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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Fragmentary Greek epitaph on a marble slab mentioning *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and invoking God to grant the deceased rest together with *All Saints (S01151). Found in the Basilica of St Kodratos at Corinth (northeastern Peloponnese). Probably 5th-6th c.

Evidence ID

E06281

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . ΛΗ b
a - - - ἡ Θεωτόκος [κ(αὶ) ἀειπάρ]θ̣ενος Μαρία. vac.
-?- ὁ Θεὸς ἀνα]παύσι σε μετὰ π[άντων] τ̣ο̃ν ἁγίον + Σάρρα.
vacat vacat

l. 2.
[καὶ etc. Sironen || l. 3. ὁ Θεὸς ἀνα]παύσι Feissel, per epist. || λύοι σε μετὰ Stikas || - -] παύσι Sironen; π [άντων - - -] τ̣ὸν ἅγιον Sironen.

'[- - -] The God-Bearer (Theotokos) and ever-virgin Mary. May [God] grant you rest together with [all] the Saints! Sarra.'

Text: IG IV2 3, no. 1503.

Non Liturgical Activity

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Two non-conjoining fragments of a marble slab. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.13 m; W. 0.30 m. Letter height 0.03 m. Found in 1962 in the Basilica of St Quadratus (Kodratos). Now lost.


Discussion

The inscription is an epitaph for a person whose name is lost, mentioning *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and invoking God to grant the deceased rest together with *All Saints (S01151). For l. 1. cf. E00805 (Milet VI/2, no. 961): τῆς δεσποί]νòης ἡμῶν τῆς ἁγίας ἐνδόξου Θ+εοτόκου καὶ ἀειπαρθένου Μαρίας τῆς εἰς τὰ Κύρρου. On the name Σάρρα, see T. Ilan (ed.), Lexicon of Jewish Names in Late Antiquity. Part I: Palestine 330 BCE-200 CE (Texte und Studien zum antiken Judentum 91; Tübingen, 2002), 254-255.

Dating: Erkki Sironen dates the inscription to the 5th-6th c., probably based on the shape of letters. The same date is given in
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database.

For another Greek inscription found in the Basilica of St. Quadratus at Corinth, see E06282.


Bibliography

Edition:
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 2985: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/2985

Inscriptiones Graecae
IV (2nd ed.) 3, no. 1503 and Tab. XXV.

Further Reading:
Stikas, E., "
Ανασκαφή κοιμητηριακής βασιλικής Παλαιάς Κορίνθου," Praktika tis en Athinais Archaiologikis Etaireias 117 (1962), 54 and Pl. LI α.

Images



Preserved fragments of the inscription, photograph. From: Stikas 1962, Plate LI α.


Photograph. From: IG IV2 3, Tabula XXV, no. 1503.


Plan of Corinth and vicinity. From: IG IV2 3, 200.




















Record Created By

Małgorzata Krawczyk

Date Last Modified

07/11/2019

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΜαρίαCertain
S01151All SaintsCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Małgorzata Krawczyk, Cult of Saints, E06281 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E06281