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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Martin, ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397

Saint ID

S00050

Number in BH

BHL 5610-5666

Reported Death Not Before

397

Reported Death Not After

397

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Bishops , Ascetics/monks/nuns
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00061Gregory of Tours writes the Life of *Nicetius (bishop of Lyon, ob. 573, S00049): it presents the saint as a chaste man obedient to his mother, a righteous judge, and an intemperate miracle worker. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594. Overview of Gregory's Life of Nicetius of Lyon.
E00063Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Nicetius (bishop of Lyon, ob. 573, S00049), recounts how, as a boy, Nicetius was healed of a life-threatening sore by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), who appeared to him in a vision; in Geneva (eastern Gaul), c. 520. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00100Sulpicius Severus, in his Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), tells how the saint investigated an altar to martyrs in the countryside of his diocese, found it to be over the grave of a robber, and ordered its destruction. Written in Latin in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), c. 395/397.
E00158Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Patroclus (hermit of Berry, ob. 576, S00064), recounts how Patroclus founded an oratory with relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at Néris (central Gaul), performed divination on its altar, and founded a female monastery next to it. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00159Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Patroclus (hermit of Berry, ob. 576, S00064), recounts how Patroclus exposed a trick of the devil: pretending to be *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), the devil had appeared to a woman in a time of plague with objects that supposedly could save people; in central Gaul, probably in 571. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00224Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Aemilianus and Brachio (hermit, and monastic founder of the Auvergne and Touraine, ob. 535/550 and 576, S00087), recounts how relics of saints were deposited overnight on the altar of the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; Brachio held vigils in the church and witnessed the apparition of a miraculous ball of fire. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00257Sulpicius Severus, in his Dialogues (2.13) on *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), recounts how Martin often conversed with a number of major saints in heaven: *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), and also how he knew demons by name. Written in Latin in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), c. 404-406.
E00290Gregory of Tours writes the Life of *Senoch (ascetic and miracle-worker near Tours, ob. 576, S00116): it presents the saint as an ascetic and a miracle worker in the Touraine (north-west Gaul), who heeded Gregory's admonitions. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours, 573/594. Overview of Gregory's Life of Senoch.
E00291Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Senoch (ascetic and miracle-worker near Tours, ob. 576, S00116), recounts how, through the prayers of the saint, a reliquary miraculously fitted into the altar of a renovated oratory in the Touraine (north-west Gaul), where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) had once prayed. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours, 573/594.
E00292Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Senoch (ascetic and miracle-worker near Tours, ob. 576, S00116), tells how the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) was marked in Tours as the beginning of a period of abstinence before Christmas. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00335Gregory of Tours writes the Life of *Monegundis (female recluse of Chartres and Tours, mid/late 6th c., S00150): she is presented as a wife who withdrew from the world to devote herself to God, a humble servant of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and a miracle worker in life and from her grave. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594. Overview of Gregory's Life of Monegundis.
E00350Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Monegundis (female recluse of Chartres and Tours, mid/late 6th c., S00150), presents the saint as a powerful miracle worker, but subservient to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00351Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Monegundis (female recluse of Chartres and Tours, mid/late 6th c., S00150), recounts the death of the saint, her burial in her cell, and the posthumous miracles at her tomb, some with the use of oil and salt that she had blessed; the support of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) for her and her community is stressed. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00355Gregory of Tours, in his Life of *Leobardus (recluse of Marmoutier, later 6th c., S00175), recounts how, at the basilica of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul), the recluse Leobardus resolved to leave the secular world. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours, 573/594.
E00367Gregory of Tours writes the Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum), in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594. Overview entry.
E00383Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (10), tells how relics of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and unnamed *Apostles (S00084), which he wore on him in a golden cross, miraculously extinguished a fire consuming a poor man's house. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00466Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (14), recounts the miracles which happened when he deposited relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) in an oratory in the forecourt of the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00635Sulpicius Severus in his Letter 3 reproaches his mother-in-law, Bassula, sojourning in Trier, for publishing his writings on *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). He also describes Martin's death in an unnamed village (elsewhere identified as Candes) and his funeral in Tours (north-west Gaul). Written in Latin, in Primuliacum or Toulouse (south-west Gaul), in 397.
E00674Bishop Nicetius of Trier, in a letter to Chlodosinda, queen of the Lombards (Austrasian Letter 8), describes the posthumous healing power of the Gallic saints *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), *Germanus (bishop of Auxerre, ob. c. 448, S00455), *Lupus (bishop of Troyes, ob. 479, S00418), *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183), *Remigius (bishop of Reims, ob. c. 533, S00456), and *Medard (bishop of Vermand buried at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), and contrasts this with the alleged absence of miracles in Arian churches. Written in Latin, presumably at Trier (eastern Gaul), 561/569.
E00690The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, closes with the church and grave of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on the 'via Vaticana', north-west of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649. A description of the basilica, added in the later 8th c., lists many of the altars of saints within the church.
E00691Sulpicius Severus, in his Letter 1, responds to a critic who mocked at his Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and its presentation of Martin as a miracle-worker. Written in Latin, in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), 395/7.
E00692Sulpicius Severus writes the Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in c. 395, before Martin's death, presenting him as an ideal monk, even when a bishop, and as a great miracle-worker and confounder of the devil. Written in Latin at Primuliacum (south-west Gaul). Overview entry.
E00693Sulpicius Severus, in his Letter 2, describes a vision he had of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Clarus (monk of Marmoutier, ob. c. 397, S00479), shortly after the former's death, and expresses his belief that Martin will be his patron in heaven. Written in Latin in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), in 397.
E00760Bishop Nicetius of Trier, in a letter to Chlodosinda, queen of the Lombards (Austrasian Letter 8), claims that the Frankish king Clovis venerated *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) before his baptism. Written in Latin, presumably at Trier (eastern Gaul), 561/569.
E00791Sulpicius Severus, in his Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), describes how the saint, through intercessionary prayer, raised a catechumen from the dead at his monastery at Ligugé, near Poitiers (western Gaul), in c. 361/372. Written Latin, in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), c. 396.
E00845Sulpicius Severus writes his Dialogues on *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), presenting him as a monk, bishop, and above all miracle-worker, superior to monks of Egypt. Written in Latin in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), c. 404-406. Overview entry.
E00849Sulpicius Severus, in his Dialogues (1.23) on *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. c. 397, S00050), recounts how his own Life of Martin is known throughout the Christian world. Written in Latin in Primuliacum (south-west Gaul), c. 404-406, .
E01270Sozomen, in his Ecclesiastical History, mentions *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) as the most prominent ascetic figures of 'Europe' in the late 4th century. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/450.
E01350The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *Symmachus (bishop and confessor of Rome, ob. 514, S00793), lists his building works at, and donations to, the churches of various saints in Rome and its region.
E01959The Latin Second Life of *Romanus priest at the fort of Blaye (Gaul, S01129), written by an anonymous author, possibly in the 5th c., probably in the region of Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), presents its protagonist as a monk, presbyter and miracle-worker, who, being admonished in a vision by *Saturninus (bishop and martyr of Toulouse, S00289) and collaborating with *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), destroyed pagan cults and converted the local population.
E02018Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (1.48), recounts the struggle between the people of Poitiers and Tours for the body of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), after his death in 397 in the village of Candes, ending in its successful transfer to Tours; all in north-west Gaul. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02023Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.14), records how Perpetuus, bishop of Tours (c. 458-489), built a large new church over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050), because of the success of his cult; and used part of the old chapel for a new church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Gregory stresses the importance of 4 July as a threefold feast: the day of Martin's ordination as bishop of Tours, of the dedication of the new church, and of the translation into it of the saint's body; 11 November is the feast of Martin's death. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02024Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.15), recounts how the priest Eufronius, later bishop of Autun (c. 452-471), built the church of *Symphorianus (martyr of Autun, S00322) in Autun (central Gaul), and supplied the marble cover for the tomb in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02032Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.37), tells how, in 507, Clovis, king of the Franks, marching to confront the Arian Visigoths at Vouillé, out of respect for *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183), protected the property of Tours and Poitiers (both in western Gaul), and received favourable omens from both saints. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02063Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (3.28), tells how Queen Clotild (widow of Clovis) prayed successfully at the tomb in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), to prevent civil war amongst her sons; AD 533/542. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02066Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.20), recounts how, in 560, the priest Willichar sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, how he set the church on fire, and how King Chlothar restored and reroofed it. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02072Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.18), tells how Duke Austrapius, sought asylum in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and how a judge who violated this asylum was struck dead; AD 555/560. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02099Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.21), records a pilgrimage in 561 by King Chlothar to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02102Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.48), tells of relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in a monastery 'of Martin' at Latta (probably La Chapelle-sur-Loire); soldiers who sack the monastery are miraculously punished. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02104Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.16), recounts how in 555/560 an official was struck deaf and dumb after claiming that the churches of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Martialis (first bishop of Limoges, S01168), in Tours and Limoges (both in western Gaul), paid nothing to the fisc; he later failed to find a cure at Martin's shrine in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02119Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.2), records that Merovech, the disobedient son of King Chilperic, in 575 successfully sought sanctuary with Queen Brunhild, his wife, in a wooden church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), built on the walls of Rouen (northern Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02121Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.4), records the story of Guntram Boso seeking sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; of Gregory's defence of Guntram Boso's right to this sanctuary; and of how Roccolen, count of Le Mans, who threatened it, suddenly died. Gregory also mentions the healing of a paralytic in Martin's church; all in c. 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/594.
E02134Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.6), recounts a miracle in 576 of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), of first healing, then punishment: Leunast, archdeacon of Bourges, is partially cured of blindness at Martin's tomb in Tours, at the time of the saint's feast; but, after consulting a Jewish doctor, he becomes blind again. Gregory refers to his books of the Miracles of Martin. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/594.
E02136Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.14), tells of how, in 577, Merovech joined Guntram Boso in sanctuary at the church in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); how King Chilperic sought to have him expelled; how both Merovech and Chilperic sought (by different means) answers from Martin about the future, while Guntram Boso consulted a soothsayer; and how, after leaving Tours, Merovech sought sanctuary in the church of *Germanus (bishop of Auxerre, ob. 448, S00455) in Auxerre (central Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/594.
E02138Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.21), recounts a miracle, in 577/578, of water and wine at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours (north-west Gaul). Later in his work he tells of the fall from grace, in 585, of Winnoc, one of the witnesses to the miracle. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/594.
E02141Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.23), recounts a portent that appeared during mass celebrated on the eve of the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), 11 November 577, in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/594.
E02171Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.37), records the death in 580 of *Martin, (bishop of Braga, S01176) in Galicia (north-west Spain), and the verses he wrote over the portal of a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E02176Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.48-49), tells how Leudast, count of Tours in the 570s, repeatedly swore oaths of loyalty to him on the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; and later renewed his oath. He also records how the priest Riculf similarly swore loyalty on the tomb of Martin. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02184Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (6.10), tells of how in 581 thieves robbed the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul). Through the power of the saint, they are later discovered and the stolen goods are restored. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/594.
E02254The Latin epitaph of *Martin of Braga (bishop of Braga, ob. c. 580, S01176) describes *Martin of Tours (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397; S00050) as his patron; written in Braga (north-west Spain), after 580.
E02257Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (7.21 and 22), tells of how, in 584, Eberulf, treasurer of king Chilperic, sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Men of Orléans and Blois, guarding him, steal some of the saint's animals, but Martin punishes them and recovers the beasts. Eventually Eberulf is tricked and killed by a certain Claudius, who is himself killed. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/594.
E02266Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (7.42), tells how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in 585 protected from royal exactions one of his religious houses in the region of Bourges (central Gaul). Martin makes an offending official collapse, and then heals him. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02267Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (7.43), records that in 585 Chariulf, a supporter of Gundovald the Pretender, sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02268Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.6), records how, on the defeat of Gundovald in 585, Garachar, Count of Bordeaux, and Bladast sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul), and he himself sought mercy for them in Martin's name during Guntram's visit to Orléans in July 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02280Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.14), recounts how relics he was carrying, of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and other unnamed saints, prevented the boat he was in from sinking; in Coblenz (north-east Gaul), in 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02281Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.15), recounts his visit in 585 to the monastic church, built by the deacon Vulfilaicus near the fortress of Carignan (north-east Gaul), illustrious for its relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and other unnamed saints. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02316Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.15), records how *Vulfilaicus (late 6th c. stylite and monastic founder, S01199) kept vigils in youth in the name of *Martin (ascetic and bshop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), became a disciple of Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591), and visited with him the tomb of Martin in Tours, where Aredius gathered dust in a small box (capsula). This dust when placed in the oratory of Aredius' monastery in the Limousin (western Gaul) increases in quantity. Vulfilaicus travels to the region of Trier (north-east Gaul), and on a column imitates the stylite *Symeon (probably the Elder, ob. 459, S00343; possibly the Younger, ob. 592, S00860). He destroys idols and converts the locals to Christianity; is cured of sores with oil brought from Saint Martin’s church in Tours; is ordered off his column by bishops; all in around 565-585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02317Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.16), recounts three miracles (one cure, and two punishments of perjurers) performed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in the church built and dedicated to him by *Vulfilaicus (late 6th c. stylite and monastic founder, S01199) near La Ferté-sur-Chiers (north-east Gaul); AD 565/585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02318Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.18), tells how in 585 Childeric the Saxon sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02321Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.33), records a great fire in Paris in 585. A woman has a vision, in which the fire starts by the church of *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), but nobody believes her. Three nights later the conflagration begins. *Germanus (bishop of Paris, ob. 576, S01166) appears to prisoners in gaol, frees them, and saves them from the flames; they flee to the church of Vincent, where Germanus' tomb is situated. An oratory of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), built where the saint during his lifetime had cured a leper, is miraculously spared the flames, along with its builder, his wife, and their property. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E02322Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.40), tells the story of a perjurer, mentioning a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in the village of Candes (north-west Gaul), and a church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) in Tours, where the false oath was sworn in 586. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/594.
E02331Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.6), tells of the appearance in Tours in 587 of Desiderius, a false holy man. He pretended to work miracles, attracting many who sought to be cured, and claimed to be greater than *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and equal to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). He is accused of necromancy and expelled from the city. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E02332Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.6), recounts how a false holy man, claiming to have relics from Spain of *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290) and *Felix (martyr of Gerona, S00408), had appeared in Tours in around 580. After behaving with extreme arrogance towards Gregory, he left for Paris, where he attracted a following until imprisoned by Bishop Ragnemod, who destroyed his false relics. Escaping, he entered the Parisian church of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035). Gregory mentions the existence of other such false saints, who attracted followings. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E02334Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.12), mentions a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Fresnes-en-Woëvre (north-east Gaul), where in 587 two Frankish rebels sought sanctuary. One of these, later seeks sanctuary in an oratory with relics, inside the bishop's house of Verdun (north-east Gaul), and is murdered there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E02358Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.26), recounts how Queen Ingoberg, widow of Charibert, made a legacy in 589 to the church in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and to the cathedrals of Tours and Le Mans (both north-west Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E02360Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.30), when describing a royal attempt in 589 to raise taxes in Tours, records the long history of Tours' exemption from taxation through respect and fear of Saint *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E02362Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.33), tells how Berthegund, a troublesome nun of Tours, sought sanctuary in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050) in Tours, in 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E02369Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.42), quotes the letter that *Radegund (former queen, and monastic founder, ob. 587, S00182) wrote in 560/561 in defence of her monastery in Poitiers (western Gaul), setting it under the protection of the Holy Cross, *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); in the same letter Radegund asks to be buried in the church of Mary that she is building within the monastery. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E02384Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.11), recounts how Fredegund (widow of King Chilperic), when her son Chlothar was seriously ill in 590, promised much money to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); the boy recovers. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E02387Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.29), gives an account of the life, miracles and death, in 591, of *Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591, S00302). He builds churches to unnamed saints (S00518), provides them with relics, and founds a monastery in the Limousin (western Gaul). Gregory describes several of his miracles, and refers to his own writings for further miracles of Aredius, performed through the power of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); he bequeaths his possessions to the churches of Martin in Tours and *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) in Poitiers; three women are cured at his funeral. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02388Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.29), tells how a possessed woman saw saints gathering for the death in 591 of *Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591, S00302) in his monastery in the territory of Limoges (western Gaul): *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035), *Privatus (bishop and martyr of Javols, S01184), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), *Martialis (first bishop of Limoges, S01168), *Saturninus (bishop and martyr of Toulouse, S00289) and *Dionysius/Denis (bishop and martyr of Paris, S00349). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02389Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), writes that Bricius, the fourth bishop of Tours, built a small church over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and was himself buried there when he died in around 443. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02390Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how Eustochius, the fifth Bishop of Tours (bishop 443-460), built a church in Tours and deposited there relics of *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313). These relics were brought from Italy by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), as Paulinus of Nola (353-431) recounted in one of his letters. Eustochius was buried in the church of Martin built by Bricius, his predecessor. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02391Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts that Perpetuus, the sixth bishop of Tours (bishop 460-490), pulled down the old church over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and built a new one, to which he translated Martin's body. He also built the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Tours and the church of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) at Montlouis-sur-Loire (near Tours). He bequeathed a sum of money to the church of Martin in Tours, where he was buried. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02392Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), gives the list of fasts and vigils instituted by Perpetuus, the sixth bishop of Tours (bishop 460-490), in the churches of Tours (most frequently in that of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050)), the majority associated with the commemoration of saints, both local and international. These fasts and vigils were still being held in Gregory of Tours' times. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02401Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), mentions the tomb of *Venantius (priest and abbot of Tours, ob. shortly before 507, S00121) in a monastery, and the burial of *Licinius, the ninth bishop of Tours (bishop 508-520), in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); both in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02402Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), records that several bishops of Tours between 520 and 554 were buried in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours: Theodorus and Proculus, the joint-tenth bishops; Dinifius, the eleventh bishop; Leo, the thirteenth bishop; Baudinus, the sixteenth bishop; Gunthar, the seventeenth bishop. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02403Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how Ommatius, the twelfth bishop of Tours (bishop 521-525), restored the church of *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), began to construct the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and was buried in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397,S00050); all in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02404Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how Francilio, the fourteenth bishop of Tours (bishop 527-529), and his wife Clara left their possessions to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, where Francilio was buried. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02405Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), records that Iniuriosus, the fifteenth bishop of Tours (bishop 529-546), completed the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) in Tours, and that in his time the church of *Germanus (bishop of Auxerre, ob. 448, S00455) at Saint-Germain-sur-Vienne in the Touraine was constructed. Injuriosus was buried in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02418Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how Eufronius, the eighteenth bishop of Tours (bishop 555-573), restored the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, which had been burnt after Willichar sought sanctuary there. In Eufronius' time the church of *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290) was built in Tours, and on his death he was buried in Martin's church. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02419Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how he, the nineteenth bishop of Tours, sought relics of the *Theban Legion (soldiers and martyrs of Agaunum, S00339), which he had been told were in Tours; found the reliquary with their relics and the relics of unnamed martyrs and saints in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); kept vigils and masses to honour the saints; placed some of these relics in the cathedral of Tours; placed relics of *Cosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) in Martin’s cell adjoining the cathedral; decorated the walls of Martin’s church; built the new baptistery there and placed in it relics of *John the Baptist (S00020) and *Sergius (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023); placed relics of *Benignus (martyr of Dijon, S00320) in the old baptistery at Martin's church; and wrote seven books of Miracles and The Life of the Fathers; all in 573-594. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02427Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) performed miracles during his lifetime and after his death: he raised three men. He translated the body of *Gatianus (first bishop of Tours, S01175) and placed it beside the tomb of *Litorius (bishop of Tours, ob. 370/371, S01214) in the church of Litorius in Tours. He built the church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) at the monastery of Marmoutier in the Touraine. Sulpiciius Severus wrote his Life and many miracles happen at his grave. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02448Gregory of Tours writes the Glory of the Confessors, in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588. Overview entry.
E02454Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (4), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) prayed at the tomb of *Gatianus (first bishop of Tours, S01175) in Tours, and heard the voice of Gatianus asking Martin to bless him. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02455Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (5), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) gained entry to heaven for *Vitalina (pious virgin of Artonne, ob. before 397, S01221), and visited Clermont (central Gaul), where he healed some of the sick but did not enter the city. Vitalina appeared in visions to people and revealed the day of her death; they kept vigils in her honour, and she provided wine and fish for her feast. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02456Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (6), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) heals the sick at his tomb in Tours. Leo, a presbyter of Tours, moved a stone in Martin's basilica, on which the saint had sat (in order to clear a space for his own tomb), and was punished with death. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02457Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (7), tells how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) raised a fallen tree in a village of the Touraine; people have stripped the bark of the tree, dissolved it in water and thereby acquired a medicine. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02478Hydatius in his Chronicle mentions under the year 382 that both *Ambrose (bishop of Milan, ob. 397, S00490) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) were famous bishops and worked miracles. Written in Latin, probably in Chaves (north-west Iberian Peninsula), c. AD 468-469.
E02479Hydatius in his Latin Chronicle mentions under the year 405 the death of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), and the hagiographical works of Sulpicius Severus about Martin. Written probably in Chaves (north-west Iberian Peninsula), c. 468-469.
E02536Isidore of Seville in his Latin Chronicle written in two redactions in 615/616 and 626 mentions *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397 S00050) and his miraculous powers during the reign of Gratian and Valentinian II (378-383).
E02546Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (8), recounts how Gunthar, bishop of Tours (552-555), tried to ride past an oratory near Tours, in which *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) had often prayed; Gunthar's horse refused to move until the bishop dismounted and prayed there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02547Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (9), tells how Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591) used oil from the tomb in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) to effect miraculous cures in the region of Limoges (western Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02551Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (10), recounts miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050) performed in the region of Limoges (western Gaul), told him by Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591): of a man whose mouth is cured with water that had been in contact with grapes from a vine planted by Martin, and of a deaf and dumb woman cured with wax brought from Martin's tomb. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02553Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (11), tells how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) cured a crippled priest on the road at Tonnerre (north-east Gaul), who was told to construct an oratory on the spot; many paralytics and blind people have been cured there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02555Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (12), tells how a Visigothic soldier who tried to behead the abbot of a monastery of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Spain, was himself struck dead; AD 583/584; King Leovigild, hearing of this, restored all the stolen possessions of the monastery. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02558Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (15), describes how people who spend the night in vigils at the grave in Tours of *Venantius (priest and abbot in Tours, ob. shortly before 507, S00121) receive cures. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02564Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (20), tells how he set up an oratory and deposited there relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), *Saturninus (bishop and martyr of Toulouse, S00289), *Illidius (bishop of Clermont, ob. 384/385, S00022), and *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035); when the relics were transferred to the oratory, a terrifying flash of light filled the building, testifying to the power of the saints; AD 573/574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02565Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (21), describes the discovery of the tomb of *Sollemnis (holy man buried at Luynes, near Tours, S01250); two possessed men revealed the site and were healed there; further cures happen. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02603Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (37-38), discourses on the holy fire that can sometimes be seen emanating from live saints, and also from their relics; he recounts how fire was seen by *Brachio (monastic founder of the Auvergne and Touraine, ob. 576, S00087) emanating from relics brought by travellers to the church in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02635Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (45), describes how *Romanus (priest of Blaye, ob. late 4th c., S01129) from his grave at Blaye (near Bordeaux, south-west Gaul) protected people travelling on the river Garonne from shipwreck; Gregory himself witnessed the calming of a storm and flood. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02651Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (56), recounts how at the tomb of *Martinus (abbot in the territory of Saintes, S01281) several people were cured; Palladius, bishop of Saintes (western Gaul), moved Martinus' tomb, but only when he (the saint) helped. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02672Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (58), recounts how *Troianus (bishop of Saintes, early 6th c., S01283) conversed with the spirit of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); how, while he still lived, people took threads from his cloak; and how at his tomb in Saintes (western Gaul) the sick are healed. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02685Braulio, bishop of Saragossa (north-east Spain), composes between 631 and 646 his Latin Life of *Aemilianus (ascetic and miracle worker in Spain, ob. 570s, S00578), presenting the saint as an ascetic and miracle worker.
E02711Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (79), tells of the discovery and translation of the body of *Ursinus (first bishop of Bourges, S01294) that was buried under a vineyard. Its primary discoverer was Agustus, who had first built an oratory at Brives (near Bourges, central Gaul) to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), where relics of the saint cured him of severe disability, and had then become abbot of the church of *Symphorianus (martyr of Autun, S00322) just outside Bourges, built by Bishop Probianus. Ursinus appeared to Agustus in a vision and asked him to look for his tomb, but Probianus dismissed the story; Ursinus appeared again, this time also to *Germanus (bishop of Paris, ob. 576, S01166), who was visiting Bourges; the tomb and uncorrupt body were found. Ursinus' sarcophagus was lifted and brought to the church, entering it with the help of the saint, who performs miracles there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02753Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (94), recounts how a paralysed man was cured at the feast of *Albinus (monk and bishop of Angers, ob. c. 550, S01181) in Angers (north-west Gaul), after learning in a vision that *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) would also attend the festival; on the same day a blind woman was healed in the territory of Angers, after invoking the saint. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02764Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (101), recounts the miracles at the tomb of *Iunianus (hermit of Limoges, S01312) in the territory of Limoges (western Gaul); those cured return every year and render 'tribute' (tributa) for their restored health; many of them come to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02765Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (102), describes the burial of *Pelagia (ascetic of Limoges, ob. c. 586, S01313), the mother of Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591) in a church in the territory of Limoges (western Gaul): her body gave off a sweet fragrance, a miraculous ball of fire appeared over the church, and the possessed declared the presence in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050); subsequently, a candle at the head of her grave is lit miraculously; the sick are cured there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02778Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (108), tells of the holy life of *Paulinus (bishop of Nola, ob. 431, S01321); how he wrote in verse about *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and was visited when dying by Martin and *Genuarius/Ianuarius (bishop, and martyr of Naples, S01322). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02800Gregory of Tours writes the Miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). In Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594. Overview entry.
E02801Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.1), recounts that Sulpicius Severus wrote the Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and Dialogues about him, in which he presented Martin as equal to the Apostles. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02802Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.2), recounts how 'Paulinus of Nola' (in fact, Paulinus of Périgueux) rendered Sulpicius Severus' Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) into verse in five books, adding a sixth about his posthumous miracles. Gregory summarises these miracles and recounts how, when Paulinus received the list of miracles, the document cured his grandson; he also refers briefly to the four books in verse on the Life of Martin by Venantius Fortunatus. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02803Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.4), recounts how Severinus, bishop of Cologne (north-eastern Gaul), heard a chorus of angels at the hour of the death of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in 397. At the same time, Martin appeared in a vision to Sulpicius Severus. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02804Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.5), tells how *Ambrose (bishop of Milan, ob. 397, S00490) attended in a dream the funeral of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in 397. Gregory also mentions how Martin was welcomed into heaven by *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02805Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.6), recounts how Perpetuus, bishop of Tours (c. 460-490), built a new church to house the body of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and, with miraculous help, transferred into it the body of the saint. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02806Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.7), tells how Theodomund, a mute and deaf man was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, in 511/545. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02807Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.8), recounts how Chainemunda, a blind woman, whose body was covered with sores, was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02808Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.9), recounts how a storm on a lake was calmed after Baudinus, bishop of Tours (c. 546-552), prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02809Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.10), recounts how two flaming spears miraculously appeared to help a man from Cambrai (north-east Gaul) to cross the Loire, who was carrying relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02847Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.11), recounts how Chararic, a king of Galicia (north-west Spain), converted from Arianism when his servants brought relics (a silk cloth placed on the tomb) of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) to Galicia, in 550/559, most probably in 556. *Martin (bishop of Braga, ob. 580 AD, S01176) arrived in Galicia on the same day as the relics. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02860Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.12), recounts the visit to Tours of Queen Ultrogotho, and how three blind men were cured during a mass celebrated in honour of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at his tomb. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02861Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.13), recounts a story told him by Venantius Fortunatus of how an unnamed man in Italy was cured from a deadly pustule by placing on it a piece of clothing worn by a man when visiting the church in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Fortunatus also told Gregory about his father, cured by applying a piece of cloth from an oratory of Martin in the north Italy. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02862Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.14), recounts a story told him by Venantius Fortunatus of how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) miraculously protected a fortress in the region of 'Tertium' in Italy from barbarians. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02863Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.15), recounts how Venantius Fortunatus and a colleague were cured from blindness with oil from a lamp burning beneath a picture of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Ravenna (northern Italy), in c. 560. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02869Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.16), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) appeared in a dream to the abbess of a monastery in Ravenna (northern Italy); he revealed that Placidus, the procurator, lying desperately ill outside an oratory of her monastery, would be cured. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02873Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.17), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) punished a thief who stole three beehives from an oratory at Amiens (north-east Gaul), built on the site where the saint had divided his cloak. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02874Paulinus of Nola, in a letter to Sulpicius Severus of c. 399 (Letter 17), rebukes him for neglecting a promised visit to the shrine of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000), even though he frequently visits the shrine of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Gaul. Written in Latin at Nola (southern Italy).
E02875Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.18), recounts how a paralysed man was healed at an altar blessed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Sireuil (western Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02876Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.19), recounts how Bella, a blind woman of Tours, was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02877Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.20), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), when invoked by a certain Ammonius, saved the latter from death, when drunk, when he was thrown from a cliff by a demon. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02898Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.21), recounts how a man being hanged invoked *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and survived, at or near Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02900Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.22), recounts how Leomeris, a slave from Candes, where Martin died, was healed twice at the basilica of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02901Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.23), recounts how, in 558 in Tours, a certain Wiliachar was freed from chains by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02902Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.24), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) appeared to Alpinus, count of Tours, in a dream and cured his foot; in c. 556/561. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02903Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.25), recounts how Charigisil, referendary and later steward of King Chlothar, was cured of paralysis in the hands and feet at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, in 558/561, and subsequently conferred many benefits on Tours and the servants of Martin's basilica. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02916Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.26), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) expelled the demon from Aquilinus, a possessed man, after his parents, who had first tried superstitious remedies, brought him to the church of Martin in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02917Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.27), recounts how a certain Charivald when paralysed was cured after spending almost a year at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02918Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.28), recounts how a man cut a piece of the rope that rang the bell in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and how this relic prevented illness. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02919Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.29), recounts how in 567 *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) punished King Charibert with death when he unjustly took over an estate that belonged to the church of Martin in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02921Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.30), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) punished a certain Eustochius with his only son's death, after the latter unjustly acquired valuables rightfully belonging to the church of Martin. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02922Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.31), recounts how a custodian of the alms brought to the poor at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) was struck dead when he tried to steal a gold coin by swearing a false oath. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02923Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.32), tells of a journey he made in 563 to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, which he completed despite his illness. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02924Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.33), recounts how, in 563, he and one of his clerics were healed after he kept vigils in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02925Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.34), recounts how wax from candles that he brought from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours healed the sick and protected a vineyard from hail; near Clermont (central Gaul), 563/576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02926Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.35), recounts how one of his servants had in his home a piece of wood taken from the railing around the bed of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) that was in Martin's monastery. The servant's family became ill, and, warned in a dream, he brought the wood to Gregory, after which the family was cured; in Clermont (central Gaul), 563/564. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02933Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.36), recounts how he was miraculously protected by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) when he met bandits during a journey in Burgundy (central Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02934Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.37), recounts how a woman was cured of dysentery after she drank dust scratched from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02935Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.38), recounts how people suffering from fevers lie in the church all day, and are healed when they drink a potion mixed with dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Paulus, a possessed man, who, wishing to kill himself, threw himself from a height in the same church, but landed unharmed; all in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02936Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.39), recounts how Leomeria, a blind and crippled woman, was carried to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and cured there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02937Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (1.40), recounts how a slave boy crippled from birth and unable to work, was taken to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, so that he might be kept alive through charity, where he is miraculously cured; probably in c. 569. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E02943Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.1), recounts how, soon after he became bishop (in 573), he was cured from dysentery and a high fever after he drank a potion of water with dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03000Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.2), recounts how Justinus, his sister's husband, was cured after he drank a potion of water and ash from a candle brought from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 573. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03001Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.3), recounts how Maurusa, a blind woman who also suffered from gout was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, first in her limbs and two years later in her eyes; shortly before and after 573. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03002Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.4), recounts how Veranus, a slave crippled by gout, was brought to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, his master, the priest Symon, made a vow and on the sixth day Veranus was cured; AD 573/574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03003Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.5), recounts how Mallulf, a paralysed man from Auxerre (central Gaul), was brought to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and after prayers and fasting was cured; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03004Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.6), recounts how a paralysed man from Orléans (north-west Gaul) was cured at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03005Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.7), recounts how Leuboveus, a lame man from Bourges (central Gaul), was cured at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and how Martin made peace between warring kings of the Franks; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03006Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.8), recounts how a blind and poor man was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03007Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.9), recounts how Gunthedrud, a blind woman from the territory of Saint-Quentin (north-east Gaul), was healed at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and became a nun; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03008Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.10), recounts how a couple from the territory of Clermont (central Gaul), she suffering from a flow of blood and he from a fever, were healed at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03040Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.11), recounts how Mummola, a lame woman, was cured after she kept vigils at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03056Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.12), recounts how Ragnemod, then deacon, later bishop of Paris, who suffered from dysentery was healed at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in November 574, after he drank a potion with dust from the saint's tomb. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03085Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.13), recounts how Ursulf, from the territory of Tours, blinded when he worked on a holy day, was healed at Easter after he spent two months in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03086Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.14), recounts how Palatina, a paralysed girl, was cured on the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), after spending three months at his church in Tours; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03087Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.15), recounts how Merobaudis, a blind man from Poitiers (western Gaul), was healed at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050, in Tours in July 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03088Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.16), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) helped a boatman on the Loire at Baugy (central Gaul) to catch a fish, so that he could buy wine with which to celebrate the feast of Epiphany, AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03089Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.17), recounts how Guntram Boso invoked the assistance of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) when in danger while crossing the Loire near Amboise (north-west Gaul), and was saved with all who were with him; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03090Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.18), recounts how Landulf, a madman from Vienne (south-east Gaul), was miraculously cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03091Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.19), recounts how Theudomer, a deacon with cataracts, was healed after he spent a night in prayer in the cell at Candes (north-west Gaul) where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) died; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03092Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.20), how Desiderius, a possessed man, was cured after he spent a night in the cell at Candes (north-west Gaul) where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) died; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03094Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.21), recounts how a man with a contracted hand was healed after praying at the bed at Candes (north-west Gaul) where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) died; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03095Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.22), recounts how Remigia, a woman with a contracted hand, and later her fevered maidservant, were both cured at the cell in Candes (north-west Gaul) where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) died, and where Remigia helped in supporting the poor; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03127Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.23), recounts how Vinast, a blind man, was cured after he prayed in Candes (north-west Gaul) by the bed where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) died; he was partially cured there, and fully cured after acting on a vision telling him to visit Martin's basilica in Tours; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03128Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.24), recounts how a crippled, blind and deaf boy was healed at two feasts of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, the second in November 575, first of his deafness and blindness, and then in his crippled limbs. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03130Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.25), recounts how, during the night before Christmas, a demon tried to deceive the people of Tours into believing they had been abandoned by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). That same night, during mass in Martin's basilica, Bonulf, a paralysed man, already partially healed at a feast of Martin, was fully cured, thereby demonstrating the presence of the saint; AD 575. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/581.
E03131Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.26), recounts how Piolus, a mute cleric from Candes (north-west Gaul), was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, having fallen asleep during vigils; AD 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03132Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.27), recounts how Roccolen, who besieged Tours, was punished by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and died after he tried to cross the Loire River. At the same time an unnamed paralysed woman was cured in the church of Martin in Tours, and the swollen Loire prevented the enemy from crossing it; AD 575-576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03133Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.28), recounts how a blind woman and one of the possessed were cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours on Maundy Thursday; AD 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03134Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.29), recounts how two blind men from Bourges (central Gaul) were cured on the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in July 576, while miracle stories of the saint were being read out from his Life; AD 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03135Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.30), recounts how a mute slave woman was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and her freedom bought by the church; AD 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03177Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.31), how Apra, a crippled nun, was healed first in her feet after a dream vision, and then in her hands at the vigils for the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in November 576. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03178Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.32), recounts how one of his deacons was healed after he anointed himself with oil from a flask placed beside the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours. The flask was later smashed, but the small amount of oil recovered multiplied, and has shown its power up to the present; AD 576/581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 576/581.
E03179Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.33), recounts how Allomer, a crippled man, came from Angers (north-west Gaul) to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, was cured there, and became a cleric; AD 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03180Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.34), recounts how during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in July 577, a blind cleric was healed and three possessed men were freed of their demons. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03181Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.35), recounts how four prisoners were miraculously freed after they prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) soon after his feast in July 577, along with their amazed guards, they took refuge in the church of Martin in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03213Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.36), recounts how Leodovald, bishop of Avranches (north-west Gaul), requested relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) from Tours. The relics en route heal a paralysed man, and after their deposition, a blind man and a mute woman are cured; AD 576/577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03214Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.37), recounts how a possessed man was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03215Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.38), recounts how a mute girl was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03217Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.39), recounts how Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591, S00302), visited the places associated with the life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), taking home with him a flask with water from Martin's well at Marmoutier, which cured many people, including Renosind, Aredius' brother, when on the point of death; AD 548/577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03218Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.40), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) appeared in a dream vision to Sisulf, a poor man from Le Mans (north-west Gaul), who had suffered a sudden disability in his hands, and promised him that he would be cured after he travelled to the church of Martin in Tours, preaching repentance along the way; AD 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03237The Life of *Gaudentius (bishop of Novara, S01531) is written in Latin, presumably in Novara, at an uncertain date, perhaps in the late 7th or early 8th c., but by the 9th c. at the latest. It narrates Gaudentius’ association with *Laurentius (priest and martyr of Novara, S02438), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), *Eusebius (bishop of Vercelli, S01219) and *Ambrose (bishop of Milan, S00490); his miracles, appointment as bishop of Novara and incomplete building of a basilica; after his death, the miracles performed by his uncorrupt body on display in the church of the mother of God (Mary, mother of Christ, S00033), then in a tomb in the finished basilica.
E03294Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.41), recounts how an unnamed blind man from Tours came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and was cured there after praying; AD 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03295Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.42), recounts how a paralysed man was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours during the vigil before Martin's feast in November 577. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03296Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.43), recounts how a starved boy with fever was revived after the cloth over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours touched the boy's clothes; AD 577/578. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/581.
E03297Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.44), recounts how a blind man from Poitiers (western Gaul) was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours during the saint's feast in July 578. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 578/581.
E03298Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.45), recounts how two blind boys from the territory of Poitiers (western Gaul) were healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; one of them, who was also unable to walk, came to Martin's cell at Candes (western Gaul) and was cured there during vigils; AD 577/578. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 578/581.
E03299Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.46), recounts how Leodulf, a lame boy, was punished because he did not want to attend the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in November 578; he was taken to Martin's church and fully healed there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 578/581.
E03301Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.47), recounts how a crippled man was brought to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours during Martin's feast in July 579, and was healed there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03302Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.48), recounts how Floridus, a man from the territory of Angers (north-west Gaul) who was unable to use his hands or feet, was brought to the cell of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Candes (north-west Gaul). After prayers and vigils he was healed there; AD 579. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03303Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.49), recounts how a man with a crippled arm came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours on the day of Martin's feast in November 579, and, as a reading from Martin's Life was begun, was cured. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03304Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.50), recounts how a blind man was healed during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) celebrated in Tours in November 579. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03306Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.51), recounts how people afflicted by an epidemic of dysentery in Tours were cured after they drank dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), or were smeared with oil from the shrine, or used the water with which Martin's tomb was washed at Easter; AD 579/580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03307Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.52), recounts how an illl man was cured after he drank dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) mixed with wine; AD 579/580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/581.
E03308Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.53), recounts how a delirious man from Bayeux (northern Gaul) was twice cured at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, but each time relapsed; AD 573/580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03309Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.54), recounts how Paula, a blind woman from Lisieux (northern Gaul), came to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in July 580, and was healed after she rubbed her eyes the cloth that covered Martin's tomb. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03311Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.55), recounts how a boy from Sens (northern Gaul) with a withered hand was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours four days after Martin's feast in July 580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03477Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.56), recounts how a woman from Poitiers (western Gaul), whose fingers were bent into her palm, came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours on the day of his feast in November 580. While returning home, she has a dream vision and is healed; AD 580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03478Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.57), recounts how a woman slave was overcome by blisters and boils while working the fields rather than attending mass for the feast of *John the Baptist (S00020); she comes to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and after four months is cured there and bought out of slavery; AD 580. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03479Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.58), recounts how a sick blind tailor from Paris was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; he was then imprisoned by Leudast, count of Tours, but released when he again sickened; returning to Martin's church, he was again cured; AD 576/579. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03481Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.59), recounts how a slave woman who had earned her freedom was sold to barbarians. Through Martin's power her limbs were miraculously crippled, so that she was abandoned by her masters; she came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and was soon cured there; AD 580/581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/581.
E03482Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (2.60), recounts, as the final miracle of Book 2, how he himself was cured of repeated headaches at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, after he touched his head with the curtain that hung in front of the saint's tomb, and with the cloth that covered it; AD 580/581. Gregory closes the book, and thus his account of the first hundred miracles of Martin, with an invocation of Martin, asking for his help in this world and the next. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581.
E03483Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.1), a miracle he himself experienced: a fish bone got caught in his throat; he went to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, touched his neck with the curtain that hung there, and was cured; AD 581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03485Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.2), recounts how a twelve-year-old girl who was disabled, blind and deaf was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050) in Tours during his festival; AD 581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03487Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.3), recounts how a man, who ground grain on a Sunday, had his hand stuck to the lever of the mill; he went to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, where his hand was released. Another year he did the same, and, after two years, was again released during Martin's festival; AD 581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03488Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.4), recounts how a man from Limoges (western Gaul) who was blind and did not have the use of his limbs was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03489Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.5), recounts how a bind man had his sight restored at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 581. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03490Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.6), recounts how a disabled boy from Tours was brought by his parents to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and was cured there after three days; AD 581/582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03491Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.7), recounts how Senator, a man from Craon (north-west Gaul), who could not open his hand, was cured after he prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); AD 581/582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E03492Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.8), learns from Florentius, an envoy from Spain passing through Tours in 582, how his grandfather had built a basilica to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and consecrated it with relics of the saint obtained from Tours; and how the grandfather's child had been brought back from the dead after the saint was invoked. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03493Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.9), recounts how a cleric from Poitiers (western Gaul) who was lame in one foot visited the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050) in Tours, and was cured there three days before the saint's feast in November 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03494Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.10), recounts how his mother visited him in Tours and was cured of a recurrent pain in one leg after prayers to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); AD 573. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03513The will of the deacon Adalgyselus-Grimo of Verdun, of 634, leaves property to several churches and monasteries in the area around Verdun and Trier (both eastern Gaul). Includes references to churches or monasteries dedicated to *Agatha (virgin and martyr of Catania, S00794), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Vitonus (bishop of Verdun, ob. c. 529, S01458), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050), *Maximinus (bishop of Trier, ob. c. 347, S00465), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Written in Latin in Verdun.
E03517Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.11), recounts how a woman from the territory of Angers (north-west Gaul), with bent fingers, prayed and was healed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in his church in Tours; AD 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03518Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.12), recounts how his servant, who suffered from fever and vomiting, was restored after he drank a potion of wine with dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); in Tours, AD 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03520Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.13), recounts how Theoda, a lame woman, was healed after she prayed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03522Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.14), recounts how a man who could only walk on crutches came to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in Tours in November 582, and was healed three days after it. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03523The anonymous Gallic Chronicle of 452 contains a number of entries on *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), including a reference to the books about him by Sulpicius Severus. Written in Latin in Gaul, mid-5th c.
E03524Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.15), recounts how Gundulf, a citizen of Tours, was crippled in both feet and cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; his cure was completed after he gave all his possessions to the church and became a priest; AD 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03525Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.16), recounts how a blind boy from Limoges (western Gaul) came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, joined the celebration of the vigil before Christmas and was healed; AD 582. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 582/588.
E03529Prosper of Aquitaine, in his Chronicle, records the life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. AD 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul or Rome, in the mid 5th c.
E03530Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.17), recounts how a certain Siggo was cured of a blocked ear by relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) that Gregory was carrying during a visit to Reims (north-east Gaul); AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03531Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.18), recounts how one of his servants took some oil from the lamps in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, mixed it with water and used it to protect and cure cattle of a plague that was killing them; AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03532Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.19), recounts how a blind man from Avranches (north-west Gaul) was healed at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03533Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.20), recounts how a blind man was healed at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03539Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.21), recounts how Iulianus, a man from Spain with disabled hands and feet, was healed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in his church in Tours; AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03540Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.22), recounts how a blind woman from Tours received her sight at the bed of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Candes (north-west Gaul); AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03541Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.23), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) appeared to a mute man from Angers (north-west Gaul) who had come to Candes (north-west Gaul) and was healed there; AD 583. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03542Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.24), recounts how Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591), came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) for his feast in November 583. Aredius took some oil from the tomb and on his journey home he poured out some of it for a woman, and the oil miraculously increased. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03543Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.25), recounts how a woman with bent fingers was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03544Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.26), recounts how a girl with disabled limbs was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03545Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.27), recounts how Floridus, a boy from Angers (north-west Gaul) without the use of his hands or feet, was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03546Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.28), recounts how a blind cleric was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03547Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.29), recounts how a slave from Tours, whose hand was contracted when he repaired a fence on a Sunday, was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03548Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.30), recounts how a boy from Albi (south-west Gaul), sick in the stomach, was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03984Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.31), recounts how a woman from Angers (north-west Gaul) with a withered right hand was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; she said she had been punished because she wished to prepare bread on a Saturday night; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03985Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.32), describes how a woman with hands bent inward was healed after she came and prayed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03986Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.33), describes how the owners of sick horses came to the oratory of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Marsas, in the territory of Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), and after a vow their horses were healed; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03987Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.34), recounts how many people of Tours were cured of a disease of boils in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, among them the wife of Count Eborinus, after some of the water used to wash the tomb of Martin at Easter was drunk by her and sprinkled on her body; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03988Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.35), recounts how two paralytics and a blind man were cured during the consecration, with relics of the saint, of a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in the diocese of Le Mans (north-west Gaul); AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03989Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.36), recounts how Agustus, a man from Tours who suffered from pain in the kidneys and twisted legs, was cured in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03990Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.37), tells of a girl who became mute after being attacked by a demon; she was cured after visiting the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03996Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.38), tells of a deacon from Châlons-en-Champagne (north-east Gaul) who lost his sight when he drank with a friend instead of attending matins, and then was cured at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 583/584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 583/588.
E03997Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.39), recounts how a woman who was blind and disabled, with twisted hands and feet, was healed after she came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours to celebrate his feast in July 584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E03998Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.40), recounts how a paralysed man was carried from Bourges (central Gaul) and then healed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E04020Sozomen in his Ecclesiastical History refers to several monastic holy men who were active in Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and the West in the mid-fourth century. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/450.
E04041Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.41), recounts how a girl, bound with chains and shackles and unable to participate at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in November 584, first escaped captivity, and then was freed completely when she reached the church of Martin in Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E04042Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.42), tells how a book with the Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) survived a fire at a monastic cell in the territory of Tours; AD 584/585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E04043Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.43), recounts how, when he was travelling, two of his servants were healed after he gave them, mixed with water, dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); AD 584/585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E04044Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.44), recounts how Mallulf, a citizen of the territory of Tours with crippled hands and feet, was healed after he was brought to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 584/585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/588.
E04046Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.45), explains why he is not always able to record the names of those who have received miracles; he then tells how a man from Bourges (central Gaul), whose hands were disabled when he sought to mend a fence on a Sunday, came to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in July 585, and was healed. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/588.
E04047Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.46), recounts how a woman from the territory of Poitiers (western Gaul), whose arm was crippled, came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and was healed twice, on the second occasion having her freedom bought by the shrine; AD 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/588.
E04048Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.47), recounts how a man in Soissons (north-east Gaul) was imprisoned for debt but freed after he prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) as relics of the saint were passing by the prison; AD 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/588.
E04049Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.48), recounts how a blind woman came to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, during his feast in November 585, and her sight was restored. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/588.
E04050Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.49), recounts how a disabled boy was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, during his feast in November 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/588.
E04051Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.50), recounts how Lupus, a priest of Bordeaux with a quartan fever, came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at his feast in July 586, probably in Tours, and took home two candles from the shrine. He lit the candles, drank the ashes of the papyrus wicks mixed with water, and was cured. While hurrying to the church, he had met a Jew who questioned the power of Martin and was then afflicted with the quartan fever. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04061Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.51), records a miracle told him by Chardegysil, a citizen of Saintes (western Gaul), who had built an oratory in his house, with relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and whose sick infant son was cured after he was left for a night in front of its altar; AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04062Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.52), tells how one of his clerics was cured of diarrhoea and vomiting by drinking a potion with dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04063Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.53), recounts how two men were saved from hanging by the power of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04064Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.54), recounts how a mute man from Montlouis, a village near Tours, was healed after he stayed and prayed for six months at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in his church in Tours; AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04065Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.55), writes how a woman, whose hands were crippled when she worked on a Sunday, was healed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours after she vowed to respect Sundays; AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04067Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.56), recounts how a woman had her hands crippled when she baked bread on a Saturday night, came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and was healed. Promising to serve a week each month in the church, she missed a week and was punished with blindness; penitent, she was again cured at Martin's shrine; AD 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04068Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.57), writes how a blind man was cured at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, three days before his feast in 586/587. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04069Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.58), tells of a paralysed man who was healed at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours three days after his feast in 586/587; the same day two blind men received their sight and two possessed men were exorcised. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/588.
E04070Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.59), recounts how one of his servants was cured of a fever, and expelled two worms from his gut, after he was brought to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and drank some dust from the tomb mixed with water; AD 587/588. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E04071Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (3.60), recounts how several people, including himself, were cured with dust from the tomb in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) while Gregory was visiting his mother, probably in Chalon-sur-Saône (eastern Gaul), and then returning to Tours; AD 587/588. Gregory extolls the marvels of this dust. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E04086Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.1), recounts how he was cured of a stomach ache at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 587/588. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E04087Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.2), recounts how his tongue and lips were cured after he licked the wood of the railing and then touched the curtains hanging at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 587/588. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E04088Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.3), recounts how he advised the father of a young boy who suffered from a fever to bring his child to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, where the boy was healed; AD 587/588. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E04089Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.4), tells how several people were healed at the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in July 588: a man with crippled fingers, a blind woman and three possessed men. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 588/594.
E04090Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.5), recounts how a swineherd was cured of blindness after he came for the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in November 588. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 588/594.
E04091Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.6), recounts that during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in July 589, twelve paralytics and three blind men were healed and five possessed men were exorcised. Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591) attended the festival, and Martin cured a crippled woman through his hands. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 588/594.
E04092Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.7), tells how the jester of King Miro (of the Sueves) was miraculously punished after disobediently picking grapes growing outside a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Galicia (north-west Iberian peninsula); at the prayers of the king, the punishment was removed. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04093Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.8), recounts that Palladius, bishop of Saintes (western Gaul), built a church in Saintes to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), which he consecrated with relics of the saint; shortly afterwards, Palladius wrote to Gregory recounting a number of healings in this church. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04094Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.9), recounts how two of his servants were cured of dysentery after they drank dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 589. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04095Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.10), tells of bowls that were the possessions of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), one now with Gregory in Tours, the other at Candes (both north-west Gaul); water drunk from these could cure the fevered, among them one of Gregory's scribes; AD 589. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04109Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.11), tells of a man from the territory of Chartres (northern Gaul), who, despairing of having children, made the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours his heir; after doing this, his wife had several children. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04110Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.12), recounts how a blind woman from Ternay in the territory of Le Mans (north-west Gaul) prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in an oratory where relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) were placed, and was healed there by Martin; AD 589. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04111Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.13), recounts how a man with paralysed hand attended the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), held in Tours in November 589, and was cured. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04112Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.14), tells how a poor man from the territory of Angers (north-west Gaul), who was disabled, came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and was healed; AD 589/590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04113Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.15), recounts how a beekeeper from Auch (south-west Gaul), prayed successfully for the help of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) to recapture a swarm of bees, and promised the wax it would produce to Martin's church in Tours. When the wax was collected, a servant was miraculously cured of pain in the kidneys; both the wax and the servant were presented to Martin's church; AD 589/590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04114Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.16), recounts how an imprisoned man from Tours requested the assistance of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and was miraculously freed at Easter 590. At the same time prisoners in Poitiers (western Gaul) were similarly released. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04115Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.17), recounts how a blind young slave from the territory of Angers (north-west Gaul), was healed after a man appeared to his grandmother and told her to go to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04116Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.18), describes how a blind girl from the territory of Angers (north-west Gaul) was healed at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04117Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.19), recounts how a man with disabled limbs, who had been blinded by a fever, came twice to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), held in Tours in 589 and 590, and was healed there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04118Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.20), writes how a blind slave from Nantes (north-west Gaul), came to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), held in Tours in July 590, and was healed. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04204Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.21), recounts how a citizen of Tours, placed some wine and bread overnight by the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours to take with him on a journey; at an inn, a woman with an unclean spirit and a woman with a fever were healed by this wine and bread; AD 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04205Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.22), describes how an inhabitant of Bayeux (north-west Gaul), who had been crippled and blind for fifteen years, was cured after he came to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) held in Tours in November 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04206Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.23), recounts how a disabled and blind woman from the territory of Angers, and a disabled man from Brulon (both north-west Gaul), were healed during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) held in Tours in November 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04207Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.24), recounts how five of the blind were cured, and many of the possessed exorcised, during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) held in Tours in November 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04208Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.25), recounts how a slave girl was healed after she drank a potion with dust taken from outside the church, but as near as possible to the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 590/591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E04209Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.26), describes how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) freed prisoners in Reims (north-east Gaul) shortly before his festival in July 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04210Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.27), recounts how a disabled servant of the bishop of Nantes (north-west Gaul), was healed during the festival of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) held in Tours in July 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04211Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.28), recounts how a royal clerk suffering from a fever, was healed after he drank dust that Gregory had brought with him from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04456Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (2.8 and 2.37), describes the foundation of the monastery of Monte Cassino (central Italy) by *Benedict (of Nursia, monk, ob. 547 S01727), with its two chapels: one dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in a former temple of Apollo; the other to *John (the Baptist, S00020), on the site of its altar, where Benedict was eventually buried. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04465Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.29), recounts how a merchant from Trier told Agnes, abbess of Poitiers, about his miraculous journey from Metz to Trier (both north-east Gaul) along the Moselle River with the help of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); AD 570/589. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04466Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.30), recounts how he visited the monastery at Ligugé (near Poitiers, western Gaul), where *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) had revived a man. He is told that the blind and the disabled are often cured there, and is told of two paralytics who recovered after kissing the curtain around the site of Martin's miracle; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04487Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.31), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) made a spring flow at Nieul-lès-Saintes, near Saintes (western Gaul); AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04488Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.32), describes how the bishop's residence in Poitiers (western Gaul) was protected from fire by dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at Tours, which was kept by the bishop of Poitiers in a holy container; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04489Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.33), recounts how the servant of Plato, the bishop of Poitiers (western Gaul), was healed of a fever after he drank dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04497Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.34), describes how a man who had lost his senses and was disabled, was cured after he came to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04566Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.35), recounts how a falsely accused man was miraculously freed, temporarily when in front of the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and permanently when he saw the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), both in Tours; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04573Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.36), describes how a woman struck dumb, whom soothsayers (arioli) were unable to help, was cured when Eustenia, Gregory's niece, poured some oil from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) into her mouth; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04574Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.37), recounts how a servant and a maidservant of the royal court were healed after they drank dust from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and how the former saw Martin in a dream vision; AD 592. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04575Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.38), tells how four blind men and two paralytics were healed, and two possessed men exorcised, during the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in July 592. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04599Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.39), recounts how some prisoners were freed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) shortly after his feast in July 592. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04600Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.40), tells of a mute man from Cantabria (northern Spain), who first sent a coin to the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and was rewarded for his generosity, and then set off to visit in person and was cured during the journey; AD 592. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04601Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.41), describes how a man from Ponthion (north-east Gaul) with a bad knee, prayed in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours during his feast in November 592. He was healed and then some prisoners were freed from their chains. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04633Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.42), recounts how a boy from Tours disabled in his hands and feet was healed after he visited the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 592/593. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04634Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.43), tells how two servants were healed of fevers by drinking dust and wearing threads of cloth from the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 592/593. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04635Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.44), recounts how Principius, a man from Périgueux (western Gaul) struck with madness, fasted and was healed at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours; AD 592/593. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 592/594.
E04636Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.45), describes how a man from Bourges (central Gaul), became blind when working on a Sunday but was eventually healed at the festival of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours in July 593. Another man with disabled limbs was also healed at the same festival. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 593/594.
E04637Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.46), tells of a man from Brittany (north-west Gaul) who was blind, deaf, mute, and without the use of his hands; he recovered the use of his hands and eyes in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours, and consequently received many gifts; AD 593. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 593/594.
E04638Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.47), recounts how prayers to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) prevented fire from spreading in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul); and how one of his servants was healed of dysentery after swallowing dust from Martin's tomb in Tours; AD 593/594. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 593/594.
E04767Paulinus of Nola, in many of his fourteen poems (the Natalicia) written in honour of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000), identifies Felix as the special protector (patronus) of Nola (southern Italy); the similar role of other saints, in other regions, is detailed in Natalicium 11. Written in Latin, in Spain and later Nola, between 395 and 408.
E05069The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum, as transmitted in 8th c. manuscripts, records the feasts of a number of saints on 30 December.
E05093Paulinus of Nola, in a letter to Sulpicius Severus of c. 397 (Letter 11), praises him for the Life of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), which Severus, its author, had recently sent him. Written in Latin at Nola (southern Italy).
E05095Paulinus of Nola, in two letters to Sulpicius Severus, of c. 400 and of 401/2 (Letters 23 and 27), describes how both a courier and Severus himself resemble in their behaviour *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Clarus (monk of Marmoutier, ob. c. 397, S00479). Paulinus also states that he and the courier wash the hands and feet of others in imitation of Martin. Written in Latin at Nola (southern Italy).
E05102Paulinus of Nola, in a letter to Sulpicius Severus of c. 400 (Letter 29), describes the visit of *Melania the Elder (aristocrat of Rome, monastic founder in Jerusalem, ob. AD 410, S01185) to the shrine of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000) at Nola/Cimitile (southern Italy). Her sanctity is referred to using hagiographic tropes and her clothes are believed to impart spiritual benefit. Written in Latin at Nola.
E05103Paulinus of Nola, in a letter to Sulpicius Severus, of c. 400 (Letter 29), describes how he reads aloud the Life of Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) to prominent guests at his monastery. Written in Latin at Nola.
E05104Paulinus of Nola, in a long letter to Sulpicius Severus of 403/404 (Letter 32), discusses building-work carried out by Severus at Primuliacum (southern Gaul) and sends proposals for poetic inscriptions at the site; Paulinus also describes his own building-work at Nola/Cimitile and Funda/Fondi (both southern Italy), quoting in full the poems he has written for these churches. Several of these poetic inscriptions refer to the saints venerated at Primuliacum, Nola and Fondi. Written in Latin at Nola.
E05231Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Julian (30), describes how the possessed complained at the presence of many saints attending the feast of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035) in Brioude (central Gaul): *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), *Privatus (bishop and martyr of Javols, S01184), *Ferreolus (soldier and martyr of Vienne, S01893), *Symphorianus (martyr of Autun, S00322) and *Saturninus (bishop and martyr of Toulouse, S00289). Written in Latin in Clermont and Tours (central and north-west Gaul), 573/587.
E05237Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Julian (34 & 35), recounts how, while attending the saint's festival, he took some threads from the cloth covering the tomb of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035) in Brioude (central Gaul); how he was asked to dedicate a church of Julian in Tours with these relics, and did so, while a possessed man proclaimed the presence of Julian and was cured; in 573-574. Written in Latin in Clermont and Tours (central and north-west Gaul), 573/587.
E05267Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Julian (47), describes how a blind woman was cured in a church with relics of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035), built on a rural estate near Saintes (western Gaul), after receiving a dream vision in Tours (north-west Gaul) of Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Clermont and Tours (central and north-west Gaul), 573/587.
E05270Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Julian (50), recounts how he dedicated the church at Pernay in the Touraine (north-west Gaul) with relics of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035), and *Nicetius (bishop of Lyon, ob. 573, S00049), and how a blind man was cured there; Gregory closes the chapter, and his book, with the hope that Julian, his patron, will help him lead a good Christian life. Written in Latin in Clermont and Tours (central and north-west Gaul), 573/587.
E05416Venantius Fortunatus, in his Miracles of Hilary (6), recounts how a blind man was cured when he entered the church of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) in Poitiers, during a journey to Tours (north-west Gaul) in search of a cure at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Poitiers (western Gaul), 567/568.
E05555Venantius Fortunatus writes eleven books of Poems in Latin, mainly in western and north-western Gaul, 565/600; many of them with reference to saints. Overview entry.
E05556Venantius Fortunatus in the Preface to his Poems, tells how he decided to publish these after persuasion by Gregory of Tours, who invoked the miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in northern Gaul, probably Poitiers, about 576.
E05563Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (1.2) on the church of *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288) built by Bishop 'Vitalis' of Ravenna, lists the relics housed there. Written in Latin in Ravenna (north-east Italy), 545/565.
E05565Venantius Fortunatus writes a poem (1.4) On the basilica of saint *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), built by a sacerdos Faustus, probably in Auch (south-west Gaul). Written in Latin, probably in Gaul, 545/576.
E05566Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (1.5) written for Gregory of Tours, describes three miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in northern Gaul, 573/576.
E05584Venantius Fortunatus writes a poem (1.6) On the basilica of saint *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), built by Leontius, bishop of Bordeaux, and decorated by Placidina, his wife, in 542/564. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05585Venantius Fortunatus writes a poem (1.7) on a church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), restored and enlarged by a couple (Baudegund and Basilius), possibly near Poitiers (western Gaul). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05639Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (2.13) on an oratory built by a certain 'Trasaricus', mentions its relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Remigius (bishop of Reims, ob. c. 533, S00456); perhaps in Toul (eastern Gaul), in the mid-6th c. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05642Venantius Fortunatus, in a prose letter to Eufronius, bishop of Tours, included in Fortunatus' collection of poems (at 3.2), asks Eufronius to pray for him at the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul), in 565/573. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/573.
E05682Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (3.3) to Eufronius, bishop of Tours (north-west Gaul), advises him to take as a model his predecessor *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/573.
E05683Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (3.7) about the cathedral of Nantes (north-west Gaul), newly built by bishop Felix, and dedicated to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), makes possible reference to relics of the two apostles and clear reference to relics of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) and *Ferreolus (soldier and martyr of Vienne, S01893); all in 567. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05751Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (5.11) to Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594), describing a journey, names *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) as his personal patron. Written in Latin in Gaul, 573/576.
E05752Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (5.14) to Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594), on behalf of a girl accused of theft and sold into slavery, recounts how he met her parents praying at a tree miraculously raised up by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); in the territory of Tours, in 573/576. Written in Latin in Gaul, 573/576.
E05753Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (8.11) to Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594), tells how he, Fortunatus, was summoned by Gregory to the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul), but was too ill to attend. Written in Latin in Gaul, 576/c. 591.
E05754Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (8.12) to Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594), asks him to invoke the help of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) to resolve the dispute in the monastery of the Holy Cross at Poitiers (western Gaul), in 589. Written in Latin in Gaul, in 589.
E05757Venantius Fortunatus writes a poem (10.6) on the cathedral of Tours (north-west Gaul), rebuilt by Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594) and dedicated in 590, where there are paintings of the miracles performed by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, 590.
E05758Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.7) on the feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), dedicated to King Childebert and Queen Brunhild, names Martin as their patron and outlines the protection and benefits that the saint can offer. Written in Latin in Gaul, probably in 587/588.
E05759Venantius Fortunatus writes a poem (10.10) on the oratory dedicated to *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), built by Gregory (bishop of Tours, 573-594) in Artannes (north-west Gaul), and lists the relics housed there. Written in Latin in Gaul, 576/594.
E05760Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.11) about a banquet held at Easter, writes that it was held in a 'hall' and 'villa' of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); somewhere in the Touraine (north-west Gaul), probably in 589. Written in Latin in Gaul, c. 589.
E05761Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.17) to Count Sigoald, describes how the count's actions in feeding the poor at the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours on behalf of King Childebert, gained the saint's favour for the king. Written in Latin in Gaul, 576/595.
E05790Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the foundation and decoration of several churches and monasteria dedicated to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and *Paul (the Apostle, S00009) in Ravenna (northern Italy). He claims these events took place between 475 and 691. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05833Venantius Fortunatus, in an untitled poem (Appendix 21), invokes *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Hilarius/Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) to protect Radegund and her nuns in Poitiers (western Gaul). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/587.
E05861The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in November. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05903In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers, the author describes how *Romanus (ascetic and monastic founder of the Jura, ob. 455/460, S00003) healed two lepers near Geneva (eastern Gaul), explicitly comparing Romanus' miracle to a similar one by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050); 430/460. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), 512/525.
E05918In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers, the author describes how a monk from Condat twice tried to abscond from the monastery after the devil inflamed him with pride. The first time he left but returned after he was chastened by the taunting of the possessed outside the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at Tours; the second time his departure was pre-empted by the prayers of *Lupicinus (5th c. ascetic of the Jura, ob. c. 475, S00003); c. 455/c. 475. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), 512/525.
E05936The Chronicle of Fredegar (4.54) describes how in 626 Godinus, son of the Mayor of the Palace Warnacharius, took refuge from the anger of King Chlothar II in the church of *Aper (bishop of Toul, ob. 6th c., S02195) in Toul (eastern Gaul). He is later forced to visit various churches, ostensibly to strengthen his fidelity to Chlothar by swearing oaths in them. Includes references to the burial churches of *Medard (bishop of Vermand buried at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), *Denis/Dionysius (bishop and martyr of Paris, S00349), *Anianus (bishop of Orléans, ob. 454, S01206), and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul/Francia, 659/700.
E05947In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers, the author recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) appeared in a vision to *Eugendus (ascetic of the Jura, ob. 512/515S02182), and revealed to him the arrival of a monk from his monastery; Condat, c. 496. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), 512/525.
E05949In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers, the author recounts how an ampulla with the oil of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) survived a fire in the monastery in Condat and continued to be venerated there at the time of writing; 496/525. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), 512/525.
E05955The Chronicle of Fredegar (3.24) describes how King Clovis gave gifts to the churches of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) after his victory over the Visigoths at the battle of Vouillé in 507. This part of Fredegar's text is based on Gregory of Tours' Histories, but includes material not in Gregory. Written in Latin in Gaul/Francia, 659/700.
E06062Adomnán, in his Life of *Columba (abbot of Iona, ob. 597, S02167), describes how the saint knew miraculously of the death of *Colmán moccu Loígse (bishop in Leinster, 6th c., S02250) and how he added his name into the liturgy next to (or in place of) that of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin at Iona, 696/704.
E06068Gennadius of Marseille, in his De viris illustribus ('On distinguished men'), written in Latin at Marseille (southern Gaul) c. 468, mentions that Sulpicius Severus wrote works recording the life and miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050).
E06095The will of Bertram/Bertrand, bishop of Le Mans (ob. 623), establishes as the bishop's heirs two churches at Le Mans (north-west Gaul), one dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), the other to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008); and makes provisions concerning numerous properties across Gaul, including churches associated with various saints, mostly in or around Le Mans. Written in Latin at Le Mans, 27 March 616.
E06141A substantially authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the foundation and endowment of an oratory within the walls of Le Mans (north-west Gaul) dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), by the priest Eoladius and nun Baudomalla, confirmed by Theudebert II, king of the Franks. Written in Latin, probably at Chatou or Châtenay (northern Gaul), 596.
E06226Two authentic Merovingian royal diplomas record the foundation by Sigebert III, king of the Franks, of the monasteries at Stavelot and Malmedy (north-east Gaul) dedicated to, and holding relics of, *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *John (either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle, S00042), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and other *unnamed saints (S00518); and their later confirmation by Theuderic III, king of the Franks, who also speaks of a dedication to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033). Written in Latin in Gaul, 643/7-679/91.
E06231The Formulary of Marculf includes a template for a document ordering the settlement of a dispute at a (royal) palace, during which oaths must be sworn over the cape of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, probably c. 650/730.
E06236An authentic Merovingian royal diploma in the name of Theuderic III, king of the Franks, records the settlement of a dispute (placitum) at Luzarches (northern Gaul), during which oaths were sworn over the cape of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin, probably at Luzarches, and dated 30 June 682.
E06245Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem on virginity (8.3), when describing the court of heaven lists numerous saints with the cities of their resting-place. Written in Latin in Gaul, probably in the early 570s.
E06249Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (7.6), recounts how *Polyeuktos (soldier and martyr of Melitene, S00325), *Hilarius/Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) were called on to punish any offender against a pact drawn up between Merovingian kings; in Paris, in 584. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/594.
E06283The Life of *Caesarius (bishop of Arles, ob. 542, S00491), records in two books the bishop's life, miracles (several through objects that had been in contact with the saint), and death. Several churches and feasts in Arles are mentioned. Written in Latin by five clerics of the ecclesiastical province of Arles (southern Gaul), 542/5.
E06342Gregory the Great in two papal letters (Register 3.23 and 5.50), of 593 and 595, mentions a monastery dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) in Naples (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06352Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.4) of 594, to Victor, bishop of Palermo (Sicily), mentions monasteries dedicated to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), both in Sicily. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06359Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.50) of 595, to Fortunatus, bishop of Naples, mentions the abbot of a monastery of Saint *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and an oratory dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00008) and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), both presumably in the diocese of Naples (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06428Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 13.5) of 602, to Brunhild, queen of the Franks, mentions a church dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) in the suburbs of Autun (central Gaul); he also refers to an oath sworn before the body of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06430Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 13.10) of 602, to Lupus, priest and abbot, grants privileges to a church dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) in the suburbs of Autun (central Gaul). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06432Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 13.22) of 602, to Honorius, bishop of Taranto, authorises the building of a baptistry in a church dedicated to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033) in Taranto (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06466The Life of *Maurilius (bishop of Angers, ob. 453, S02421) is written in Latin by Magnobodus, bishop of Angers (north-west Gaul), in about 620.
E06545A wandering monk named Mauricius writes to a Spanish bishop named Agapius defending his wandering lifestyle, and declares his intention of visiting the shrines of 'the holy martyrs of God Martin and Vincent', a reference to *Vincent (martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), and probably to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), but just possibly to *Martin (bishop of Braga, ob. 580, S01176). Letter written in Latin in Spain, early 7th c.
E06554Aldhelm, in his prose On Virginity, names *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) as an exemplary virgin. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/686.
E06625Sidonius Apollinaris in his Letter 4.18 to Lucontius, of 467/471, tells how Perpetuus, bishop of Tours, has rebuilt on a much larger scale the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours (north-west Gaul), and commissioned a poem from Sidonius to be inscribed on its walls, the text of which Sidonius includes. Written in Latin at Clermont (central Gaul).
E06659Aldhelm's verse On Virginity lists a range of saints as exemplary virgins, with some variations to the list found in the earlier prose version of the same treatise. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/710. Overview entry
E06895Will of Aredius of Limoges, and his mother Pelagia, of 572, containing bequests to churches or oratories dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), *Medard (bishop of Vermand buries at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), *Martialis (first bishop of Limoges, S01168), Hilary/Hilarius (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183), *Maximinus (bishop of Trier, ob. c. 347, S00465), and *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035); the clauses of the will are placed under the protection of St Martin. Written in Latin in Limoges (western Gaul).
E07074In the Life of Lady *Balthild (queen of the Franks, ob. 680, S02359), the author reports that the saint gave special privileges to the 'senior basilicas' in Gaul, dedicated to *Dionysius (bishop and martyr of Paris, S00349), *Germanus (bishop of Paris, ob. 576, S01166), *Medard (bishop of Vermand buried at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Anianus (bishop of Orléans, ob. 453, S01206), and *Martin (bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, possibly at the monastery at Chelles (near Paris), 680/90.
E07615Jonas' Lives of *Columbanus (monk and missionary in Ireland, Gaul and Italy, ob. 615, S01983) and his Disciples records the life, miracles and death of the saint, followed by accounts of miracles performed through *Athala (second abbot of Bobbio (northern Italy), ob. 625/6 S01948), *Eustasius (second abbot of Luxeuil (eastern Gaul), ob. 629, S02255) and *Bertulf (third abbot of Bobbio, ob. 639, S02828), together with those that took place among the nuns of Faremoutiers (northern Gaul). Written in Latin, possibly at Marchiennes (north-east Gaul), 642/3.
E07729Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (1.39), briefly describes the career as a preacher and missionary of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and notes his miracles, including resurrecting three men from the dead. He also refers to the death of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) and states that he too was said to have revived the dead. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07737Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.1), tells how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) foresaw that *Bricius (bishop of Tours, ob. 444, S01170), would succeed him as bishop but suffer many things when in office. As bishop, Bricius is accused of fathering a child. He proves his innocence by two miracles, but is driven into extended exile, before he is eventually restored. Two bishops appointed in his place die through God's judgement. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07751Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.2), describes how King Chlothar I cancelled a tax-assessment on churches for fear of being punished by *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), c. 545/550. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07757Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.49), attributes to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) a miraculous role in the signing of a peace treaty between the Frankish kings Guntram, Sigibert and Chilperic in 574. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07763Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.25), describes how Guntram Boso invoked *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), during combat with one of his enemies, Dragolen, near Poitiers, western Gaul, in 578. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 579/594.
E07765Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.47), mentions that King Chilperic's emissary Ansovald arrived in Tours on the feast day of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), in 579. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E07766Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.49), describes how during Gregory's trial in 580 for slandering Queen Fredegund, a man named Modestus, who had been imprisoned after criticising Gregory's accusers, was miraculously freed through the intervention of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Medard (bishop of Vermand buried at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), and joined Gregory at vigils in Medard's church at Soissons. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E07768Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (6.9), describes how Domnolus, later bishop of Le Mans, when he was abbot of the monastery attached to the church of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) at Paris, sought a favour from King Chlothar I in the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at Tours, 558/559. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/594.
E07772Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (7.12), describes how relics of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) miraculously preserved objects from a fire in 584 in a church of the territory of Tours. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 584/594.
E07778Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.1 and 8.3), describes how King Guntram arrived at Orléans (north-west Gaul) on the feast day of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), 4 July 585. He also refers to the mass celebrated on that day. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/594.
E07779Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.2), describes how King Guntram, after visiting the shrines of several unnamed saints (S00518), came to his lodging in Orléans (north-west Gaul), near the church of *Avitus (abbot of Le Perche, ob. c. 525, S01307) and was given bread from the mass for *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), 5 July 585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 586/594.
E07782Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.34), describes how a boy named Anatolius who became a hermit was possessed by a demon. He came to Tours and was cured by the power of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), but the possession began again when he left. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul),586/594.
E07804Gregory of Tours, in the prologue to Book 1 of his Miracles of Martin, affirms how God worked through *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) when he was alive, and now through his tomb in Tours, where many miracles occur. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E07805Gregory of Tours, in the prologue to Book 1 of his Miracles of Martin, describes how he was commanded by his mother in a dream to record the miracles of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in spite of his lack of skill as a writer. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/576.
E07807Gregory of Tours, in the prologue to Book 3 of his Miracles of Martin, discusses the different kinds of miracle that take place at the tomb in Tours of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and describes his own experiences of healing by Martiin. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/588.
E07809Gregory of Tours, in the prologue to Book 4 of his Miracles of Martin, discusses the saints' power of intercession, in the life and in the next, for those who seek their patronage. He refers to his own patron, *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and describes his own experiences of healing by Martin. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 588/594.
E07842Venantius Fortunatus, in a prose letter to Eufronius, bishop of Tours (north-west Gaul), included in his collection of poems (at 3.1), asks Eufronius to intercede on his behalf with *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/573.
E07845Venantius Fortunatus, in a prose letter to Martin, bishop of Galicia (i.e. Martin of Braga, ob. 580), included in his collection of Poems (at 5.1), requests that Martin should pray for the intercession of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) on behalf of himself, Radegund and Agnes (the founder and abbess respectively of the convent of the Holy Cross at Poitiers). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E07846Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (5.3) addressed to the citizens of Tours in praise of Gregory (bishop of Tours 573-594), describes Gregory as a foster-son of *Julian (martyr of Brioude, S00035), sent by Julian to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, 573/574.
E07847Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.7) for the feast day of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), depicts Martin in heaven with Christ, the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401), and *Radegund (former queen and monastic founder, ob. 587, S00182), who had died not long before the composition of the poem. Written in Latin in Gaul, 587/588.
E07848Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.12a) addressed to Gregory, bishop of Tours, asking him to intercede for an imprisoned girl, mentions that *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) brought sight to the blind. Written in Latin in Gaul, probably c. 589.
E07849Venantius Fortunatus, in an untitled poem (Appendix 19), asks for his prayers to be granted through the merits of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/587.
E07999A document, probably by Caesaria the Younger, abbess of the women's monastery in Arles, regulates burials in the triple church dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *John (the Baptist, S00020), and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) by Caesarius of Arles. Written in Latin at Arles (southern Gaul), 550/570.
E08075Three relic labels at the monastery of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune (south-east Gaul), datable by their script to the late 6th/earlier 7th c., for relics of various saints. Written in Latin, either where the relics originated, or at Saint-Maurice d'Agaune.
E08078Six relic labels at the monastery of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune (south-east Gaul), datable by their script to the 7th/8th c., for relics of Gallic saints. Written in Latin, either where the relics originated, or at Saint-Maurice d'Agaune.
E08117Four anonymous poems, recorded in the Martinellus, about places associated with *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) at his monastery of Marmoutier, near Tours (north-west Gaul); once inscribed or painted at the site. Written in Latin, at Marmoutiers, probably early 5th c.
E08119Fourteen texts, recorded in the Martinellus, for the most part in verse, commissioned by Bishop Perpetuus of Tours in 467/470, to be inscribed or painted within the basilica of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397) at Tours (north-west Gaul), several to accompany scenes in fresco or mosaic. Written in Latin at (or for) Tours, 467/470.
E08120Epitaphs on the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), as recorded in the Martinellus, set up in the saint's new basilica at Tours (north-west Gaul) by Perpetuus, bishop of Tours, in 467/470; a small fragment of one inscription survives. Written in Latin in Tours.
E08121Paulinus of Périgueux writes two poems about *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in 467/470, and sends them with a covering letter to Bishop Perpetuus of Tours (bishop 460-490). One poem, written to be inscribed on the walls of Perpetuus' new church of Martin in Tours (north-west Gaul), praises the many miracles of Martin, both in his lifetime and in the present; the other describes how an account of miracles of Martin, written by Perpetuus, saved Paulinus' grandson and the latter's wife from grave illness. Written in Latin in Périgueux (western Gaul). With new translation of the letter and of the second poem.
E08122Anonymous sermon in praise of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), delivered in Tours (north-west Gaul) on the feast of the saint's death (11 November) and stressing how fortunate Tours was to have him as its saint and patron. Written in Latin in Tours, probably 6th c.
E08124The Canons of the Council of Tours of 461, record that the council was held in Tours (north-west Gaul) soon after a feast of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and invoke the saint to protect its rulings. Written in Latin in Tours.