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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek building inscription for an oratory (eukterion) of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Mariamme/Mariamīn near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria) and Ḥimṣ/Emesa. Dated 493.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

εἰς δόξαν Χ(ριστο)ῦ τὸ εὐκτήρ(ιον) τῆς
τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ ἡ<μ>ῶ[ν (?)] Θεοτόκου Μα-
[ἐ]πὶ τοῦ ὁσιω[τ(άτου)] ρίας ᾠκοδομ(ήθη)
[ἐ]πισκό(που) Κύρου. ἔτ(ου)ς δωʹ, μη(νὸς) Λ(ῴου)

'For the glory of Christ, our God. Under the most pious bishop Kyros. The oratory (
eukterion) of the God-Bearer (Theotokos) Mary was built in the year 804, in the month of Loos.'

IGLS 5, no. 2108.

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)
Cult building - dependent (chapel, baptistery, etc.)

Non Liturgical Activity

Construction of cult buildings

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops


Limestone lintel. Decorated with a low-relief carving of a circle or a wreath supported by two angels and containing a cross. The inscription is written in two columns, on both sides of the circle. To the right of the second column there was a carving of another circle.


Dating: the date is computed according to the Seleucid era. Its year 803 and the month of Loos correspond to AD 493.

Mouterde notes that the bishop Kyros mentioned in our inscription might be Kyros of Mariamme, the homonymous subscriber of a petition of Syriac bishops sent to the patriach of Constantinople John II the Cappadocian in 518 against the miaphysite patriarch of Antioch Severos. It is possible that this Kyros was already in office in 493.


Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 5: Émésène (BAH 66, Paris: P. Guethner, 1959), no. 2108.

Dussaud, , Revue archéologique (1897/1), 315.


Drawing of column A. From: IGLS 5, 69.

Record Created By

Paweł Nowakowski

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΘεοτόκος ΜαρίαCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01929 -