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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel

Saint ID

S01198

Number in BH

G 485-488

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Old Testament saints, Virgins, Groups and pairs of saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E02278The Georgian version of the discovery of the relics of the *Three Hebrew Youths of Babylon, Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198) recounts the story of the discovery of their relics in Babylon in a Jewish man's house.
E02662Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the paving of an unnamed martyr shrine (martyrion), probably at a monastery. Floor-mosaics in the aisles show narrative scenes of the Book of Daniel (with *Daniel, the Old Testament Prophet, 00727, and *Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, Old Testament Martyrs, S01198), an image of *Moses (S00241), and presumably of the Adoration of the Magi (S00180). Found at Tell Ya‘amun, to the south of en-Nu'eiyima, between al-Husn and Jerash (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Dated, perhaps AD 500.
E02797Greek inscription on a fragment of a bread stamp, probably referring to three saints whose name are lost, differently identified by modern editors. Found at Mount Zion in Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably late antique.
E03361The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 25 August the deposition of the relics of *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Zechariah (Old Testament prophet, S00283, or the father of John the Baptist, S00597), Three Hebrew Youths (Old Testament martyrs, S01198) and *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103).
E03399The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 15 October the deposition of the relics of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727), *Ezekiel (Old Testament prophet, S01493), and *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198).
E03842The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 August *Philip (the Apostle, S00109), *Thomas (the Apostle, S00199), *Barthlomew (the Apostle, S00256), *Matthew (the Apostle, S00791), *Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego (Old Testament martyrs, S01198) and *Tatianos/Tatios (martyr in Claudiopolis under Diocletian, S01791).
E03843The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 25 August *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Zechariah (Old Testament prophet, S00283), *Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), and *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727), and *Titus (disciple of Paul, S01204).
E03896The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 October *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Ezekiel (Old Testament prophet, S01493), *Daniel (the Old Testament prophet, S00727), *Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably martyr of Cilicia, S00305), and *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926).
E03959The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 December the dedication of the church of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Eleutherios (martyr of Rome, S01661), *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), and bishop 'Nisthereon' (unidentified figure, name probably garbled).
E03962The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 18 December Archimandrite Symeon (unidentified), *Modestos (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 630, S01371), *The three youths (Old Testament martyrs, S01371), and *Daniel (the Old Testament prophet, S00727).
E04129Coptic ostracon from Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) with an invocation to the *Three Youths in the Furnace (S00319); datable to the 7th/8th century.
E04374Daily record of sales of dates, including eight entries on purchases by one Eusebios affiliated to an institution named after the 'Holy Mary' (*Mary, Mother of Christ, S00033), and two by Menas affiliated to an institution named after the Three Children (*Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego, Old Testament martyrs, S01198). Written in Greek on papyrus. Found at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04560The Greek Life of *Daniel the Stylite (ob. 493, S00342) recounts the life and manifold miracles of an ascetic who, imitating *Symeon the Stylite (the Elder, ob. 459, S00343), lives on a pillar and founds a monastic community at Anaplous on the Bosphorus. The text mentions shrines of martyrs and prophets in Constantinople, the use of holy oil and images, and the transfer of relics of Symeon the Stylite and the *Three Hebrew Youths (of the Old Testament Book of Daniel, S01198) to Constantinople. Written in Constantinople, 493/518.
E05112Coptic Martyrdom of *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), the second Martyrdom, relating the saint’s imprisonment and trial at Alexandria under Armenios, his tortures and miraculous recoveries, a journey into heaven to be greeted by the saints, as well as his eventual transport to the south of Egypt for further trial south of Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt); written presumably in the 6th/7th century.
E05192Coptic Encomion on Apa *Apollo (S01968), Pachomian monk and founder of the monastery of *Isaak (S00276), presumably located near Herakleopolis Magna (Middle Egypt), attributed to Stephanos, bishop of Herakleopolis Magna, and presented on Apollo’s day of commemoration, relating the saint’s ascetic life as a monk in the Pachomian monastery at Pbow, his virtues and great humility, his wanderings, as well as his founding of the monastery of Isaak, his prophetic gift and numerous miracles performed during his lifetime as well as posthumously; written presumably in the later 6th century.
E05253Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c. (Orationale Visigothicum), with prayers used on the feasts of saints in January and February: *Iulianus/Ioulianos and Basilissa (martyrs of Egypt, S01341), *Innocents (children killed on the orders of Herod, S00268), *Fructuosus, Auguris and Eulogius (bishop and his two deacons, martyrs of Tarragona, S00496), *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valentia, S00290), the Chair of *Peter the Apostle (S00036).
E05395Coptic Martyrdom of Apa *Sarapion (S02038): a wealthy young man from Panephosi (Lower Egypt) is tried at different locations, among them Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt), repeatedly tortured, but healed and protected by *Michael, the Archangel (S00181); he effects numerous miracles, resulting in mass confessions of faith and 4,262 martyrdoms along the way; prior to his death, the saint is promised two shrines with healing cult, one at his hometown, one at the site of his martyrdom and burial, complete with consecration date (5 September) and feast day (22 January) celebrations; written most likely sometime during the 7th century.
E06539Aldhelm, in his prose On Virginity, names the *Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel (S01198) as exemplary virgins, rejecting a Jewish tradition that they were eunuchs. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/686.
E06659Aldhelm's verse On Virginity lists a range of saints as exemplary virgins, with some variations to the list found in the earlier prose version of the same treatise. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/710. Overview entry
E07113Sophronius of Jerusalem, in his Miracles of the Saints Cyrus and John (28), recounts how *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406) healed a certain Photeinos from blindness at their shrine at Menouthis (near Alexandria, Lower Egypt), involving in the cure a follower of the doctrine of fatality; the latter commemorated the event by setting up images at the shrine of Christ, *John the Baptist (S00020) and Saint Kyros. Sophronius also mentions a church in Alexandria dedicated to the *Three Children (presumably the Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel, S01198). Written in Greek in Alexandria, 610/615.
E07936Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, writes of Susa (south-west Iran) where there are the bodies of *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727) and of the *Three Hebrew Youths (of the Book of Daniel, S01198). Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.