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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita

Saint ID

S00480

Reported Death Not Before

306

Reported Death Not After

306

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Soldiers
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00112Terracotta moulds for the manufacture of lamps and flasks with Greek inscriptions naming *Onnophrios (Egyptian Anchorite, 4th c., S00055), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from Elephantine, Upper Egypt. Probably 5th–7th c.
E00164Greek Calendar of Church Services to be performed at different churches in Oxyrhynchus (Middle Egypt) from the end of October to the end of March of the years 535–536, providing information on the names of many churches, and on the saints’ days celebrated in the city.
E00550Two Greek epigrams, probably from inscriptions in the church, commemorating the rebuilding and dedication of a church to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) by the 5th c. patrician Sphorakios, near his palace in Constantinople, after surviving a fire; a memorial portrait of Sphorakios is apparently dedicated in the same church. Recorded in the 10th c. Greek Anthology.
E00690The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, closes with the church and grave of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on the 'via Vaticana', north-west of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649. A description of the basilica, added in the later 8th c., lists many of the altars of saints within the church.
E00792Greek dedicatory inscription for a mosaic or a building offered in gratitude by a scholastikos Martyrios to an oratory of *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Ödemiş but probably from the area of ancient Hypaipa (western Asia Minor). Possibly the late 4th / 5th c.
E00927Inscribed horse brass with Greek invocations of *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Zechariah (probably the father of John the Baptist, S00597). Found in Ikonion (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor). Probably 7th c.
E00969Two Greek inscriptions (a summary of a letter of the emperor Anastasius, and a poem) concerning the promotion of a town (almost certainly Euchaita) to the status of a city (polis), with the help of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found near Amaseia and Euchaita (Helenopontus, northern Asia Minor). 515-518.
E01072Label of a tomb at Korykos, with a reference to a church probably of a saint *Theodore (perhaps the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), venerated as a holy physician. Found at Korykos/Corycus (Cilicia, south-east Asia Minor). Probably late 5th or 6th c.
E01146Papyrus from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt) with Greek and Coptic scribal exercises, mentioning an oratory of Abba *Theodore 'Stratelates' (general and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00136), written in the 8th century.

E01174Fragmentary Greek inscription labelling a church dedicated to the 'great martyr' *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found near Arabissos (Roman province of Armenia Secunda). Probably late antique.
E01253Greek invocation of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), engraved on a marble plaque probably from a pulpit, later reused in an altar. Found in the basilica in Kipos, the island of Milos (Aegean Islands). Probably 6th c. or later.
E01257A graffito in Greek, probably of the 7th/9th c., in the basilica of *Demetrios (martyr of Thessalonike, S00761) in Thessalonike (south Balkans/Greece), invokes *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Demetrios (martyr of Thessalonike, S00761), and *Theodore (martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E01326Amulets with depictions of holy riders. Probably Christian. Found at Amathous and Salamis/Constantia (Cyprus). Probably prior to the 7th c.
E01426Fragmentary Greek votive inscription, mentioning *Theodore 'Stratelates' (general and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00136). Found at Dülük Baba Tepesi near Ancient Doliche (northern Syria). Probably 8th c. or later.
E01635Fragmentary Greek inscription on a lintel with an invocation of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Androna (modern al-Andarin), to the east of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably 5th-7th c.
E01640Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to a saint *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Fa‘loūl near Apamea on the Orontes. Probably late antique.
E01747Gregory of Nyssa composes in the 380s his Encomion On *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) which he delivers during a yearly festival held at his tomb shrine, probably in Euchaita of Pontus (north Anatolia). He recounts the saint’s martyrdom. Written in Greek in Pontus.
E01748Gregory of Nyssa in his Encomium On *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), of the 380s, talks of the special grace of the remains of martyrs. He describes the saint’s shrine which included a painted representation of the martyr's death, and a coffin (thēkē) with relics, occasionally opened to grant closer contact. Pilgrims take dust from the surface of the reliquary. Written in Greek in Pontus (northern Asia Minor).
E01749Gregory of Nyssa in his Encomion On *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), of the 380s, invokes the protection of the saint for the local community against a barbarian invasion. He thanks him for repelling a past attack and urges him to invite other saints to his supplication on behalf of the area, especially the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), and *John (S00042). Written in Greek in Pontus (northern Asia Minor).
E01758Amulets from the collection of S. Ayvaz with Greek inscriptions invoking the Archangels: *Michael (S00181), *Gabriel (S00192), *Ouriel (S00770), and depictions showing *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and a holy rider. Found in Syria, various locations. Probably Roman impeiral, late antique, and/or middle Byzantine. Pagan and/or Christian.
E01770Bronze medallion with a depiction of an unspecified holy rider and inscription with Psalm 90/91. Reportedly found near Tyre (west Phoenicia). Probably late antique.
E01797Greek building inscriptions mentioning a saint *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023). Found at Kefr Antīn in north Syria, near Qalat Semaan, to the northwest of Beroia/Aleppo. Dated 523.
E01829Inscribed marble reliquaries from the 'Atrium church' in Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria), containing relics of *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385), of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), and of other 'various saints'. Probably 6th c.
E01834Greek building inscriptions for metata (transit camps) named after military saints: *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, 00480), *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). Found in various locations in north and central Syria. Dated: 468-477, 524/525, and 526.
E01875Greek inscription on a lintel, invoking God's help to protect a hostel (xeneon) of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Umm el-Khalakhil, to the east of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably 5th-7th c.
E01901Coptic Encomion on *Theodore 'Stratelates' (general and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00136) attributed to Anastasios of Euchaita and presented on his feast day, relating how his father was a Christian Egyptian, how he slew a dragon, and was eventually buried 'at the mountain of Shotep' in Upper Egypt; written sometime in the 6th-8th c.; preserved in a manuscript dated to 861.
E01919Coptic document written by the weight-masters of Hermopolis (Middle Egypt) mentioning an institution dedicated to *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from Hermopolis, dateable to the 7th/8th century.
E01920Coptic tax receipt produced by a presbyter and a deacon from a monastery (topos) of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), datable to the 7th/8th century.
E01922Coptic acknowledgement of a debt addressed to the monastery of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), datable to the 7th century.
E02012Greek building inscription for a church (naos) dedicated to *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Jizeh, midway between Bostra and Adraha (north Roman province of Arabia). Probably the 6th c.
E02036Floor-mosaic with a fragmentary Greek inscription commemorating the laying of the mosaic of 'Church 82' in Khirbet es-Samra to the southeast of Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia), probably dedicated to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Probably dated 633-634.
E02052The Greek Martyrdom of *Theodoros the Recruit (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), of the 4th c. or later, recounts the martyrdom by fire of the young soldier at Amaseia/Amasea of Pontus (northern Asia Minor); it also mentions *Kleonikos (martyr of Pontus, S01153) as a companion of Theodoros. Finally, it recounts the burial of the saint by Eusebia, and his festival on 8 June, 9 November, or 22 February (variant versions). Written in Pontus.
E02055The Greek Martyrdom of *Eutropios, Kleonikos, and *Basiliskos (martyrs of Pontus, S01152 and S00388), of the 5th c. or later, recounts the trial of three men at Amaseia after the martyrdom of *Theodoros the Recruit (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). The text mentions the death and burial sites of Eutropios and Kleonikos in villages around Amaseia, and miracles occurring there. Presumably written in Pontus (northern Asia Minor).
E02123Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), listing churches, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Viktor (presumably the Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749), *Neilos (presumably the ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Zechariah (presumably the father of John the Baptist, S00597), *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Kollouthos (physician and martyr of Antinoopolis, S00641), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Ioustos (presumably the soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), and *Phoibammon (presumably the soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable to the 6th century.
E02132Greek building inscription for a hostel (xeneon) named after *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Dionysias/modern Suweidā, to the north of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably late 5th or 6th c.
E02133Greek building inscription for a martyr shrine (martyrion) of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Sakkaia/Maximianopolis near Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Dated probably 596 or 611.
E02153Coptic land lease contract from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), addressed to the juridical body (dikaion) of a monastery of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from which the field is leased, datable to the 7th century.
E02162Coptic document of unknown Egyptian origin mentioning a presbyter of an institution dedicated to *Theodoros (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), datable to the 7th century.
E02342Greek inscriptions from the church/martyr shrine (martyrion) of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Gerasa/Jerash, commemorating the foundation of the building in 494, its completion in 496, and praising the universal glory of the saint, whose church superseded earlier pagan cult at the site.
E02355Greek work contract, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), concerning the employment of a rent collector for the Apion estate, who is a member of a confraternity (φιλοπονία) of *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), dated 614.
E02379Two Greek inscriptions (one in mosaic, one carved) from the 'church of bishop Genesios' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia). One of them is dated probably 611, the other addresses *Theodore (almost certainly the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E02395Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a martyr shrine (martyrion, clearly a chapel positioned near a basilica) of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480; or *Theodoros, a local martyr of Philadelphia/Amman, S01215) and *Kyrikos (probably the child martyr of Tarsus, S00007), and an altar with a reliquary socket. Found at Khirbat Yâjûz near Philadelphia/Amman (province of Arabia/Jordan). Probably 6th c., possibly 508/509.
E02424Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a chapel (termed panagios topos/'all-holy place') dedicated to a martyr Theodore (probably *Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480, or *Theodoros, martyr of Philadelphia/Amman in Jordan, S01215) in the so-called 'cathedral church' of Madaba (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Dated 562.
E02590Floor-mosaics with three Greek building inscriptions, invoking the God of Theodore (probably *Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480; or possibly *Theodoros, martyr of Amman in Arabia, S01215), and other martyrs whose names are lost. Found reportedly at Suf, to the north of Gerasa/Jerash, within the probable territory of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Dated 505.
E02617Two labelled capitals showing *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), and *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926), and unspecified *Archangels. Found at 'Aila near modern 'Aqaba, at the north end of the Gulf of 'Aqaba (Jordan/Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-7th c.
E02652Greek epitaph for the deaconess Theodora who sought refuge at 'a great martyr' (certainly *Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Çorum in the territory of Amaseia, close to Euchaita (Helenopontus, northeastern Asia Minor). Late antique.
E02810Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 1.9) of 590, to Petrus, sub-deacon and papal agent in Sicily, mentions the abbot of a monastery of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Palermo (Sicily). Written in Latin in Rome.
E02823Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register, 1.39) of 591, to Petrus, sub-deacon and papal agent in Sicily, orders that monks scattered by barbarian incursions should be brought together in a monastery of saint *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Messina (Sicily). Written in Latin in Rome.
E02899Lead seals of officials and ecclesiastics, decorated with images of saints, mainly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), including a seal of the Nea Church in Jerusalem, dedicated to Mary. All found at Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 6th-7th c.
E02920Greek graffito on a clay bowl, possibly marking its ownership by a church of a *Theodore (probably either the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480, or a martyr of Philadelphia/Amman, S01215). Found at Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I). Late antique.
E02966Greek inscriptions on a floor-mosaic, the altar base, and pulpit, commemorating the aid of saint *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in the construction of a church and the deposition (katathesis) of relics. Found at Khirbet Beit Sila, c. 10 km to the northwest of Jerusalem (Samaria, Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 6th c.
E03050The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 10 March *Theodoros (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E03146The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 9 May at the Church of the Apostles in Jerusalem the deposition of relics of the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Thomas (S00199) and *John (S00042), of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament Prophet, S00280), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), Claudian (unidentified figure), *Tryphon (possibly the martyr of Nikaia/Nicaea, S00439).
E03158The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 21 May *Theodoros (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E03170Floor-mosaic with a fragmentary Greek inscription possibly commemorating the embellishment of a church of *Theodore (if so, probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Abasan el-Kabir in the northwest Negev desert, midway between Gaza and Rafah (Roman province of Palaestina I). Reportedly dated 606.
E03183The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 2 June *Theodoros (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E03344The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 8 August the deposition of the relics of *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), and *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023).
E03390The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 2 October the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), *Thomas (S00199), *Philip (S00109), and *Andrew (S00288), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Zechariah (Old Testament prophet, S00283), *Mamas (martyr of Kaisareia/Caesarea in Cappadocia, S00436), *Theodore (soldier and martyr and Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Pantaleon (martyr of Nicomedia, S00596).
E03459The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 12 December *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), and the deposition of the relics of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017).
E03484Two floor-mosaics with Greek inscriptions in the ecclesiastical complex of Serğilla in Jabal Zawiya, near Apamea on the Orontes (Roman province of Syria II), suggesting the existence of a shrine of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Probably early 6th c.
E03534Coptic fragment of the Martyrdom of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), mentioning a mass martyrdom of 3407 bystanders and the incorruptibility of his body after martyrdom; written most likely in the 6th/7th century.
E03549Greek building inscription for a martyr shrine (martyrion), perhaps of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at 'Abud, c. 30 km to the northwest of Jerusalem (Samaria, Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably late 5th-7th c.
E03575Coptic fragments of the Martyrdom of *Theodore the Easterner (possibly the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) of unknown Egyptian provenance, relating his influence over the war between Rome and Persia, his torture and death, written most likely in the 6th/7th century.
E03650The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 20 February the deposition of the relics of the saints at the burial of *Rachel (wife of the Old Testament Patriarch Jacob, S00701), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00048),and *Paphnoutios (bishop and martyr of Jerusalem, S01509).
E03661Fragments from one or more ecclesiastical document(s) in Greek on papyrus, probably mentioning a church dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), likely to be the cathedral of Petra, and, probably, a monastic establishment named after a certain 'Theodoros'. Found in Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated c. 561.
E03662Fragmentary tax receipt written in Greek on papyrus, mentioning tax due to shrines of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Euchaita, S00480), and perhaps an *Archangel. Found in Petra, drafted in Petra or Kastron Zadakathon/Sadaqa (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated 565/575.
E03664Request for the transfer of taxation following the acquisition of a plot of land by the church, and probably monastery, of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Ammatha, near Petra. Written in Greek on papyrus. Found in Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated 559.
E03674The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Jerusalem, commemorates on 10 March *Theodore (soldier and martyr in Euchaita, S00480) and *Sophronios (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 638, S01384).
E03716The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 21 April *Alexandros (bishop and martyr of Jerusalem, S00149) and *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480).
E03788The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 2 July in Kariath-Jearim the feast of the Arc of the Covenant, also *Theodore (soldier and martyr in Amasea and Euchaita, S00480) or *Theodora (the Empress, ob. 548, S01608), *Paulos (martyr in Tanis, S00982), *Bilos (martyr in Tanis, S00983), *Teon (martyr in Tanis, S00984), *Iron (martyr in Tanis, S00985), and their companions, martyrs of Tanis, Egypt, also the Mother of God of Vlacherna, and, as an addition, Basil, the 9th c. bishop of Jerusalem.
E03826The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 8 August *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), possibly *Elianos (martyr of Aman, S00889) or Emilianos, a 9th c. confessor under Leo the Armenian, *Viktor and Stephanis/Corona (martyrs of Damascus, S01620) and Marinus (identity uncertain) and *Melchizedek (king and priest of the Old Testament, S01783).
E03874The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 September the deposition of the relics of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079), *Merkourios (soldier and martyr of Caesarea in Cappadocia, S01323), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), *Hesychios (priest and saint of Jerusalem, S00261), and Theophilos, 9th c. bishop of Ephesos.
E03956The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 12 December *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), the deposition of the relics of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Spyridon (bishop of Trimythous, Cyprus, ob. 348, S00790) and *Sabbas the Sanctified (founder of the Mar Saba Monastery in Palestine, ob. 532, S00910).
E04160Greek painted inscriptions (dipinti) from a hermit cell in the Ein Avdat ravine near Avdat/Oboda in the central Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), one of which invokes the help of *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04162Greek epitaph from the 'South Church' at Avdat/Oboda in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), recording a burial 'in the martyr shrine' (martyrion) of *Theodore' (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Dated 541.
E04163Greek inscriptions from the 'South Church' at Avdat/Oboda in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), invoking the God of *Theodore, and *Theodore himself (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). *Mary (the Mother of Christ, S00033) may also be mentioned in a scarcely legible passage. Probably second half of the 6th c.
E04164Painted Greek inscriptions (dipinti), one of them invoking the help of *Theodore (presumably the soldier martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), accompanied by rough paintings of two saints (probably Theodore, and possibly *George, soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Avdat/Oboda in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), in a rock-cut tomb, converted in Late Antiquity into a dwelling. Probably 6th/7th c.
E04192Eustratius of Constantinople in his tract On the State of Souls after Death, argues that miracles and visions are performed by the souls of the saints personally, responding to those who deny the posthumous activity of the soul and ascribe miracles to divine powers assuming the forms of the saints. He quotes from several hagiographic works. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 583/602.
E04214Coptic document from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), concerning the receipt of proceeds from land belonging to a confraternity dedicated to *Theodore (possibly soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and cultivated by a farmer who delivers the agreed amount of wheat for the confraternity; datable to the 8th c.
E04215Coptic document of unknown Egyptian provenance with an invocation to *Severos (bishop of Antioch, ob. 538, S00262), *Theodore 'Stratelates' (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00136 and S00480), and *Thekla (presumably the follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092, or the virgin and martyr of Assiut, S00777) to help a patient to obtain healing; datable to the 7th/8th century.
E04260Coptic agreement from Hermopolis/Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt) acknowledged by a presbyter, concerning the supervision of the clergy at the 'place' of *Kollouthos (physician and martyr, S00641) and the running of the 'place' in general, making a reference also to *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480); datable to the 6th/7th century.
E04266Coptic inventory of an institution dedicated to *Theodore (possibly the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), located at the Caesareum in Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), drawn up by a deacon presumably of that same institution; datable to the 7th/8th century.
E04280Greek epitaph for two men, father and son, described as life-long devoted servants of an unnamed martyr. Found at Elousa in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated 544/545.
E04339Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor-to-be Justinian (r. 527-565), during the reign of his uncle Justin I (r. 518-527) built, or rebuilt several shrines and churches devoted to martyrs and saints in the city and suburbs of Constantinople. He lists a shrine of *Platon (martyr of Ancyra, S00650), the church of *Mokios (martyr of Byzantion, S01265), the resting-place of *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), a temenos of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), a sanctuary of *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), and one of *Theodote (martyr of Nicaea, S00257). Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E04363Coptic document from Jeme (Upper Egypt) concerning the release from a debt which is turned into a donation, mentioning the monastery of Apa *Paulos, the anchorite, as well as institutions dedicated to *Kyrikos (child martyr of Tarsus, S00007), *Kosmas (probably the physician and martyr of Mesopotamia, S00385), and *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480); dated 13 September 698.
E04527Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription invoking the God of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita in Pontus, S00480) on behalf of a group of benefactors. Found at Khirbet Deiry/Nes Harim near Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably early 7th c.
E04535Long and complex, but poorly spelt, Greek text roughly inscribed on all the faces of a limestone slate, invoking the help of a number of saints: a saint *Klemens (probably *Clement of Alexandria, S02839), *Polykarpos (bishop and martyr of Smyrna, S00004), *Tryphon (martyr of Nikaia/Nicaea, S00439), *Kyprianos (probably the magician and martyr of Antioch, S01704), *Athanasios (probably the bishop of Alexandria, S00294), *Epiphanios (probably the bishop of Salamis, S00215), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Lythrodontas near ancient Tamassos, Cyprus. Probably 5th or 6th c.
E04562Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) either built, or renovated numerous fortresses in the diocese of Thrace (eastern Balkans), five of them named after saints. Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E04625The presbyter Chrysippus of Jerusalem composes the Encomium and Miracles of *Theodoros (soldier and martyr of Amasea and Euchaita, S00480), which he delivers during a festival in Jerusalem. He recounts the martyrdom of the saint, and twelve miracles which present Theodoros primarily as an avenger of theft; most of the stories take place at the saint's shrine in Pontus (northern Asia Minor), revealing aspects of its life; one miracle tells of a shrine to Theodoros in Constantinople. Written in Greek, probably in Jerusalem, 455/479.
E04690A Greek text, entitled the Life and Upbringing of *Theodoros the Recruit (soldier and martyr of Amasea and Euchaita, S00480), recounts the life of its hero before his martyrdom, and mentions a dispute between Amasea and Euchaita concerning the saint’s true place of burial. Written in Pontus (northern Asia Minor), probably in the 8th century or later.
E04953The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) recounts the foundation of the monastery of Holy Sion in the village of Pharroa in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor) and the miracles of Nikolaos, its first abbot. A number of shrines of different saints are mentioned in the narrative. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion. Overview entry
E04956The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions that the monastery of Holy Sion in Pharroa of Lycia possessed relics of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), *Theodoros (martyr of Euchaita, S00480), *Sergios and Bakchos (martyrs of Syria, S00030, S00079), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103), and describes the place of the relics of *Nikolaos (abbot of Holy Sion and bishop of Pinara, ob. 564) in the same church. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor).
E04957The Greek Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions fifteen shrines of various saints at villages in the territory of Myra in Lycia (south-west Asia Minor), and the celebration of public feasts with sacrifices of oxen at them, organised by Nikolaos, abbot of the monastery of Holy Sion. Written in the late 6th c., probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia.
E05283The Greek Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), by Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon, mentions several shrines and festivals of saints at Sykeon and other places in Anatolia, the Holy Land, and Constantinople. Written at Sykeon (central Asia Minor), in the 640s.
E05291Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon composes the Life of *Theodoros (ascetic and abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), recounting the life, ascetic feats, and miracles of its hero, and the foundation of the monastic centre of Sykeon in Galatia (central Asia Minor). The text mentions several shrines and festivals of saints in cities and villages of Asia Minor, and also in Constantinople and the Holy Land. Written in Greek at Sykeon, in the 640s. Overview entry
E05336John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow (180), recounts a story about Abba John the Anchorite who lived in a cave 20 miles from Jerusalem. John had an icon of *Mary (Mother of Christ; S00033) in his cave. He used to travel to visit martyr shrines, even very distant ones, including those of *John (the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) at Ephesus (western Asia Minor), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) at Euchaita (northern Asia Minor), *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092) at Seleucia (southern Asia Minor), and *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) at Rusafa/Sergiopolis (north-east Syria). Whenever Abba John was about to set off on a journey, he lit a lamp and prayed to Mary asking her to keep it from going out. When he returned from a journey, he always found the lamp alight. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05347The Greek Life of *David (dendrite and recluse in Thessalonike, S02012) recounts the story of a wonderworking ascetic who mediated between the city of Thessalonike (south Balkans/Greece) and the emperor Justinian. The text mentions a local monastery of *Theodoros (probably the martyr of Euchaita, S00480) and *Merkourios (martyr of Caesarea, S01323), and the site of martyrdom of *Theodoulos and Agathopous (martyrs of Thessalonike, S00995). Written at Thessalonike, in the early 8th c..
E05790Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the foundation and decoration of several churches and monasteria dedicated to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and *Paul (the Apostle, S00009) in Ravenna (northern Italy). He claims these events took place between 475 and 691. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05815Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the reconciliation to Orthodoxy by Bishop Agnellus (557-570) of several previously Arian churches, located in and around Ravenna (northern Italy). The new dedications are recorded as being to *Eusebius (bishop of Vercelli, ob. 371, S01219), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), all in Ravenna; to *Sergius (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) in Classe; and to *Zeno (bishop of Verona, ob. 371, S01558) in Caesarea. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05975Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a letter addressed to a presbyter mentioning the celebration and the canon of Apa *Shenetom/Senetom (S02241), as well as an institution dedicated to Apa *Theodore (possibly the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita , S00480), in which a judgement was to be made; datable to the 7th century.
E06263Sophronius of Jerusalem, in his Miracles of the Saints Cyrus and John (8), recounts how *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406) saved from shipwreck a certain Christodoros of Alexandria, and later, summoned by *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), also cure him of buboes. Written in Greek in Alexandria, 610/615.
E06352Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 5.4) of 594, to Victor, bishop of Palermo (Sicily), mentions monasteries dedicated to *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), both in Sicily. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06386Gregory the Great in a papal letter (Register 9.35) of 598, to Fantinus, a defensor of the papal patrimony in Sicily, instructs that property of a hostel (xenodochium) of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Palermo (Sicily) be transferred to a new xenodochium in the same city. Written in Latin in Rome.
E06677Cyril of Scythopolis composes the Life of *Sabas (‘the Sanctified’, monastic founder in Palestine, ob. 532, S00910), recounting his life as a miracle working ascetic and founder of numerous monasteries, adding a set of posthumous miracle stories, and including references to cults of several other saints. Written in Greek at the New Laura in Palestine, 555/557. Overview entry
E06887A list of subscriptions, preserved in a letter sent to Pope Agapetus I from eastern clerics protesting the appointment of Anthimus as the patriarch of Constantinople, documents foundations dedicated to saints in various places, including Syria. Written in Latin in Constantinople in 535/536.
E07508Fragmentary Latin inscription, commemorating some saints. Dougga (Africa Proconsularis, North Africa).
E07926Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, lists a number cities and their saints in Asia Minor.Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.
E07943Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, states that many people were killed in a church of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) in Constantinople in 512 during rioting over the religious policies of the emperor Anastasius. Written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534.
E07964The Paschal Chronicle records that the churches of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and *Aquilina (martyr of Byblos, Phoenicia, S01616) in Constantinople were destroyed during the Nikα Riot of 532. Written in Greek at Constantinople, c. 630.