Fragmentary Greek inscription on a lintel, probably invoking *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Kafr Aqid, to the south of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably late antique.
Type of Evidence
Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
[Χριστὸ]ν (?) Μαρία γ(εννᾷ). + Γε[ώργις (?)]
'Mary bears Christ (?). + Georgios (?)'
Text: IGLS 4, no. 1387.
Non Liturgical Activity
Prayer/supplication/invocationProtagonists in Cult and Narratives
Other lay individuals/ people
SourceFragment of a stone lintel, broken and lost at both ends. Decorated with a carving of a cross within a circle in the centre; remnants of an inscription to the right and left of it. H. 0.38 m; W. 0.80 m; letter height 0.18 m. Numerous ligatures.
Seen and copied by René Mouterde between 1935 and 1938. First published in 1950.
DiscussionRené Mouterde supposed that the complete text contained one of the presumed expansions of the symbol ΧΜΓ, very frequent in eastern Greek inscriptions. Mouterde believed that here it was used as an apotropaic formula, displayed over the door of a house in order to protect it. The name of the owner of this building, possibly Georgios, might have followed the religious phrase.
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 4: Laodicée, Apamène (BAH 61, Paris: P. Guethner, 1955), no. 1387.
Mouterde, R., "A travers l'Apamène", Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph (Beyrouth, Lebanon) 28 (1949-1950), 32-33.
Bulletin épigraphique (1952), 160.
Related Saint Records
Record Created By
Date Last Modified
|ID||Name||Name in Source||Identity||S00033||Mary, Mother of Christ||Μαρία||Certain|
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01686 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01686