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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Greek fiscal codex from Aphrodito (Upper Egypt), mentioning a monastery of *Mary (presumably the Mother of Christ, S00033) and a hamlet named after *Pinoution (S01613); datable to the 8th century.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus codex

Documentary texts - Fiscal document

P.Lond 4 1414:

At the beginning of folio10, the hamlet named after saint Pinoution is mentioned:

† ἀπὸ ἐπο[ικ(ίου) Ἁγίου Πινουτίωνος

'From the hamlet of saint Pinoution, …'

Folio 11b, line 275 mentions a monastery dedicated to saint Mary:

ἀπὸ μονα(στηρίου) Ἁγία(ς) Μαρίας

'From the monastery of saint Mary, …'

For a complete record of the document see:;4;1414

Cult Places

Cult building - monastic

Places Named after Saint

Towns, villages, districts and fortresses


The papyrus document Pap 1409 is housed at the British Library in London. The dating rests on context and palaeographical grounds.


Bell, H.I., and Crum, W.E., Greek Papyri in the British Museum. London IV: The Aphrodito Papyri (London, 1910).

Record Created By

Gesa Schenke

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΜαρίαUncertain
S01613Pinoution, saint with cult in Aphrodito, possibly the bishop of Antinoopolis associated with Kollouthos, physician and martyrΠινουτίωνCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Gesa Schenke, Cult of Saints, E04292 -