kry 299a.

Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua III, no. 780a.


Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

11/06/2020

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεωτώκοςCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01063 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01063