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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a building dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) as the God-Bearer, probably a village church. Found near Flaviopolis (Cilicia, south-east Asia Minor). Very probably 590.

Evidence ID

E01080

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

+ ἐπληρώθη τ-
ὸ ἔργον τῆς Θε-
οτόκου ἐπὶ Στεφ-
άνου ἐργολάβου ὑ-
πουργήσι τῆς κώ-
μης Σιφῶν, ἔτους θχ'

1-2. τ|ὸ Dagron and Feissel (after a photograph), τοῦτο <τὸ> Dagron & Marcillet-Jaubert, τοῦτο
SEG

'+ The building of the God-Bearer (
Theotokos) was completed under the contractor Stephanos with the assistance of the village Siphoi, in the year 609.'

Text:
I. Cilicia, no. 113.

Cult Places

Cult building - unspecified
Cult building - independent (church)

Non Liturgical Activity

Construction of cult buildings

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Merchants and artisans
Peasants

Source

A limestone block found at Çemkale-Farnas near ancient Flaviopolis. H. 0.31 m; W. 0.61 m; letter height 0.04 m. When recorded, it had been reused in the wall of a medieval fortress, in a section adjacent to the road leading to the main gate. The text is contained within a frame.

Discussion

The inscription commemorates the completion of a building, probably a church or a monastery, dedicated to Mary as the God-Bearer (Θεοτόκος). Stephanos, a contractor (ἐργολάβος) mentioned in lines 3-4, was the founder or entrepreneur rather than a common worker or architect. The phrase 'with the assistance of the village of Siphoi' suggests this was a village church.

Dating: 590 (if the date, the year 609, is given according to the era of nearby Anazarbos, which began in 19 BC).


Bibliography

Edition:
I. Cilicia - Dagron, G., Feissel, D. (eds.), Inscriptions de Cilicie (Paris: De Boccard, 1987), no. 113.

Dagron, G., Marcillet-Jaubert, J., "Inscriptions de Cilicie et d'Isaurie",
Belleten Türk Tarih Kurumu 42 (1978), no. 23.

Reference works:
Bulletin épigraphique (1979), 600.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum
28, 1260.


Record Created By

Pawel Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

11/06/2020

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεοτόκοςCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Pawel Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01080 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01080