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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting festal payments expected from various churches and shrines, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Ioustos/Justus (soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Thekla (follower of Apostle Paul, S00092), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Neilos (ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), possibly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), and *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 5th c.

Evidence ID

E00741

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List

P.Oxy. 67 4617:

In this list of festal payments, the name of the institution is followed by amounts of money.


† γνῶσ(ις) ἑορτικ(ῶν) οὕ(τως)
χρεω̣[ -ca.?- ]
ἐκκλ(ησία) νοτίν(η) (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
ἐκκλ(ησία) Μαρτυρίου (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
5 ἐκκλ(ησία) Παρὰ Ποταμ(ὸν) (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Στεφάνου (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Ἰούστου (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Ἰωάννου Βαπ̣τ̣(ιστοῦ) (δηναρίων) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Μηνᾶ (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
10 τῆς ἁγί(ας) Θέκλας [ -ca.?- ]
τῆς ἁγί(ας) Εὐφήμιας (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Νίλου [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) (δηναρίων) [ -ca.?- ]
μον(αστήριον) Λ[α]μάσωνος (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
15 τῆς ἁγί(ας) Μ[ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Γαβ̣[ριὴλ -ca.?- ]

17 [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣]  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ]
τ[οῦ ἁγ]ί(ου) Φιλ̣ο̣ξ̣έ̣ν̣ο̣υ̣ (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
τοῦ ἁγί(ου) Ἰο̣υ̣λι̣α̣νοῦ (δηναρίων) (μυριάδες) [ -ca.?- ]
20 [  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣]  ̣[ -ca.?- ]
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

"List of festal payments as follows:
still outstanding (?):
South Church (den. myr.) […
Church of Martyrios (den. myr.) […
(5) Church by the River (den. myr.) […
St Stephanos (den. myr.) […
St Ioustos (den. myr.) […
St John the Baptist (den.) […
St Menas (den. myr.) […
(10) St Thekla […
St Euphemia (den. myr.) […
St Neilos […
St Viktor (den.) […
Monastery of Lamason (den. myr.) […
(15) St Mary (?) […
St Gabriel […
. . . . .
St Philoxenos (den. myr.) […
St Ioulianos (den. myr.) […
. . . . . "

(Text and trans.: G. Schmelz/ed. R. A. Coles)

The full text with image is available online at:


http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.oxy;67;4617/

Cult Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Non Liturgical Activity

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Source

The papyrus P.Oxy. 67 4617 is located at Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, 84/60. The dating of the text rests on palaeographical grounds.


Discussion

This list of payments offers the names of sixteen religious institutions, three of them explicitly churches, named according to their location (South Church, Church by the River) or by its founder (church of Martyrios). The other twelve institutions listed are dedicated to saints, but not explicitly called churches, while one is a monastery named after its founder. According to the editor, these seem to be payments expected to be made by these institutions, rather than to be received by them.

For a similar list of churches, also from Oxyrhynchos, see E02123.


Bibliography

Edition:
Schmelz, G., "P.Oxy. 67 4617 "List of Festal Payments"," in: R.A. Coles (ed.), The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vol. LXVII (London, 2001), 241–245.


Record Created By

Gesa Schenke

Date Last Modified

27/06/2019

Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00017Euphemia, martyr of ChalcedonΕὐφήμιαCertain
S00020John the BaptistἸωάννηςCertain
S00030Stephen, the First MartyrΣτέφανοςUncertain
S00033Mary, Mother of ChristΜ[αρία]Uncertain
S00073Menas, soldier and martyr buried at Abu MenaΜηνᾶςCertain
S00092Thekla, follower of the Apostle PaulΘέκλαUncertain
S00192Gabriel, the ArchangelΓαβ[ριήλ]Certain
S00305Ioulianos, martyr of CiliciaἸουλιανόςUncertain
S00405Neilos, ascetic of Sinai, ob. c. 430ΝῖλοςUncertain
S00443Philoxenos, saint with cult at OxyrhynchosΦιλόξενοςCertain
S00749Viktor, son of Romanos, martyr of Egypt, and companion martyrsΒ[ίκ]τωρUncertain
S01172Ioustos, soldier and martyr of AntinoopolisἸούστοςUncertain


Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Gesa Schenke, Cult of Saints, E00741 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E00741