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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Ioulianos, martyr of Cilicia

Saint ID


Number in BH

BHG 965-967e

Reported Death Not Before


Reported Death Not After


Type of Saint
Related Evidence Records
E00160Greek private letter, from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt) concerned with greetings and the transport of goods, providing a list of five saints to be invoked on the sender’s behalf: *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 4th/5th c.
E00164Greek Calendar of Church Services to be performed at different churches in Oxyrhynchus (Middle Egypt) from the end of October to the end of March of the years 535–536, providing information on the names of many churches, and on the saints’ days celebrated in the city.
E00530The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit to Antioch (Syria), mentioning the tombs there of *Babylas (bishop and martyr of Antioch, S00061), the *Three Children (his companions, S00319), *Justina/Ioustina (virgin and martyr of Antioch, S01704), *Iulianus/Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305), and the Maccabean Martyrs (pre-Christian Jewish martyrs of Antioch, S00303); over the latter hang the instruments of their martyrdom or an account thereof. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00741Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting festal payments expected from various churches and shrines, most of them dedicated to saints, including *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Ioustos/Justus (soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), *John the Baptist (S00020), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), *Thekla (follower of Apostle Paul, S00092), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Neilos (ascetic of Sinai, S00405), *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), possibly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), and *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), datable to the 5th c.
E01271The church of Panagia Drosiani on the island of Naxos (Aegean Islands) houses labelled pre-iconoclastic paintings of saints, datable to the 7th/8th c.: *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); possibly *Solomon (Old Testament king of Israel, S00270); *John the Baptist (S00020); just possibly *Catherine (martyr of Alexandria, S00765); possibly *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); and *Ioulianos/Julianus (possibly the martyr of Cilicia, S00305).
E01628Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription mentioning the 'resting place' and intercession of a martyr *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305, or, perhaps, the martyr of Emesa, S01259, or a local martyr). Found in Syria, precise provenance unknown, just possibly the territory of Apamea on the Orontes or Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably 5th-7th c.
E02105Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (4.40), records the destruction by fire in 573 of the church in Antioch (north-west Syria) of *Julianus/Ioulianos, (martyr of Cilicia, S00305). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02544John Chrysostom delivers a homily On *Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305) during the saint's festival held at Antioch (Syria). He recounts Ioulianos' martyrdom and refers to relics venerated at Antioch; he forbids Christians to attend a pagan festival coinciding with the second day of the saint's feast; he mentions picnics at the martyr’s shrine and possibly a procession of relics. Written in Greek at Antioch, 386/397.
E02549The Greek Martyrdom of *Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305), of the 5th c. or later, recounts the trials of an eighteen-year-old Christian at Anazarbos and Aigai of Cilicia (south-east Asia Minor), before his execution in the sea. His body is collected in Egypt and venerated at a shrine belonging to Tabennesiot monks, and his feast is 21 June. Probably written in Egypt, based on an earlier Cilician legend.
E02550A 5th or 6th-century parchment folio from Akhmin/Panopolis (Upper Egypt) contains a fragment of a version of the Greek Martyrdom of *Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305).
E02554Procopius of Caesarea in his Wars mentions that the shine of *Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305), outside the walls of Syrian Antioch, was spared from destruction during a Persian attack in 540. Written in Greek in Constantinople, by 545.
E02571The Penance of *Pelagia (recluse of Jerusalem, 5th c., S00250), a Greek hagiographical novel by a certain Iakobos, recounts the conversion of an actress from Antioch, who later lives as a recluse in Jerusalem, disguised as a man. Probably written in Palestine, Egypt, or Antioch before 600.
E02709Greek graffito with an invocation of God, possibly of a martyr *Ioulianos/Julianus. Found in the so-called 'Cave of the Sisters of Mercy' at Bethany/al-Eizariya, to the east of Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 5th-6th c.
E03164The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 27 May *Ioulianos/Julianus (martyr of Cilicia, S00305).
E03752The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 27 May *Ioulianos/Julianus (martyr of Cilicia, S00305), or *Ioulianos/Julianus (martyr of Emesa, S01259), *Thirty-three martyrs, probably of Melitene (S01750), and, as a later addition, monk John, an 8th c. confessor.
E03776The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 20 June *Kyrillos (bishop of Alexandria, ob. 444, S00874), and *Ioulianos/Julianus (martyr of Cilicia, S00305) or *Ioulianos (martyr of Egypt, S00155), and *Doulas (martyr of Nicomedia, S00991) or *Doulas/Tatianos (martyr of Zephyrium in Cilicia, S02551).
E03818Fragmentary document recording some form of agreement, perhaps mentioning a shrine of *Ioulianos (if so, probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305), perhaps one of *Dios (possibly the martyr of Caesarea in Cappadocia, S01043), and possibly a monastery named after a saint whose name is lost. Written on papyrus. Found in Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably after 544.
E03896The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 15 October *John the Baptist (S00020), *Isaiah (Old Testament prophet, S00282), *Ezekiel (Old Testament prophet, S01493), *Daniel (the Old Testament prophet, S00727), *Joseph (Old Testament patriarch, S00277), *Ananias, Azarias and Misael (Old Testament martyrs, S01198), *Ioulianos/Julianus (probably martyr of Cilicia, S00305), and *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926).
E04562Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) either built, or renovated numerous fortresses in the diocese of Thrace (eastern Balkans), five of them named after saints. Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E05065The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum, as transmitted in 8th c. manuscripts, records the feasts of a number of saints on 26 December.
E05304John Moschus, in his Spiritual Meadow (146), recounts how *Ioulianos (probably either the martyr of Egypt, S01341, or the martyr of Cilicia, S00305) appeared to the Patriarch Eulogios of Alexandria in the guise of an archdeacon Ioulianos, which made Eulogios realise that the martyr wished him to rebuild his dilapidated church in Alexandria. Written in Greek, probably in Rome, in the 620s or 630s.
E05735John Malalas in his Chronographia, in his account of events in Antioch (Syria) in the early 6th century, mentions the local shrines of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), unnamed *Prophets (S00139), *Zachariah (probably the father of John the Baptist, S00597, or the Old Testament Prophet, S00283), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers and physician martyrs, S00385), as well as a Gate of *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305). Written in Greek at Antioch or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E05738John Malalas in his Chronographia reports that in 529 the relics of *Marinos (martyr of Gindarus, S02160) were miraculously found in Gindarus (Syria) and buried at the shrine of *Ioulianos (martyr of Cilicia, S00305) at Antioch. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E06770Cyril of Scythopolis composes the Life of *Theognios (ascetic and bishop in Palestine, S01506), recounting his life as a miracle working ascetic. He mentions a shrine and monastery of *Ioulianos (possibly the martyr of Emesa, S01259; or the martyr of Cilicia, S00305; or that of martyr of Antinoopolis, S01341) at Jerusalem. He also mentions an extensive biography of the saint, which has not survived. Written in Greek in Palestine, 555/557.
E07135The Greek Life and Martyrdom of *Ioulianos and Basilissa (martyrs of Antinoopolis in Egypt, S01341) recounts the celibate marriage of its heroes, and the martyrdom of Ioulianos alongside several companions. It mentions the establishment of their shrine at the great church of Antinoopolis, and their feasts on 21 June and on Epiphany Day (6 January). Written in Antinoopolis (Egypt), probably in the 6th century.