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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

John/Ioannes Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407

Saint ID

S00779

Number in BH

BHG 870-881
BHL 4374-4379

Reported Death Not Before

407

Reported Death Not After

407

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Bishops
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E01286Barḥadbešabbā ‘Arbāyā, an East-Syrian author (late 6th/early 7th c.), in his Syriac Ecclesiastical History ascribes a particular importance to such ecclesiastical leaders of the past as *Athanasios (bishop of Alexandria, ob. 373, S00294), *Gregory the Miracle-Worker (bishop and missionary in Pontus, ob. c. 270, S00687), *Basil (bishop of Caesarea, ob. 379, S00780), *Flavianos (bishop of Antioch, ob. 404, S00781), *Diodoros (bishop of Tarsus, ob. c. 390, S00782), *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00784), *Theodoros (bishop of of Mopsuestia, ob. 428, S00783) and *Nestorios (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 450, S00778).
E01312During his episcopate, Nestorios (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 450), brought back the bones of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779), who died in exile, in the city of Comana Pontica (northern Asia Minor). Record in the Syriac Ecclesiastical History of Barḥadbešabbā ‘Arbāyā (6th/7th c.).
E01738Coptic list of holy books belonging to the monastery of Apa *Elijah (S00667) on the mountain, presumably at Aphroditopolis/Atfih (Middle Egypt), listing a papyrus manuscript containing an Encomion by Apa Severianos on *John of Constatinople, most probably John Chrysostom (S00779), datable to the 7th/8th century.
E02400Palladius of Helenopolis in his Historical Dialogue on the Life of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779), written in 408 or shortly after, recounts the death and burial of John at the shrine of the martyr *Basiliskos (S00388) at Komana/Comana in Pontus (northern Asia Minor). Chrysostom is forewarned of his death by Basiliskos, and is buried with the honours of a martyr. Written in Greek at Syene (Aswan, Upper Egypt).
E02621A follower of Chrysostom writes, in 407/408, a Funerary Oration for *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) for a memorial ceremony held for the recently deceased bishop, presenting him as a martyr, and requesting his prayers. Written in Greek in Asia Minor or Constantinople.
E02797Greek inscription on a fragment of a bread stamp, probably referring to three saints whose name are lost, differently identified by modern editors. Found at Mount Zion in Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably late antique.
E02892The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 26 January the translation of the relics of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) to Constantinople, 'bishop Theodoros' (probably the 8th c. bishop of Jeruslaem), the Emperor Valens, *Polycarp/Polykarpos (probably the martyr of Nicaea, S00958), and *Xenophontos (martyr of Constantinople, 5th c., S01815).
E02893The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 27 January *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) and *Elias (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 518, S01674).
E02895The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 29 January *Ignatios (bishop of Antioch and martyr of Rome, S00649), and *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779), and John, an unidentified hegumen of Mar Saba Monastery.
E02957The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 26 January *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779).
E02958The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 27 January *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00077), an 'Archbishop Theodore', and the Emperor Valentinian (presumably either Valentinian I, ob. 375, or Valentinian III, ob. 455).
E03359The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 23 August *Athanasios (bishop of Alexandria, ob. 373, S00294), *Basil (bishop of Caesarea, ob. 379, S00780), *Gregory (bishop of Nyssa, ob. 394, S01357), *Gregory (the Theologian, of Nazianzos, ob. 390, S00837), *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) and *Epiphanios (bishop of Salamis, ob. 403, S00215).
E03591Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, records that when *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) died in exile in Komana (northern Asia Minor), the people buried him at the tomb of *Basiliskos (martyr of Komana, S00388), after being instructed to do so by Basiliskos in their dreams. Written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534.
E03594Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, records that the court began to commemorate *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) in the year 428. Written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534.
E03595Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, records the translation to Constantinople in 438 of the relics of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779). Written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534.
E03841The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 August *Athanasios (bishop of Alexandria, S00294), *Basil (bishop of Caesarea, S00780), *Gregory (bishop of Nyssa, S01357), *Gregory (the Theologian, of Nazianzos, S00837), *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, S00779), *Epiphanios (bishop of Salamis, S00215), *Kyrillos (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 386, S01569), *Lucius (martyr in Cyrene under Diocletian, S01792), probably *Sarmiane (katholikos of Georgia, 6th c., S01793), *Gerasimos (anchorite, founder of a monastery in the Judean desert, ob. 475., S01507), and *Athanasios (bishop and martyr of Tarsus under Aurelian, S01794).
E03866The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 September the death of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) and *Niketas the Goth (martyr in the Danube region, ob. 372, S00711), and probably *Martin (confessor and bishop of Rome, ob. 655/656, S00859).
E04017Socrates in his Ecclesiastical History reports that in 438 the bishop of Constantinople Proclus had the body of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) brought from its resting place in Komana/Comana (Pontus, northern Asia Minor) to Constantinople, and buried at the Holy Apostles. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/446.
E04187Theodoret of Cyrrhus in his Ecclesiastical History mentions the restoration of the memory of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, S00779) and the transfer of his relics to Constantinople. The relics are welcomed by a sea-borne procession, and the emperor Theodosius II prays to the saint, requesting forgiveness for his parents. Written in Greek at Cyrrhus (northern Syria), 444/450.
E05568The Greek Life of Hypatios by Kallinikos mentions the transfer of the relics of *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 407, S00779) 'as is done for the great martyrs', from his burial site in Pontus (northern Asia Minor) to Constantinople in 438. Written at Rufinianae (near Constantinople), 447/450.
E07033Coptic Life of *John Chrysostom (S00779) from unknown Egyptian provenance. Skeleton entry
E07140The Greek Life of *Epiphanios (bishop of Salamis-Constantia on Cyprus, S00215) recounts the life and miracles of its hero, based on the purported notes of two of Epiphanios’ disciples, Ioannes/John and Polybios. It also records a legend concerning *John Chrysostom (bishop of Constantinople, S00779), which was later included in his hagiography. Written in Salamis-Constantia (Cyprus), in the late 5th or the 6th century.