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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek building inscription for an oratory (eukterion) of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Mariamme/Mariamīn near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria) and Ḥimṣ/Emesa. Dated 493.

Evidence ID

E01929

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

εἰς δόξαν Χ(ριστο)ῦ τὸ εὐκτήρ(ιον) τῆς
τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ ἡ<μ>ῶ[ν (?)] Θεοτόκου Μα-
[ἐ]πὶ τοῦ ὁσιω[τ(άτου)] ρίας ᾠκοδομ(ήθη)
[ἐ]πισκό(που) Κύρου. ἔτ(ου)ς δωʹ, μη(νὸς) Λ(ῴου)


'For the glory of Christ, our God. Under the most pious bishop Kyros. The oratory (
eukterion) of the God-Bearer (Theotokos) Mary was built in the year 804, in the month of Loos.'

Text:
IGLS 5, no. 2108.

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)
Cult building - dependent (chapel, baptistery, etc.)

Non Liturgical Activity

Construction of cult buildings

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

Limestone lintel. Decorated with a low-relief carving of a circle or a wreath supported by two angels and containing a cross. The inscription is written in two columns, on both sides of the circle. To the right of the second column there was a carving of another circle.

Discussion

Dating: the date is computed according to the Seleucid era. Its year 803 and the month of Loos correspond to AD 493.

Mouterde notes that the bishop Kyros mentioned in our inscription might be Kyros of Mariamme, the homonymous subscriber of a petition of Syriac bishops sent to the patriach of Constantinople John II the Cappadocian in 518 against the miaphysite patriarch of Antioch Severos. It is possible that this Kyros was already in office in 493.


Bibliography

Edition:
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 5: Émésène (BAH 66, Paris: P. Guethner, 1959), no. 2108.

Dussaud, , Revue archéologique (1897/1), 315.

Images



Drawing of column A. From: IGLS 5, 69.
























Record Created By

Paweł Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

26/10/2017

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεοτόκος ΜαρίαCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01929 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01929