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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in August.

Evidence ID

E06588

Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Sacramentaries

Major author/Major anonymous work

Sacramentarium Gelasianum

Gelasian Sacramentary 2.39-52

Below are the entries from the Sacramentary that relate to the feasts of saints; other entries, to feasts of the Christian year that were not for saints, are not included in our database.

Kal. Augustas in natal. Machabaeorum.
'1 August on the feast of the Machabees.'
[*Maccabean Martyrs, pre-Christian Jewish martyrs of Antioch, S00303]
Three prayers listed.

VIII Id. Augustas in natali sancti Sixti.
'6 August on the feast of saint Sixtus.'
[*Xystus/Sixtus II, bishop and martyr of Rome, S00201]
Three prayers listed.

VII Id. Augustas in natali sancti Donati.
'7 August on the feast of saint Donatus.'
[*Donatus, bishop, martyr of Arezzo under the emperor Julian, S01527]
Three prayers listed.

V Id. Augustas in vigilia sancti Laurenti.
'8 August on the vigil of saint Laurence.'
[*Laurence/Laurentius, deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037]
Three prayers listed.

IV Id. Augustas item in natali eiusdem.
'9 August likewise on the feast of the same saint.'
Three prayers listed.

III Id. Augustas in natali sancti Tiburti.
'11 August on the feast of saint Tiburtius.'
[*Tiburtius, son of the prefect Chromatius, martyr of Rome, S01404]
Three prayers listed.

Id. Augustas in natali sancti Ypoliti.
'13 August on the feast of saint Hippolytus.'
[*Hippolytus, martyr of Rome, S00509]
Three prayers listed.

XVIII Kal. Septembres in assumpt. sanctae Mariae.
'15 August on the Assumption of saint Mary.'
[*Mary, Mother of Christ, S00033]
Three prayers listed.

XVI Kal. Septemb. in octav. sancti Laurenti.
'17 August on the octave of saint Laurence.'
Three prayers listed.

XV Kal. Septembres in natali sancti Agapiti.
'18 August on the feast of saint Agapitus.'
[*Agapitus, bishop of Rome, ob. 536, S00811]
Three prayers listed.

XIV Kal. Septembres in natali sancti Magni.
'19 August on the feast of saint Magnus.'
[*Magnus, martyr of Ceccano in Lazio, S02524]
Three prayers listed.

VI Kal. Septembres in natali sancti Ruffi.
'27 August on the feast of saint Rufus.'
[*Rufus, martyr of Capua, S02531]
Three prayers listed.

V Kal. Septembres in natali sancti Hermis.
'28 August on the feast of saint Hermes.'
[*Hermes, martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetus, S00404]
Three prayers listed.

IV Kal. Septembres in die passionis sancti Ioannis baptistae.
'29 August on the day of the martyrdom of saint John the Baptist.'
[*John the Baptist, S00020]
Three prayers listed.

Edition: Wilson 1894. Translation: P. Polcar.

Liturgical Activities

Service for the saint
Eucharist associated with cult
Liturgical invocation

Festivals

Saint’s feast

Source

The 'Gelasian Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Gelasianum) is a compilation of liturgical texts, mostly prayers, for use in church celebrations such as the Eucharist, the administration of sacraments, or other liturgical events. It is the second oldest extant liturgical book in the West, the oldest being the 'Verona Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Veronense). It has been preserved in one manuscript, now divided into two parts: the Codex Vaticanus Reginensis Latinus 316, and the Codex Latinus 7193 of the Bibliotèque Nationale in Paris.

The Gelasian Sacramentary is preserved in a Frankish version, copied in c. 750; it must have been used in contemporary Francia (for nobody would copy liturgy if they did not intend to put it to use). The core of the Sacramentary is, however, undoubtedly of Roman origin for use in the area of Rome, as is evident from the inclusion of so many saints from the city and from the regions around it (some of them not particularly well known). The composition of these core texts can be dated between 628 and 715 (Vogel 1986, 69). This substratum is also a mixture of various sources. At some point before the pontificate of Gregory II (715-731), this early version of the sacramentary was brought to Gaul, where prayers were added for certain celebrations, such as for the consecration of virgins, the dedication of churches, and the blessing of holy water.


Bibliography

Edition:
Wilson, H.A., Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae, (Oxford, 1894).

Further Reading:
Vogel, C., Medieval Liturgy: An Introduction to the Sources, (Washington, 1986), 61-76.


Record Created By

Philip Polcar

Date Last Modified

04/06/2020

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00020John the BaptistIoannes BaptistaCertain
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristMariaCertain
S00037Laurence/Laurentius, deacon and martyr of RomeLaurentiusCertain
S00201Xystus/Sixtus II, bishop and martyr of RomeSixtusCertain
S00303Maccabean Martyrs, pre-Christian Jewish martyrs of AntiochMachabaeiCertain
S00404Hermes, martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetusHermesCertain
S00509Hippolytus, martyr of RomeYpolitusCertain
S00811Agapitus, bishop of Rome, ob. 536AgapitiusCertain
S01404Tiburtius, son of the prefect Chromatius, martyr of Rome, buried on the via LabicanaTiburtiusCertain
S01527Donatus, bishop, and Hilarianus, monk, martyrs of Arezzo under the emperor JulianDonatusCertain
S02524Magnus, martyr of Ceccano in Lazio, ItalyMagnusCertain
S02531Rufus, martyr of Capua (southern Italy)RuffusCertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Philip Polcar, Cult of Saints, E06588 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E06588