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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

John the Baptist

Saint ID

S00020

Number in BH

BHG 831-867
BHL 4290-4315

Reported Death Not Before

30

Reported Death Not After

35

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Other New Testament saints, Martyrs
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00019Theophylact Simocatta in his History mentions the coronation in 602 of the usurping emperor Phocas at the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the Hebdomon suburb of Constantinople. Written in Greek at Constantinople in the early 7th century.
E00020Theophylact Simocatta in his History reports the destruction in 585 by an invading Persian army of a church of *John the Baptist (S00020) with monastery near Martyropolis (Mesopotamia). Written in Greek at Constantinople in the early 7th century.
E00053Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Gregory (bishop of Langres, ob. 539/540, S00038), recounts how, on the saint's death in Langres, his body was taken to Dijon for burial in the church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042); all in eastern Gaul. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00055Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Gregory (bishop of Langres, ob. 539/540, S00038), tells how, with accompanying miracles, the body of the saint was moved to a newly built apse in the church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist S00042) in Dijon (eastern Gaul) by his son and successor as bishop of Langres. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00081The Syriac Chronicle of Edessa records that in 457 Nonnos became bishop of Edessa (northern Mesopotamia), and built there a church dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020) and another to *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385). Written in Edessa, in second half of 6th c.
E00093The Piacenza Pilgrim tells how he saw the head of *John the Baptist (S00020), displayed in Emesa (north-west Phoenicia) in a glass jar and adored by pilgrims. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, in Piacenza (northern Italy), 556/570.
E00102Agathangelos' History of Armenia (written in Armenian, in the second half of the 5th c.) tells the story, set in the early 4th c., of *Gregory the Illuminator (converter of Armenia, S00251) establishing, with the help of relics, the commemoration in Armenia of *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Athenogenes (bishop and martyr of Pedachthoe, S00065), to replace the feasts of pagan deities.
E00160Greek private letter, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt) concerned with greetings and the transport of goods, providing a list of five saints to be invoked on the sender’s behalf: *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 4th/5th c.
E00164Greek Calendar of Church Services to be performed at different churches in Oxyrhynchus (Middle Egypt) from the end of October to the end of March of the years 535–536, providing information on the names of many churches, and on the saints’ days celebrated in the city.
E00244The Epic Histories, traditionally attributed to P'awstos, written in Armenian in the second half of the 5th c., record the commemoration of *John the Baptist (S00020), the *Apostles (S00084), and other martyrs, by Patriarch *Vrt'anēs (patriarch of Greater Armenia (333-341),S00297) in the earlier 4th c and his miraculous survival of an assassination attempt, followed by punishing and healing miracles.
E00367Gregory of Tours writes the Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum), in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594. Overview entry.
E00386Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (11), narrates how during the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020) a woman from Gaul collected his blood and later placed it in the altar of the church of John the Baptist in Bazas (south-west Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00387Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (13), narrates the story of the thumb of *John the Baptist (S00020) brought from the shrine of his tomb (in an unspecified place) to Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne (south-east Gaul) by an unnamed woman; there drops of blood from the thumb were obtained by three bishops and taken to their cities; an archdeacon who attempted to take the thumb to Turin (northern Italy) died within three days. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00406The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, recounts the founding and endowment of a basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *John the Baptist (S00020) in Ostia, close to Rome, by the emperor Constantine (312-337).
E00407The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, recounts the founding and endowment of a basilica of *John the Baptist (S00020) in Albanum, close to Rome, by the emperor Constantine (312-337).
E00409The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, mentions a silver statue of *John the Baptist (S00020), commissioned by the emperor Constantine for the Lateran baptistery in Rome (312-337).
E00415The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions a church of *John the Baptist (S00020), in Neapolis (Palestine, modern Nablus). Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00452The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit to the monastery of *John the Baptist (S00020) by the Jordan River (Palestine) and its two hospices. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00466Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (14), recounts the miracles which happened when he deposited relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) in an oratory in the forecourt of the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00469Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (15), recounts a story about relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the village church in Langeais (north-west Gaul); a woman miraculously punished for working on Sunday was healed there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00474Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (19), tells of perjurers being punished after falsely swearing at the altar of the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *John the Baptist (S00020) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00547Greek epigram, probably from a dedicatory inscription in the church, recording the dedication by the consul Stoudios of a basilica to *John the Baptist (00020) on his estate in Constantinople before 454. Recorded in the 10th c. Greek Anthology.
E00570Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (49), mentions the martyrdom of Photinus/Potheinos, bishop and one of the *Martyrs of Lyon (S00316), and tells of the martyrdom of his successor *Irenaeus (bishop and martyr of Lyon, S02832), who is buried in the church of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020, possibly the Evangelist and Apostle, S00042) in Lyon (central Gaul), next to *Epipodius and Alexander (martyrs of Lyon, S00318); dust gathered from their graves can cure the sick. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00690The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, closes with the church and grave of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on the 'via Vaticana', north-west of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649. A description of the basilica, added in the later 8th c., lists many of the altars of saints within the church.
E00703Isidore of Seville in his Latin Chronicle written in two redactions in 615/616 and 626 states that the body of *Antony ('the Great', monk of Egypt, ob. 356, S00098), was discovered through revelation, transferred to and buried in Alexandria, in the church of *John the Baptist, during the reign of Justinian (527-565).
E00712Victor of Tunnuna recounts how the body of *Antony ('the Great', monk of Egypt, ob. 356, S00098), was discovered, transferred to, and buried in Alexandria, in the basilica of *John the Baptist (S00020), in 561. Entry in his Latin Chronicle, written in Constantinople in 564/566.
E00726Victricius of Rouen lists the relics of saints already present in Rouen: *John the Baptist (S00020), the Apostles *Andrew (S00289) and *Thomas (S00199), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), *Agricola (martyr of Bologna, S00310), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), and *Luke (the Evangelist, S00442). Account in Victricius' Praising the Saints, written in Latin, c.396 in Rouen (northern Gaul).
E00741Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting festal payments expected from various churches and shrines, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Ioustos/Justus (soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Thekla (follower of Apostle Paul, S00092), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Neilos (ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), possibly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), and *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 5th c.
E00747Bishop Nicetius of Trier, in a letter to Chlodosinda, queen of the Lombards (Austrasian Letter 8), claims that relics and churches dedicated to the saints are ineffective for Arians; he mentions Gothic veneration for the *Apostles (S02422), and alludes to churches or shrines of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), all probably at Rome. Written in Latin, presumably at Trier (eastern Gaul), 561/569.
E00793Fragmentary Greek inscription on a lintel, with an invocation of *John the Apostle and Evangelist (S00042) asked to help a steward/oikonomos Isidoros. In the Museum of Izmir; said to be from Ephesos (western Asia Minor). Possibly 5th/7th c. according to the first edition, but most likely dating from the 10th or 11th c.
E00837Greek graffiti on a marble balustrade, with invocations of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and probably *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in Aphrodisias (Caria, western Asia Minor), at the Temple/Church site. Probably 5th/6th c. or later.
E00882Prudentius, in his poem (Crowns of the Martyrs V) on *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), tells of saints accompanying Vincent on his way to heaven; among them he explicitly mentions *John the Baptist (S00020), as a fellow sufferer in prison. Written in Latin in Calahorra (northern Spain), c. 400.
E00928Scarcely legible Greek inscription marking boundaries of an estate belonging to a church, probably of *John (the Baptist, S00020), or, which is less plausible, of *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612). Found at Kana (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor). Probably 6th c.
E00929Greek inscription marking boundaries of an estate belonging to a sanctuary of *John (the Baptist, S00020). Found at Çandır Yaylası, to the east of ancient Kana (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor). Probably 6th c.
E00979Greek epitaph with an elaborate invocation of *John (the Baptist, 00020), addressed as the Forerunner, apparently commemorating a burial close to or at a rock-cut church of John the Baptist near Amisos (Helenopontus, northern Asia Minor). Probably 5th-6th c.
E00984Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a monastery of *John (the Baptist, S00020). Found near Komana/Comana Pontica (Pontus Polemoniacus, north-east Asia Minor). 582-590.
E01022Greek epitaph for a girl buried 'in the holy place of John', probably *John the Baptist (S00020). Found near Tyana (Cappadocia, central Asia Minor). Probably late antique.
E01023Greek epitaph for a married couple buried at the entrance to a sanctuary of *John the Baptist (S00020). Composed in elegiac couplets. Found near Tyana (Cappadocia, central Asia Minor). Probably 5th-6th c.
E01038Greek epitaph for a presbyter of a church of *John (probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found near Diokaisareia/Diocaesarea (Isauria, southern Asia Minor). Probably 6th c.
E01144Coptic legal document concerning a donation or regular payment to an oratory, probably of *John (if so, probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in the area of Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), written in the 8th century.
E01145Coptic acknowledgement of a financial debt to the oratory of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), possibly due to a pledge by the deceased mother of the debtor; written in the 8th century.
E01200The Syriac Chronicle of Pseudo-Zachariah Rhetor recounts how, at the time of the Justinianic plague (541-542), many citizens of Emesa (northwest Phoenicia) sought the help of the relic of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020); demons testified to the power of the saint. Written, probably in Amida (northern Mesopotamia), c. 568/569.
E01216The Syriac Chronicle of Pseudo-Joshua the Stylite recounts how Alexander, governor of Edessa (northern Mesopotamia) during the year 497/498, held weekly audiences in the martyrium church dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Addai/Thaddeus (the Apostle, one of the seventy-two, S00255), during which he would settle lawsuits free of charge. Written in Edessa, 506/515.
E01239Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription mentioning the founder of a church dedicated to *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found at Mirties/Panormos (Kalymnos, the Aegean Islands). Probably 5th c.
E01267Inscribed terracotta disc, almost certainly a bread stamp for making eulogia, with a Greek inscription referring to a saint *John (probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found near Porinos Oikos on Delos (Aegean Islands), probably 5th-7th c.
E01271The church of Panagia Drosiani on the island of Naxos (Aegean Islands) houses labelled pre-iconoclastic paintings of saints, datable to the 7th/8th c.: *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); possibly *Solomon (Old Testament king of Israel, S00270); *John the Baptist (S00020); just possibly *Catherine (martyr of Alexandria, S00765); possibly *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); and *Ioulianos/Julianus (possibly the martyr of Cilicia, S00305).
E01307The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Hilarus (bishop of Rome, ob. 468, S00566) names his refurbishments in, and offerings to, several churches and oratories in Rome: dedicated to *John (Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *John the Baptist (S00020), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E01328Fragment of a limestone bread mould with a fragmentary Greek inscription, probably labelling bread as eulogia of *John the Baptist (S00020). Found at Karpasia (Cyprus). Probably 6th-7th c.
E01330Movsēs Xorenac'i's History of Armenia, written in Armenian and traditionally considered a 5th c. text, but most probably of the early 8th c., recounts how Patriarch *Vrtanēs' (patriarch of Greater Armenia, ob. 341, S00297), son of *Gregory the Illuminator (converter of Armenia, S00251), was miraculously protected at the martyr shrine of *John the Baptist (S00020) when the local inhabitants wished to kill him.
E01347The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *Symmachus (bishop and confessor of Rome, S00793), lists his extensive work at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome, honouring a number of different saints.
E01392Seals with bilingual Greek/Latin inscriptions of owners, and with images of saints: *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *John the Baptist (S00020), and *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192). Found in various locations on Crete. 5th-7th c.
E01425The short Life of Sabinianus, bishop of Rome 604-606, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, early in the 7th c., mentions his provision of lights in St.Peter's (the Apostle, S00036), his funerary procession which left the city by the gate of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), and his burial at St Peter's; all in Rome.
E01655Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the paving of a martyr shrine (martyrion) of *John the Baptist (00020). Found at Umm Hartaine, to the northeast of Ḥamāh (ancient Amathe/Epiphaneia, central Syria). Dated 500.
E01689Greek inscription on a house at Barad/Brad in the Limestone Massif (north Syria), with a list of six or more saints: a saint *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Dometios (monk of Syria, later 4th c., S00414), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), *Euphemia (probably the martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Philotheos (possibly the martyr of Antioch, S00878), possibly *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406), a certain *Eusebios, possibly *Thomas the Apostle (S00199), and other unnamed martyrs. Probably 5th/6th c.
E01742Coptic list of holy books belonging to the monastery of Apa *Elijah (S00667) on the mountain, presumably at Aphroditopolis/Atfih (Middle Egypt), listing a papyrus manuscript containing the Martyrdom of Apa *John the Baptist (S00020), datable to the 7th/8th century.
E01796Greek inscription on a lintel, referring to a saint *John (probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found at Abouḍḍouhour/Abu al-Duhur, between Beroia/Aleppo and Ḥamāh (central Syria). Dated 502.
E01935Greek inscription with a Christian acclamation and an invocation of the help of a 'Saint John' (probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), possibly by soldiers garrisoned at the citadel of Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Found at a gateway, at the citadel. Dated probably 509.
E01965Greek inscription just possibly for a church dedicated to a saint John (if so, probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found at Tell eḍ-Ḍahab near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably 5th-7th c.
E02040Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the laying of the mosaic in 'Church 95' in Khirbet es-Samra to the southeast of Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia), dedicated to a 'martyr' *John (almost certainly the Baptist, S00020), and invoking the help of the God of that Saint John. Probably earlier 7th c., possibly 634 or 638.
E02123Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), listing churches, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Viktor (presumably the Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749), *Neilos (presumably the ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Zechariah (presumably the father of John the Baptist, S00597), *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Kollouthos (physician and martyr of Antinoopolis, S00641), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Ioustos (presumably the soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), and *Phoibammon (presumably the soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable to the 6th century.
E02126Greek order from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt) to supply wine for widows of the martyr shrine of *John, (presumably either the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042, or the Baptist, S00020), datable to the 5th/6th century.
E02143Bilingual Greek-Arabic building inscription for a martyr shrine (martyrion) of *John (probably *John the Baptist, S00020), constructed by a phylarch. Found at Ḥarrān, to the northwest of Bostra and Dionysias (Roman province of Arabia). Dated 568.
E02163Greek lease of an epaulis (rural dwelling) from the area of Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), addressing the dikaion of an oratory of *John the Baptist (S00020), dated 8 July 551.
E02167Greek order for a payment in wine, from the Fayum, to be made to the reader of a church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042); datable to the 5th century.
E02231Greek order for payment of wine, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), mentioning a door keeper to an institution dedicated to *John (presumably either the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042, or the Baptist, S00020), dated to the year 503.
E02240Greek inscription just possibly referring to a Saint *John (if so, presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), as well as Christ. Found at Muṭā'iyyeh, to the west of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 5th-6th c.
E02340Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the eve of the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), referring also to the forthcoming feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 279, delivered in Latin, possibly in Carthage (North Africa) in 401.
E02345Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). He emphasises that it is the only earthly birthday of a man other than Christ which is celebrated by the Church and explains why it falls on the summer solstice, 24 June. Sermon 287, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa) in the later 420s.
E02356Greek loan acknowledgement, from Alexandria (lower Egypt), mentioning a martyr shrine (martyrion) of *John the Baptist (S00020), dated to the years 494–500.
E02357Greek antichretic loan, from Alexandria, mentioning a martyrion of *John the Baptist (S00020), dated to the year 499/500.
E02364Coptic acknowledgement of debt, from Herakleopolis/Hnes (Middle Egypt), mentioning a church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist; S00042), dated to the year 783/784.
E02367The so-called 'complex of *John the Baptist (S00020)' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia) comprises three churches (two oratories/eukteria and one naos), dedicated respectively to John the Baptist, *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physicians martyrs of Syria, S00385). Floor-mosaic inscriptions with dedicatory poems date the completion and paving of the church of George to 529/530, of John to 531, and of Kosmas and Damianos to 533. Two reliquaries were found in the church of George.
E02376Painted inscription (dipinto) from the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the 'complex of John the Baptist' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia), mentioning the saints venerated there: John, *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physicians martyrs of Syria, S00385). After 531.
E02392Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), gives the list of fasts and vigils instituted by Perpetuus, the sixth bishop of Tours (bishop 460-490), in the churches of Tours (most frequently in that of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050)), the majority associated with the commemoration of saints, both local and international. These fasts and vigils were still being held in Gregory of Tours' times. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02393Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), records that Volusianus, the seventh bishop of Tours (bishop 491-498), built the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) at the abbey of Marmoutier, near Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02417Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). He emphasises that it is the only earthly birthday of a man other than Christ which the Church celebrates, and explains why it falls on the summer solstice. Sermon 288, delivered in Latin, possibly in Carthage (North Africa) in 401.
E02419Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how he, the nineteenth bishop of Tours, sought relics of the *Theban Legion (soldiers and martyrs of Agaunum, S00339), which he had been told were in Tours; found the reliquary with their relics and the relics of unnamed martyrs and saints in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); kept vigils and masses to honour the saints; placed some of these relics in the cathedral of Tours; placed relics of *Cosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) in Martin’s cell adjoining the cathedral; decorated the walls of Martin’s church; built the new baptistery there and placed in it relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Sergius (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023); placed relics of *Benignus (martyr of Dijon, S00320) in the old baptistery at Martin's church; and wrote seven books of Miracles and The Life of the Fathers; all in 573-594. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02422Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 289, delivered in Latin at an unknown city of North Africa, possibly in 400/410.
E02423Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 290, delivered at an unknown city of North Africa, possibly in 412/416.
E02426Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 291, delivered at an unknown city of North Africa, possibly in 412/416.
E02428Augustine, probably already bishop of Hippo Regius (North Africa), preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 292, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo in 397/405.
E02431Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 293, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa) in 413.
E02432Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 293A, delivered in Latin at an unknown city of North Africa, 397/405.
E02433Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), condemning sacrilegious customs, still practised on this day, mostly by young people. Sermon 293B, delivered in Latin, possibly in Carthage (North Africa) in 401.
E02438Coptic letter, from the monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning an oath sworn to *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), datable to the end of the 6th/beginning of the 7th century.
E02441Coptic Letter, from the monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), datable to the first half of the 7th century.
E02466Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 293C, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa) in 397/405.
E02524The so-called Madaba Mosaic Map shows a number of labelled places of cult of saints in the Holy Land (mainly monasteries). Found in Madaba (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Probably mid-6th c.
E02542Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 293D, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa), sometime between 391 and 430.
E02586Isidore of Seville in his Latin Chronicle written in two redactions in 615/616 and 626 mentions the translation of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020) to Constantinople during the reign of Valentinian II and Theodosius (383-392).
E02593The Martyrdom of Iulianos of Emesa preserved in Georgian, recounts the martyrdom and death of *Iulianos/Julian (martyr of Emesa, S01259) and of three other martyrs, *Silouan/Silvanos, Luke and Mokimos (martyrs of Emesa, S01272). The events were soon followed by the translation of the head of John the Baptist (S00020) to Emesa. Translated in or before the 8th c. from a lost Greek original.
E02629Greek inscriptions carved on a quarry-face, mentioning the financial supervisor of a church dedicated to *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), probably in Bostra. Found at a limestone quarry sited c. 4 km to the southwest of Qaṣr al-Ḥallābāt and c. 40 km to the south of Bostra (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Probably 5th-7th c.
E02637Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the paving of a church (naos) dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020). Found at Riḥāb, between Bostra and Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Dated 604 or 619.
E02692A grotto and a church reportedly dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00217) or *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00020) at Sapsaphas/Wadi-Kharrar (= Ainon/Betharaba in Bethany, Palaestina I). Possibly with a Greek floor mosaic inscription referring to the saint(s). Probably late antique.
E02723Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription containing an acclamation of unnamed martyrs. Found at 'Ein Kerem, southwest outskirts of Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I), at the cave traditionally identified as the birthplace of John the Baptist. Probably 5th-7th c.
E02726Palladius of Helenopolis, in his Historical Dialogue on the Life of John Chrysostom, of 408 or shortly after,reports that, in 402, the so-called 'Tall Brothers', a group of Egyptian ascetics, excommunicated by Theophilos of Alexandria, met the empress Eudoxia at the shrine of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the Constantinopolitan suburb of the Hebdomon. Written in Greek at Syene (Aswan, Upper Egypt).
E02731Fragmentary Greek inscription from a lintel, probably commemorating the construction of a monastery (mone) dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and an unspecified *John (presumably the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found at Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Precise provenance unknown. Probably 6th c.
E02768Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 307, delivered in Latin at Hippo Regius (North Africa), possibly in 414/415.
E02815Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 308, delivered in Latin in Hippo Regius (North Africa), sometime between 391 and 430.
E02831Bronze cross with a Greek inscription invoking the help of *John (presumably the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Provenance unknown, probably southeastern Mediterranean. Late antique.
E02841In Eugippius' Life of *Severinus (hermit and monk in Noricum, ob. 482, S00848), the saint obtains relics of *John the Baptist (S00020), and perhaps dedicates a basilica to him, all at Favianis (on the upper Danube), between around 454 and 482. Written in Latin near Naples (southern Italy) in 511.
E02846Eugippius' Life of *Severinus (hermit and monk in Noricum, ob. 482, S00848) tells how monks of a place called Boiotro (on the upper Danube) desired relics of martyrs, and how Severinus deterred them, telling them that relics of *John (the Baptist, S00020) would arrive of their own accord. Written in Latin near Naples (southern Italy) in 511.
E02965Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the foundation of a church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in 544, and the laying-out of mosaics in 549/550. Found at Tell Skehef, to the east of Askalon and Gaza (Roman province of Palaestina I).
E02967Lid of a limestone reliquary, covered by four Greek inscriptions referring to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), a certain *John (probably the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), and the *Apostles, all of them with unnamed companions (?). Unknown provenance (possibly Syria), now in the Benaki Museum (Athens). Probably 5th-6th c.
E02976Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna, preaches a sermon (Sermon 127) for the feast of *John the Baptist (S00020). Delivered in Latin at Ravenna (northern Italy), c. 450.
E02983Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna, preaches a sermon (Sermon 173) on the death of *John the Baptist (S00020). Delivered in Latin in Ravenna (northern Italy), c. 450.
E02984Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna, preaches a sermon (Sermon 174) on the death of *John the Baptist (S00020). Delivered in Latin in Ravenna (northern Italy), c. 450.
E02985Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna, preaches a sermon (Sermon 179) on *John the Baptist (S00020). Delivered in Latin in Ravenna (northern Italy), c. 450.
E02986Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna, preaches a sermon (Sermon 89) on *John the Baptist (S00020), probably on his feast day. Delivered in Latin in Ravenna (northern Italy), c. 450.
E03146The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 9 May at the Church of the Apostles in Jerusalem the deposition of relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Thomas (S00199) and *John (S00042), of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament Prophet, S00280), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), Claudian (unidentified figure), *Tryphon (possibly the martyr of Nikaia/Nicaea, S00439).
E03205The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 24 June the birth of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03238The Apparition on Monte Gargano of *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) is written in Latin presumably on the Gargano peninsula (southern Italy), perhaps in the later 7th c., and by the 9th at the latest. It narrates the miraculous origins of the cave-church of the Archangel on Monte Gargano and details of the cult practices that occur there. Also mentioned are the adjacent church dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), with altars for *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *John (the Baptist, S00020).
E03278The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 18 July commemorates *Rachel (wife of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob, S00701) at her tomb on the road to Bethlehem, the deposition of the relics of Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), John the Baptist (S00020), Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), *Phokas (martyr of Antioch, S00413), *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710).
E03285The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 25 July the deposition of of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03329Palladius of Helenopolis in his Lausiac History recounts the story of the ascetic Innokentios who had relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) in his private chapel on the Mount of Olives (Jerusalem). The author also mentions the shrine of *Lazarus (friend of Jesus, S01417). Written in Greek at Aspuna or Ankyra (both Galatia, central Asia Minor), 419/420.
E03337Leontius of Constantinople composes a Homily on the Birth of *John the Baptist (S00020), which he delivers during the saint’s feast in Constantinople. Written in Greek, in the late 5th or the 6th c.
E03365The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 29 August the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020), and *Elisha (the Old Testament prophet, S00239).
E03387The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 29 September *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217).
E03399The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 15 October the deposition of the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727), *Ezekiel (Old Testament prophet, S01493), and *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198).
E03404The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 20 October *Thalelaios (monk of Syria, S00375) and the deposition of the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293).
E03410The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 26 October the discovery of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03429The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 14 November *Leontios (probably the martyr of Tripolis, Phoenicia, S00216), the deposition of the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), and the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192).
E03462The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 15 December the dedication of the church of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03478Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.57), recounts how a woman slave was overcome by blisters and boils while working the fields rather than attending mass for the feast of *John the Baptist (S00020); she comes to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and after four months is cured there and bought out of slavery; AD 580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03504Greek dedicatory inscription on a bronze lamp-holder (polycandelon), recording its offering to a church of *John (probably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Provenance unknown, probably Palestine, Syria, or Arabia. Probably 6th-7th c.
E03511The Lives of the Fathers of Mérida written in Latin in 633/660, in Mérida (southern Spain) tells a story about a man who went at night to the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and witnessed there the Lauds celebrated by the saints. After the office, he saw them go to the adjoining basilica of *John, the Baptist (S00020).
E03538Floor-mosaic with a Syriac inscription commemorating the paving of a martyr shrine (bet sahdē), and mentioning an unspecified Saint *John (probably the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042). Found at al-Nabgha al-Kebira (to the northeast of Beroia/Aleppo, north Syria). Dated probably 406-407.
E03580Floor-mosaic with a bilingual Greek and Christian-Palestinian Aramaic inscription possibly referring to an unspecified saint *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), sometimes argued to have recorded the names of *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Alexandria, S00406). Found at Khirbet Umm er-Rus near Beit Jimal and Eleutheropolis, in the Judean Hills, c. 20 km to the southwest of Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 6th-7th c.
E03602Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, includes a narrative of the discovery of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020) at Jerusalem and its translation to Emesa (Syria). Written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534.
E03654The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th c. to 7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 24 February *Samuel (possibly katholikos of Iberia, 5th c. S01627), and the invention of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03779The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 June *Prokopios of Skythopolis (martyr in Palestine, S00118), *Zenon and possibly Zenas (martyrs of Philadelphia (Amman) under Maximian, S01664) and the birth of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03780The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 June *Phebronia (virgin and martyr of Nisibis, S01632) and the birth of *John (the Baptist, S00020).
E03804The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 18 July *Rachel (wife of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob, S00701), the deposition of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), *Phokas (martyr in Antioch, S00413), *Athanasios (martyr in Klysma under Diocletian and Maximian, S01216), *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079), and *Dioskoros (probably Decian martyr of Egypt, S00230).
E03847The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 29 August the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03848The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 30 August *Phokas (martyr of Antioch, S00413) or *Phokas (martyr of Synope, S00052), *Jude Thaddaeus (Apostle, one of the Twelve, S01507), *Joseph of Arimathea (New Testament figure, S01787), *Babylas (bishop and martyr in Antioch, S00061), and *Alexandros (bishop of Constantinople, ob. 337, S01789), and the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03896The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 October *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Ezekiel (Old Testament prophet, S01493), *Daniel (the Old Testament prophet, S00727), *Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably martyr of Cilicia, S00305), and *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926).
E03906The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 25 October *Demetrios (martyr of Thessalonike, S00761), *Babylas (bishop and martyr of Antioch, and companions S00061), *Phokas (probably martyr of Antioch, S00413), *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385), *Varos (soldier and martyr in Egypt under Galerius, S01212), *John the Baptist (S00020), and *Sophia and her daughters (martyrs of Rome, S00554).
E03907The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 26 October the discovery of the head of *John the Baptist (S00020), and *Demetrios (martyr of Thessalonike, S00761).
E03926The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 14 November *Leontios (probably the martyr of Tripolis, Phoenicia, S00216), *Agapios from Gaza (martyr in Palestine, S00188), the deposition of the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), *Philip (the Apostle, S00109), and the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192).
E03946Three fragmentary Greek inscriptions (two carved, and one painted), mentioning *John the Baptist (S00020), and possibly *Aaron (the first High Priest, and brother of Moses, S01427), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in the church and chapel in the monastic complex of Aaron on Jabal Hārūn near Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late antique.
E03959The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 December the dedication of the church of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Eleutherios (martyr of Rome, S01661), *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), and bishop 'Nisthereon' (unidentified figure, name probably garbled).
E04007Socrates in the Ecclesiastical History reports that, in 404, bishop Epiphanius of Salamis visited the shrine of *John (the Baptist S00020, or the Evangelist S00042) at Hebdomon (Constantinople) where he celebrated a service and ordination. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/446.
E04013Socrates in his Ecclesiastical History reports that, in 400, the emperor Arcadius and the Gothic leader Gainas took oaths of non-aggression at the shrine of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) at Chalcedon, near Cosntantinople. Later, Gainas was prevented by angels from torching the imperial palace in Constantinople, and settled at the shrine of *John (the Baptist S00020, or the Evangelist S00042) at Hebdomon, pretending to suffer from a demon. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/446.
E04052Sozomen in his Ecclesiastical History recounts the transfer of the head of *John (the Baptist, S00020) to Constantinople: discovered by Macedonianist monks in Palestine, and brought to a village in the territory of Chalcedon (north-west Asia Minor, near Constantinople) under Valens, probably in the late 360s or 370s, it was deposited at Hebdomon (suburb of Constantinople) under Theodosius I, after 381. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/450.
E04126The anonymous Greek Life of *Symeon Stylites the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860) recounts his ascetic withdrawal, life as a stylite, and numerous miracles in life. It includes references to miracles and shrines of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103). Written in the late 6th or early 7th c., probably by a monk of the monastery and shrine of the 'Wondrous Mountain' near Antioch (Syria).
E04127The anonymous Greek Life of *Martha (mother of Symeon Stylites the Younger, S00864), written in Greek, recounts her holy life, death, and burial at the 'Wondrous Mountain', and several posthumous miracles. Written probably in the 7th c., and probably by a monk of the monastery and shrine of the Wondrous Mountain near Antioch (Syria).
E04196Philostorgius in his Ecclesiastical History, reports that the relics of the *Elisha (Old Testament Prophet, S00239) and *John (the Baptist, S00020) were removed from their tombs and desecrated in Palestine under Julian the Apostate (r. 361-363). Written in Greek at Constantinople, 425/433.
E04227An anonymous author compiles the Miracles of Artemios, a collection of miracles (occurring between c. 582 and c. 668) effected by *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128) and his female assistant *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis, S01588) at Artemios' cult and burial site within the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the Oxeia quarter of Constantinople. The miracles are mostly effected through incubation, and the majority of healings are of diseases of the male genitals and groin. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668. Overview entry
E04231The Miracles of *Artemios (6) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), at his shrine in Constantinople, healed a sailor inflicted with a demon, and suffering from a disease of the testicles; the sailor subsequently experienced a vision of the saint, accompanied by *John the Baptist (S00020) and Artemios' fellow healer, *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis, S01588). Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04237The Miracles of *Artemios (17) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), at his shrine in Constantinople, healed the relative of a patrikios from a hernia, and temporarily punished with the same affliction an Alexandrian actor. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04238The Miracles of *Artemios (18) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128) revealed the identity of the thief to a devotee who had had his clothes stolen while attending vigils at the saint's shrine in Constantinople. The saint made the man swear on an icon of *John (the Baptist, S00020), which he had in his home, that he would not do any harm to the thief. Earlier the victim visited the church of *Panteleemon (martyr of Nicomedia, S00596), seeking information about the burglar. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04241The Miracles of *Artemios (22) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128) healed a man (the same man as in Mir. 18), who was suffering in hospital with a hernia, after he invoked the saints of Artemios' shrine in Constantinople: *John (the Baptist, S00020), *Artemios himself (martyr of Antioch, S01128) and *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis, S01588). Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04243The Miracles of *Artemios (24) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), appeared in a dream to the mother of a girl with a hernia, and advised her to supplicate his co-healer, *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis S01632), in the same church as Artemios lay; the girl was cured. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04250The Miracles of *Artemios (34) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), at his shrine in Constantinople, healed a girl, Euphemia, from the plague; the story also tells of veneration of an icon of *John (the Baptist, S00020), in the same church. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04254The Miracles of *Artemios (38) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), at his shrine in Constantinople, healed a boy, George (the same George as in Mir. 39 and 40), who was a reader in the church; Artemios appeared to him in a dream accompanied by *John (the Baptist, S00020) and *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis, S01632), Artemios' companion healer. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04255The Miracles of *Artemios (40) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128) healed of a hernia, George (the same George as in Mir. 38 and 39), then a deacon in a monastery on the island of Plateia; the saint appeared to him in a dream and cured him; George visited Artemios' shrine in Constantinople and there, in a dream vision, saw the saint in his tomb. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04271The Miracles of *Artemios (45) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128) and *Phebronia (martyr of Nisibis, S01588), at their shrine in Constantinople, healed a woman’s baby of a swollen testicle; appearing to the mother in a dream, Phebronia gave her three jujube berries to eat; on awakening, the baby was cured. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E04371Fragmentary account of a desert trading company/caravan (koinotes), containing a prayer for the intercession of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *John (the Baptist, S00020), and 'all the holy martyrs'. Written in Greek on papyrus. Found at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late 6th/early 7th c.
E04398Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) rebuilt the shrines of *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) at Anaplous and Brochoi, on the Bosphorus, and a nearby church of *Mary Theotokos, Mother of God (S00033). Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E04456Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (2.8 and 2.37), describes the foundation of the monastery of Monte Cassino (central Italy) by *Benedict (of Nursia, monk, ob. 547 S01727), with its two chapels: one dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in a former temple of Apollo; the other to *John (the Baptist, S00020), on the site of its altar, where Benedict was eventually buried. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04474Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a martyr shrine (martyrion) of *John (the Baptist, S00020) by a former soldier, Flavios Naamon. Found at Ramsâniyye/al-Ramthāniye, near Quneitra and Paneas/Caesarea Philippi, in the Golan Heights, to the northeast of the Sea of Galilee (Roman province of Phoenicia Paralias). Dated probably 513, once wrongly dated 377/378.
E04495Evagrius Scholasticus in his Ecclesiastical History mentions the existence of a church of *John (the Baptist, S00020) in Alexandria (Lower Egypt) in the late 5th century. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria), 593/594.
E04506Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (3.37), describes some miracles of *Sanctulus (6th c. priest of the region of Nursia, S01767). One of these stories refers to the destruction and restoration of a church of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), somewhere in central or northern Italy, and another to a miraculous intervention by *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04523Greek inscriptions from the so-called 'martyr shrine' (martyrion) at Ramsâniyye, near Quneitra and Paneas/Caesarea Philippi, in the Golan Heights, to the northeast of the Sea of Galilee (Roman province of Phoenicia Paralias). One of them labels a relief of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), another commemorates the construction of a building (termed 'holy place', hagios topos) by a former soldier, Flavios Babion. Probably the early 6th c., once wrongly dated 377/378.
E04542Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (00020). Sermon 379, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa), sometime between 391 and 430, .
E04546Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020); he emphasises that it is the feast of his earthly birth, not his martyrdom, and that the saint celebrated on this day is John the Baptist, not the Evangelist. Sermon 380, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa), sometime between 391 and 430, .
E04560The Greek Life of *Daniel the Stylite (ob. 493, S00342) recounts the life and manifold miracles of an ascetic who, imitating *Symeon the Stylite (the Elder, ob. 459, S00343), lives on a pillar and founds a monastic community at Anaplous on the Bosphorus. The text mentions shrines of martyrs and prophets in Constantinople, the use of holy oil and images, and the transfer of relics of Symeon the Stylite and the *Three Hebrew Youths (of the Old Testament Book of Daniel, S01198) to Constantinople. Written in Constantinople, 493/518.
E04579Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church dedicated to a saint *John (either the *Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) through the intercession of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Khirbet Damun, Mount Carmel, near modern Haifa (Roman province of Phoenicia). Probably 6th c.
E04654In Praise of St John, a metrical account of the life of *John the Baptist (S00020), possibly by Paulinus bishop of Nola (ob. c. 431), is written in Latin in Gaul, probably in the 5th c.; John’s gifts of prophecy and ability to cleanse the sins of others are emphasised.
E04680The presbyter Chrysippus of Jerusalem composes an Encomium on *John (the Baptist, S00020), which he delivers during a festival dedicated to the veneration of his head, which is said to have been discovered at Emesa (Syria). Written in Greek, probably in Jerusalem, 455/479.
E04953The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) recounts the foundation of the monastery of Holy Sion in the village of Pharroa in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor) and the miracles of Nikolaos, its first abbot. A number of shrines of different saints are mentioned in the narrative. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion. Overview entry
E04956The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions that the monastery of Holy Sion in Pharroa of Lycia possessed relics of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), *Theodoros (martyr of Euchaita, S00480), *Sergios and Bakchos (martyrs of Syria, S00030, S00079), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103), and describes the place of the relics of *Nikolaos (abbot of Holy Sion and bishop of Pinara, ob. 564) in the same church. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor).
E04957The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions fifteen shrines of various saints at villages in the territory of Myra in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor), and the celebration of public feasts with sacrifices of oxen at them, organised by Nikolaos, abbot of the monastery of Holy Sion. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia.
E05099Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) renovated a great number of monasteries in the region of Jerusalem (and elsewhere in the East), many of them dedicated to saints. Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E05102Paulinus of Nola, in a letter to Sulpicius Severus of c. 400 (Letter 29), describes the visit of *Melania the Elder (aristocrat of Rome, monastic founder in Jerusalem, ob. AD 410, S01185) to the shrine of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000) at Nola/Cimitile (southern Italy). Her sanctity is referred to using hagiographic tropes and her clothes are believed to impart spiritual benefit. Written in Latin at Nola.
E05111Coptic Martyrdom of *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), relates the saint’s conflict with his father Romanos at Antioch and his subsequent arrest and transportation to Alexandria, ordered and organised by Diocletian; written presumably during the 6th/7th century.
E05112Coptic Martyrdom of *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), the second Martyrdom, relating the saint’s imprisonment and trial at Alexandria under Armenios, his tortures and miraculous recoveries, a journey into heaven to be greeted by the saints, as well as his eventual transport to the south of Egypt for further trial south of Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt); written presumably in the 6th/7th century.
E05113Coptic Martyrdom of *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), the third Martyrdom, relates the saint’s transport to the south of Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt) for further trial, as well as his final banishment to an abandoned former military camp at Hierakonpolis (Upper Egypt) where he receives a visit from Christ who lays out the saint’s future cult; written presumably in the 6th/7th century.
E05114Coptic Martyrdom of *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), the fourth Martyrdom, relates the saint’s interaction with the dux Sebastianos, his miraculous strength during tortures, his contest with a magician who converts to Christianity, and his eventual beheading causing miracles; written presumably in the 6th/7th century.
E05222The pilgrim Egeria, in her Itinerary, mentions her visit to a spring at the place known as the 'garden of *John' (the Baptist, S00020), near Salim in the Jordan valley (Palestine); many monks travel here to wash at the spring. Written in Latin during Egeria's journey to the East, probably in 381-384.
E05260John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow (27), mentions a church of *John the Baptist (S00020) located ten miles from the city of Aigai/Aegae in Cilicia (south-east Asia Minor). Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05264John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow (46), recounts how Abba Kyriakos, a priest at the Lavra of Calamon on the Holy Jordan had a dream in which *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) accompanied by *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) and *John the Baptist (S00020) came to him, and revealed that Kyriakos unwittingly had heretical Nestorian writings in his cell. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05274Jerome, in his Commentary on Hosea, mentions the tomb of *John the Baptist (S00020) in Sebaste/Samaria (Palestine). Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), and sent to Rome, all in c. 400.
E05275The Coptic Encomion on *Makarios (bishop of Tkow/Antaeopolis (Upper Egypt), ob. mid-5th c., S02004), attributed to Dioskoros of Alexandria, relates, among many other things, miracles performed by the bishop as well as his gift of prophecy and miraculous events taking place at his burial in the shrine of *John the Baptist (S00020) and the prophet *Elisha (S00239) at Alexandria; most likely written not before the end of the 6th century.
E05283The Greek Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), by Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon, mentions several shrines and festivals of saints at Sykeon and other places in Anatolia, the Holy Land, and Constantinople. Written at Sykeon (central Asia Minor), in the 640s.
E05289John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow (77), mentions a church of *Mary (Mother of God; S00033) founded in Alexandria by Patriarch Eulogius I (580-608), and a church of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), probably also in Alexandria. He also records a legend that Alexander the Great brought the relics of *Jeremiah (the Prophet, S01421) and had them buried at the so-called Tetrapylon in Alexandria. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05291Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon composes the Life of *Theodoros (ascetic and abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), recounting the life, ascetic feats, and miracles of its hero, and the foundation of the monastic centre of Sykeon in Galatia (central Asia Minor). The text mentions several shrines and festivals of saints in cities and villages of Asia Minor, and also in Constantinople and the Holy Land. Written in Greek at Sykeon, in the 640s. Overview entry
E05301Chromatius of Aquileia preaches a sermon (Sermon 26) at the consecration of a church in Concordia (near Aquileia), with relics deposited in its altar of the apostles *John (S00042), *Andrew (S00288), and *Thomas (S00199), and of *Luke (the Evangelist, S00442) and *John (the Baptist, S00020). Chromatius refers to the translation of Thomas' relics from India to Edessa (Upper Mesopotamia). Delivered in Latin in Concordia (northern Italy), 388/407.
E05320Maximus of Turin preaches three sermon (Sermons 5, 6 and 88) in honour of *John the Baptist (S00020), two certainly for his feast day. Delivered in Latin in Turin (northern Italy), between c. 397 and 408/423.
E05338Gaudentius of Brescia preaches a sermon (Sermon 17) in Brescia (northern Italy), on the dedication of a basilica to the 'Council of Saints', with relics of *John (the Baptist, S00020), *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), *Thomas (the Apostle, S00199), *Luke (the Evangelist, S00442), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), *Nazarius (martyr of Milan, S00281), the *Anaunian Martyrs (Sisinnius, Martyrius and Alexander, ob. c. 397, S00605), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103). Written in Latin, probably 402/403.
E05441Coptic inscription from Wadi Sarga (Upper Egypt), with an invocation of *Moses (S00241), *Adam (S00772), *Peter (S00036), *John the Baptist (S00020), *John the virgin (S00042), the *Apostles (S00084), and the *Martyrs (S00060); datable to the 7th/8th century.
E05609Bede, in his Martyrology, commemorates on 29 August the feast of the beheading of *John the Baptist (S00020), and records the movement of his body to Alexandria (Egypt) and head to Emesa (Syria). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05651Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c. (Orationale Visigothicum), with prayers used on the feasts of saints in June and July: *Adrianos and Natalia (martyr of Nicomedia and his pious wife, S01342), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Peter the Apostle (S00036), *Paul the Apostle (S00008), *Iusta and Rufina (martyrs of Seville, S02099), and *Cucuphas (martyr of Barcelona, S00502).
E05730John Malalas in his Chronographia mentions the conversion of the synagogue of Daphne at Antioch into a shrine of *Leontios (martyr of Tripolis, Phoenicia, S00216), after a riot of the circus factions in 507. In the context of the same events, members of the Greens sought sanctuary in a church of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020) outside the walls of Antioch; the right of sanctuary was ignored by the authorities and one person was slain in the church. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E05737John Malalas in his Chronographia reports that in 528, a cleric of the shrine of *John (the Baptist, S00020) in Alexandria was elected as bishop of the newly christianised kingdom of ‘India’ in Africa. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E05777Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the presence of a monasterium dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in Classe (northern Italy) in the mid-6th c.; written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05785Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the consecration of a church dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020) and – implausibly – Barbatianus (in later legend the confessor of Galla Placidia). Agnellus' date is inaccurate, but evidence from his account suggests this consecration probably took place in 575/577; account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05809Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, quotes a 5th c. Latin inscription in honour of *John the Baptist (S00020) from the Church of the Holy Cross in Ravenna (northern Italy); written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05810Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, quotes a 5th c. Latin inscription in the church of *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in Ravenna (northern Italy), which thanks the saint for saving the Empress Galla Placidia (ob. 450) from the dangers of the sea; account written in Ravenna in 830/46.
E05856The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in June. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05858The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in August. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05859The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in September. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05896Hesychius of Jerusalem composes his Homily 16, On the Conception of *John (the Baptist, S00020), which he preaches during his feast in Jerusalem. Written in Greek at Jerusalem, in the early 5th c.
E05960In the Whitby Life of *Gregory the Great (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), the author notes the lack of miracles attributed to the saint, and theorises on the importance of miracles as proof of sanctity. Written in Latin by a monk or nun of Whitby (north-east Britain), 685/714, perhaps 704/14.
E05986Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a declaration made by a monk of the monastery of Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in the presence of bishop Abraham; datable around the year 600.
E05992Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with the remains of a contract concerning cultivation of land, mentioning an institution, most likely a monastery, dedicated to Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) as well as the one dedicated to Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable to the 7th/8th century.
E05993Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a letter written by bishop Abraham stating that clerics should go to the shrine of Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) to hold a night vigil and not just to receive the canon; datable around the year 600.
E05997Coptic ostracon from the area of Jeme (Upper Egypt) with a list of donations/payments made to the topos of Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) and *Jakob (possibly the Old Testament patriarch, S00280); datable to the 7th century.
E06018Mosaics from the late 5th or early 6th c., depicting the Apostles, in the Arian Baptistry in Ravenna, northern Italy.
E06089Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to a monastery and two churches, one of which was dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020), at the place on the River Jordan where he had baptised Christ. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/9.
E06092Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to Damascus, where a great church had been built in honour of *John the Baptist (S00020), and another church had been built by the Saracens. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06225An authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the foundation and endowment by Sigebert III, king of the Franks, of the monastery at Cugnon-sur-Semois (north-east Gaul) dedicated to the Apostle *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and *John (either the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042, or the Baptist, S00020), and other *unnamed martyrs (S00066). Written in Latin in Gaul, 643/8.
E06226Two authentic Merovingian royal diplomas record the foundation by Sigebert III, king of the Franks, of the monasteries at Stavelot and Malmedy (north-east Gaul) dedicated to, and holding relics of, *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *John (either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle, S00042), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and other *unnamed saints (S00518); and their later confirmation by Theuderic III, king of the Franks, who also speaks of a dedication to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033). Written in Latin in Gaul, 643/7-679/91.
E06238Hymn for the feast of the Nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), composed in Latin in Spain possibly in the 7th century.
E06283The Life of *Caesarius (bishop of Arles, ob. 542, S00491), records in two books the bishop's life, miracles (several through objects that had been in contact with the saint), and death. Several churches and feasts in Arles are mentioned. Written in Latin by five clerics of the ecclesiastical province of Arles (southern Gaul), 542/5.
E06298Fragmentary Greek epitaph for a person affiliated to the Corinthian church of *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), probably a reader (anagnostes). Found at Corinth (northeastern Peloponnese). Probably 6th c.
E06327Jerome, in his Letter 108, describes how Paula travelled to Sebaste (Palestine) in 385 to visit the graves of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), and *Obadiah (Old Testament prophet, S01420). Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 404.
E06339Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 3.3) of 592, to Iohannes, an abbot of Syracuse (Sicily), asks that a tunic of Saint *John (either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) be brought to him. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06353Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.11) of 594, to Iohannes, bishop of Ravenna (northern Italy), restricts his use of the pallium to certain feast days. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06379Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 8.17) of 598, to Marinianus, bishop of Ravenna, seeks to regulate the affairs of a monastery dedicated to *John (probably the Baptist, S00020) and *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030) in Classe (the port of Ravenna, northern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06404Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 9.184) of 599, to Constantius, bishop of Milan (northern Italy), sends contact relics (sanctuaria) of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *John (probably the Baptist, S00020) and *Pancratius (martyr of Rome, S00307), and sets out how they should be deposited. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06406Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.195) of 599, to Scholasticus, defensor, mentions a bequest to a church dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020, or the Evangelist, S00042) outside Ortona (central Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06410Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.229b) of 599, to Reccared, king of the Visigoths, mentions relics he has sent the king: a reliquary in the shape of a key, containing iron from the chains that had bound *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and a cross containing both a fragment of the True Cross and some hair of *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06440Gregory the Great in two papal letters (Register 14.7 and 14.13) of 603 and 604, to Alciso, bishop of Corfu, refers to the deposition of the body of *Donatus (bishop of Euria, ob. late 4th c, S01274) in a church dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) in the fortress of Cassiopus (Corfu, Ionian Islands). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06546Aldhelm, in his prose On Virginity, names *John the Baptist (S00020) as an exemplary virgin. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/686.
E06586The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in June.
E06588The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in August.
E06659Aldhelm's verse On Virginity lists a range of saints as exemplary virgins, with some variations to the list found in the earlier prose version of the same treatise. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/710. Overview entry
E06815Coptic guarantee document from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), issued to the dikaion of a monastery dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020), mentioning also a confraternity of the same saint; datable to the 8th century.
E06816Coptic rent agreement from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), mentioning a monastery dedicated to *John the Baptist (S00020) and a confraternity presumably of the same saint; datable to the 8th century.
E06887A list of subscriptions, preserved in a letter sent to Pope Agapetus I from eastern clerics protesting the appointment of Anthimus as the patriarch of Constantinople, documents foundations dedicated to saints in various places, including Syria. Written in Latin in Constantinople in 535/536.
E06907Coptic Encomion on *John the Baptist (S00020), from Edfu (Upper Egypt), attributed to John Chrysostom; allegedly originally written in the early 5th century and translated presumably sometime between the 5th and 9th centuries.
E06932The will of Caesarius, bishop of Arles, makes provisions for ecclesiastical foundations dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) at Arles (southern Gaul). Written in Latin at Arles, 512/42.
E07001The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the martyrs' burials around Rome, is followed by an Appendix listing 21 churches dedicated to saints within the Aurelianic walls of Rome. Written in Latin in Rome, certainly after 625 and before 790, possibly in 642/683.
E07025The Greek Life of *Auxentios (ascetic and monastic founder in Bithynia, ob. c. 470, S01523) recounts the life and miracles of its hero as an ascetic on mount Oxia, near Chalcedon (broader Constantinople), participant of the Council of Chalcedon, and founder of a nunnery at Gyrita near Chalcedon. It mentions shrines near Chalcedon. Written in Constantinople, probably in the mid 6th century.
E07049Coptic Encomion on *John the Baptist (S00020) from the monastery of the Archangel Michael near Hamuli in the Fayum, attributed to Theodosios, archbishop of Alexandria (535–566), written in the 6th century. Skeleton entry
E07113Sophronius of Jerusalem, in his Miracles of the Saints Cyrus and John (28), recounts how *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406) healed a certain Photeinos from blindness at their shrine at Menouthis (near Alexandria, Lower Egypt), involving in the cure a follower of the doctrine of fatality; the latter commemorated the event by setting up images at the shrine of Christ, *John the Baptist (S00020) and Saint Kyros. Sophronius also mentions a church in Alexandria dedicated to the *Three Children (presumably the Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel, S01198). Written in Greek in Alexandria, 610/615.
E07232Caesarius, bishop of Arles, in his Sermon 33, On paying tithes: before the nativity of St. John the Baptist, admonishes people to stay chaste and honest in the days preceding the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), and to abjure a 'pagan' practice on the festival, of night-time or early morning bathing in springs and rivers. Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 503/542.
E07234Caesarius, bishop of Arles, in his Sermon 216, On the nativity of St. John the Baptist, Caesarius bishop of Arles (southern Gaul), explains and extols the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), and enjoins his congregation to behave appropriately. Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 503/542.
E07235Caesarius, bishop of Arles, in his Sermon 217, On the nativity of St. John the Baptist, celebrates the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 503/542.
E07236Caesarius, bishop of Arles, in his Sermon 218, On the martyrdom of blessed John the Baptist, celebrates the feast of *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 503/542.
E07375Sophronius of Jerusalem, in his Miracles of the Saints Cyrus and John (36), recounts how *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406), through multiple appearances in dreams healed from gout and converted Theodoros, an heretical follower of Julian of Halicarnassus, at their shrine at Menouthis (near Alexandria, Lower Egypt). An icon is described which represented Christ, Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and John (the Baptist, S00020), surrounded by prophets, apostles and martyrs. Written in Greek in Alexandria, 610/615.
E07377A Lombard charter records a dispute between the bishops of Siena and Arezzo (central Italy), concerning churches dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Ansanus (martyr of Siena, S01345), *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), *Restituta (probably the virgin and martyr of Africa, S02765) and *Gervasius (probably the martyr of Milan, S00313). Written in Latin, probably at Siena, c. 650.
E07669Jonas' Life of *John (abbot of Réomé, 5th/6th c., S02829) records the life, miracles, death and translation of the saint at Réomé (eastern Gaul). Written in Latin, probably at Réomé or Marchiennes (north-east Gaul), 659 (or shortly after).
E07781Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.9), describes how in July 585 King Guntram complained because he had been repeatedly asked to act as godfather to his nephew, Chlothar (the son of Chilperic), but Chlothar had not been produced. One of these occasions was on the feast of John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/594.
E07817The Miracles of *Artemios (10) recount how *Artemios (martyr of Antioch under Julian, S01128), at his shrine in Constantinople, healed a boy of a hernia; appearing to the boy's mother in a dream-vision, he healed the child with the sign of the cross over his body. Written in Greek in Constantinople, 582/668; assembled as a collection, 658/668.
E07913Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, on a route northwards from Jerusalem notes Neapolis as the burial site of Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), Sebastea as the place where John (the Baptist, S00020) was beheaded, and Scythopolis as the site of the martyrdom of Basileios (martyr of Scythopolis/Skythopolis, S01150). Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.
E07914Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, describes the impressive church of *John (the Baptist, S00020), built by the emperor Anastasius by the river Jordan, where John baptised Jesus, and, nearby, a memorial (memoria), with a church built over it, of *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239). Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.
E07942The Breviarius, a brief guide to the holy places of Jerusalem, which survives in two distinct versions,mentions a number of buildings and relics associated with saints and Old Testament figures. Written in Latin, presumably in Jerusalem, perhaps (in its two surviving states) around AD 500.
E07955The Paschal Chronicle records that in 362, during the reign of Julian, pagans dug up and profaned the remains of *John the Baptist (S00020) at Sebaste, and *Patrophilos (bishop of Scythopolis, S02872) at Skythopolis; both in Palestine. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07956The Paschal Chronicle records that in 391, the head of *John the Baptist (S00020) was discovered and brought to Constantinople, and that the emperor Theodosius founded a church for the relic. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07958The Paschal Chronicle records that in 406 the remains of *Samuel (Old Testament prophet, S01429) were brought to Constantinople, and in 411 were placed in a church dedicated to him, near a church of *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07961The Paschal Chronicle records that in 453 the head of *John the Baptist (S00020) was discovered at Emesa in Syria. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07967The Paschal Chronicle records that the emperor Phocas was crowned in the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) in Constantinople in 602. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07980The Paschal Chronicle records that in 627, the former commander Bonus was buried in the monastery of *John the Baptist (S00020) 'of Stoudios', at Constantinople. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07999A document, probably by Caesaria the Younger, abbess of the women's monastery in Arles, regulates burials in the triple church dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *John (the Baptist, S00020), and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) by Caesarius of Arles. Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 550/570.
E08007The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor states that the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) were translated to Alexandria in 398. Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.
E08021The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor states that a sanctuary of *John the Baptist (S00020) was built in Alexandria in 464/465. Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.
E08022The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor states that in 515/516 the Monophysite bishop of Alexandria, Dioskoros, was enthroned in the cathedral of *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293) and that the son of the augustalis (governor of Egypt) was killed during a disturbance in the church of *John the Baptist (S00020). Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.
E08026The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor mentions damage caused by a storm on the feast of *John (the Baptist, S00020) in 549. Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.
E08123Anonymous poem, commissioned by Perpetuus (bishop of Tours 458/459-488/489) and recorded in the Martinellus, for a shrine (memoria) with relics of *John (the Baptist, S00020), *Felix (probably the soldier and martyr of Milan, companion of Nabor, S00609), *Victor (probably Victor 'Maurus', soldier and martyr of Milan, S00312), and *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313); probably in, or very near, the basilica of Martin at Tours (north-west Gaul). Written in Latin at Tours.