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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Peter, the Apostle

Saint ID

S00036

Number in BH

BHG 1483-1501, BHL 6644-6688

Reported Death Not Before

54

Reported Death Not After

69

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Twelve Apostles and Paul, Miracle-workers in lifetime, Martyrs
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00044The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), tells how he was crucified on the Vatican Hill outside Rome on 29 June and buried close by.
E00099Optatus, bishop of Milevis (North Africa), writing in Latin in Africa c. 364/384, calls Rome the see of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and doubts if Macrobius, a Donatist bishop of Rome, probably his contemporary, ever had any association with the memoriae (most probably graves) of the Apostles Peter and *Paul (S00008) in Rome or even approached them. From Optatus' polemical treatise Against Parmenianus.
E00118Eusebius of Caesarea quotes a letter from Gaius of Rome (late 2nd c.) to the Montanist leader Proklos, which mentions the tombs in Rome of the Apostles *Peter (00036) in the Vatican and *Paul (S00008) on the Via Ostiensis. Quoted in Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History, written in Greek in Palestine in 311/325.
E00160Greek private letter, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt) concerned with greetings and the transport of goods, providing a list of five saints to be invoked on the sender’s behalf: *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 4th/5th c.
E00164Greek Calendar of Church Services to be performed at different churches in Oxyrhynchus (Middle Egypt) from the end of October to the end of March of the years 535–536, providing information on the names of many churches, and on the saints’ days celebrated in the city.
E00173Eusebius of Caesarea gathers information about *James ('brother of the Lord', S00058) whom he presents as the first bishop of Jerusalem, ascetic and martyr. Account in his Ecclesiastical History, written in Greek in Palestine in 311/325, quoting the 2nd century Christian authors Clement of Alexandria and Hegesippus.
E00281Eusebius of Caesarea, in his Ecclesiastical History, reports that, in his day, a statue of Jesus curing the Bleeding Woman existed in Caesarea Philippi, and miraculous cures were obtained from a plant growing on it. He also claims that pagans venerated painted images of Jesus and the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) as protectors. Written in Greek in Palestine, 311/325.
E00326The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Victor (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00144), states that he died a martyr and was buried in Rome close to the body of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 28 July [AD 197].
E00345The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Cornelius (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172), tells how, at the request of a certain Lucina, he removed at night the bodies of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) from the 'Catacumbas' cemetery on the via Appia outside Rome; how Lucina reburied Paul on her estate on the via Ostiensis, near where he had been beheaded; and how Cornelius reburied Peter on the Vatican hill, near where he had been crucified, amongst the bodies of the holy bishops of Rome, on 29 June [AD 251/253].
E00367Gregory of Tours writes the Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum), in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594. Overview entry.
E00401The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, recounts the founding and endowment of the basilica of St *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) outside Rome, by the emperor Constantine (312-337).
E00402The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, recounts the founding and endowment of the basilica of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008) outside Rome by the emperor Constantine (312-337).
E00406The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, recounts the founding and endowment of a basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *John the Baptist (S00020) in Ostia, close to Rome, by the emperor Constantine (312-337).
E00416The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit to the house of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Capharnaum (Palestine), now a church. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00459The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit to the basilica of Holy Sion (Jerusalem), formerly the house of *James (almost certainly the 'brother of the Lord', S00058), in which he saw relics of the Passion, stones with which *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) was stoned, the stone into which the cross of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) was set, the chalice of the *Apostles (S00084), and the elaborately encased skull of the martyr *Theodota (possibly Theodote, martyr of Nicaea, S00257), from which he drank. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00493Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (27), tells of the imprints of the knees of Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) in Rome; water collected in these has healing power. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00494Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (27), describes the church and tomb of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) at the Vatican in Rome, and the cult practices that take place there: in particular how supplicants lower pieces of cloth down to the grave, and also take from the shrine golden keys which have the power of healing. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00518Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (33), tells of a woman, who in 577/585 experienced while fully awake a vision of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), accompanied by other saints, in the crypt of a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), where relics of unspecified saints were housed; Stephen, who had just rescued a ship at sea, dripped sea water on the floor; absorbed by the woman into a cloth, this acted as a powerful relic and was used by the bishop of Bordeaux in the consecration of churches. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00527The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit to Ioppe (Jaffa, Palestine), where there was the grave of *Tabitha (the pious woman raised from the dead by Peter in Acts, S00300). Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00551Greek epigram, probably from a dedicatory inscription in the church, recording the dedication of a church to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) by Justinian (later to become emperor) in the quarter of Hormisdas in Constantinople, c. 519. Recorded in the 10th c. Greek Anthology.
E00615Letter of 519, from papal legates in Constantinople to Pope Hormisdas in Rome (Collectio Avellana 218), reporting that Justinian (the future emperor; nephew of the emperor Justin I) sought relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00008 and S00037), and of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) for his basilica of Peter and Paul in Constantinople. Having been told the request was against the custom of Rome, he now requests contact relics (sanctuaria) of Peter and Paul, and pieces from their chains and from the grate on which Laurence was martyred. Written in Latin.
E00616Letter of 519 from Justinian (the future emperor; nephew of the emperor Justin I) to Pope Hormisdas (Collectio Avellana 187), requesting relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) from Rome, for his basilica of the same saints in Constantinople. He donates two silk cloths for their altar in Rome. Written in Latin in Constantinople.
E00617Letter of 519 from Pope Hormisdas to Justinian (the future emperor; nephew of the emperor Justin I), accompanying contact relics (sanctuaria) of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), sent in response to the latter's request for relics for his church in Constantinople dedicated to Peter and Paul. Collectio Avellana 190, written in Latin in Rome.
E00682The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, lists those under the church of San Sebastiano, on the via Appia, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649.
E00690The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, closes with the church and grave of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on the 'via Vaticana', north-west of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649. A description of the basilica, added in the later 8th c., lists many of the altars of saints within the church.
E00720Inscription with prayer in Greek, from a church in Kasossos near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor). Refers to saints and other holy figures: *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), *Moses (Old Testament prophet and lawgiver, S00241), *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), other unnamed Apostles (S00084), unnamed Confessors (S00184), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a virgin *Eirene (possibly the martyr of Magedon, S02162). Probably late antique (6th/8th c.) or later.
E00737Greek inscription with an invocation of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), incised on a bowl found in the ruins of a gymnasium in Pergamon (province of Asia, north-west Asia Minor). Probably late antique (5th-8th c.).
E00747Bishop Nicetius of Trier, in a letter to Chlodosinda, queen of the Lombards (Austrasian Letter 8), claims that relics and churches dedicated to the saints are ineffective for Arians; he mentions Gothic veneration for the *Apostles (S02422), and alludes to churches or shrines of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), all probably at Rome. Written in Latin, presumably at Trier (eastern Gaul), 561/569.
E00825Greek inscription commemorating the paving of an aisle and the construction of a chancel screen in a church at Bargylia (Caria, western Asia Minor) by a certain Auxibios, probably a member of the city council, giving thanks to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and unnamed saints (S00518). Probably late antique (5th-6th c.).
E00843Fragmentary Greek inscription with a dedication to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Found in a cemetery near Myndos (Caria, western Asia Minor). Probably late antique (5th-8th c.).
E00865Multiple fragments of a Greek dedicatory inscription, probably commemorating the consecration of a church of the Apostles: *Peter (S00036), possibly *Paul (S00008), *Andrew (S00288), probably *Philip (S00109), probably *Thomas (S00199), *John (S00042); others are perhaps also named. Found at Side (Pamphylia, southern Asia Minor). Probably mid-6th c.
E00975Quodvultdeus of Carthage, in his Book of Promises, names several tombs of apostles and saints which guarantee the truthfulness of the doctrine of the Church: in Jerusalem, of *James (probably the 'brother of the Lord', S00058) and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030); at Ephesus, *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042); in Asia, *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288); in Rome, the Apostles0 *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and *Paul S00008). Written in Latin,probably during Quodvultdeus' exile in Italy, 440/454.
E01001Two Coptic miracles of Apa *Mena (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), attributed to the time of Damian, archbishop of Alexandria (576–605), concerned with the building of his shrine and the celebration of his feast day; preserved in a 9th century parchment codex.
E01034Augustine of Hippo, in his treatise Against Faustus, explains that the Christians venerate martyrs, such as the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411) as examples to imitate, but worship only God, even if they do it in places in which martyrs are commemorated. Written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa), c. 400.
E01041Augustine of Hippo, in his City of God (1.1), states that during the sack of Rome in 410, Christians and pagans alike successfully sought asylum at the shrines of the apostles, not named, but evidently *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and of the martyrs. Written in Latin in Hippo Regius (North Africa), 412/413.
E01052The Depositio Martirum, a list of burials of martyrs (primarily of Rome), gives both the day of the year and the place of their burial; from the so-called Chronography of 354, compiled in Latin in Rome, c. 354.
E01085Silver casket, probably re-used as a reliquary, decorated with depictions of *Konon (one of the several homonymous martyrs of Anatolia), *Theκla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), Christ flanked by the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and with Greek invocations, apparently of Konon, asked for health. Found at Çirga near Mut (Isauria, southern Asia Minor). Very probably late 5th c.
E01132Greek epitaph for a deacon of a sanctuary of unnamed *Apostles, probably the apostoleion of *Peter (S00038) and *Paul (S00008) at the estate of Rufinianae. Found near Chalkedon/Chalcedon (Bithynia, north-west Asia Minor), probably 5th-6th c.
E01133The Greek Life of Hypatios by Kallinikos reports that in c. 393 Rufinus, pretorian prefect of the East, acquired some relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) from Rome, and deposited them in the so-called apostoleion at his estate of Rufinianae near Chalkedon/Chalcedon (Bithynia, north-west Asia Minor). Rufinus was also buried there. Written in Constantinople shortly after 450.
E01244The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, is critical of *Liberius (bishop of Rome, ob. 366, S00758), but mentions his burial in the cemetery of Priscilla on the via Salaria, on 9 September [AD 366], and his links with the churches of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and, particularly that of *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), which he beautified, all in Rome.
E01245Coptic ostrakon from Wadi Sarga (Upper Egypt) with an invocation to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), the *Seven Hundred Martyrs of Thone (S00771, Middle Egypt), and a list of holy men; datable to the 6th–8th century.
E01273The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Damasus (bishop of Rome, ob. 384, S00535), lists his construction of a basilica of *Laurence (martyr in Rome, S00037) inside the city of Rome; the dedication of a marble tablet at the Catacumbas cemetery on the via Appia, commemorating the former resting place of the bodies of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008); the discovery and honouring in verse of many martyrs; and his burial, with his mother and sister, in his own basilica on the via Ardeatina, on 11 December [AD 384].
E01289The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Caelestinus (bishop of Rome, ob. 432, S00528), tells of his gifts to the basilicas of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) at Rome, and of his burial in the cemetery of Priscilla on the via Salaria outside the city, on 6 April [AD 432].
E01294The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Xystus/Sixtus III (bishop of Rome, ob. 440, S00764), tells of the burial of a certain Bassus close to the body of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) at the Vatican, and of that of Xystus himself on the via Tiburtina outside Rome, close to the body of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) [AD 440].
E01295The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Xystus III (bishop of Rome, ob. 440, S00764) describes the construction and decoration of several churches in Rome during his episcopate (432-440): the basilica of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), present-day Santa Maria Maggiore, the confessiones of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and a basilica and confessio of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037).
E01305The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Leo (bishop of Rome, ob. 461, S00423), tells how a certain Demetrias built a basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) on the via Latina outside Rome; how Leo himself established a monastery at St Peter's, built a basilica to *Cornelius (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172) near the cemetery of Callixtus on the via Appia, carried out a number of repairs at the basilicas of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) and at the Lateran, and replaced the liturgical vessels of the city's tituli, which had been stolen by the Vandals. It also gives an account of the Council held in the basilica of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) at Chalcedon, near Constantinople, and records *Leo's burial in Rome at the basilica of St Peter on 11 April [AD 461].
E01307The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Hilarus (bishop of Rome, ob. 468, S00566) names his refurbishments in, and offerings to, several churches and oratories in Rome: dedicated to *John (Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *John the Baptist (S00020), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E01313The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Simplicius (bishop of Rome, ob. 483, S00729) tells how he dedicated churches in and around Rome to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), and *Bibiana (martyr of Rome under the emperor Julian, S00728); made arrangements concerning clergy in the churches of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037); and made gifts to St Peter's basilica; it closes with a record of his burial in St Peter's basilica on 2 March [AD 483].
E01316The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Gelasius (bishop of Rome, ob. 496, S00789), recounts his burning of heretical books before the doors of the basilica of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) in Rome; his dedication of a basilica of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) in Tibur/Tivoli, and basilicas of *Eleutherius (martyr of Rome, S01661), *Nicander (saint of Rome, S00788), and *Andreas (probably Andrew the Apostle, S00288) on the via Labicana, outside Rome; his building of a basilica of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) on the via Laurentina; and his burial in the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 21 November [AD 496]. A later interpolation records the discovery of the sanctuary of the Archangel *Michael (S00181) on Monte Gargano (southern Italy).
E01320The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of Anastasius II (bishop of Rome, 496-498) records his making of the confessio of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) at his church outside Rome, and his burial in the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), on 19 November [AD 498].
E01338The church of Panagia Kanakaria at Lythrankomi (north-eastern Cyprus) houses a mosaic with depictions of Christ, *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), unnamed *Archangels (almost certainly *Michael, S00181, and *Gabriel, S00192), and with labelled depictions of *Apostles and *Evangelists. Probably 525-550.
E01347The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *Symmachus (bishop and confessor of Rome, S00793), lists his extensive work at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome, honouring a number of different saints.
E01353The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Hormisdas (bishop of Rome, ob. 523, S00799), states that he was buried at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome, on 6 August [AD 523].
E01354The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *Hormisdas (bishop of Rome, ob. 523, S00799), lists offerings to the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) by kings Clovis and Theodoric, and the emperor Justin; and Hormisdas' own gifts to the Lateran basilica and the basilicas of Peter and of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008).
E01357The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *John I (bishop of Rome, ob. 526, S00308), lists his renovation works in the cemeteries of *Nereus and Achilles (eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, S00403), of *Felix and Adauctus (martyrs of Rome, S00421), and of Priscilla, all in the suburbs of Rome; his adornment of the confessio of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008); as well as offerings made by the emperor Justin I to the churches in Rome of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037).
E01361The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *Felix IV (bishop of Rome, ob. 530, S00809), tells of his construction of the basilica of *Cosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) in the Forum of Rome; of his rebuilding of the basilica of *Saturninus (martyr of Rome, S00422), on the via Salaria outside the city; and of Felix' burial at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), on 12 October [AD 530].
E01362The short Life of Boniface II, bishop of Rome 530-532, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, tells of two synods held in the basilica of *Peter the Apostle (S00036) in Rome; of an oath taken by the attendant clergy at Peter's confessio; of the burning there of an uncanonical decree; and of Boniface's burial at St Peter's, possibly on 17 October.
E01363The short Life of *John II (bishop of Rome, ob. 535, S00810) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, lists offering made by the emperor Justinian to the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and records the burial of John at St Peter's, possibly on 27 May 535.
E01364The short Life of *Agapitus (bishop of Rome, ob. 536, S00811) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions Agapitus' father, a presbyter of the church in Rome of *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome under the emperor Julian, S00384); it concludes with Agapitus' death in Constantinople, the transfer of his body back to Rome, and its burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), on 20 September [AD 536].
E01370The short Life of Vigilius, bishop of Rome 537-555, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably during the 6th c., mentions offerings to the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and the foundation of a xenodochium, both in Rome, and the foundation of a monastery of *Iuvenalis (bishop of Narni, S00815), at Hortae (present-day Orte) on the via Flaminia, north of Rome, all by the general Belisarius, in c. 540.
E01372The short Life of Vigilius, bishop of Rome 537-555, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably during the 6th c., mentions several churches and other places dedicated to saints, namely the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), the church of *Caecilia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00146), the city-gate of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and the grave of *Marcellus (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00529), all in or around Rome, as well as a church of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) in Constantinople.
E01380The short Life of Pelagius I, bishop of Rome 556-561, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably during the 6th c., mentions a procession with hymns, led by Pelagius, from the church of *Pancratius (martyr of Rome, S00307) to the basilica of St *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), as well as the beginning of the construction of the basilica of the Apostles *Philip (S00109) and *James (the son of Alphaeus, S01801), and Pelagius' burial at St. Peter's; all in and around Rome.
E01383The short Life of John III, bishop of Rome 561-574, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably during the 6th c., mentions his completion of the basilica of the Apostles *Philip (S00109) and *James (the son of Alphaeus, S01801); his restoration of the cemeteries of the martyrs and the regular Sunday services he instituted there; and John's burial at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); all in and around Rome.
E01394The short Life of Benedict I, bishop of Rome 575-579, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably during the 6th c., mentions his burial at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E01398The early 5th c. Syriac Martyrology commemorates on 28 December the martyrdom of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008) and *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E01401The short Life of Pelagius II, bishop of Rome 579-590, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably in the late 6th/early 7th c., mentions his embellishment of the tomb of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), his construction of the cemetery of *Hermes (martyr of Rome, S00404) on the via Salaria vetus, and his building of the basilica of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) on the via Tiburtina, as well as Pelagius' burial at St Peter's; all in and around Rome.
E01419The short Life of *Gregory I ('the Great, bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, probably early in the 7th c., mentions his enhancement of the tombs of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), so that mass could be celebrated directly over their bodies; his dedication of the church of *Agatha, (virgin and martyr of Catania, S00794); and his burial at St Peter's, perhaps on 12 March; all in Rome.
E01425The short Life of Sabinianus, bishop of Rome 604-606, in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, early in the 7th c., mentions his provision of lights in St.Peter's (the Apostle, S00036), his funerary procession which left the city by the gate of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), and his burial at St Peter's; all in Rome.
E01428The short Life of *Boniface III (bishop of Rome, ob. 608, S00840) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, early in the 7th c., mentions his burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00037) in Rome.
E01429The short Life of *Boniface IV (bishop of Rome, ob. 615, S00841) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, early in the 7th c., mentions his conversion of the Pantheon into the church of the blessed *Mary, 'ever-virgin' (S00033), and of All Martyrs (S02818), and Boniface's burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), all in Rome.
E01441The short Life of *Deusdedit (bishop of Rome, ob. 618, S00843) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions his burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome.
E01442The short Life of *Boniface V (bishop of Rome, ob. 625, S00844) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions his regulations concerning handling relics, his renovation of the cemetery of *Nicomedes (on the via Nomentana, north-east of Rome), and his burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome.
E01443The short Life of *Honorius (bishop of Rome, ob. 638, S01459) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, lists his construction of, and offerings to, the churches of many saints in Rome and its region.
E01459The short Life of *Honorius (bishop of Rome, ob. 638, S00849) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions his burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00037) in Rome.
E01623The short Life of *Severinus (bishop of Rome, ob. 640, S00852) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, emphasises his sanctity, and records his repair of the apse-mosaic of the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00037) in Rome, as well as his burial in this church on 2 August.
E01626The short Life of *John IV (bishop of Rome, ob. 642, S00854) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, records his building of a church, next to the Lateran basilica, of *Venantius, Anastasius, and Maurus, and other martyrs of Istria and Dalmatia (S00853), whose relics John transferred to Rome; and mentions his burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 12 October.
E01629The short Life of *Theodorus (bishop of Rome, ob. 649, S00856) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, records his transfer of the bodies of *Primus and Felicianus (martyrs of Rome, S00855) from the via Nomentana outside Rome to the intramural church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and his gifts there; the building of a church of *Valentinus (priest and martyr of Rome, S00433) on the via Flaminia to the north of Rome; and oratories dedicated to *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400) at the Lateran, and *Euplus (martyr of Catania, S00207) outside the gate of St *Paul (the Apostle, S00008). It also refers to the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) 'at the Crib' [= S. Maria Maggiore], and to Theodorus' burial at St. *Peter's (the Apostle, S00036) on 14 May.
E01641The short Life of *Eugenius (bishop of Rome, ob. 657, S00861) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, emphasises his sanctity and mentions his burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome, on 2 June.
E01643The short Life of *Vitalianus, bishop of Rome (ob. 672, 00682) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, describes the visit to Rome in 663 of the emperor Constans II: he visited the churches of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), making gifts at each, and processing with his army on a Sunday to St Peter's; also mentioned are Constans' removal to Constantinople of the bronze tiles of the church of St Mary 'ad Martyres' (the Pantheon), and Vitalianus' burial at St Peter's on 27 January.
E01653The short Life of *Adeodatus (bishop of Rome, ob. 676, 00868) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions the restoration of a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00936) on the via Portuensis outside Rome, and the enlargement of the monastery of *Erasmus (probably the martyr of Formia, S00867) inside the city, as well as Adeodatus' burial at St Peter's on 26 June.
E01656The short Life of *Donus (bishop of Rome, ob. 678, 00869) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome, soon after his death, lists his work in suburban churches of Rome: paving of the atrium of the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); restoration of a church of the Apostles, probably Peter and *Paul (S00008), on the via Ostiensis; the dedication of a church of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) on the via Appia; as well as Donus' burial at St Peter's on 11 April.
E01664The short Life of *Agatho (bishop of Rome, ob. 681, 00872) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions his offerings at the churches of the Apostles, presumably the basilcas of *Peter (S00036) and of *Paul (S00008), and at the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) 'at the Crib', and his burial at St Peter's on 10 January.
E01678The short Life of *Leo II (bishop of Rome, ob. 683, S00875) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, records his building of a church of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), close to the church of *Bibiana (martyr of Rome under the emperor Julian, S00728); his translation there of the bodies of the martyrs *Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrix (martyrs of Rome, S00886); and his burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 3 July. Some manuscripts also attribute to Leo II the building of the church of *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400) and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) at the Velabro.
E01685Greek dedicatory inscriptions to *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), and busts of: *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and the Apostles *Peter (S00036), and *Paul (S00008), engraved on the paten and a chalice from the silver treasure of the Cleveland Museum of Art (Ohio). Provenance: a village of 'Beth Misôna' in Syria. Probably 6th c.
E01698The short Life of *Benedict II (bishop of Rome, ob. 685, S00887) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, names his refurbishments at, and offerings to, churches of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), *Valentinus (priest and martyr of Rome, S00443), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), in and around Rome; names the feast of Valentinus; and mentions Benedict's burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 8 May.
E01699The short Life of *John V (bishop of Rome, ob. 686, S00890) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, records his burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 2 August.
E01700The short Life of *Conon (bishop of Rome, ob. 687, S00891) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions a gathering of soldiers at the basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Rome, and Conon's burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 21 September.
E01701The short Life of *Sergius (bishop of Rome, ob. 701, S00897) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions various places in Rome dedicated to saints: the titular church of *Susanna (martyr of Rome, S00892); the oratory of *Silvester (bishop of Rome, S00397) at the Lateran palace; the oratory of *Caesarius (martyr of Terracina, S00893) at the imperial palace; and the city-gate of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); it also records Sergius' burial at St. Peter's on 8 September.
E01733Coptic list of holy books belonging to the monastery of Apa *Elijah (S00667) on the mountain, presumably at Aphroditopolis/Atfih (Middle Egypt), listing a papyrus manuscripts containing the Lives of Apa *Epiphanios (S00093) and Apa *Petros (S00036), most probably the Lives of Epiphanios of Salamis and Peter II of Alexandria, as well as Encomia by Apa *Athanasios (S00294) and others, datable to the 7th/8th century.
E01749Gregory of Nyssa in his Encomion On *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), of the 380s, invokes the protection of the saint for the local community against a barbarian invasion. He thanks him for repelling a past attack and urges him to invite other saints to his supplication on behalf of the area, especially the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), and *John (S00042). Written in Greek in Pontus (northern Asia Minor).
E01779Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon, possibly at Hippo Regius (North Africa) on the eve of a feast of martyrs, in which he mentions the memorial shrine (memoria) at Rome of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), visited by emperors. Exposition on Psalm 140, written in Latin, possibly in 397/405.
E01808Gregory of Nyssa in the 380s composes his Encomium on *Basil (bishop of Caesarea, ob. 379, S00780), which he delivers during the saint’s festival on 1 January. Basil’s memory is added to a series of major feasts, namely Christmas, *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *James (S00108),*John (S00042), and *Paul (S00008). The author argues that Basil deserves to be honoured after these figures. He mentions miracles during Basil’s life. Written in Greek in Cappadocia (central Asia Minor).
E01816Greek inscription on a lintel, invoking the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), probably to protect a house. Found at Rouweiha between Antioch-on-the-Orontes and Apamea on the Orontes. Probably the 5th-6th c.
E01831Gregory of Nyssa in his Second Encomium on *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), written in 386, refers to the feasts of Stephen, and of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *James (S00108), and *John (S00042), probably celebrated on 26 and 27 December. Composed in Greek in Cappadocia (central Asia Minor).
E01837Augustine, while a priest in Hippo Regius (North Africa), in his Letter 29, of 394/396, to Alypius, bishop of Thagaste, recounts events which took place in Hippo during the feast of an unnamed saint, probably *Leontius (bishop of Hippo, S01685). He emphasises his efforts to put an end to the custom of excessive eating and drinking on such occasions and mentions similar unsuitable celebrations in Rome, at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin in Hippo.
E01871Greek inscription with three monograms, one possibly of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), followed by a poem in honour of the Trinity. Found at I'djāz near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably c. 479.
E01873Greek inscription on a lintel, with the names of the Apostles *Paul (S00008) and *Peter (S00036). Found at Ḥarāke, near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably late antique.
E01895Greek building inscription for a tower (pyrgos), probably recorded as built through the intercession of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), unnamed *Archangels, and unnamed *Apostles. Found at eṭ-Ṭayyibe near Apamea on the Orontes and Ḥamāh/Amathe (central Syria). Probably 5th-7th c.
E01904Gregory of Nazianzus in his Oration 4 (Against Julian I), of 362/363, refers to the deaths of martyrs, naming the Apostles *John (S00042), *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), and *James (S00108), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Luke (the Evangelist, S00442), *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), and *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092). He refers to the festivals held in their honour and the miracles performed by their bodily remains. Written in Greek at Nazianzus (central Asia Minor).
E01924Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon in Carthage (North Africa), at the altar of *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411); he mentions the joint feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036, and S00008). Sermon 8, delivered in Latin, possibly in 411.
E01960Asterius of Amasea, in his Homily VIII, On the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), delivered during a service celebrated on their feast, refers to the superiority of Peter over the Apostles *John (S00042), *James (son of Zebedee, S00108) and *Philip (S00109). Written in Greek in Amaseia/Amasea (northern Asia Minor), in the late 4th or early 5th c..
E01983The Martyrdom of *Potitus (child martyr with cult in southern Italy, S01131) is written in Latin at an uncertain date by the 8th c. at the latest, and presumably in Puglia (southern Italy). Potitus is a Christian child but his father pagan. He performs several miracles leading to mass conversions. He is tortured then put to death by the emperor Antoninus and buried in Puglia.
E02011Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (1.25), mentions several 1st, 2nd, and 3rd century martyrs, namely *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *James ('the brother of the Lord', S00058), *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293), *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030), *Clemens (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111), *Symeon (bishop and martyr of Jerusalem, S01139), *Ignatios, (bishop of Antioch and martyr of Rome, S00649), *Iustinus (philosopher and martyr of Rome, S01140), *Polycarp (bishop and martyr of Smyrna, S00004), *Cornelius (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172), and *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02021Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.6), Gregory of Tours describes the miraculous survival of an oratory in Metz (eastern Gaul) with relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), when the city was burnt by the Huns in 451. In a vision, Stephen is seen seeking the help of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), to save the whole city, or at least his oratory. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02022Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.7), recounts a story, set in the mid 5th c., of a man seeing a vision in the church in Rome of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), in which two men, almost certainly Peter and his companion the Apostle *Paul (S00008), promise to protect the general Aetius in response to his wife's prayers. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02023Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.14), records how Perpetuus, bishop of Tours (c. 458-489), built a large new church over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050), because of the success of his cult; and used part of the old chapel for a new church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Gregory stresses the importance of 4 July as a threefold feast: the day of Martin's ordination as bishop of Tours, of the dedication of the new church, and of the translation into it of the saint's body; 11 November is the feast of Martin's death. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02033The Latin Martyrdom of *Nereus, Achilleus and Companions (martyrs of Rome and central Italy, S00403) is written, presumably in Rome, in Late Antiquity. It narrates the decision of the niece of the emperor Domitian, Domitilla to embrace virginity, her exile to the insula Pontiana with her eunuch slaves Nereus and Achilleus; the struggle of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) with Simon Magus; the martyrdom and burial of a number of saints: Felicula, Nicomedes, and Nereus and Achilleus in Rome; Eutyches, Victorinus and Maro on the via Nomentana and via Salaria north-east of Rome; Sulpitius and Servilianus on the via Latina, south-east of the city; Domitilla, with her companions, Euphrosyna and Theodora, in Terracina.
E02039Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the laying of the mosaic in 'Church 78' in Khirbet es-Samra to the southeast of Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia), dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Probably earlier 7th c.
E02054Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the completion and paving of a church (naos) dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Found at Riḥāb, between Bostra and Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia). Dated 623.
E02069Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.1), records the death in Tours in c. 545 of Queen Clotild (widow of Clovis), and her burial in Paris in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), which she had built; Gregory mentions that *Genovefa/Geneviève (ascetic of Paris, ob. 502/512, S01156), had earlier been buried there. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02088The Martyrdom of *Apollinaris (bishop and martyr of Ravenna, S00331) is written in Latin, presumably in Ravenna, between the 5th and the late 7th c. It narrates the foundation of the Christian community in Ravenna at the time of the emperor Claudius by Apollinaris, a disciple of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) sent from Rome to Ravenna. It describes Apollinaris’ numerous healing miracles, his trials in front of local judges, his exile and miracles in Moesia, Thracia and Dalmatia, his return to Ravenna and death at the time of Vespasian at the hands of a pagan mob in Classe, and finally his burial in a sarcophagus outside the walls of Classe.
E02100According to Orosius, during the sack of Rome in AD 410 the Goths respected the sanctuary of the basilicas of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and transferred sacred vessels for safe keeping to the basilica of Peter. Account in Orosius' Seven Books of History against the Pagans, written in Latin possibly in North Africa, c. 416/418.
E02137Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.18), describes the trial in 577 of Praetextatus, bishop of Rouen, in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Paris. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 577/594.
E02145Asterius of Amasea, in his Homily XII, On *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), delivered on the saint’s festival on 26 December, presents a contemplation on the story and martyrdom of Stephen. Written in Greek at Amaseia/Amasea of Pontus (northern Asia Minor), in the late 4th or early 5th c..
E02177Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (5.49), tells of how, in 580, Leudast, count of Tours, sought sanctuary in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Paris, and later in the church of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) in Poitiers (western Gaul). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E02179Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (6.6), describes miracles effected by *Hospicius (ascetic and recluse near Nice, ob. 581, S01178). In c. 574, foretells the coming of Lombard invaders to Nice (southern Gaul), warns its residents, then faces down the soldiers. He cures several people: a deaf and dumb man from Angers (in north-west Gaul), who was travelling to Rome to seek a cure from the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) and from *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) and the other martyrs of the city; a blind man called Dominicus; two women possessed by demons. Hospicius predicts his own death. Gregory has heard that Hospicius' Life had been written by many authors. The man from Angers, whom Gregory met and talked with, was travelling to Rome with a deacon who planned to collect relics of the Apostles and other saints. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 581/594.
E02218Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of *Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius (martyrs of Tarragona, S00496), at the memorial shrine of *Theogenes (bishop and martyr of Hippo, S01133), and refers to the reading of their Martyrdom. He emphasises that, though martyrs like these, as well as *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), are superior to pagan heroes, they are honoured, not worshipped by Christians. Sermo 273, delivered in Latin at Hippo Regius (North Africa), 391/397.
E02248Isidore, bishop of Seville in his De ecclesiasticis officiis explains the role of the cult of the martyrs in the doctrine of the Church, warning that the martyrs should not receive honours that are due only to God; written in Latin in Seville (south-west Spain), in 598/636.
E02323Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the discovery of the relics of *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313) in Milan (northern Italy), in an undetermined place in North Africa where some of their relics were deposited. He mentions the martyrs, *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), *Crispina (martyr of Theveste, S00905), *Nemesianus (child martyr of Africa, S01811), and *Peter the Apostle (S00036), relates a miracle of Gervasius and Protasius when their relics were discovered, and mentions the reading of written accounts (libelli) of martyrs' miracles at their shrines. Sermon 286, delivered in Latin, possibly in 425/430.
E02331Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (9.6), tells of the appearance in Tours in 587 of Desiderius, a false holy man. He pretended to work miracles, attracting many who sought to be cured, and claimed to be greater than *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and equal to the Apostles *Peter(S00036) and Paul (S00008). He is accused of necromancy and expelled from the city. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/594.
E02340Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the eve of the feast of the nativity of *John the Baptist (S00020), referring also to the forthcoming feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 279, delivered in Latin, possibly in Carthage (North Africa) in 401.
E02366Floor-mosaics with Greek inscriptions with poems commemorating the construction of a church dedicated to the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and two stone reliquaries. Found at Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia). Probably mid-6th or early 7th c.
E02391Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts that Perpetuus, the sixth bishop of Tours (bishop 460-490), pulled down the old church over the tomb of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in Tours and built a new one, to which he translated Martin's body. He also built the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Tours and the church of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) at Montlouis-sur-Loire (near Tours). He bequeathed a sum of money to the church of Martin in Tours, where he was buried. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02392Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), gives the list of fasts and vigils instituted by Perpetuus, the sixth bishop of Tours (bishop 460-490), in the churches of Tours (most frequently in that of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050)), the majority associated with the commemoration of saints, both local and international. These fasts and vigils were still being held in Gregory of Tours' times. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02427Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.31), recounts how *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) performed miracles during his lifetime and after his death: he raised three men. He translated the body of *Gatianus (first bishop of Tours, S01175) and placed it beside the tomb of *Litorius (bishop of Tours, ob. 370/371, S01214) in the church of Litorius in Tours. He built the church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) at the monastery of Marmoutier in the Touraine. Sulpiciius Severus wrote his Life and many miracles happen at his grave. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E02481The Martyrdom of *Alexander, Eventius and Theodolus (respectively bishop, priest and deacon, all martyrs of Rome, buried on the via Nomentana, S00127), and of *Hermes (martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetus, S00404) and *Quirinus (martyr of Rome, buried in the cemetery of Praetextatus on the via Appia, S01225) is written in Latin, presumably at the principal martyrs’ shrine on the via Nomentana, near Rome, before the 8th c. It narrates the miracles performed by Alexander and the conversions of the prefect Hermes, the tribune Quirinus and his prisoners, their martyrdoms and burial. Quirinus is buried on the via Appia in the cemetery of Praetextatus; Hermes on the via Salaria vetus, and Alexander, Eventius and Theodulus at the seventh milestone of the via Nomentana, where a bishop is appointed to oversee their cult.
E02499The Martyrdom of *Hedistus, Priscus and Companions (martyrs of Laurentum near Rome, S01229) is written in Latin, presumably near Laurentum, at an uncertain date. It narrates how the soldier of Nero Hedistus, who had been baptised by *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), meets and celebrates liturgy, vigils, prayers and fasts with the priest Priscus, his wife Thermantia and daughter Christes, and Victoria in a sand quarry close to an altar of Diana where Nero hunts; their death by being buried alive in the sand quarry, situated on the via Laurentina, except Victoria who is killed by the sword.
E02505The Martyrdom of *Processus and Martinianus (martyrs of Rome, buried on the via Aurelia, S00556), is written in Latin, presumably in Rome, during Late Antiquity, perhaps in the first half of the 6th c. It narrates the imprisonment of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) in Rome under Nero, where they perform miracles and convert many, including Processus and Martinianus, who then free the Apostles; the tortures endured and martyrdom of Processus and Martinianus, and burial by Lucina on her estate on the via Aurelia.
E02512The Martyrdom of Sebastianus and Companions is written in Latin presumably in Rome, most probably in the 5th c. (perhaps by Arnobius the Younger). It narrates the martyrdom of *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400) and his companions: the priest Polycarpus; *Marcellianus and Marcus (twin brothers, deacons and martyrs of Rome, S01401); their parents, *Tranquillinus and Marcia (martyrs of Rome, S02747); the primiscrinius Nicostratus, his wife Zoe (martyr of Rome, S02747) and brother Castorius; the commentariensis Claudius, his wife Symphorosa (martyr of Rome, S02747), his brother Victorinus and son Symphorianus; *Tiburtius (son of the prefect Chromatius, martyr of Rome, S01404); and *Castulus (martyr of Rome, S01405). Tiburtius is buried at the third milestone of the via Labicana; Marcellianus and Marcus at the second milestone of the via Appia in the place called ad arenas, Sebastianus at the Catacumbas cemetery, in a crypt commemorating the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008).
E02520The Martyrdom of *Gallicanus, Iohannes and Paulus (martyrs of Rome under Julian, S01244 and S00384) is written in Latin, presumably in Rome, in the 5th or 6th c. Divided into two parts, it first narrates the conversion of the general Gallicanus and his daughters Attica and Artemia thanks respectively to the eunuchs Iohannes and Paulus and the emperor Constantine’s daughter, Constantia, who was healed from leprosy thanks to her devotion to *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097); Gallicanus’ devotion to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), his donations to the poor and to the Church, and building of two churches, one dedicated to *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), in Ostia, where he lives with *Hilarinus (martyr of Ostia, S01518); Gallicanus’ exile in Egypt under Julian and his martyrdom there; the martyrdom and burial of Hilarinus in Ostia. The second part narrates the martyrdom of *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome under the emperor Julian, S00384) and their burial in their own house at the hands of Terentianus and his son, who later convert to Christianity and reveal the story of the saints’ martyrdom. An alternative version, written in the 6th c., adds the martyrdoms of *Crispus, Crispinianus and Benedicta (martyrs of Rome, see S01526 and S01516), and of *Terentianus and his son (martyrs of Rome, S01517), all buried by the priests Iohannes and Pimenius in Iohannes and Paulus’ house. It ends with the building of a church by the senator Vizantius and his son Pammachius in the saints’ house.
E02540John Chrysostom, in his homily Against Games and Theatres, of 399, tells how the city sought the help of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Andrew (S00288), *Paul (S00008), and *Timothy (S00466), at the shrine of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople, after damaging rainfall; he also mentions a feast of thanksgiving, when the rains abated, held at a shrine of the Apostles Peter and Paul across the sea, probably the shrine of Rufinianae. Written in Greek at Constantinople.
E02589Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 295, delivered in Latin in Hippo Regius (North Africa), possibly in 405/410.
E02596Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), addressing the question of why the memorial shrines (memoriae) of these apostles, of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and of other martyrs did not save Rome from being captured by its enemies in 410. Sermon 296, delivered in Latin, probably in Carthage (North Africa) in 411.
E02605Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), explaining why the martyrs are greater than other people. Sermon 297, delivered in Latin at an unknown city of North Africa, possibly Hippo Regius in 416/420.
E02613Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), expressing his disappointment that it is less well attended by the faithful that those of other martyrs. Sermon 298, delivered in Latin in Hippo Regius (North Africa), possibly in 426/430.
E02615Augustine of Hippo preaches in a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 299, delivered in Latin, possibly in Carthage (North Africa) in 418.
E02622Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 299B, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo (North Africa), sometime between 391 and 430.
E02626Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon Dolbeau 4, delivered in Latin, probably in Carthage or Hippo Regius (North Africa), possibly in 403/406.
E02627Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Sermon 299C, delivered in Latin, possibly in Hippo Regius (North Africa) in 412.
E02675Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Confessors (62), tells of an unnamed *Archdeacon of Lyon, (S02846) summoned to Rome to expel an evil spirit from the daughter of the emperor Leo; the emperor sent magnificent gold gifts to the church of Lyon (central Gaul), but their carrier substituted objects of silver; the carrier and his goldsmith accomplice come to a bad end. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 587/588.
E02729Sozomen, in his Ecclesiastical History, mentions the shrine and monastery of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), founded by the patrician Rufinus (ob. 395), on his estate near Chalcedon (north-west Asia Minor, near Constantinople). In 403, it became the venue of the Council of the Oak, and resting place of the Egyptian ascetic *Ammonios (ascetic of Kellia, ob. 403, S01263), companion of the ascetic and bishop *Dioskoros (S01264), who was buried at the shrine of *Mokios (martyr of Byzantion, S01265) in Constantinople. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/450.
E02744The decrees (in Latin) of a synod, held in 499 in St Peter's basilica, Rome, by Pope Symmachus (498-514), are subscribed to by a number of presbyters of the city's titular churches, each identified by the name of his titulus, a few of which are dedicated to saints; preserved as Symmachus Letter 1.
E02772Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 1.23) of February 591, to Anthemius, rector of the papal patrimony in Campania, mentions a monastery of Saint *Erasmus (martyr of Formia, S00867) on the side of 'mount Repperus', and an oratory of an unspecified archangel (probably *Michael, S00181) next to a basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, 00036) in the Castrum Lucullanum; all in Campania (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E02813Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 1.25) of 591, to bishop Anastasius of Antioch (Syria), sends 'keys of the blessed *Peter the Apostle' (S00036), able to miraculously cure the sick. Written in Latin in Rome.
E02814Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 1.29) of 591, to Andreas, bishop of Constantinople, sends a key containing a fragment of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), able to miraculously cure the sick; the key, worn round the neck, will bless the wearer. Written in Latin in Rome.
E02816Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register, Appendix 1) of 591, to Petrus, sub-deacon and papal agent in Sicily, suggests that bishops in Sicily should assemble for the feast of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), instead of on the anniversary of Gregory's ordination. Written in Latin in Rome.
E02825Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 1.30) of 591, to Iohannes, ex-consul and quaestor of Constantinople, sends a key containing a fragment of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), able to miraculously cure the sick; the key, worn round the neck, will bless the wearer. Written in Latin in Rome.
E02887The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 21 January the dedication of the Monastery of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Timothy (the disciple of Paul the Apostle, S00466), *Makarios (probably Makarios 'the Egyptian', monastic founder in the Sketis, ob. 391, S00863), and *Maximos the Confessor (S01455).
E02952The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 21 January the dedication of a church or monastery of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and/or *Paul (the Apostle, S00008).
E03098The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 3 April *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E03136The Eighth Council of Toledo (central Spain) in 653 is held in the church of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (00036 and S00008) according to the Latin acts of the council.
E03146The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 9 May at the Church of the Apostles in Jerusalem the deposition of relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Thomas (S00199) and *John (S00042), of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament Prophet, S00280), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), Claudian (unidentified figure), *Tryphon (possibly the martyr of Nikaia/Nicaea, S00439).
E03210The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 29 June *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and *Paul (the Apostle, S00008).
E03222The Martyrdom of *Cetheus (bishop and martyr of Aternum (Pescara) in Central Italy, died c. 590-591, S01553) is written in Latin, presumably in Pescara, perhaps in the first half of the 7th c. It narrates the bishop of Aternum Cetheus’ flight from the city, raided by the Lombards Alahis and Umblo, to Pope Gregory the Great (590-604) in Rome; the Lombards’ repentance and journey to Rome, where they pray at *Peter’s tomb (the Apostle, S00036); how, swearing an oath at the tomb promising to preserve and increase church property in Aternum, they obtain from Gregory that Cetheus be restored to his see; Cetheus’ arrest after he is accused by Umblo of having taken part to an attack against the city plotted by his rival Alahis, who is beheaded; Cetheus’ death by being thrown into the river Piscaria his neck bound to a stone; the miraculous journey of his body across the Adriatic sea to the civitas Iaternensis (Zadar, Croatia), where it is buried; the healing of a blind man at his tomb and the translation of Cetheus’ body at the 9th milestone from the city; his name being unknown there, he is called Peregrinus ('foreigner').
E03229The Acts of *Sylvester (bishop of Rome, 00397) are written in Latin in a number of versions, the earliest by the 5th c. They narrate episodes of the life of Sylvester, in particular highlighting his role in the conversion and baptism of the emperor Constantine. Later translated into Greek and Syriac.
E03235The Martyrdom of *Secundianus, Marcellianus and Verianus (martyrs of Tuscia, S02503) is written in Latin, at an uncertain date, by the 9th c. at the latest. It narrates the conversion of the scholars Secundianus, Marcellianus and Verianus in Rome, their exile and trial in Centumcellae, and their martyrdom and burial in a place called Coloniacum, at the 62nd milestone from Rome. Their cult is celebrated in a church in Tuscia dedicated to *Peter (the apostle, S00036).
E03237The Life of *Gaudentius (bishop of Novara, S01531) is written in Latin, presumably in Novara, at an uncertain date, perhaps in the late 7th or early 8th c., but by the 9th c. at the latest. It narrates Gaudentius’ association with *Laurentius (priest and martyr of Novara, S02438), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), *Eusebius (bishop of Vercelli, S01219) and *Ambrose (bishop of Milan, S00490); his miracles, appointment as bishop of Novara and incomplete building of a basilica; after his death, the miracles performed by his uncorrupt body on display in the church of the mother of God (Mary, mother of Christ, S00033), then in a tomb in the finished basilica.
E03238The Apparition on Monte Gargano of *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) is written in Latin presumably on the Gargano peninsula (southern Italy), perhaps in the later 7th c., and by the 9th at the latest. It narrates the miraculous origins of the cave-church of the Archangel on Monte Gargano and details of the cult practices that occur there. Also mentioned are the adjacent church dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), with altars for *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *John (the Baptist, S00020).
E03258The Lives of the Fathers of Mérida, written in Latin in 633/660, in Mérida (southern Spain), tells how an unnamed monk of the monastery of Cauliana near Mérida, who was a drunkard and glutton, reforms. Dying soon afterwards, he is confident he will be greeted in heaven by the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and by *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037). Fifteen years later his tomb is found, it smells sweetly and the body inside is uncorrupted.
E03330Palladius of Helenopolis in his Lausiac History recounts the story of the strict ascetic Philorhomos of Galatia (central Asia Minor), who walked to Rome and Alexandria, on pilgrimage to the tombs of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293). Written in Greek at Aspuna or Ankyra (both Galatia, central Asia Minor), 419/420.
E03354The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 18 August the dedication of the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) at the site of the house of Caiaphas.
E03382The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 22 September the deposition of the relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008).
E03390The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 2 October the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), *Thomas (S00199), *Philip (S00109), and *Andrew (S00288), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Zechariah (Old Testament prophet, S00283), *Mamas (martyr of Kaisareia/Caesarea in Cappadocia, S00436), *Theodore (soldier and martyr and Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Pantaleon (martyr of Nicomedia, S00596).
E03441The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 26 November *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E03501Theodoret of Cyrrhus in his Cure for Greek Maladies refers to the veneration of relics, the dedication of offerings for healing, the naming of children after martyrs, the replacement of pagan temples by shrines of martyrs, and the festivals of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), and *Thomas (S00199), and of the martyrs *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Markellos (martyr of Apameia on the Orontes, S01456), *Leontios (probably the martyr of Tripolis, Phoenicia, S00216), *Antoninos, and *Maurikios (martyr of Apameia, S01437). Written in Greek in the 420s, at the monastery of Nikerte near Apamea on the Orontes or in Cyrrhus (both north Syria).
E03513The will of the deacon Adalgyselus-Grimo of Verdun, of 634, leaves property to several churches and monasteries in the area around Verdun and Trier (both eastern Gaul). Includes references to churches or monasteries dedicated to *Agatha (virgin and martyr of Catania, S00794), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Vitonus (bishop of Verdun, ob. c. 529, S01458), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050), *Maximinus (bishop of Trier, ob. c. 347, S00465), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Written in Latin in Verdun.
E03603Floor mosaics with Greek inscriptions from the basilica at Tell Aar, c. 40 km to the northwest of Ḥamāh/Epiphaneia (Roman province of Syria II, probably within the bishopric of Apamea), commemorating the paving of a church, termed ekklesia, in 375/376, and the restoration of the same sanctuary in 434/435, this time termed a shrine of the *Apostle(s), Apostoleion.
E03734The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 9 May the deposition of relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (*00008), *Philip (S00109), *Thomas (S00199), of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament Prophet, S00280), martyrs *Theodore (possibly soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), or a group of martyrs: Diodoros, Claudianus, Tryphaines, Nikephoros and their companions.
E03784The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 28 June probably *Habbakuk (Old testament prophet, S01268), *Kyros and Iōannēs/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406) and their companion martyred women (S00167), and the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and Paul (S00008).
E03785The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 29 June in the church of the Holy Anastasis *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and Paul (the Apostle, S00008).
E03789The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 3 July *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Thomas (the Apostle, S00199), and *Hyacinthus (martyr of Rome under Trajan, S01609).
E03791The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 5 July *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Dometios (monk of Syria, later 4th c., S00414), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Martha (mother of Symeon Stylites the Younger, ob. late 6th c., S00864).
E03792The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 6 July *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), 'Martheno' an unidentified figure or a heavily garbled name, and an unidentified 'monk John'.
E03873The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 22 September *Hesychios (saint with church in Jerusalem mentioned c. 570, priest in 5th c Jerusalem?, S00261), the deposition of the relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), and *Phokas (martyr of Antioch, S00413).
E03972The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 28 December *Paul (the Apostle, S00008) and *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *John (Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), Theodore (patriarch of Constantinople, ob. 687), and the massacre of the fathers of Sinai and Raithou.
E04009Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the *Twenty Martyrs (of Hippo, including bishop Fidentius, Victoria and Valeria, S00703). He emphasises that it is the rightness of the cause, not the suffering itself, which makes a martyr, and presents the local saints as examples which are easier to follow than Christ or the Apostles. Sermon 325, delivered in Latin in Hippo (North Africa), possibly in 400/410.
E04035Coptic will from Jeme (Upper Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to *Peter (presumably the Apostle, S00036); datable to the mid 8th c.
E04110Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.12), recounts how a blind woman from Ternay in the territory of Le Mans (north-west Gaul) prayed to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) in an oratory where relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) were placed, and was healed there by Martin; AD 589. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 589/594.
E04183Floor-mosaic reportedly mentioning a blessing by *Peter (presumably the Apostle, S00036). Found in a monastic chapel at Tel 'Ira in the Negev desert, to the east of Beersheva (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th c.
E04274Latin poem on the martyrdom of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), composed by Prudentius, writing c. 400 in Calahorra (northern Spain). The poem, part of his Crowns of the Martyrs (Peristephanon), is a fictitious conversation between the poet and a Roman citizen on the feast day of Peter and Paul in which the interlocutor of Prudentius tells the story of the martyrdom of the Apostles and describes the places of their burial. Overview of Peristephanon XII
E04275Prudentius, in his Latin Crowns of the Martyrs (Peristephanon), written c. 400 in Calahorra (northern Spain) in a poem on the martyrdom of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), tells of people are gathering joyfully in Rome for their feast.
E04332Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) built the first church in Constantinople of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), in around 519, as well as the church of *Sergios and *Bakchos (soldiers and martyrs of Rusafa and Barbalissos, S00023 and S00079), both at the palace of Hormisdas. Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E04350Prudentius, in his Latin Crowns of the Martyrs (Peristephanon), written c. 400 in Calahorra (northern Spain), in a poem on the martyrdom of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), describes their basilicas in Rome and mentions the custom of visiting both of them on the day of the feast.
E04351Prudentius, in his Latin Crowns of the Martyrs (Peristephanon), written c. 400 in Calahorra (northern Spain), in a poem on the martyrdom of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), tells that on the feast of the saints the bishop of Rome celebrates Mass in both basilicas.
E04391A now lost Greek homily ascribed to John Chrysostom refers to the feast of the apostles *Peter (S00036), *James (the son of Zebedee, S00108), and *John (S00042), most probably delivered on their feast in late December. It is quoted by Eustratius of Constantinople, in his tract On the State of the Souls after Death, written at Constantinople, in 582/602.
E04438Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (1.10), narrates miraculous stories based in Todi (central Italy) featuring *Fortunatus (bishop of Todi, ob. c. 537, S01716). These describe Fortunatus driving out evil spirits, and four other miracles. On one occasion, the sight of relics of *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400) caused a sinful woman to be possessed by a demon. Another time, a sinful Goth broke a rib as he passed by the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); he was later cured by Fortunatus. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04442Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of a martyr. He claims that even the earthly glory of martyrs is greater than that of the great men of old, and to illustrate this point alludes to emperors visiting the tomb of *Peter (the Apostle S00036). Sermon 335C, delivered in Latin in an unknown city of North Africa, possibly Hippo Regius in 405/411.
E04443Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (3.3), describes how *Agapitus I (bishop of Rome, ob. 536, S00811) cured a man who could neither walk nor speak through the intervention of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04454Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (2.1-3), describes devotion to Benedict which took place within his own lifetime and refers to the display of a dish he miraculously mended in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Affile (near Rome, Italy). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04457Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues, recounts a number of miraculous stories, and considers the nature of miracles. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04475Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (3.13), describes how the body of *Floridus (6th c. bishop of Perugia, S01754) was found restored to perfection and uncorrupted forty days after his execution by Totila, and was buried in the church of *Peter the Apostle (S00036) in Perugia (central Italy). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04481Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (3.17), describes a resurrection miracle brought about by the prayers of a holy man and dust from the altar of a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Buxentum (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04485Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (3.23-25), mentions a monastery dedicated to *Peter the Apostle (S00036) on the mountain above Praeneste, near Rome. He describes miracles which took place here, one of which effected by *Acontius (6th c. sacristan near Praeneste, S01761). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04547Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), explaining that they died on the same day, but not in the same year. Sermon 381, in Latin; if authentic, preached in an unknown city of North Africa, sometime between 391 and 430.
E04553Augustine of Hippo tells how an emperor [Honorius in 404] visited Rome, knelt and prayed at the tomb of *Peter the Apostle (S00036), and removed his diadem in the presence of the saint. Sermon Dolbeau 25, delivered in Latin in an unknown city of North Africa, in 404 or shortly after.
E04558Lid of a white marble reliquary with a Syriac inscription labelling relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Thomas (the Apostle, S00199), Symeon the Stylite (the Elder, S00343), and of other unnamed martyrs. Now in İstanbul Archaeological Museums. Probably 5th or 6th c.
E04566Gregory of Tours, in his Miracles of Martin (4.35), recounts how a falsely accused man was miraculously freed, temporarily when in front of the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and permanently when he saw the church of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), both in Tours; AD 591. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 591/594.
E04581Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (4.14), describes a deathbed vision, experienced by Galla, a noblewoman of Rome, of *Peter the Apostle (S00036). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04593Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (4.38), mentions the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04597Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (4.12), describes a deathbed vision experienced by a priest of Nursia (central Italy) of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E04613The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum, as transmitted in 8th c. manuscripts, records the feasts of a number of saints on 18 January.
E04639Encomion in Coptic on the *Apostles (S02422 and S00084) with an emphasis on *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and including an account of the life and martyrdom of *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293), from the monastery of the Archangel Michael near Hamouli in the Fayum (Lower Egypt), attributed to Severianos of Gabala and delivered on their feast day (29 June) at a sanctuary of the Apostles in a cemetery of an unnamed city; if by Severianos, originally delivered in Greek in the late 4th/early 5th century, probably in Constantinople.
E04741Paulinus of Nola composes fourteen poems (the Natalicia) to be delivered at Nola/Cimitile (southern Italy) on the feast day of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000). They include an account of Felix’s life, and descriptions of devotion to Felix, focusing on his feast day (14 January), miracles performed by the saint, and the expansion of Felix’s shrine which took place under Paulinus. Written in Latin, in Spain and later Nola, between 395 and 408. Overview entry.
E04767Paulinus of Nola, in many of his fourteen poems (the Natalicia) written in honour of *Felix (priest and confessor of Nola, S00000), identifies Felix as the special protector (patronus) of Nola (southern Italy); the similar role of other saints, in other regions, is detailed in Natalicium 11. Written in Latin, in Spain and later Nola, between 395 and 408.
E04798Latin epitaph for a woman with labelled paintings of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008). Found in a cemetery on the via Ardeatina, Rome. Probably late 4th c.
E05087Latin and Greek graffiti invoking the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008). Found at the Memoria Apostolorum at the cemetery ad Catacumbas, under the church of S. Sebastiano on the via Appia, Rome. Probably mid-3rd c. - early 4th c.
E05094Paulinus of Nola, in various letters written between 399 and 408, states that he regularly visits Rome to venerate the apostles and martyrs; initially these visits took place on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) in June; later he made them shortly after Easter. Written in Latin at Nola (southern Italy) and Rome.
E05098Latin graffito found in a chapel annexed to the church S. Sebastiano (via Appia, Rome), which mentions a Domus Petri/'House of Peter'. Often, possibly wrongly, cited as referring to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Broadly dated by modern scholars: from the late 4th c. to the medieval period.
E05108Fragmentary Latin epitaph for a woman ‘united with saints’, probably recording a burial ad sanctos. Found at the cemetery ‘ad Catacumbas’, near the church of S. Sebastiano/Basilica Apostolorum, via Appia, Rome. Probably second half of the 4th c.
E05109Latin epitaph invoking protection for the deceased of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) as martyrs, not apostles. Found near the church of S. Sebastiano/Basilica Apostolorum at the Cemetery 'ad Catacumbas', via Appia, Rome. Probably 4th c.
E05217A hymn, almost certainly by Ambrose of Milan, is written in Latin in Milan (northern Italy) most likely after 386 (Apostolorum passio), for the feast day of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008).
E05246Painting on the vault of a cubiculum, showing Christ flanked by the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) in the upper register, and, in the lower register, four martyrs labelled with painted Latin inscriptions: *Gorgonius (martyr of Rome, S00576), *Marcellinus and Petrus (martyrs of Rome, S00577), and *Tiburtius (son of the prefect Chromatius and martyr of Rome, S01404), flanking the Lamb of God. Found in the cemetery inter duas lauros /ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum, via Labicana, Rome. Probably 5th c.
E05253Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c. (Orationale Visigothicum), with prayers used on the feasts of saints in January and February: *Iulianus/Ioulianos and Basilissa (martyrs of Egypt, S01341), *Innocents (children killed on the orders of Herod, S00268), *Fructuosus, Auguris and Eulogius (bishop and his two deacons, martyrs of Tarragona, S00496), *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valentia, S00290), the Chair of *Peter the Apostle (S00036).
E05288John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow, mentions a monastery near the church of *Peter (probably *Petros, bishop and martyr of Alexandria, S00247; or possibly the Apostle, S00036), in Alexandria in Egypt. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05292Mosaic on the triumphal arch of the church of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura on the via Tiburtina, Rome, with Christ flanked by the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), who are in turn flanked by *Laurence/Laurentius (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), presenting to Christ Pope Pelagius II holding a model of the basilica, and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) presenting *Hippolytus (martyr of Rome, S00509). 579/590.
E05316Maximus of Turin preaches four sermons (Sermons 1, 2, 9 and 110) for the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Delivered in Latin in Turin (northern Italy), between c. 390 and 408/423.
E05317Maximus of Turin, in a sermon (Sermon 3), rebukes his congregation in Turin (northern Italy) for their poor attendance at the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Delivered in Latin between c. 390 and 408/423.
E05330John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow, recounts stories which circulated in Alexandria, Constantinople, and Rome about *Leo I (bishop of Rome, S00423) and his letter to Flavian of Constantinople against Eutyches and Nestorios. He is said to have laid the letter on the tomb in Rome of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), so that Apostle corrected it in his own hand. Moschus also recounts a dream vision of Leo I endorsing the efforts of Patriarch Eulogios I of Alexandria (580-608) on behalf of Chalcedonian Orthodoxy. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05339Gaudentius of Brescia preaches a sermon (Sermon 20) for the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009). Delivered in Latin in Milan (northern Italy), at a date earlier than 397.
E05375Latin epitaph for a boy, decorated with a carving of labelled busts of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008). Found in the cemetery of Hippolytus, via Tiburtina, Rome. Probably 4th c.
E05439Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 29 January at Rome of *Papias and Maurus (soldiers and martyrs of Rome, S02057), who converted after the example of the martyrs *Saturninus (S00422) and *Sisinnius (S02058), were baptised by *Marcellus (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00529), and buried at the fountain of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05441Coptic inscription from Wadi Sarga (Upper Egypt), with an invocation of *Moses (S00241), *Adam (S00772), *Peter (S00036), *John the Baptist (S00020), *John the virgin (S00042), the *Apostles (S00084), and the *Martyrs (S00060); datable to the 7th/8th century.
E05478Pope Pelagius I, in two letters of 556 (Epistolae Arelatenses, 48 and 49), refers to a gift to the Frankish king Childebert of relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), and of other unnamed saints and martyrs (S00518), to be delivered via Bishop Sapaudus of Arles. Written in Latin in Rome.
E05482Leo the Great, in several letters written in Latin in Rome between 445 and 454, justifies Rome’s primacy over other episcopal and patriarchal sees (particularly Constantinople and Alexandria) with reference to the primacy over the other Apostles of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and to the status of *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293), as Peter's disciple.
E05484Writing in Latin in 451 in Chalcedon (north-west Asia Minor, near Constantinople), the delegates of the Council of Chalcedon congratulate Leo for defending orthodoxy as the representative of the Apostle *Peter (S00036). They also present *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) as a defender of Orthodoxy.
E05485Galla Placidia describes her own veneration at the altar of *Peter (the Apostle S00036) in two letters, written in Rome in Latin around 449.
E05488Leo the Great composes a Latin sermon (Sermon 82) in Rome in 441 in honour of the feast day of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009).
E05489Leo the Great composes a Latin sermon (Sermon 83) in Rome in 443 in honour of the feast day of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009).
E05490Leo the Great composes a Latin sermon (Sermon 84) in Rome in 442/3 in which he invokes the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009) as he rebukes his congregation for their absence from the commemoration of the anniversary of Alaric’s sack of Rome in 410.
E05493Leo the Great composes several Latin sermons in Rome in 440/461 which refer to Saturday evening vigils conducted in the presence of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E05494Leo the Great composes four Latin sermons in Rome in 441-444 on the anniversary of his ordination as Pope. In each case, he attributes his authority to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036).
E05555Venantius Fortunatus writes eleven books of Poems in Latin, mainly in western and north-western Gaul, 565/600; many of them with reference to saints. Overview entry.
E05563Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (1.2) on the church of *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288) built by Bishop 'Vitalis' of Ravenna, lists the relics housed there. Written in Latin in Ravenna (north-east Italy), 545/565.
E05639Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (2.13) on an oratory built by a certain 'Trasaricus', mentions its relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050) and *Remigius (bishop of Reims, ob. c. 533, S00456); perhaps in Toul (eastern Gaul), in the mid-6th c. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05651Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c. (Orationale Visigothicum), with prayers used on the feasts of saints in June and July: *Adrianos and Natalia (martyr of Nicomedia and his pious wife, S01342), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Peter the Apostle (S00036), *Paul the Apostle (S00008), *Iusta and Rufina (martyrs of Seville, S02099), and *Cucuphas (martyr of Barcelona, S00502).
E05683Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (3.7) about the cathedral of Nantes (north-west Gaul), newly built by bishop Felix, and dedicated to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), makes possible reference to relics of the two apostles and clear reference to relics of *Hilary (bishop of Poitiers, ob. 367, S00183) and *Ferreolus (soldier and martyr of Vienne, S01893); all in 567. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05685Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 17 December of *Ignatius (bishop of Antioch and martyr of Rome, S00649). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05690Venantius Fortunatus, in a poetic epitaph (Poem 4.5) for two Bishops Ruricius of Limoges, writes that one constructed a church to *Augustine (bishop of Hippo, ob. 430, S00077), the other a church to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), both in Limoges (central Gaul), in 485/560. Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E05710The (now lost) epitaph of Cædwalla, 'king of the Saxons' (southern Britain), describes his renunciation of his kingdom and journey to Rome in order to visit the shrine of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); his baptism there and adoption of 'Peter' as his baptismal name; and his burial soon after at Peter's church, on 20 April 689. Inscribed in Latin at St Peter's, Rome, 689/701; recorded by Bede, writing at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 731.
E05723John Malalas in his Chronographia reports that the western emperor Anthemius was murdered in the shrine of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome in 472, where he had taken refuge, ostensibly seeking a healing, but actually seeking sanctuary against the Gothic general Ricimer. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E05728John Malalas in his Chronographia reports that the usurper Leontius was crowned at a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Tarsus (south-east Asia Minor) in 484. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E05779Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, describes an image (or possibly two images) of Christ and the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009) in a narthex dedicated to Peter in Ravenna (northern Italy); Agnellus dates this image to 450/473. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05793Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to a basilica dedicated to the Apostles, probably *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00009), in Ravenna (northern Italy) and a monasterium dedicated to *Petronilla (daughter of saint Peter and martyr of Rome, S00402). Agnellus claims that bishops of Ravenna were buried here between the mid 4th c. and 521. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05806Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, describes a mosaic and quotes a Latin inscription commemorating *Peter (the Apostle S00036) in the episcopal palace in Ravenna (northern Italy); he claims they originate from 450/73. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05840The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in January. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05852The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in February. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05856The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in June. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05863A possibly authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant by Hlothhere, king of the people of Kent (south-east Britain), of land at Stodmarsh, Kent, to the monastery outside Canterbury dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin, probably in Kent, 1 April 675.
E05865A probably authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant by Eadric, king of the people of Kent (south-east Britain), of land at Stodmarsh, Kent, to the monastery outside Canterbury dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin, probably in Kent, June 686.
E05866A probably authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant by Oswine, king of the people of Kent (south-east Britain), of land on which iron is mined, to the monastery outside Canterbury dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin, probably in Kent, July 689.
E05867A probably authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant by Wihtred, king of Kent (south-east Britain) and his wife Æthelburh, of land at Littlebourne, Kent, to the monastery outside Canterbury dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin, probably in Kent, March 696 or 711.
E05869A probably authentic Anglo-Saxon charter records a grant of Earconwald, bishop (of London, south-east Britain) of freedom from episcopal control to the monastery at Chertsey (near London), whose church is dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), by whose authority any transgressors will be excommunicated. Written in Latin, probably in London, July 678.
E05889Hesychius of Jerusalem composes his Homily 7, On *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), which he preaches during the saint’s celebration at the the church of the Anastasis in Jerusalem on 30 November. Written in Greek at Jerusalem, in the early 5th c.
E05894Hesychius of Jerusalem composes his Homily 13, On *Peter and *Paul (apostles, S00036 and S00008), which he preaches during their feast on 28 December in Jerusalem. Written in Greek at Jerusalem, in the early 5th c.
E05919In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers, the author describes how Agrippinus, Count of Gaul, was released from prison with the help of *Lupicinus (late 5th-century ascetic of the Jura, S00003); in Gaul and Rome in 460/480. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), about 512/520.
E05946In the anonymous Life of the Jura Fathers the author recounts how *Eugendus (ascetic in the Jura mountains, ob. 512/515, S02182) had a vision of the Apostles: *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008) and *Andrew (S00288), and how their relics came to the monastery in Condat; 460/496. Written in Latin at Condat in the Jura mountains (modern Saint-Claude in eastern Gaul), 512/525.
E05950Mosaic portraits of twelve apostles and twelve martyrs (six female, six male) depicted on the barrel vaults of the Cappella Arcivescovile in Ravenna (northern Italy), datable 494/520.
E05960In the Whitby Life of *Gregory the Great (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), the author notes the lack of miracles attributed to the saint, and theorises on the importance of miracles as proof of sanctity. Written in Latin by a monk or nun of Whitby (north-east Britain), 685/714, perhaps 704/14.
E05961In the Whitby Life of *Gregory the Great, (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), the author recounts the discovery and translation of the relics of *Edwin (king of the Northumbrians, ob. 633, S02159). Written in Latin by a monk or nun of Whitby (north-east Britain), 685/714, perhaps 704/14.
E05962In the Whitby Life of *Gregory the Great, (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), the author recounts a miracle in Rome, involving the bleeding of cloths consecrated as contact relics of various unspecified *martyrs (S00060). Written in Latin by a monk or nun of Whitby (north-east Britain), 685/714, perhaps 704/14.
E05964In the Whitby Life of *Gregory the Great (bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), the author reports that the saint, through his tears, brought about the posthumous baptism of the emperor Trajan (ob. 117). Written in Latin by a monk or nun of Whitby (north-east Britain), 685/714, perhaps 704/14.
E05983Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a contract and surety, mentioning an institution dedicated to Apa *Petros (possibly the Apostle, S00036) at Pataubasten; datable to the 7th century.
E06018Mosaics from the late 5th or early 6th c., depicting the Apostles, in the Arian Baptistry in Ravenna, northern Italy.
E06027Mosaics from the 5th c. depicting several Apostles, including *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00009), and a saintly deacon, either *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valentia, S00290) or *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S01229). Mosaics preserved in the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna, northern Italy.
E06028A letter of Pope Pelagius II of 586, to Bishop Aunacharius of Auxerre (northern Gaul), sends contact relics (sanctuaria), probably of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06040Pope Boniface V, in a letter to Edwin, pagan king of the Northumbrians (northern Britain), urging him to convert to Christianity, states that he is sending him a gold-embroidered shirt and a robe from Ancyra as a 'blessing' from 'your protector' *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin at Rome, 625; recorded by Bede, writing at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 731.
E06041Pope Boniface V, in a letter to Æthelburh, queen of the Northumbrians (northern Britain), urging her to persuade her husband to convert to Christianity, states that he is sending her a mirror and a comb as a 'blessing' from 'your protector' *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin at Rome, 625; recorded by Bede, writing at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 731.
E06042Pope Vitalianus, in a letter to Oswiu, king of the Northumbrians (northern Britain), states that he is sending him and his wife relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00088), *Iohannes and Paulus (martyrs of Rome, S00384), *Gregory ('the Great,' bishop of Rome, ob. 604, S00838), and *Pancratius (martyr of Rome, S00307). Written in Latin at Rome, 666/8; recorded by Bede, writing at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 731.
E06047Mosaics from the 6th c. depicting the Apostles, *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), and *Vitalis (martyr of Ravenna, S02826) in San Vitale, Ravenna (northern Italy).
E06048Mosaics from the 6th c. depicting Apollinaris (bishop and martyr of Ravenna, S00331), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Matthew (the Apostle and Evangelist), possibly *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and several holy bishops of Ravenna in Sant'Apollinare in Classe (near Ravenna, northern Italy), datable 533/549.
E06055Anonymous sermon ('Eusebius Gallicanus', Sermon 33), on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Preached in Latin in Gaul, probably in the 5th c.
E06060Adomnán, in his Life of *Columba (abbot of Iona, ob. 597, S02167), describes how Columba brought a dead child back to life, thus equalling the prophets *Elijah and *Elisha (S00217 and S00239] and the apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008) and *John (S00042). Written in Latin at Iona, 696/704.
E06095The will of Bertram/Bertrand, bishop of Le Mans (ob. 623), establishes as the bishop's heirs two churches at Le Mans (north-west Gaul), one dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), the other to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008); and makes provisions concerning numerous properties across Gaul, including churches associated with various saints, mostly in or around Le Mans. Written in Latin at Le Mans, 27 March 616.
E06110Exchange of letters in 521 (Collectio Avellana 233 and 239), between Epiphanius, bishop of Constantinople, and Pope Hormisdas, in which Epiphanius announces his election as bishop and the donation of two chalices, a paten, and two veils to the basilica of St *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) at Rome, and Hormisdas acknowledges their receipt. Written in Latin at Constantinople and Rome.
E06224An authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the gift of the forest of Cormeilles by Childebert III, king of the Franks, to the women's monastery at Argenteuil (northern Gaul) dedicated to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) and other *unnamed saints (S00518). Written in Latin, probably at Compiègne (northern Gaul), 697.
E06225An authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the foundation and endowment by Sigebert III, king of the Franks, of the monastery at Cugnon-sur-Semois (north-east Gaul) dedicated to the Apostle *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and *John (either the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042, or the Baptist, S00020), and other *unnamed martyrs (S00066). Written in Latin in Gaul, 643/8.
E06226Two authentic Merovingian royal diplomas record the foundation by Sigebert III, king of the Franks, of the monasteries at Stavelot and Malmedy (north-east Gaul) dedicated to, and holding relics of, *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *John (either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle, S00042), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and other *unnamed saints (S00518); and their later confirmation by Theuderic III, king of the Franks, who also speaks of a dedication to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033). Written in Latin in Gaul, 643/7-679/91.
E06227A substantially authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the immunity confirmed by Clovis III, king of the Franks, to the monastery at Sithiu (now Saint-Bertin) (north-east Gaul) dedicated to *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and other *unnamed saints (S00518). Written in Latin in Gaul, 692.
E06228A substantially authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the immunity confirmed by Theuderic III, king of the Franks, to the monastery at Montier-en-Der (north-east Gaul) dedicated to the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), and other *unnamed saints (S00518). Written in Latin, probably at Compiègne (north-east Gaul), 685.
E06230An authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the immunity confirmed by Childebert III, king of the Franks, for the monastery at Fossatus (now Saint-Maur-des-Fossés) (northern Gaul) dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033) and other *unnamed saints (S00518). Written in Latin in Gaul, 694/711.
E06233The Formulary of Marculf includes a template for a letter of recommendation for a pilgrim heading to Rome to visit the shrines of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008). Written in Latin in Gaul, probably c. 650/730.
E06245Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem on virginity (8.3), when describing the court of heaven lists numerous saints with the cities of their resting-place. Written in Latin in Gaul, probably in the early 570s.
E06256Tírechán, in his Collection, describes how *Patrick (missionary and bishop of Ireland, 5th c., S01962) gave Bishop Olcanus relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) and other *unnamed saints (S00518), which he wrapped in a veil. Written in Latin in Ireland, probably shortly after c. 668.
E06266The Life of Lady *Balthild (queen of the Franks, ob. 680, S02359) records the saint's life, death, and one posthumous miracle. Written in Latin in Gaul, possibly at the monastery at Chelles (near Paris), 680/90. Overview entry
E06275The Life of *Audoin, Bishop of Rouen (also known as Dado, ob. 686, S02199) records the saint's life, death, translation and miracles, as well as his journeys to Rome and Cologne to collect the relics of other unspecified *saints (S00518). Written in Latin in Gaul, probably in Neustria (northern Francia), c. 700.
E06317The Life of *Gertrude (abbess of Nivelles, ob. 659, S02402) records the saint's life, death and burial, and attributes one specific miracle to her. Written in Latin, probably at Nivelles (north-east Gaul), c. 670.
E06334Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 2.27) of 592, to Mauricius and Vitalianus, military commanders, refers to the help *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) will provide against the Lombards, around the time of his feast. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06343Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 3.33) of 593, to Dynamius, patrician of Gaul, sends a small cross containing fragments of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and of the gridiron of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037); worn round the neck, this cross will free him from sin and lead him to the Lord. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06345Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 3.47) of 593, to Columbus, bishop of Numidia (North Africa), sends a key containing a fragment of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06351Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 4.30) of 594, to the Empress Constantina, rejects her request for the head of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008) for a church of Paul she was building in the imperial palace in Constantinople, and condemns the 'Greek' practise of disturbing the corporeal relics of the saints; Gregory writes that those who inadvertently opened the grave of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) all died soon after, and explains the papal practice of creating cloth contact relics of the saints (brandea); he sends the empress filings taken from the chains that had once bound Paul. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06353Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.11) of 594, to Iohannes, bishop of Ravenna (northern Italy), restricts his use of the pallium to certain feast days. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06359Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.50) of 595, to Fortunatus, bishop of Naples, mentions the abbot of a monastery of Saint *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), and an oratory dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00008) and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), both presumably in the diocese of Naples (southern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06363Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 6.6) of 595, to Childebert, king of the Franks, sends keys containing fragments of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), which will protect him from all ills if worn round his neck. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06365Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 6.19) of 595, to Dominicus, bishop of Carthage (North Africa), suggests that they pray for each other before the bodies, respectively, of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06366Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 6.22) of 596, to Petrus, bishop of Aleria in Corsica, orders the foundation of a church and baptistry in honour of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) and *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) in Negeunus (Corsica), and the deposition of contact relics (sanctuaria) therein. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06370Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 6.50) of 596, to Palladius, bishop of Saintes (western Gaul), discusses a church in Saintes to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036; S00008), and the Roman martyrs *Laurence and *Pancratius (S00037; S00307), and mentions the despatch of relics of these four saints for altars in the church. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06371Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 6.58) of 596, to Brunhild, queen of the Franks, grants her relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036; S00008), and enjoins her that they be treated with due respect. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06374Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 7.19) of 597, to Cyprianus, deacon of the Sicilian patrimony, asks him to encourage the bishops of Sicily to come for a meeting in Rome at the time of the feast of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06375Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 7.23) of 597, to Theoctista, the sister of the emperor Maurice, sends a key 'from the body' of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and describes a punishing miracle that this key has already effected. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06376Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 7.36) of 597, to Iohannes, bishop of Syracuse, asks him to resolve a dispute between a monastery dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and the monastery of *Lucia (virgin and martyr of Syracuse, S00846) in Syracuse (Sicily). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06377Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 8.5) of 597, to Venantius, bishop of Luna, gives orders for the provisioning of a new female monastery within his city, dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome, S00384), *Hermes (martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetus, S00404) and *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S05110); and for the consecration of the monastery's oratory in the countryside nearby; all at Luna (northern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06380Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 8.22) of 598, to the noblewoman Rusticiana in Constantinople, refers to the protection *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) gives to the city of Rome. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06392Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.72) of 598, to Passivus, bishop of Fermo, refers to the foundation and consecration of an oratory dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Teramo (central Italy), and the reception there of contact relics (sanctuaria) of the saint. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06396Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.131) of 599, to the defensor Romanus in Syracuse, mentions a bequest to a hostel (xenodochium) dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), possibly in Syracuse (Sicily). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06397Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 9.148) of 599, to Secundinus, an anchorite monk, sends a gift of incense, aloes, storax and balsam, to be offered to the martyrs by the recipient, and asks for the intercession of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on behalf of the monk. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06398Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.155) of 599, to Callinicus, exarch of Italy, mentions Callinicus’ intention to travel to Rome to celebrate the feast day of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), presumably from Ravenna (northern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06410Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.229b) of 599, to Reccared, king of the Visigoths, mentions relics he has sent the king: a reliquary in the shape of a key, containing iron from the chains that had bound *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and a cross containing both a fragment of the True Cross and some hair of *John the Baptist (S00020). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06411Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.233) of 599, to Decius, bishop of Lilybaeum, asks him to consecrate a female monastery dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S01229), *Hermes (martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetus, S00404), *Pancratius (martyr of Rome, S00307), *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400), and *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), inside the city of Lilybaeum (Sicily). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06418Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 11.16) of 600, to John, sub-deacon of Ravenna, mentions an oath taken before the body of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06421Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 11.26) of 601, to Rusticiana, noblewoman resident in Constantinople, thanks her for a gift of hangings (vela) for the basilica of *Peter (the apostle, S00036) and of alms (elemosina) for the monastery of *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288) on the clivus Scauri in Rome; also recounts some miracles occurring at the monastery. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06422Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 11.43) of 601, to Asclepiodatus, a patrician of Gaul, sends a key containing a fragment of the chains that once bound *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); worn round the neck, the key will protect the recipient from every adversity. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06427Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 12.2) of 601, to Sabinella, Columba and Galla, three noblewomen of north Africa, sends a key containing a fragment of the chains of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036); hung round the neck, it will them grant the grace of absolution. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06428Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 13.5) of 602, to Brunhild, queen of the Franks, mentions a church dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050) in the suburbs of Autun (central Gaul); he also refers to an oath sworn before the body of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06435Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 13.35) of 603, to Pantaleo, papal notary, reminds him of the oath he took before the body of *Peter (the apostle, S00036) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06436Gregory the Great with a papal letter (Register 13.43) of 603, to Eulogius, bishop of Alexandria (Lower Egypt), sends a small cross containing fragments of the chains of the apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008); he encourages Eulogius to place the cross over his eyes, since these relics often effect miracles. Gregory also thanks Eulogius for a gift of relics of *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06466The Life of *Maurilius (bishop of Angers, ob. 453, S02421) is written in Latin by Magnobodus, bishop of Angers (north-west Gaul), in about 620.
E06468In 555/557, Cyril of Scythopolis composes the Life of *Euthymios (monastic founder in Palestine, οb. 472, S01352), recounting his life as a miracle working ascetic, adding a set of posthumous miracle stories, and including references to the cult of several other saints. Written in Greek at the New Laura in Palestine. Overview entry
E06586The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in June.
E06587The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in July.
E06595Sidonius Apollinaris in his Letter 1.5 to Heronius, of 467/470, describes his visit to Rome, where, before enterinf the city, he visited the churches of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Written in Latin at Clermont (central Gaul).
E06788A Latin papyrus preserved in Monza (northern Italy) lists the 'oils of the holy martyrs who in body rest in Rome' brought from Rome for Theodelinda, queen of the Lombards, naming many Roman saints. Written at Monza or Rome, 590/604; preserved in its original copy.
E06909The ‘General Decretal’ of Pope Gelasius I, of 494, states that virgins ought to be consecrated only on certain feast days, including those 'of the Apostles', presumably *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008).
E06916Aldhelm's poem On the Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul records the dedication of a church to the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), presumably in Britain, perhaps at Malmesbury (south-west Britain). Written in Latin in southern Britain, c. 670/710.
E06919Aldhelm, in his poem On the Altars of the Twelve Apostles, records the dedication of an altar (and/or apse) to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), presumably in Britain. Written in Latin in southern Britain, c. 670/710.
E06933The Book of the Angel outlines the privileges of the church at Armagh (north-east Ireland) associated with *Patrick (missionary and bishop of Ireland, 5th c., S01962), based in part on the honour due to (its relics of) *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), as well as a relic of the blood of Christ. An addendum delineates the relationship between the churches in Ireland of Patrick and those of *Brigit (abbess of Kildare, ob. c. 525, S01885). Written in Latin at Armagh, perhaps as early as c. 640/60.
E06981The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Cornelia, north-west of the city, opening with that of *Peter (the Apostle, S00030). Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E06992The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Appia, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07001The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the martyrs' burials around Rome, is followed by an Appendix listing 21 churches dedicated to saints within the Aurelianic walls of Rome. Written in Latin in Rome, certainly after 625 and before 790, possibly in 642/683.
E07074In the Life of Lady *Balthild (queen of the Franks, ob. 680, S02359), the author reports that the saint gave special privileges to the 'senior basilicas' in Gaul, dedicated to *Dionysius (bishop and martyr of Paris, S00349), *Germanus (bishop of Paris, ob. 576, S01166), *Medard (bishop of Vermand buried at Soissons, ob. c. 560, S00168), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Anianus (bishop of Orléans, ob. 453, S01206), and *Martin (bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050). Written in Latin in Gaul, possibly at the monastery at Chelles (near Paris), 680/90.
E07075In the Life of Lady *Balthild (queen of the Franks, ob. 680, S02359), the author recalls how Queen Clotild, the wife of Clovis, founded a church dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Paris; a monastery dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) at Chelles (near Paris); and other churches dedicated to the *saints (unnamed, S00518). Written in Latin in Gaul, possibly at the monastery at Chelles, 680/90.
E07149Latin poem probably by Pope Damasus, almost certainly originally inscribed in the baptistery at St Peter's, commemorating the assistance of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in the building's construction or renovation. Written in Rome, 366/384.
E07369Latin inscription with reference to relics of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), found in Carthage (Africa Proconsularis), probably 4th/5th c.
E07376Four Lombard royal diplomas record grants of rights and privileges to the monastery dedicated to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) at Bobbio (northern Italy). Written in Latin at Milan and Pavia (northern Italy), c. 613-652.
E07379William of Malmesbury, in his On the Antiquity of the Church of Glastonbury, quotes an inscription recording the dedication of a church at Glastonbury (south-west Britain) to the apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) during the reign of Ine, king of the West Saxons. Written in Latin at Glastonbury, purportedly 688/726; recorded at Glastonbury or Malmesbury (south-west Britain), c. 1129.
E07429The Hymn of Secundius praises *Patrick (missionary and bishop of Ireland, 5th c.), and equates him with the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Written in Latin in Ireland, 450/650.
E07430Columbanus, in a letter to Pope Boniface IV (608-615), states that the Irish are 'disciples' of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), whose relics have made the bishops (or clergy/people) of Rome 'favoured' (felices). Written in Latin at Milan, 613.
E07433A Lain inscription on a stone slab at Whithorn (north-west Britain) refers to a 'place' (locus) of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Written at Whithorn, c. 500/700.
E07467Very fragmentary painted Latin inscription, possibly referring to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Emerentiana (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00495). Found in the Coemeterium Maius / Catacombe di Sant'Emerenziana on the via Nomentana, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c. [provisional entry]
E07468Very fragmentary painted Latin and Greek inscriptions, allegedly referring to the see of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and to *Papias (martyr of Rome, S02057). Found in the Coemeterium Maius / Catacombe di Sant'Emerenziana on the via Nomentana, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c. [provisional entry]
E07493Latin epitaph for a woman, expressing her wish of eternal life 'in the name of Peter' (the Apostle, S00036). Now lost, but probably displayed in the Cemetery of Priscilla, or elsewhere on the via Salaria, Rome. Probably second half of the 4th c. [provisional entry; description needed]
E07517Funerary plaque with a carving showing unlabelled figures of *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) the Apostles, and Christ in the scene of the traditio legis. Found in the Catacombs of Priscilla on the via Salaria, Rome. Probably late 4th c. [provisional entry]
E07547Greek inscription naming an oratory of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Found at Kapraklar near ancient Hyllarima (Caria, western Asia Minor). Probably 5th or 6th c.
E07577The Latin Life of *Memmius (first bishop of Châlons-en-Champagne, S01285) is written, presumably in Châlons (northern Gaul), at an uncertain date, no later than the 9th c. Memmius is sent from Rome by *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) to preach in Gaul, together with *Dionysius (bishop and martyr of Paris, S00349), *Eucharius (bishop of Trier, 00469), *Sixtus and Sinicius (first bishops of Reims, S02452; Sinicius identified in the Life as bishop of Soissons), and Savinianus, first bishop of Sens, six further unnamed bishops, and two deacons. When one of these dies on the journey, Memmius brings him back to life by placing St Peter's garment on his body. Miracles performed by Memmius at Châlons are described, by which he overcomes pagan opposition to his presence, and is established as bishop; he is joined by his sister, Poma, who also performs miracles. After eighty years as bishop of Châlons, he dies and is buried in a church there, where miracles continue at his tomb. Full text, and first English translation.
E07615Jonas' Lives of *Columbanus (monk and missionary in Ireland, Gaul and Italy, ob. 615, S01983) and his Disciples records the life, miracles and death of the saint, followed by accounts of miracles performed through *Athala (second abbot of Bobbio (northern Italy), ob. 625/6 S01948), *Eustasius (second abbot of Luxeuil (eastern Gaul), ob. 629, S02255) and *Bertulf (third abbot of Bobbio, ob. 639, S02828), together with those that took place among the nuns of Faremoutiers (northern Gaul). Written in Latin, possibly at Marchiennes (north-east Gaul), 642/3.
E07666On the Miracles which Took Place after the Death of the Blessed Abbess *Gertrude (of Nivelles, ob. 659, S02402) supplements her early Life with nine miracle stories, many involving the bed on which she died. Written in Latin, probably at Nivelles (north-east Gaul), 691/c.700.
E07739Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (2.5), describes how *Aravatius/Servatius (bishop of Tongeren, mid-4th c. [believed by Gregory to have been bishop of Maastricht, mid-5th c.], S01289), travelled to Rome to pray at the shrine of 'the Apostle', probably *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) or perhaps *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), that his see would be protected from the Huns. Instead he is told that he will die before the Huns' invasion takes place. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07750Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (3.18), describes how Queen Clotild buried her murdered grandsons in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Paris, c. 530. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E07755Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.31), refers to a church in Clermont dedicated to *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), and another to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), during his account of the plague which struck Gaul in 571. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594..
E07793The will of Burgundofara, disciple of Columbanus and monastic founder, includes donations to her monastic community, dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), at Faremoutiers, northern Gaul. Will written in Latin at Faremoutiers, 633/4.
E07831The author of the Copenhagen Continuation of Prosper, an anonymous continuation of the Latin chronicle of Prosper of Aquitaine, says that when the Lombard king Agilulf besieged Rome in 593, Pope Gregory met him at the steps of St *Peter's (S00036) basilica on the Vatican, and persuaded him to lift the siege. Written in northern Italy, c. 625.
E07844Venantius Fortunatus, in a poetic epitaph for a young woman named Vilithuta (Poem 4.26), depicts patriarchs, apostles, and celebrated virginal saints taking part in the judgement of sinners after death, mentioning *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Enoch (Old Testament Patriarch, S00762), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Mary (the Mother of Christ, S00033), *Agnes (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00097), *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), and *Agatha (virgin and martyr of Catania, S00794). Written in Latin in Gaul, 565/576.
E07847Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.7) for the feast day of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), depicts Martin in heaven with Christ, the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401), and *Radegund (former queen and monastic founder, ob. 587, S00182), who had died not long before the composition of the poem. Written in Latin in Gaul, 587/588.
E07884The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists those outside the porta Cornelia (now called saint Peter's gate) on the via Cornelia, north-west of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07892The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists those outside the porta Appia on the via Appia, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07920Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, in his list of holy sites within Jerusalem, notes churches of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and of *Sophia (personified Holy Wisdom, S00705). Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.
E07942The Breviarius, a brief guide to the holy places of Jerusalem, which survives in two distinct versions,mentions a number of buildings and relics associated with saints and Old Testament figures. Written in Latin, presumably in Jerusalem, perhaps (in its two surviving states) around AD 500.
E07974The Paschal Chronicle records that the vanguard of the Avar army arrived at Constantinople during the siege of 626 on the feast of the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008). Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.
E07997Jerome, in his Life of Hilarion, mentions a demoniac who was tormented at the basilica of *Peter (the Apostle, S00035) and got healed by *Hilarion (anchorite in Palestine and Cyprus, ob. 371, S00099) in Sicily. Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine) in the early 390s.
E08033The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor mentions under the year 571/572 that the emperor Justin II built churches in Constantinople dedicated to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), and the Holy *Apostles (S02422), and expanded the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) at Blachernae. Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.
E08045The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor states that the Pope signed the condemnation of the heretical former bishop of Constantinople Pyrrhus at the tomb of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Chronicle compiled in the Byzantine Empire in the early 9th c., using extracts from earlier Greek texts.