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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek inscription invoking the help of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), possibly for a miaphysite presbyter. Found at Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Dated 568/569.

Evidence ID

E01937

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

+ ἁγία
Μαρία
βωήθ[ι]
Λεωντί[ῳ]
κὲ Σεργί[ῳ] πρε(σβυτέροις).
ἐπὶ τοῦ
εὐλαβ(εστάτου)
Χριστο-
φόρου
πρε(σβυτέρου), τοῦ
πωʹ ἔτο(υς).

4. πρε(σβυτέρῳ) Mouterde

'+ O Holy Mary, help Leontios and Sergios, the presbyters! Under the most pious presbyter Christophoros, in the year 880.'

Text:
IGLS 5, no. 2236.

Non Liturgical Activity

Prayer/supplication/invocation
Saint as patron - of an individual

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Basalt stele, weathered on its right-hand side. There is no published description.

Reportedly found in a vaulted underground chamber.

Discussion

Mouterde notes that the inscription might be authored by a miaphysite, as Mary is here addressed ἁγία Μαρία/'the Holy Mary' and not Θεοτόκος/'the God-Bearer'. Cf. E01949 where a church of 'the Holy Mary' is founded in nearby Khirbet et-Tīn under a bishop of Emesa; also E01953.

Bibliography

Edition:
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 5: Émésène (BAH 66, Paris: P. Guethner, 1959), no. 2236.

Lammens, H., , Le musée belge: revue de philologie classique 5 (1901), 264, no. 1 (after a copy and a squeeze).

Further reading:
"Émésène", DACL, col. 2723.


Record Created By

Paweł Nowakowski

Date Last Modified

26/10/2017

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΜαρίαCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01937 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01937