Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 14.9) of 603, to Iohannes, bishop of an unnamed see, authorises the consecration of a basilica dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) somewhere in southern Italy. Written in Latin in Rome.
Literary - Letters
Gregory the Great (pope)
Pope Gregory the Great, Register of Letters 14.9
Full text of the letter:
GREGORIVS IOHANNI EPISCOPO
Basilicam quam a dilectione tua in honorem beatae semper uirginis Mariae per Sauinum subdiaconum nostrum et rectorem patrimonii suggeris esse perfectam consecrandi tibi praeceptionis nostrae serie facultatem noueris attributam, quatenus, frater carissime, deuotionis tuae desiderium complens celebritatis perfectione gratuleris.
‘Gregory to Bishop Iohannes
You suggest that a basilica has been completed by your Beloved in honour of the ever blessed Virgin Mary, through Sabinus, our sub-deacon and manager of our patrimony. Be aware that the right to consecrate it has been attributed to you by the words of our command, so that, my dearest brother, you may rejoice in the perfection of renown, by completing the object of your devotion.’
Text: Norberg 1982, vol. 2, 1079. Translation: Martyn 2004, vol. 3, 876.
Ceremony of dedicationCult Places
Cult building - independent (church)Non Liturgical Activity
Construction of cult buildingsProtagonists in Cult and Narratives
Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy
Ecclesiastics - bishops
SourceA letter transmitted as part of Gregory the Great’s Register of Letters. This letter collection, organised into fourteen books, is large and contains letters to a variety of recipients, including prominent aristocrats, members of the clergy and royalty. The issues touched on in the letters are equally varied, ranging from theological considerations to mundane administrative matters. This collection of letters, which was possibly curated by Gregory, was originally much larger. The surviving Register comprises several groups of letters which were extracted at several later moments in history, the largest of which took place in the papacy of Hadrian I (772-795).
DiscussionSabinus was a manager of Gregory’s affairs in Calabria. Although a note in the MGH edition suggests that John was bishop of Palermo, this suggests that a city in mainland southern Italy is more plausible.
Norberg, D., S. Gregorii Magni, Registrum epistularum. 2 vols. (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 140-140A; Turnhout: Brepols, 1982).
Martyn, J.R.C., The Letters of Gregory the Great, 3 vols. (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2004).
Neil, B., and Dal Santo, M. (eds.), A Companion to Gregory the Great (Leiden: Brill, 2013).
|ID||Name||Name in Source||Identity||S00033||Mary, Mother of Christ||Maria||Certain|
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Frances Trzeciak, Cult of Saints, E06442 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E06442