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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek inscription with an invocation perhaps of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), as the God-Bearer. Found near Lartos (Rhodes, the Aegean Islands). Probably 6th c. or later.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti

[(christogram)] Θ(εοτό)κε (?) βοήθε(ι) τὸ(ν) δο[ῦ]-
λό(ν) σου Καλλι
νε[.] τὸ(ν) παρα[γει(?)-]
(εἰ)ς τὸ ἔργον
τοῦτο (τὸ)

1. Θ(εοτό)κε or Κ(ύ)ριε Grégoire, ΡΚ ΙΕ = Κ(ύ)ριε Hiller von Gaertringen || 2-3. Καλλι|νε Grégoire, ΚΑ(?)ΛΛΙ|ΝΕ/// = Καλλι - - Hiller von Gaertringen || 3-4. τõ παρα[γε]|νάμενο Grégoire, τὸ(ν) παρα[γει(?)]|νάμενο(ν) Hiller von Gaertringen

christogram)] O God-Bearer (Theotokos) (?), help your servant Kalline[- - -] who attended to this humble work.'

IGC, no. 138.

Non Liturgical Activity

Visiting graves and shrines

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people
Merchants and artisans


Graffito cut on a rock near the seashore in a place called Στὰ γράμματα (area of Lartos, Rhodes). When recorded, the face was weathered and the letters hardly legible. Seen and copied by Friedrich Hiller von Gaertringen before 1895.


This scarcely legible inscription is apparently an invocation by a man whose name began: Kalline[- - -]. Friedrich Hiller von Gaertringen, the first editor, supposed that the supplicant was an artisan, responsible for the construction and maintenance of the road, next to which the rock with the inscription had been found ('Fabri est titulus qui viam munivit'). For a similar inscription from Lycia (southern Asia Minor) referring to the dedication of a road as a votive offering, see: E00848.

The holy addressee of the invocation is mentioned in line 1, but his or her name is abbreviated and partially damaged. Hiller von Gaertringen expanded the abbreviation as 'Lord' (Κ(ύ)ριε). Henri Grégoire preferred to interpret it as the name of the God-Bearer (Θ(εοτό)κε).

Dating: The grammar of the inscription points to a 6th c. or later date.


IGC - Grégoire, H (ed.), Recueil des inscriptions grecques chrétiennes d'Asie Mineure, vol. 1 (Paris: Leroux, 1922), no. 138.

Hiller von Gaertringen, F. (ed.),
Inscriptiones Graecae, XII: Inscriptiones insularum maris Aegaei praeter Delum, vol. 1: Inscriptiones Rhodi, Chalces, Carpathi cum Saro, Casi (Berlin: Apud G. Reimerum, 1895), no. 916 (after his own copy and the examination of the stone).

Record Created By

Paweł Nowakowski

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘ(εοτό)κοςUncertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01227 -