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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Stephen, the First Martyr

Saint ID

S00030

Number in BH

BHL 7848-7895, BHG 1649-1649h

Reported Death Not Before

36

Reported Death Not After

40

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Other New Testament saints, Martyrs
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00037In his Life of the Fathers, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours writes how *Quintianus (bishop of Rodez and Clermont, ob. 525, S00028) was buried in the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Clermont (central Gaul) and how people were cured from quartan fever at Quintianus' tomb; AD 525/593. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 573/593.
E00079The Chronicle of Edessa, written in Syriac in the 6th c., records that *Rabbula (bishop of Edessa, ob. 435/6, S00784), built a church dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Edessa (Mesopotamia) after 411/2, on the orders of the emperor. Before that the building functioned as a synagogue.
E00108According to the Conversion of Georgia, written in Georgian in the 7th c., during the rule of King Archil in the early 5th c., Stepancminda, or the church of *Stephen (The First Martyr, S00030) was built on the banks of the Aragvi River.
E00112Terracotta moulds for the manufacture of lamps and flasks with Greek inscriptions naming *Onnophrios (Egyptian Anchorite, 4th c., S00055), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), from Elephantine, Upper Egypt. Probably 5th–7th c.
E00143Relics of *Andrew (the Apostle, $S00288), *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259), the *Thomas (the Apostle, $S00199), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) are brought to the region of Arcax.
E00165According to the Book of Miracles of St Stephen, written in Latin in Uzalis (North Africa) in the 420s, the arrival of relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) at Uzalis in c.418 is preceded by a vision in which a pious women is assured of their veracity.
E00253A funerary inscription in Carthage (North Africa), impossible to date precisely, mentions a martyr, most probably *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030).
E00307According to the Book of Miracles of St Stephen, written in Latin in Uzalis (North Africa) in the 420s, a woman suffering facial paralysis touches with her head the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in a church in Uzalis, c. 420.
E00330Lamp from Egypt with Greek inscription (6th–7th c.) referring to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), exact provenance unknown.
E00367The Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum) is composed in Latin by Gregory of Tours writing in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583/593. Overview.
E00459The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions his visit to the Basilica of Sion (Jerusalem), formerly the house of *James (almost certainly the 'brother of the Lord', S00058), in which he saw relics of the Passion, stones with which *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) was stoned, the stone into which the cross of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) was set, the chalice of the *Apostles (S00084), and the elaborately encased skull of the martyr *Theodota (possibly Theodote, martyr of Nicaea, S00257) from which he drank. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00468The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions the basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in Jerusalem, the tomb of the empress Eudocia close to that of the saint, and the tomb of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) at Diospolis, all in Palestine. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00490In his Glory of the Martyrs, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours recounts relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) housed in a shrine of the holy spring in Osset near Seville (Spain), frequented by the Arians. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583-593.
E00516In his Glory of the Martyrs, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours tells of an oratory of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in Tours, which after a refurbishment in 573/593 was provided with his relics. They were taken from a cupboard in the oratory of the bishop's residence in Tours, from a reliquary containing relics of several *unnamed saints (S00518). Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583-593.
E00517In his Glory of the Martyrs, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours tells of relics of blood of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in the altar of a church in Bourges (central Gaul), where a man falsely accusing others of perjury was punished in the late 560s or early 570s. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583-593.
E00518In his Glory of the Martyrs, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours tells of a woman, who in 577/585 experienced a vision of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and other *unnamed saints (S00518) in the crypt of a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), where relics of unspecified saints were housed. Relics left by Stephen were used to dedicate churches. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583-593.
E00675The Revelation of St Stephen of Loukian of Kfar Gamla, describing the discovery in 415 of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and his companions Nicodemus, Gamaliel and Abibas, is translated from Greek into Syriac during the second half of the 5th-first half of the 6th century.
E00720Inscription with prayer in Greek, from a church in Kasossos near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor). Refers to saints and other holy figures: *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), *Moses (Old Testament prophet and lawgiver, S00241), *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), other unnamed Apostles (S00084), unnamed Confessors (S00184), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a virgin *Eirene (possibly the martyr of Magedon, S02162). Probably late antique (6th/8th c.) or later.
E00741Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting festal payments expected from various churches and shrines, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Ioustos/Justus (soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Thekla (follower of Apostle Paul, S00092), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Neilos (ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), possibly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), and *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 5th c.
E00826Greek building inscription for a church founded to the glory of God, Jesus Christ and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), by Basilios, a bishop presumably of Mylasa (Caria, west Asia Minor). Found in a ruined church near Mylasa. Probably 5th or 6th c.
E00873Greek inscription commemorating the foundation of a church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) by a family apparently devoted to the saint. Found near Aizanoi (Phrygia, central Asia Minor).
E00911Greek dedicatory inscription mentioning *Stephen (the First Martyr, 00030). Found at Dorylaion (Phrygia, central Asia Minor). Probably late antique.
E00975Quodvultdeus of Carthage names several tombs of the Apostles and saints which guarantee the truthfulness of the doctrine of the Church. Account in the Book of Promises, written in Latin, probably in Carthage, in 434/439, with references to *James (probably the Apostle, $S00108), *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), *John (Apostle and Evangelist, $S00042), *Andrew (the Apostle, $S00288), *Peter (the Apostle, $S00036), and *Paul (the Apostle, $S00008).
E00983Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found near Amisos (Helenopontus, northeastern Asia Minor). 491-518.
E00985Quodvultdeus of Carthage tells a story of a possessed girl whom the bishop locked in a female monastery in Carthage, in which relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) were deposited, in 434. Account in the Book of Promises, written in Latin, probably during Quodvultdeus' exile in Italy in 440/454.
E01107Greek inscription with a spurious poem attributed to the empress Eudocia, in honour of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), praising him as the healer of afflictions of the left foot and knee. Found in Safranbolu (Theodoroupolis), Paphlagonia, northern Asia Minor. Long believed to have been carved in 439, but actually dating to the late 19th c.
E01109According to Augustine of Hippo, a blind woman in Aquae Tibilitanae (North Africa) is healed when she touches the flowers which had contact with the reliquary containing relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), transferred to this place by a bishop, in the early 420s. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01111According to Augustine of Hippo, relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), are deposited in Castellum Sinitense, close to Hippo Regius (North Africa). The local bishop is healed when he carries them in the procession, in the early 420s. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01116According to Augustine of Hippo, relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), are deposited in Calama (North Africa). A few men, from Calama and other places, are healed there and one man is converted. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01117According to Augustine of Hippo, relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), deposited on the estate of Audurus (North Africa), save a child driven over by a wagon. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa), c. 426/427.
E01118According to Augustine of Hippo, a tunic deposited at the memorial shrine (memoria) of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), on the estate of Audurus (North Africa), brings to life a virgin devoted to God. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01119According to Augustine of Hippo, the girl's dress deposited at the memorial shrine (memoria) of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in Hippo Regius (North Africa), brings back to life the daughter of a Syrian. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01120According to Augustine of Hippo, a dead boy in Hippo Regius (North Africa), anointed 'with oil of the martyr' *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), is brought back to life. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01125Augustine of Hippo claims that a number of miracles were wrought by the power of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in Hippo Regius, Uzalis, and Calama (all in North Africa), some of them being recorded in written accounts (libelli), and tells the story of a noble woman who miraculously learns to discard a talisman ring. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) c. 426/427.
E01135According to Augustine of Hippo, two siblings from Cappadocia are healed at the memorial shrine of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Hippo Regius (North Africa) at Easter c. 425. The account of this miracle is publicly read in the church. Account in Book 22 of the City of God, written in Latin in Hippo, c. 426/427.
E01172Ełišē's History of Vardan and the Armenian War, written in Armenian in the early 6th c., recounts the martyrdom of the holy priests.
E01203The Syriac Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus (449) quote words (presumably from a sermon) spoken by Domnus, bishop of Antioch (442-449), at the martyr shrine dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in the city of Antioch (Syria).
E01228The so-called cave of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), on the island of Tinos (the Aegean Islands) houses dozens graffiti and dipinti invoking God, Stephen, and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Probably 6th-13th c.
E01283A Georgian inscription attributed to an aristocrat called Kobul-Stepane on the Church of St Cross, Mcxeta dated to 595/605, asks for the intercession of *Stephen (the first-martyr $S00030) on Kobul-Stepane's behalf.
E01305The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, describes the construction of the churches of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and *Cornelius (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172) and some repairs made at the basilicas of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), all in Rome during the pontificate of Leo (bishop of Rome, S00423). It also mentions the Council of Chalcedon, held in the basilica of *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) and *Leo's burial at the basilica of St *Peter on 11 April 461.
E01307The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, names refurbishments in, and offerings for, several churches and oratories in Rome: dedicated to *John (Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *John the Baptist (S00020), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), all made by Hilarus, bishop of Rome (ob. 468).
E01313The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, names several churches, constructed in Rome by *Simplicius (bishop of Rome, S00729) and dedicated respectively to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and *Bibiana (martyr of Rome under the emperor Julian, S00728). It also mentions Simplicius' decisions concerning clergy in the churches of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), and *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), and Simplicius' burial at St Peter's basilica on 2 March 483.
E01396The early 5th c. Syriac Martyrology commemorates on 26 December the martyrdom of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E01431Fragmentary Greek dedicatory inscription, commemorating an offering to God and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably the construction of the building on which the inscription was displayed. Found at Constantina/Tella (north Mesopotamia/Osroene). Probably 5th-6th c.
E01629A short life of *Theodorus (bishop of Rome, 642-649, S00856), written in Latin in Rome, shortly after his death, as part of the Liber Pontificalis, mentions the transfer of the bodies of *Primus and Felicianus (martyrs of Rome, S00855) to the intramural church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), the building of a church of *Valentinus (priest and martyr of Rome, S00433), and oratories dedicated to *Sebastianus (martyr of Rome, S00400) and *Euplus (martyr of Catania, S00207). It also refers to a church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), the gate of St Paul (the Apostle 00008), and to Theodorus' burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 14 May.
E01651Floor-mosaic showing a church, labelled 'of Saint Stephen' (certainly the First Martyr, S00030). Found in a church at Kapropera/El Bāra in the territory of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably mid-6th c.
E01700A short life of *Conon (bishop of Rome, ob. 687, S00891), written in Latin in Rome, shortly after his death, as part of the Liber Pontificalis, mentions the gathering of the soldiers in the basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and records Conon's burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) on 21 September.
E01808In the 380s, Gregory of Nyssa composes his Encomium on *Basil (bishop of Caesarea, S00780), which he delivers during the saint’s festival on 1 January. Basil’s memory is added to a series of major feasts, namely Christmas, *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *James (S00108),*John (S00042), and *Paul (S00008). The author argues that Basil deserves to be honoured after these figures. He mentions miracles during Basil’s life. Written in Greek in Cappadocia (central Anatolia).
E01815Two Greek inscriptions on a boundary stone marking the area of asylum of a church dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found in Djuwaniyeh, between Antioch-on-the-Orontes and Beroia/Aleppo (north Syria). One of them is dated 544.
E01819Fragment probably of a bronze reliquary cross with a labelled depiction of probably *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found near Belen (Amanus Mountains, northwest Syria). 6th c. or later.
E01830In the 380s, Gregory of Nyssa delivers his Encomium on *Stephen the First Martyr I (S00030), during a service held on his feast day, probably at Nyssa in Cappadocia (Asia Minor). He analyzes the story as recounted by Acts. Written in Greek in Cappadocia.
E01831In 386, Gregory of Nyssa in his Second Encomium on *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), referring to the feasts of Stephen and the Apostles *Peter (S00036), *James (S00108), and *John (S00042), probably celebrated on 26 and 27 December. Composed in Greek in Cappadocia (Asia Minor).
E01851In his Letter 212, written in Latin c. 425, Augustine of Hippo recommends to an African bishop two women who carry relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E01902In 375-380, the Apostolic Constitutions recommend that martyrs be honoured, invoking the examples of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and *James ('brother of the Lord', S00058). It also condemns the veneration of false martyrs, and prohibits belching, debauchery, singing, and various pagan practices, perhaps associated with Christian feasts. Written in Greek, probably in Syria.
E01904In 362/3, Gregory of Nazianzus in his Oration 4 (Against Julian I) refers to the deaths of martyrs, naming the Apostles *John (S00042), *Peter (S00036), *Paul (S00008), and *James (S00108), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Luke (the Evangelist, S00442), *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), and *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092). He refers to the festivals held in their honour and the miracles performed by their bodily remains. Written in Greek at Nazianzus (Asia Minor).
E01939Inscribed element of a reliquary cross with labelled depictions of probably *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and possibly *Nicholas (bishop of Myra, ob. 343, S00520), and *Helena (empress and mother of Constantine, ob. 328, S00185). Reportedly seen in Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably 6th-7th c.
E01951Greek building inscription probably for a sanctuary of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found near Liftāya to the west of Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Dated 573.
E01981According to Victor of Vita, writing in Latin, probably in Carthage (North Africa) c. 484/489, a boy, baptized in Nicene Church resists an attempt of Arian re-baptism invoking the name of St Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030). Carthage c. 484 AD.
E01988Augustine of Hippo, in his Latin sermon mentions unspecified healing miracles, produced daily at the memorial shrine of a martyr, most probably *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Sermon 61A, preached in an unknown city in North Africa, in the 420s.
E01999According to her life, written either in Greek or in Latin, c. 450 AD, most probably in Jerusalem, *Melania the Younger ($S01134) founds a nunnery on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem and constructs an oratory there. She places the relics of *Zechariah (probably the father of John the Baptist, $S00283), *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste ($S00103) in the oratory, c. 417-418.
E02003According to her life, written either in Greek or in Latin, c. 450 AD, most probably in Jerusalem, *Melania the Younger ($S01134) organizes a martyrion of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) in the monastery on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. Shortly before her death, she keeps vigil in this place, 439 AD.
E02013In his Histories, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours mentions a church in Bourges (central Gaul), where relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), are deposited. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 575/594.
E02021In his Histories, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours describes the miraculous survival of an oratory in Metz (eastern Gaul) with relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), when the city is burnt by the Huns in 451. In a vision, Stephen is seen seeking the help of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), to save the whole city, or at least his oratory. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 575/594.
E02026In his Histories, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours tells of narrative frescoes in the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), constructed in the suburbs of Clermont (central Gaul) by the wife of Namatius, bishop of Clermont (c. 446-462 AD). Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 575/594.
E02043Hydatius in his Latin Chronicle records the discovery near Jerusalem in 415 of the body of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030); written probably in Chaves (northwest Iberian Peninsula), c. 468-469.
E02049Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the completion and paving of a church (naos) dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found at Riḥāb, between Bostra and Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia). Dated 620.
E02122Greek inscription on a lintel with the name of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found at Nāmr al-Hawā (to the south of Sheikh Meskin and to the north of Adraha, Roman province of Arabia). Probably late antique.
E02129Greek list, most likely from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting deacons and sub-deacons of churches and martyr shrines, including a martyrion of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), datable to the 5th century.
E02131Floor-moasic with a Greek inscription commemorating the paving of a church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a reliquary. Found at Umm er-Rasas/Kastron Mefaa, to the southeast of Madaba (Roman province of Arabia). Dated probably 718 or 785.
E02145In the early 5th c., Asterius of Amasea delivers his Homily XII, On *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), which he delivers on the saint’s festival on 26 December. The sermon contains a contemplation on the story and martyrdom of Stephen. Written in Greek at Amaseia/Amasea of Pontus (north Anatolia).
E02185In his Histories, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours mentions the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) outside Marseille (southern Gaul); AD 581. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 581/594.
E02203Early 5th-century calendar of the Church of Carthage (Latin North Africa) lists saints whose liturgical commemortions were celebrated in December.
E02294Augustine of Hippo preaches in Latin a sermon on the feast of *Marianus and Iacobus (martyrs of Numidia, S01132); he compares the mother of Marianus to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and encourages his audience to imitate the martyrs. Sermon 284, preached probably either in AD 397 or 418 in Carthage (North Africa).
E02325The Georgian version of the Martyrdom of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) and the discovery of his relics.
E02344Avitus, a presbyter of Braga, writes from Jerusalem or should it be from the Holy Land - i.e. do we know, Marta, exactly where he was? a letter in Latin to Bishop Balconius and the clergy of Braga (Iberian peninsula), to accompany relics from the body of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), recently discovered in Caphargamala, Palestine. To the letter Avitus also attaches his translation of Lucianus of Caphargamala's account of the discovery of the body ($E000000) I think we can remove this for now; but will need to remember to add it when the account is covered; 415/416.
E02397In his Histories, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours recounts how Gregory the Great, the pope, ordered the Roman community to go in procession from several churches in Rome: of *Cosmas/Kosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), *Petrus and Marcellinus (martyrs of Rome, S00577), *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome, S00384), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Clement, (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00111). They met together at the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); AD 590. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 590/594.
E02467Coptic letter, from Ape (Upper Egypt), mentioning a church of Apa *Stephanos (presumably Stephen the First Martyr, S00030), datable to the 7th/8th century.
E02493The Martyrdom of *Euticius (priest and martyr of Ferento, S01228) is written in Latin at an uncertain date, perhaps in the 9th c. It narrates Euticius’ celebration of liturgy at the tomb of the martyrs *Gratilianus and Felicissima (martyrs of Faleri, S01477), his arrest, tortures endured, death, and his burial by the bishop Dionysius in a crypt fifteen miles outside Ferento, where later, according to an appendix, a church with a miraculous spring is built.
E02566Greek graffito on a roof tile, with an invocation of *Paulos (probably the Apostle, S00008, but perhaps another saintly Paulos) and *Germanos (possibly the martyr of Caesarea in Palestine, S00195) on behalf of the circus faction of the Blues; a fragmentary dedicatory inscription to a saint whose name is lost; and a reliquary. All found in the so-called 'Church of St. Paul' at Umm er-Rasas/Kastron Mefaa, to the southeast of Madaba (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Probably late 6th or 7th c.
E02567In 386/397, John Chrysostom delivers his homily On the Holy Martyrs during a festival at Antioch, held on 2 August, after the feast of the *Maccabean Martyrs (pre-Christian Jewish martyrs of Antioch, S00303). The celebration concerns unnamed martyrs of a village near Antioch. The author refers to the power of relics, which is not diminished by their partition. Written in Greek at Antioch on the Orontes (Syria).
E02690In his Glory of the Confessors, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours recounts the cemetery near the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) in Autun (central Gaul). Saints (unnamed, $S00518) buried there appeared to many people. Once two men were the witnesses of the chanting performed by thse saints in the church of Stephen. They were ordered to depart and leave their homes, otherwise they would die. One of them followed the instructions, but the other stayed there and died. C. AD 415/594. Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 587-588.
E02707Fragmentary Greek inscription with the heading of an imperial letter from Justinian, probably concerning the boundaries of asylum of a sanctuary of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Jerusalem, presumably the Eudocian church and monastery to the north of the north city gate. Found in Jerusalem (Roman Palaestina I). Probably c. 533.
E02708Fragmentary Greek inscription with a list of relics probably deposited by the empress Eudocia at the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Jerusalem, to the north of the north city gate. Found in Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Possibly 460.
E02836The 4th/5th-century Greek Martyrdom of *Polyeuktos (soldier and martyr of Melitene, S00325) recounts the story of two soldiers and friends, the Christian Nearchos and the pagan Polyeuktos. The latter becomes a martyr. Probably written in Melitene, with a later appendix.
E02837The appendix to the 4th/5th-century Greek Martyrdom of *Polyeuktos of Melitene (soldier and martyr of Melitene, S00325) mentions the transfer of a blood relic from Melitene to the city of Kana (in Lycaonia or Egypt?). It requires the annual celebration of the saint’s feast and the reading of his martyrdom account. It mentions feasts on 9 January and 25 December. Probably written in Egypt.
E02907The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from the Holy Land, commemorates on 14 January, in the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Nino (Enlightener of Georgia, S00072) and *Hermylos and Stratonikos (martyrs of Singidunum, S01814).
E02945The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem prescribes service in the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) on 14 January.
E02953The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 22 January, at the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *All Martyrs (S01151) from Stephen to the present.
E02967Lid of a limestone reliquary, covered by four Greek inscriptions referring to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), a certain *John (probably the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), and the *Apostles, all of them with unnamed companions (?). Unknown provenance (possibly Syria), now in the Benaki Museum (Athens). Probably 5th-6th c.
E02982Peter Chrysologus, bishop of Ravenna (attested 448/449, died before 458), preaches a Latin sermon in Ravenna, for the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03196The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 15 June the deposition of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03208The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates at the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) on 27 June the deposition of the relics *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs in Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710).
E03211The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 30 June *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), THESE SAINTS REQUIRE PROPER IDENTIFICATION
E03265The Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem, composed in Greek in the seventh century and translated in the eighth, commemorates on 5 July the deposition of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03278The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 18 July commemorates *Rachel (wife of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob, S00701) at her tomb on the road to Bethlehem, the deposition of the relics of Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), John the Baptist (S00020), Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), *Phokas (martyr of Antioch, S00413), *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710).
E03285The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 25 July the deposition of of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and *John the Baptist (S00020).
E03379The Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem, composed in Greek in the seventh century and translated in the eighth, commemorates on 10 September at the church of Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) ??????
E03471The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 27 December *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03499Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in which he explains why the Church celebrates only days of martyrs' death. Sermon 314, preached at an unknown date between 397 and 430, probably in Hippo.
E03555Three Greek inscriptions from Khirbet el-Jiljil and Beit Jimal (close to Eleutheropolis, Roman province of Palaestina I) once implausibly identified as referring to a shrine built at the site of the tomb of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) at Caphar Gamala, but actually connected to a wine press and a regular dining room. Probably 5th-6th c.
E03556Floor-mosaics with Greek inscriptions invoking the intercession of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and referring to a saint whose name is lost. Found at Yishub/Khirbet Kafr Sibb near Baḥan, c. 5 km to the north of modern Tulkarm (Samaria, Roman province of Palestina I). Probably 6th c.
E03562Floor-mosaics with inscriptions invoking *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and the God of St. Stephen, and mentioning a bishop involved in the embellishment of places of saintly cult. Found at Ḥorvat Be’er-Shema/Khirbet el-Far (probably ancient Birsama/Bersamon) in the northwestern Negev, between Gaza and Elousa, close to Beersheva; Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably late 5th - early 6th c.
E03587Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably at his feast. He emphasises that the story of Stephen is well known from the canonical text which is read at his feast, whereas at the feasts of other martyrs relevant texts are often inaccessible. Sermon 315, preached probably in 416 or 417 in Hippo.
E03592Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534, records the discovery of the body of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) by the priest Lucianus in 415.
E03593Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534, describes how the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) were brought to the West by the presbyter and historian Orosius.
E03597Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon at the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), referring to miracles which occur at his relics. Sermon 316, preached between AD 425 and 430, probably in Hippo.
E03601Marcellinus Comes, in his Chronicle, written in Latin in Constantinople, 518/534, reports that relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) were brought to Constantinople from Jerusalem by the empress Eudocia and placed in the church of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, $S00037) in 439.
E03605Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon either at the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) or at the translation of his relics to Hippo (North Africa). He claims that the body of Stephen is deposited in many places, refers to dust (pulvis) which attracts people to the church in which he is preaching, and expresses his belief that the miracles will occur in this place. Sermon 317, preached between AD 425 and 430, most probably in Hippo.
E03606Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon at the deposition of relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Hippo. He recalls the discovery and distribution of these relics and refers to the finding of the relics of *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313) in Milan (North Italy), which took place when he was living there. Sermon 318, preached c. AD 425 in Hippo (North Africa).
E03610Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon, probably at a feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). He reminds to his audience the discovery Stephen's relics, emphasises that his miracles are performed by God's power, and refers to written testimonies (libelli) of those who were cured. Sermon 319, preached c. AD 425 in Hippo.
E03631Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on Easter Sunday, referring to a man who has has just been healed by the agency of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and whose sight is better than a written testimony (libellus). Sermon 320, preached c. AD 426 in Hippo Regius (North Africa).
E03632Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on Easter Monday, promising that a written account (libellus) of a man healed by the agency of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) will be read next day. Sermon 321, preached c. AD 426 in Hippo (North Africa).
E03660A written account of a man healed at the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Hippo is read in this city during the mass on Easter Tuesday in the the presence of Bishop Augustine. The account presents a story of siblings looking for healing in diverse holy places, including memorial shrines of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) in Ravenna, of Stephen in Ancona (both Italy). The account, written in Latin is preserved as Augustine's Sermon 322, delivered c. 426 in Hippo (North Africa).
E03771The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 June the invention of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, $S00239), Sergios, a 9th c. patriarch of Jerusalem, *Varos (soldier and martyr in Egypt under Galerius, $S01212), and Eudokia, wife of Theodosius II.
E03791The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 5 July *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Dometios (monk and martyr of Syria under Julian, S00414), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Martha (mother of Symeon Stylites the Younger, ob. late 6th c., S00864).
E03804The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 18 July *Rachel (wife of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob, S00701), the deposition of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), *Phokas (martyr in Antioch, S00413), *Athanasios (martyr in Klysma under Diocletian and Maximian, S01216), *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079), and *Dioskoros (probably Decian martyr of Egypt, S00230).
E03820The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 2 August probably *Quintilianus and Dadas (martyrs of Durostorum, S00551), and *Seven Sleepers of Ephesus (brothers who fell asleep during the persecution of Decius, S00287) and the invention of the relics of *Stephen (the First-Martyr, S00030).
E03851Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on Easter Tuesday, after the reading of a written account (libellus) of a man healed by the agency of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). The sermon is interrupted by another miraculous healing. Sermon 323, preached c. AD 426 in Hippo Regius (North Africa).
E03868The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 17 September *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017) and *Epiphanios (bishop of Salamis, ob. 403, S00215) or *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03971The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 27 December *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030).
E03999Augustine of Hippo delivers a Latin sermon on Easter Wednesday, in which he finishes a story about a boy brought back to life at the shrine of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Uzalis (North Africa). Sermon 324, preached c. AD 426 in Hippo (North Africa).
E04056In 439/450, Sozomen in his Ecclesiastical History, mentions that the Novatian bishop of Constantinople Sisinnios (c. 390-410) dedicated a church to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). He had a vision (probably of Stephen) revealing to him the martyrdom of the young reader *Eutropios (S01176), a supporter of John Chrysostom, who died after severe torture in 405. Written in Greek at Constantinople.
E04059In 439/450, Sozomen in his Ecclesiastical History recounts the discovery of the relics of *Zechariah (Old Testament Prophet S00283) and *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030) under Theodosius II (r. 408-450). Written in Greek at Constantinople.
E04144Coptic account from Edfu/Apollonopolis (Upper Egypt) concerning the delivery of measures of vegetables, mentioning institutions dedicated to *Kyriakos (presumably the child martyr of Tarsus, S00007) and Stephen (possibly the First Martyr, S00030) receiving a delivery/donation; datable to the second half of the 7th century.
E04155Greek inscription on the top of a capital, saying that it was ordered by a church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) 'of Monaeis'. Found at Horvat Ma'on/Khirbet Ma'in in the northwest Negev desert, near Gaza, Beersheva, and Elousa (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 5th-6th c.
E04156Fragmentary Greek inscription commemorating the completion of a 'place' (topos) of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a 'place' (topos) of *Abraham (probably the Old Testament patriarch, S00275). Found at Beersheva in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 5th-6th c.
E04157Greek inscription with an invocation of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably from a church dedicated to the saint. Found at Beersheva in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). One of its fragments was displaced and found in Jerusalem, and, therefore, incorrectly ascribed to that city in early editions. Probably 5th-6th c.
E04169Greek inscription on a capital, invoking the help of the God of the martyr *Stephen (certainly the First Martyr, S00030). Found at Shivta (ancient Sobata) in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th c.
E04192In 583/602, Eustratius of Constantinople in his tract On the State of Souls after Death, written in Greek, argues that miracles and visions are performed by the souls of the saints personally, responding to those who deny the posthumous activity of the soul and ascribe miracles to divine powers assuming the forms of the saints. He quotes from several hagiographic works. Written in Greek at Constantinople.
E04217Coptic document from Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) with a declaration made by a newly ordained deacon addressing bishop Abraham of Hermonthis, mentioning a presbyter of (a church of) Apa *Stephanos (possibly the First Martyr, S00030); datable around 600.
E04280Greek epitaph for two men, father and son, described as life-long devoted servants of an unnamed martyr. Found at Elousa in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated 544/545.
E04333Greek inscriptions and graffiti found in the entrance hall at the North Church at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), invoking *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), the God of Stephen and Sergios, and the God of unnamed martyrs. It is possible, but very unlikely, that *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079) was invoked together with Sergios in one of the texts. Probably 5th-7th c.
E04336Greek inscriptions and graffiti found in the martyr shrine at the North Church at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III): the epitaph for a presbyter naming his place of burial a martyr shrine (martyrion); an invocation, probably of the God of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030); and two inscriptions/graffiti in cursive script, of uncertain purpose, naming various saints. One of them is dated 464. Others: probably 5th-7th c.
E04342Greek inscriptions/graffiti invoking the help of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found in Room 8 at the North Church of Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). One of them is dated 586.
E04343Greek inscriptions/graffiti invoking the God of *All Saints, the intercession of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably the *Forty Martyrs (of Sebasteia, S00103, or of the Sinai Desert, S01620), and saints whose names are lost. Found in Room 7 at the North Church at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 5th-7th c.
E04345Fragmentary Greek inscriptions/graffiti invoking *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00292), the God of the two saints, *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and saints whose names are lost (possibly *Viktor, martyr of Egypt, S00749; or Viktor, martyr of Maiuma near Gaza, S00292). Scattered over unrecorded locations around the North Church at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04352Fragmentary Greek graffiti invoking the God of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably *Sergios (soldier and martyr in Rusafa, S00023), and saints whose names are lost. Scattered over unrecorded locations at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04431Gregory the Great, writing in Latin in c.593 in Rome, describes a miracle effected by *Constantius (S01711), a 6th c. sacristan of the church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) near Ancona, northern Italy, and how his fame attracted people who travelled to see him; account in Dialogues 1.5
E04493In 593/594, Evagrius Scholasticus in his Ecclesiastical History reports that the empress Eudocia built a magnificent church for *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) outside the walls of Jerusalem, where she was buried in 460. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria).
E04530In his On Buildings, written in Greek in the 550s, Procopius of Caesarea reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) built or renovated numerous forts in the western Balkans, five of them named after saints.
E04536In his Sermon 356, preached in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) in AD 426, Augustine, the bishop of this city, mentions a memorial shrine (memoria) of an unnamed martyr, almost certainly Stephen (the First Martyr 00030), built and paid by the local deacon Heraclius; and the basilica of the Eight Martyrs (of Hippo, S01441), paid with the money of the congregation and built by the priest Leporius.
E04537In his Sermon 375B, preached in Latin in Hippo (North Africa) on Easter of an unknown year between 397 and 430, Augustine, the bishop of this city, refers for the sake of theological argument to the martyrs, and mentions *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) and Phokas, either *Phokas, martyr of Sinope (S00052) or *Phokas, martyr of Antioch (S00413).
E04551Augustine of Hippo preaches in Latin on an occasion connected with a martyr, most probably *Stephen (the First Martyr S00030), and mentions a written account (libellus) of his miracles. Sermon 94, preached in Hippo, possibly c. AD 425.
E04578The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 2 January.
E04905The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 2 August.
E04906The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 3 August.
E04931The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 26 August.
E04932The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 27 August.
E04933The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 28 August.
E04956The late 6th-century Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions that the monastery of Holy Sion in Pharroa of Lycia possessed relics of *John (probably the Baptist, S00020), *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), *Theodoros (martyr of Euchaita, S00480), *Sergios and Bakchos (martyrs of Syria, S00030, S00079), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103), and describes the place of the relics of *Nikolaos (abbot of Holy Sion and bishop of Pinara, ob. 564) in the same church. Written in Greek, probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia (south Anatolia).
E04973The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 1 October.
E05040The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 3 December.
E05065The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum records the feasts of a number of saints on 26 December.
E05172Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c., with prayers used on the feasts of saints in December: *Leocadia (virgin and confessor of Toledo, $S01367), *Eulalia (virgin and martyr of Mérida, $S00407), *Mary, Mother of Christ ($S00033), *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, $S00401), *John the Apostle and Evangelist ($S00042), *Columba (virgin and martyr of Sens, $01862).
E05175The Armenian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem, presumably compiled between 415 and 439, commemorates on 9 March at the martyrium of *Stephen (the first-martyr, $S00030) *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste ($S00103).
E05189The Armenian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem, presumably compiled between 415 and 439, commemorates on 27 December *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030).
E05194Latin inscription with a poem commemorating the construction of the basilica of *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030), the church of Santo Stefano on the via Latina, Rome, as the dying wish of Amnia Demetrias, Roman aristocrat and consecrated virgin. The work was entrusted to, and completed by, Pope Leo I, and overseen by the presbyter Tigrinus. 440/461.
E05213Fragmentary Latin epitaph partly composed as a poem, partly as prose, recording the burial of a certain Maurianus, of spectabilis rank, in the church of Santo Stefano/basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) on the via Latina, Rome, as a 'lawful prize to his merits'. The inscription also probably encourages the reader to praise Stephen as the saint who 'receives us all'. Dated 530-533.
E05283In the 640s, the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619) by Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon, mentions several shrines and festivals of saints at Sykeon and other places in Anatolia, the Holy Land, and Constantinople. Written in Greek at Sykeon (central Anatolia).
E05291In the 640s, Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon composes the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), recounting the life, ascetic feats, and miracles of its hero, and the foundation of the monastic centre of Sykeon in Galatia (central Anatolia). The text mentions several shrines and festivals of saints in cities and villages of Anatolia, and also in Constantinople and the Holy Land. Written in Greek at Sykeon.
E05292Mosaic on the triumphal arch of the church of San Lorenzo fuori le mura on the via Tiburtina, Rome, with Christ flanked by the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), who are in turn flanked by *Laurence/Laurentius (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037), presenting to Christ Pope Pelagius II holding a model of the basilica, and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) presenting *Hippolytus (martyr of Rome, S00509). 579/590.
E05360Latin inscription, now lost, with a poem ascribed to Alcuin of York, describing a picture of the martyrdom of *Laurence/Laurentius (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037) and *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably displayed in the Pelagian basilica of Laurence on the ager Veranus, via Tiburtina, Rome. 8th c.
E05368The late 7th c. Syriac Menologium commemorates on 27 December *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030).
E05403In 415/439, Proclus of Constantinople composes a homily On *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), probably echoing the transfer of his relics to Constantinople under the influence of the empress Pulcheria. Written in Greek at Constantinople.
E05453In the 420s or 430s, Proclus of Constantinople composes his Sermon 17, On *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), which he preaches during a festival in Constantinople. Written in Greek, in Constantinople.
E05492Leo the Great composes a Latin sermon (Sermon 85) in Rome in 446/461 in honour of the feast day of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037).
E05555Eleven books of Poems are written in Latin by Venantius Fortunatus in northern Gaul, AD 565/600; many of them with reference to saints. Overview entry.
E05564In his poem On a church of the Lord Stephen, written in Latin, Venantius Fortunatus tells how Palladius built a church of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), perhaps in Saintes (western Gaul). Poem 1.3, perhaps written in Gaul, AD 545/576.
E05622Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 19 September in Naples (southern Italy) of *Ianuarius/ Genuarius (bishop of Benevento and martyr of Naples, S01322); *Sossius (deacon and martyr of Misenum, S00621); *Festus and Desiderius (martyrs of Benevento, S02085); and *Proculus, Eutyches and Acutius (martyrs of Pozzuoli, S02086), of whom the last three were buried near a church dedicated to *Stephen (presumably the first martyr, S00030). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05656Desiderius of Cahors, in a letter written in Latin in Gaul in the mid 7th century, requests the favour of the courtier Chlodulf for his cathedral at Cahors, dedicated to *Stephen, the First Martyr (S00030).
E05667Desiderius of Cahors, in a letter written in Latin in Gaul in the mid 7th century, requests the favour of Abbo, bishop of Metz, for his cathedral at Cahors, dedicated to *Stephen, the First Martyr (S00030).
E05735In the 560s, John Malalas in his Chronographia, in his account of events in Antioch in the early sixth century, mentions the local shrines of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), unnamed *Prophets (S00139), *Zachariah (probably the father of John the Baptist, S00597, or the Old Testament Prophet, S00283), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers and physician martyrs, S00385), as well as a Gate of *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305). Written in Greek at Antioch or Constantinople.
E05784Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, written in Latin, refers to the foundation of a church dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Rimini (northern Italy); Agnellus claims this event took place in the first half of the 5th c. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05812Agnellus of Ravenna, in his Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis, quotes 6th c. Latin inscriptions from a church dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Ravenna (northern Italy); Agnellus claims the church was founded in 546/557. Account written in Ravenna in 830/846.
E05862The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in December. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E05891In 415/438, Hesychius of Jerusalem composes his Homily 9, On *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), which he preaches during the saint’s celebration, probably held at the diaconikon of Holy Sion in Jerusalem on 27 December. Written in Greek at Jerusalem.
E05912Will of Desiderius, bishop of Auxerre (ob. between 614 and 627), including donations to churches and monasteries in and around Auxerre, Sens, Cahors, and Toulouse dedicated to 16 named saints or pairs of saints. Written in Latin at Auxerre (northern Gaul) between 605 and 627.
E05965Will of Desiderius, bishop of Cahors (ob. c. 655), leaving property to churches or monasteries in Cahors dedicated to fourteen named saints or pairs of saints. Will written in Latin at Cahors (south-west Gaul), c. 630-c. 655; the will survives by being quoted in the later Life of Desiderius.
E05994Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with an funerary inscription, mentioning the monastery of Apa *Stephen (presumably Stephen, the First Martyr, S00030) at the city of Ape (Upper Egpyt); datable to the 7th/8th century.
E06000The Georgian Iadgari, a liturgical supplement to the Lectionary of Jerusalem, composed and developed between the 5th and the 8th centuries, on 27 December prescribes hymns for the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030).
E06033Fragmentary Latin epitaph for a nun from a monastery of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030); found at the mausoleum of Santa Costanza, cemetery of Sant'Agnese, via Nomentana, Rome. Probably late 6th c. or later.
E06039Anonymous Latin sermon on the discovery of the relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), including passages in which the preacher attacks those who say there is no biblical authority for venerating martyrs. Probably composed in Gaul in the 5th or 6th century.
E06051Anonymous Latin sermon on *Stephen (the first martyr, $S00030). Probably written in Gaul in the 5th c. Part of the collection of Gallic sermons known as 'Eusebius Gallicanus'.
E06063Gennadius of Marseille, in his De viris illustribus ('On distinguished men'), written in Latin at Marseille (southern Gaul) c. 468, describes how Lucian, the discoverer of the relics of *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030), wrote an account of his discovery, which was translated into Latin by the presbyter Avitus, and circulated in the West by Orosius, who was also the first to bring relics of Stephen to the West.
E06080Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to a basilica at Mount Zion, Jerusalem, where one could see the rock on which *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) died. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06095The will of Bertram/Bertrand, bishop of Le Mans (ob. 623), establishes as the bishop's heirs two churches at Le Mans (north-west Gaul), one dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, $S00033), the other to the Apostles *Peter and *Paul ($S00036 and $S00008); and makes provisions concerning numerous properties across Gaul, including churches associated with various saints, mostly in or around Le Mans. Written in Latin at Le Mans, 27 March 616.
E06113Greek receipt from Arsinoiton Polis (Fayum) concerning straw, mentioning a church of *Stephen (presumably the First Martyr, S00030) where one of the witnesses is a priest; datable to the 7th century.
E06127Greek list of unknown Egyptian provenance recording donations in meat made for saints' feast days, among them *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), Apa *Viktor (presumably the son of Romanos), and Apa *Phoibammon (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00080); datable to the 5th century.
E06199Greek receipt of unknown Egyptian provenance, mentioning an institution dedicated to *Stephen (possibly the First Martyr, $S00030); datable to the 5th/6th century.
E06207Greek list from the Arsinoites (Fayum) presenting payments and churches, dedicated to *Theodore (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, $S00480), *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, $S00259), *Stephen (presumably the First Martyr, $S00030), *Joseph (possibly the Old Testament patriarch, $S00277), an *Apostle ($S00084), *Michael, the Archangel ($S00181), *Peter (possibly the Apostle, $S00036), *Dorotheos (possibly the Arian bishop of Antioch and Constantinople, ob. c. 407, $S00717), and the *Three Martyrs (possibly the Three Hebrew Youths of the Old Testament Book of Daniel, $S01198); datable to the 7th century.
E06246Twelve (probably substantially authentic) episcopal charters from seventh-century Gaul grant special rights of exemption to monasteries variously dedicated to the *Apostles Peter ($S00036) and *Paul ($S00008); *Dionysius (bishop and martyr of Paris, $S00349) and his companions Eleutherius and Rusticus; *Mary (mother of Christ, $S00033); *Genovefa (ascetic of Paris, ob. 502/12, $S01156); *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030); and other *unnamed saints ($S00518) [and more?]. Written in Latin in Gaul, 636-75.
E06262The Homily (memrā) on the Church of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) is written in Syriac during the early 6th c. by Jacob of Serugh (c. 451-521). Laments the despoliation of the church dedicated to Stephen in Amida (northern Mesopotamia) and its conversion into a fire temple by the Persians, after the takeover of the city by the troops of Kavadh I in the year 503.
E06283The Life of *Caesarius (bishop of Arles, ob. 542, $S00491), records in two books the bishop's life, miracles (several through objects that had been in contact with the saint) I think this is something of a feature of Caesarius - but do excise, if you think it is quite normal/banal for a saint, and death. Several churches and feasts in Arles are mentioned. These I have then put in bold in the text, so they can easily be found - a useful technique Efthymis devised for cases like this. Written in Latin by five clerics of the ecclesiastical province of Arles (southern Gaul), 542/5.
E06330A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 2.6), written in Latin in Rome in 591 to Felix, bishop of Messina, refers to the foundation of a basilica dedicated to *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Pancratius (bishop and martyr of Taormina, S00307) and *Euplus (martyr of Catania, S00207), in Messina (Sicily), and to the provision of relics for it.
E06369A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 6.45), written in Latin in Rome in 596 to Leontius, bishop of Rimini, instructs him to dedicate a restored church of *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030) in Rimini (northern Italy), and to properly locate its relics within it.
E06379A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 8.17), written in Latin in Rome in 598 to Marinianus, bishop of Ravenna, seeks to regulate the affairs of a monastery dedicated to *John (probably the Baptist, S00020) and *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030) in Classe, port of Ravenna (northern Italy).
E06381A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 8.23), written in Latin in Rome in 598 to the defensor Fantinus, mentions a monastery dedicated to *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030) in Agrigento, Sicily.
E06443A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 14.14), written in Latin in Rome in 604 to Felix, sub-deacon and governor of the Appian patrimony, details lands which will be used to support the lighting of the church of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), San Paolo fuori le mura; in detailing the locations of these lands, monasteries of *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030) and 'of saint *Aristus' (possibly Hedistus, martyr of Laurentum, S01229), both close to San Paolo, are mentioned.
E06449A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 13.2), written in Latin in Rome in 603, provides a guide for a liturgical procession through Rome, referring to foundations dedicated to several saints.
E06468In 555/557, Cyril of Scythopolis composes the Life of *Euthymios (monastic founder in Palestine, οβ. 472, S01352), recounting his life as a miracle working ascetic, adding a set of posthumous miracle stories, and including references to cults of several other saints. Written in Greek at the New Laura in Palestine. Overview entry
E06592The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or 'Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae'), probably compiled around 750 near Paris, records prayers to saints on their feast days in December.
E06677Cyril of Scythopolis, writing in Greek, composes the Life of *Sabas (‘the Sanctified’, monastic founder in Palestine, ob. 532, $S00910), recounting his life as a miracle working ascetic and founder of numerous monasteries, adding a set of posthumous miracle stories, and including references to cults of several other saints. Written in 555/557 at the New Laura in Palestine. Overview entry
E06798The Greek Martyrdom of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Skeleton entry
E06850Hymn in honour of *Stephen the First Martyr (S00030) composed in Latin in Spain possibly in the 7th century.
E06887List of subscriptions preserved in a letter sent to Pope Agapetus I from eastern clerics protesting the appointment of Anthimus as the patriarch of Constantinople. It contains evidence of foundations dedicated to saints in various places, including Syria. Written in Latin in Constantinople in 535/536.
E06932The will of Caesarius, bishop of Arles (southern Gaul), makes provisions for ecclesiastical foundations dedicated to *John (the Baptist, S00020), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) at Arles. Written in Latin at Arles, c. 512/42.
E06933The Book of the Angel outlines the privileges of the church at Armagh (north-east Ireland) associated with *Patrick (missionary and bishop of Ireland, 5th c., $S01962), based in part on the honour due to (its relics of) *Peter (the Apostle, $S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, $S00008), *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030), and *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, $S00037). An addendum delineates the relationship between the churches in Ireland of Patrick and those of *Brigit (abbess of Kildare, ob. c. 525, $S01885). Written in Latin at Armagh, perhaps as early as c. 640/60.
E06980The Greek Life of *Isaakios (monastic founder in Constantinople, ob. 383, S02118) recounts the struggles of the anchorite Isaakios who attempted to convert the emperor Valens to orthodoxy, and founded the first monastery of Constantinople under Theodosius I. He died on 26 May 383, and his body was buried by the altar of the shrine (martyrion) of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) in Isaakios’ monastery. Written in Constantinople in the late 5th century, or later.
E06989The text De Locis Sanctis lists burial places of saints by the via Ostiensis outside the city of Rome; written in Latin, in Rome between 635-45 AD.
E06993The text De Locis Sanctis lists burial places of saints by the via Latina outside the city of Rome; written in Latin, in Rome between 635-45 AD.
E07001An appendix to the De locis sanctis lists 21 churches, dedicated to saints, within the Aurelian wall of Rome, written in Latin, probably in Rome between 635-45 AD.
E07048Coptic fragments from the Martyrdom of *Stephen (the First martyr, S00030) of unknown Egyptian provenance and date. Skeleton entry
E07132Coptic fragment of a Homily on *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) from the White Monastery near Sohag (Upper Egypt), seemingly referring to a healing miracle taking place at the holy topos of the saint. Skeleton entry
E07176Antony of Choziba writes in Greek a short collection of Miracles of *Mary (mother of Christ, S00033) at the Monastery of Choziba, including a reference to the healing miracles that occur at the tomb of the first five holy monks of the monastery, *Promos, Elias, Gannaios, Aian, and Zenon (monks of Choziba, S02757). The tomb also produced a miraculous flow of healing oil. Written at the monastery of Choziba (Palestine), between 614 and 628.
E07344Greek building inscription commemorating transformation of a temple into the church of *Stephen (presumably the First Martyr, $S00030). Found at Philae (Upper Egypt). Around 537 AD.
E07345Greek inscription from the temple of Isis mentioning its transformation into τόπος of saint *Stephen (presumably the First Martyr, $S00030). Found at Philae (Upper Egypt). Around 537 AD.
E07346Fragmentary Greek inscription commemorating the renovation of part of the city walls of Philae with reference to *Stephen (presumably the First Martyr, $S00030) as the patron of the church. Found at Philae (Upper Egypt). Probably 6th c.
E07371Latin mosaics presenting the names of martyrs: *Speratus (probably one of the Scilitan martyrs, $S00913), *Stephen (The First martyr, $S00030), *Sirica ($S02764), *Saturus, Saturninus, and probably Perpetua and Felicitas (martyrs of Carthage, $S00009). Most probably AD 533/698.
E07384Terracotta lamp from Egypt with Greek inscription referring to *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030). Exact provenance unknown. Probably 6th/first half of the 7th c.
E07385Terracotta lamp-moulds with Greek inscriptions referring to *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030). Found at Elephantine (Upper Egypt). Probably 6th/first half of the 7th c.
E07397Latin dedicatory inscription of the churches of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *John the Baptist ($S00020) consecrated by Bishop Paul of Acci in 594, and of the church of *Vincent/Vincentius (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, $S00290) consecrated by Bishop Lilliolus of Acci in 603 (or 610) in Nativola near Elvira (modern Granada, southern Spain).
E07398Latin funerary grafitti, probably mentioning *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030). Cemetery of Gamart, near Carthage (North Africa).
E07404Dedicatory inscription for the church in Asido (southern Spain) listing relics of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *Iulianus/Ioulianos (martyr of Egypt or Antioch, $S01341), *Felix (martyr of Gerona (Spain), $S00408), *Iustus and Pastor (schoolboys and martyrs of Complutum, $S00504), *Fructuosus, Auguris and Eulogius (bishop and his two deacons, martyrs of Tarragona, $S00496), *Acisclus (martyr of Córdoba, $S00487), *Romanos (from Caesarea, martyr of Antioch, $S00120), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, $S00050) or just possibly *Martin (bishop of Braga, ob. 580, $S01176), *Kyrikos/Cyricus (child martyr of Tarsus, $S00007), and of *Zoellus (martyr of Córdoba, $S00494), 630.
E07409Latin dedicatory inscription of the church in Acci mentioning the deposition of relics of *Babylas (bishop and martyr of Antioch, and companions, $S00061), *Paul the Apostle ($S00008), *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *Ioulianos (martyr of Egypt or Antioch, $S01341), *Felix (martyr of Gerona, $S00408), *Andrew the Apostle ($S00288), *Rocatus, *Clemens (bishop and martyr of Rome, $S00111), *Faustus, Ianuarius, and Martialis (martyrs of Córdoba, $S00497), *Seven Sleepers of Ephesus ($S00287), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, $S00313), *Saturninus (martyr of Rome, $S00422), *Iustina (virgin and martyr of Padua, $S02321) or *Iusta and Rufina (martyrs of Seville, $S02099), *Ferreolus (soldier and martyr of Vienne, $S01893), *Eulalius, *Iustus and Pastor (schoolboys and martyrs of Complutum, $S00504), *Facundus and Primitivus, *Saturninus, *Christophoros (martyr of Pamphylia, $S00616); AD 652.
E07412Latin dedicatory inscription of the church in Baesippo (southern Spain) mentioning the deposition of relics of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *Servandus and Germanus (martyrs of Mérida and Cádiz, $S02785), *Iusta and Rufina (martyrs of Seville, $S02099), probably AD 674.
E07417Latin dedicatory inscription of the church of *Peter, the Apostle ($S00036) and *Paul the Apostle ($S00008) in Loja (southern Spain) mentioning the deposition of relics of *Mary (mother of Christ, $S00033), *Ioulianos/Iulianus (martyr of Egypt or Antioch, $S01341), *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *Acisclus (martyr of Córdoba, $S00487), Laurence/Laurentius (deacon and martyr of Rome, $S00037), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, $S00050), *Eulalia (virgin and martyr of Mérida, $S00407), *Vincent/Vincentius (deacon and marytr of Saragossa and Valencia, $S00290) and *Faustus, Ianuarius, and Martialis (martyrs of Córdoba, $S00497); 5th/7th century.
E07424Liturgical calendar in Latin inscribed on the marble column discovered in Carmona (southern Spain) mentioning the feasts of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), *John the Apostle and Evangelist ($S00042), *Fructuosus, Auguris, and Eulogius (bishops and his two deacons, martyrs of Tarragona, $S00496), *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valentia, $S00290), *Felix (martyr of Gerona, $S00408), *Crispinus (bishop and martyr of Écija, $S01988), *Treptes (virgin and martyr of Écija, $S...), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, $S00313), and *John the Baptist ($S00020), probably the 7th century.
E07425Fragmentary inscription of the liturgical calendar in Latin mentioning the feast of *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030) and *John the Apostle and Evangelist ($S0042), discovered in Itálica (southern Spain), the 6th/7th century.
E07461A votive gold crown from the treasure of Guarrazar (near Toledo, central Spain) offered by the abbot Thedosius to *Stephen, the First Martyr ($S00030), 620/670.
E07483Latin inscription commemorating *Maxima, Donatilla, Secunda (virgins and martyrs of Thuburbo, $01812), and *Stephen the First Martyr. Testour (North Africa), 6th/7th century.
E07509Latin inscription in honour of *Stephen the First Martyr ($S00030). Thabbora (North Africa), 5th/7th c.
E07570In his Sermons 219 and 220, Caesarius bishop of Arles (southern Gaul) celebrates the feast of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00020). Written in Latin at Arles, 503/542.
E07605Lucian, priest in Kaphargamala (Palestine), writes in Greek the Revelation of St Stephen, an account of the recent miraculous discovery of the relics of *Stephen (the First martyr, $S00030) and his three companions, ***Gamaliel, ***Abibas, and *Nicodemus (the Pharisee $S01788) in Kaphargamala, and its subsequent transfer to Jerusalem, all in AD 415.
E07606
E07616The Acts of *Aunemund (bishop and martyr of Lyon, ob. 660/664, $S00731) record the saint's life, martyrdom and posthumous miracles. Written in Latin in Gaul, perhaps at Lyon, possibly 7th c., with 9th c. (or later) adaptations.