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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

George, soldier and martyr

Saint ID

S00259

Number in BH

Reported Death Not Before

303

Reported Death Not After

323

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Soldiers, Martyrs
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00143Relics of the *Andrew (the Apostle, $S00288), *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259), the *Thomas (the Apostle, $S00199), and *Stephen (the First Martyr, $S00030) are brought to the region of Arcax.
E00367The Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum) is composed in Latin by Gregory of Tours writing in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583/593. Overview.
E00468The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions the basilica of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), in Jerusalem, the tomb of the empress Eudocia close to that of the saint, and the tomb of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) at Diospolis, all in Palestine. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00507The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions his visit to the hospice of *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259) close to Elousa (Palestine). Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00571The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions his visit to Charran where *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275) was born, and to the tomb of *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079), brother of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) (or erroneously *George, soldier and martyr, S00259) in Barbalissos, both places in upper Mesopotamia. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00572The Piacenza Pilgrim mentions his visit to Sura where *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, $S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, $S00079) were martyred, with a reference in error also to *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259); and to Tetrapyrgion (Rusafa/Resapha) where the former was buried; all in upper Mesopotamia. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, writing in Latin probably in Placentia (northern Italy) c. 570.
E00653In his Glory of the Martyrs, written in Latin, Gregory of Tours tells of a translation of relics of *George (martyr in Nicomedia or Diospolis, $S00259) and other *unnamed saints ($S00518), during which a piece of relic was left in the territory of Limoges (western Gaul). Another relic of George performed miracles in the territory of Le Mans (north-west Gaul). Written in Tours (north-west Gaul), AD 583-593.
E00663Coptic fragmentary parchment sheet of the 9th/10th c., of unknown provenance, preserving parts of the ninth and tenth miracles of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) in the dialect of the Hermopolite nome (Middle Egypt); written most likely not before the 7th century.
E00720Inscription with prayer in Greek, from a church in Kasossos near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor). Refers to saints and other holy figures: *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), *Moses (Old Testament prophet and lawgiver, S00241), *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), other unnamed Apostles (S00084), unnamed Confessors (S00184), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a virgin *Eirene (possibly the martyr of Magedon, S02162). Probably late antique (6th/8th c.) or later.
E00790Greek graffito with an invocation of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), asking Him to rouse the spirits of a (? circus) faction. Found in Ephesos (western Asia Minor). Probably late antique (5th-6th c.).
E00802Fragment of a Greek building inscription of a martyr shrine of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) found near Kastollos (Lydia, western Asia Minor), probably late antique (4th-8th c.).
E00837Greek graffiti on a marble balustrade, with invocations of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and probably *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in Aphrodisias (Caria, western Asia Minor), at the Temple/Church site. Probably 5th/6th c. or later.
E00839Greek building inscription of a sanctuary of *George (probably the soldier and martyr, S00259) and unnamed martyrs, his companions. Found in Sakkaia/Maximianopolis near Bostra (province of Arabia). Almost certainly 6th c. (549/567), though once dated to the 4th c.
E00908Fragmentary Greek building inscription for a church dedicated to a saint whose name is lost (possibly *George, soldier and martyr, S00259). Found near Akmonia (Phrygia, central Asia Minor). Late antique.
E00923Two Greek inscriptions enumerating members of one or two bodies probably venerating *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Both found at or near Seleukeia/Seleucia Sidera (Pisidia, central Asia Minor). Probably the 4th or 5th c.
E01015Fragmentary Greek inscription with remnants of an otherwise unknown liturgical or hagiographical text referring to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Topaklı near ancient Nysa (Cappadocia, eastern Asia Minor). Probably 5th-6th c.
E01076Greek inscription labelling a collective martyr shrine dedicated to *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259), *Konon (one of the several homonymous martyrs of Anatolia, probably that of Isauria, S00430)), *Christophoros (presumably the martyr of Lycia or Antioch, S00616), and, probably, *Kyrikos/Cyricus and Ioulitta/Julitta (child and mother, martyrs of Tarsus, S00007). Found at Elaioussa-Sebaste (Cilicia, southeastern Asia Minor). 5th-6th c., possibly 470-484.
E01193The church of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259) in Lydda/Diospolis (Palestine) was miraculously protected against the attempt to rob it by Persians during the Sasanian conquest of Palestine in the year 614. As a result, the Persian commander donated a piece of silver metalwork as a gift to the church. Record in the Syriac Khuzistan Chronicle (7th c.).
E01214Greek inscription with an invocation of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), asked to help 'those who remember the grace of George'. Found near Mytilene (Lesbos, the Aegean Islands). Probably 6th c. or later.
E01252Coptic funerary inscription with a long invocation to a large number of saints including the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192),*Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), the Apostles (S00084), the martyrs *Viktor (son of Romanos, S00749), *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), and *Pamoun (S00775), as well as a long list of monastic figures that includes Apa *Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century, S00160), Apa *Anoup, and Apa *Phib (S00774), of unknown date, presumably 6th/9th century and most likely from Bawit (Middle Egypt).

E01271The church of Panagia Drosiani on the island of Naxos (Aegean Islands) houses labelled pre-iconoclastic paintings of saints, datable to the 7th/8th c.: *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385) *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); possibly *Solomon (Old Testament king of Israel, S00270); *John the Baptist (S00020); just possibly *Catherine (martyr of Alexandria, S00765); possibly *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); and *Ioulianos/Julianus (possibly the martyr of Cilicia, S00305).
E01291Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to *Christophoros (probably the martyr of Lycia or Antioch, S00616), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in the city of Rhodes (island of Rhodes; Aegean Islands). Probably 7th-8th c.
E01302Coptic funerary inscription from Bawit (Middle Egypt) with a long invocation to a large number of saints including the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Adam and Zoe/Eve (S00772), the *Apostles (S00084), the martyrs *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), *Phoibamon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Menas (soldier and martyr of Abu Mena, S00073), the martyrs of Thone (S00771), and a long list of monastic figures including *Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century, S00160), Anoup, and Phib (S00774), presumably 6th/8th century.
E01326Amulets with depictions of holy riders. Probably Christian. Found at Amathous and Salamis/Constantia (Cyprus). Probably prior to the 7th c.
E01639A bronze ring (amulet) with a depiction of an unspecified holy rider and a quotation of Psalm 91. Found at Tell Minis, near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Probably late antique.
E01678A short life of Leo II, bishop of Rome (ob. 683), written in Latin in Rome, shortly after his death, as part of the Liber Pontificalis, names a church of *Paul (the Apostle, $S0008) which he built close to the church of *Bibiana (martyr of Rome under the emperor Julian, $S00875), mentions relics of the martyrs *Simplicius, Faustinus, and Beatrix (martyrs of Rome, $S00886), deposited in the former church, and records his burial at the church of *Peter (the Apostle, $S00036) on 3 July.
E01689Greek inscription on a house at Barad/Brad in the Limestone Massif (north Syria, between Antioch on the Orontes and Beroia/Aleppo) with a list of six or more saints: a saint *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042), *Dometios (possibly a martyr of Syria: S00414, or S00877), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Christophoros (martyr of Lycia or Antioch, S00616), *Euphemia (probably the martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Philotheos (possibly the martyr in Egypt, S00878), possibly *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406), a certain *Eusebios, possibly *Thomas the Apostle (S00199), and other unnamed martyrs. Probably 5th/6th c.
E01694Fragmentary Greek inscription on a lintel with an invocation of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), probably the building inscription for a sanctuary. Found at Mu'Allaḳ, near Beroia/Aleppo and Chalkis (north Syria). Dated 553/554.
E01754Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), on the site of a former pagan temple, and the deposition of relics of this saint. Found at Izra/Zorava to the northwest of Bostra (province of Arabia). Dated 515.
E01758Amulets from the collection of S. Ayvaz with Greek inscriptions invoking the Archangels: *Michael (S00181), *Gabriel (S00192), *Ouriel (S00770), and depictions showing *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and a holy rider. Found in Syria, various locations. Probably Roman impeiral, late antique, and/or middle Byzantine. Pagan and/or Christian.
E01770Bronze medallion with a depiction of an unspecified holy rider and inscription with Psalm 90/91. Reportedly found near Tyre (west Phoenicia). Probably late antique.
E01834Greek building inscriptions for metata (transit camps) named after military saints: *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, 00480), *Longinos (centurion at the Crucifixion, S00926), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). Found in various locations in north and central Syria. Dated: 468-477, 524/525, and 526.
E01928Greek building inscription for a hostel (xention?) of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Bsērīn, to the south of Ḥamāh/Amathe (central Syria). Dated 616.
E01931Fragmentary Greek building inscription possibly for a church, perhaps dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) or *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023). Found at Garion/Ghoūr to the west of Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Dated 497.
E01934Greek inscription invoking the help of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Tlīl near Garion/Ghoūr and Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably the 6th/7th c.
E01936Fragmentary Greek inscription referring to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably 6th-7th c.
E01940Inscribed reliquary cross with an invocation of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Seen in Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Probably the 6th-7th c.
E01941Inscribed cross with invocations and an image of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259). Acquired in Ḥimṣ/Emesa (northwest Phoenicia). Possibly late antique.
E01977Floor-mosaics with two Greek inscriptions: an invocation of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); and the record of the paving of a shrine (hierateion?) dedicated to the saint. Found in a church at Deir al-'Adas to the southwest of Damascus (south Phoenicia/north Arabia). One of them is dated 722.
E01979Floor-mosaics with Greek inscriptions with invocations of *George, (soldier and martyr, S00259), and the God of George, on behalf of families of numerous donors. Found at Houad/Tall Huwayd/Larissa, to the southeast of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). One of them is dated 568.
E01991Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church (naos) dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and the later building of an aule. Found at Salkhad in Jabal Druze, to the east of Bostra (Hauran, south Syria/northeast Roman province of Arabia). Dated 633/634 and 665/666.
E01995The Georgian translation of an apocryphal story of Basil and of the renovation of the Church of Lydda, told by Erenumos, a priest of the Romans.
E02006Greek graffiti invoking the mercy of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) for at least two families. Found in the ruins of a fortified monastery/guest-house for pilgrims in Mizpe Shivta (near Shivta/ancient Sobata, and Elousa) in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably later 6th c.
E02009Greek building inscription for a church dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and recording the intercession of the saint for the village of Am[.]a (modern Jizeh). Found at Jizeh, midway between Bostra and Adraha (north Roman province of Arabia). Dated 538/539.
E02037Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the laying of the mosaic in 'Church 79' in Khirbet es-Samra to the southeast of Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia), dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Probably earlier 7th c.
E02059Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the completion of an oratory (eukterion) dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Riḥāb, between Bostra and Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/the Roman province of Arabia). Dated 529. Once wrongly dated to AD 230.
E02118Fragmentary Greek inscription possibly invoking *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Izra/Zorava to the northwest of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th c.
E02242Greek building inscription for a church of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at al-Ghāriyyeh al-Gharbiyyeh, to the northwest of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Dated 558.
E02246Greek inscription invoking the help of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) for an Arab (Ghassanid/Jafnid) phylarch. Found at Sammā', to the north of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th c.
E02258Greek building inscription for a church (naos) dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) and probably to *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239). Found at Naḥīṭah, to the north of Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Dated 623.
E02272Greek inscription invoking the help of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at the 'monastic church' at Sammā' (to the southeast of Bostra, Roman province of Arabia). Probably c. 620s.
E02302Greek will from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), leaving a half-share of a house to an institution dedicated to *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, $S00259), datable to the 6th century.
E02367The so-called 'complex of *John the Baptist (S00020)' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia) comprises three churches (two oratories/eukteria and one naos), dedicated respectively to John the Baptist, *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physicians martyrs of Syria, S00385). Floor-mosaic inscriptions with dedicatory poems date the completion and paving of the church of George to 529/530, of John to 531, and of Kosmas and Damianos to 533. Two reliquaries were found in the church of George.
E02376Painted inscription (dipinto) from the church of *John the Baptist (S00020) in the 'complex of John the Baptist' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia), mentioning the saints venerated there: John, *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physicians martyrs of Syria, S00385). After 531.
E02377Greek painted inscriptions (dipinti) from the northeast chamber of the church of *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers, physicians martyrs of Syria, S00385) of the 'complex of *John the Baptist' in Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia), invoking the help of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), probably of Kosmas and Damianos, and an unspecified *Zechariah (either the father of John the Baptist, S00597, or the Old Testament prophet, S00283). After 533.
E02381Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church (naos), probably dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Philadelphia/modern Amman (Roman province of Arabia/north Jordan). Probably 6th c.
E02436Beginning of a Coptic will, from the monastery of Epiphanios at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to Apa *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, $S00259) on the mountain of Jeme; datable to the first half of the 7th century.
E02552Floor-mosaic with a Greek dedicatory inscription commemorating the construction of a church to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) from the contributions of villagers and local aristocrats. Also a reliquary socket in the shape of a cross. Found at Khirbat al-Mukhayyat near Mount Nebo (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Dated 535/536.
E02618Capital with labelled images of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and an unspecified *Isidoros. Found at 'Aqaba, probably originally displayed in an ancient church in 'Aila at the north end of the Gulf of 'Aqaba (Jordan/Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-8th c. or later.
E02658Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a shrine (termed magaron) of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) or *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Kafr/Kapra between Bostra and Mushannaf (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Probably mid-7th c.
E02659Greek inscription commemorating the laying of the foundations of a church (naos) of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Kafr/Kapra between Bostra and Mushannaf (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Dated 652.
E02667Greek inscription with the name of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Eitha Caesarea/El-Hît, to the northwest of Maximianopolis/Sakkaia in the Hawran plain (the Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th c.
E02668Greek building inscription for a church dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), asking the saint to accept it as an offering and to intercede for the donors. Found at Sahwet el-Khodr near Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th-7th c.
E02669Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church (oikos) of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at 'Amra, near Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th-7th c.
E02710Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription invoking the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), from a chapel probably dedicated to George, perhaps by the empress Eudocia. Found at Sheikh Bader (modern Giv'at Ram, Binyanei Ha-'Uma) in Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 5th-6th c.
E02770A letter of Pope Gregory the Great, written in Latin in Rome (Register 1.12) in 590 to bishop John of Orvieto, relates to the abbot of a monastery of saint *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, $S00259) within the diocese of Orvieto (central Italy).
E02821Floor-mosaic with a fragmentary Greek building inscription probably for a church (oikos) dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Ramot near the road from Jerusalem to Emmaus (Roman province of Palaestina I). Dated 762.
E02899Lead seals of officials and ecclesiastics, decorated with images of saints, mainly *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), including a seal of the Nea Church in Jerusalem, dedicated to Mary. All found at Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 6th-7th c.
E03119The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 23 April *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03169Fragmentary (?) lintel with a Greek inscription mentioning thanksgiving to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) and just possibly an invocation of *Hilarion (anchorite in Palestine and Cyprus, ob. 371, S00099). When recorded, it was reused at Khan Yunis in the northwest Negev desert, midway between Gaza and Rafah (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably 5th-7th c.
E03336The Decretum Gelasianum lists texts it is permissible to read and others which should be rejected, including several saints' Lives. Composed by an unknown author, probably in southern Gaul, c. 510-c. 540. Includes references to the Lives of *Kyrikos/Cyricus and *Ioulitta/Julitta (child and mother, martyrs of Tarsus, $S00007); of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259); of *Paul (the first anchorite, $S00089), *Antony ('the Great', monk of Egypt, ob. 356, $S00098), and *Hilarion (anchorite in Palestine and Cyprus, ob. 371, $S00099); the Acts of *Silvester (bishop of Rome, $S00397); the discovery of the head of *John the Baptist ($S00020).
E03338The Decretum Gelasianum lists texts which it deems apocryphal and not to be read in church, including several Martyrdoms and saints' Lives. Composed by an unknown author, probably in southern Gaul, c. 510-c. 530.
E03386The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 28 September the deposition of the relics of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Pamphilos (martyr of Caesarea, 00140), *Alexandrus (probably martyr of Pisidia under Diocletian, S01687, *Tarachos, Probos and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, S00710).
E03425The Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem, composed in Greek in the seventh century and translated in the eighth, commemorates on 10 November *George (solider and martyr, S00259).
E03438The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 23 November the dedication of the church of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03496Greek inscription on a balance scale, possibly invoking the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Dor (Tanturah) bay, to the north of Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably late antique.
E03513The will of the deacon Adalgyselus-Grimo, from Verdun (eastern Gaul), written in Latin in 634, leaves property to several churches and monasteries in the area around Verdun and Trier (eastern Gaul). Includes references to churches or monasteries dedicated to *Agatha (virgin and martyr of Catania, S00794), *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Vitonus (bishop of Verdun, ob. c. 529, S01458), *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, 00050), *Maximinus (bishop of Trier, ob. c. 347, S00465), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03557Floor mosaic with a Greek inscription just possibly mentioning *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Reportedly found at Baḥan, c. 5 km to the north of modern Tulkarm (Samaria, Roman province of Palestina I). Probably late antique.
E03581Floor mosaics with Greek inscriptions invoking the help of the God of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and of the God of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023). Found at Ḥorvath Ḥesheq near Diokaisareia/Sepphoris (Galilee, Roman province of Palaestina II). Dated 519.
E03585Coptic fragments of the Martyrdom of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259)), relating various miracles taking place during his trial under Tatianos, including a victorious contest against a magician, as well as miracle healings, resurrections, and conversions; written most likely not before the 7th century.
E03586Coptic Miracles of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259), relating the building of his martyr shrine, the city of numerous healing and punishing miracles taking place, including the punishment for a promised, but undelivered donation to his shrine; written most likely not before the 7th century.
E03718The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 April the dedication of the church of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03719The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 April *Leontios and Longinos (military companions of George of Lydda and martyrs, S01692) and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03721The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 26 April *Hesychios (martyr in Antioch, S01034), *Adrianos and Natalia, (husband and wife, martyrs of Nicomedia, S01342), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Agapios from Gaza (martyr in Palestine, S01804), *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612) and *Alexandros and his companions (possibly martyrs in Egypt under Julian, S01190), *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293) and *Basileus (bishop and martyr of Amasea S01634).
E03750The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 25 May *James ('brother of the Lord', also known as James the Just, S00058), *Symeon (the God-receiver) (elder of the temple of Jerusalem, S00285), *Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), martyrdom of *Therapon (bishop and martyr of Cyprus under Diocletian, S01751), *Meletios (bishops of Cyprus, S01635) and, as a marginal addition, *George (probably the soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03798The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 12 July *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612), *Proklos and Hilarion (martyrs of Ancyra under Trajan, S0179) and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03799The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 13 July *Andrew *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Athenogenes (bishop and martyr of Pedachthoe, S00065) and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03811The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 25 July *Anna (mother of Mary, S01614), *Olympias of Constantinople (deaconess, ob. 408, S01414), *Eupraxia (virgin and ascetic at Tabenna, S01637), *Kyprianos and Ioustina (martyrs of Antioch, S01704), *George (probably the soldier and martyr, S00259).
E03873The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 22 September *Hesychios (saint with church in Jerusalem mentioned c. 570, priest in 5th c Jerusalem?, S00261), the deposition of the relics of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *Isaiah, *George, *Thyrsos (martyr of Bithynia, S00612) and *Phokas.
E03916The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 4 November *Isidoros (probably the martyr of Chios, S00425), George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and Ioannike, a ninth-century monk
E03922The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 10 November *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) and the dedication of his church, and *Konon (probably gardener and martyr of Magydos, S00117) and Daniel (an unidentified figure).
E03935The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the tenth century, based however on 5th-7th cc prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 November in the church of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), outside of the tower of *David (Old Testament king of Israel, S00269) *Merkourios (soldier and martyr in Caesarea of Cappadocia, S01323), *Euthymios (abbot of Palestine, ob.473, S01352), *Hesychios (saint with church in Jerusalem mentioned c. 570, priest in 5th c Jerusalem? S00261) and Peter, presbyter of Capitolias, ob. 715.
E03946Three fragmentary Greek inscriptions (two carved, and one painted), mentioning *John the Baptist (S00020), and possibly *Aaron (the first High Priest, and brother of Moses, S01427), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in the church and chapel in the monastic complex of Aaron on Jabal Hārūn near Petra (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late antique.
E04026Coptic settlement of a dispute over joint inheritance, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), mentioning the neighbouring properties of houses inherited, among the bordering properties is one dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); dated to the year 748/9.
E04262Coptic receipt from unknown Egyptian provenance, issued by the dikaion of the altar of *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259) for rent payment made on its fields; datable to the 8th century.
E04280Greek epitaph for two men, father and son, described as life-long devoted servants of an unnamed martyr. Found at Elousa in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Dated 544/545.
E04321Greek list of payments from Aphrodito (Upper Egypt), mentioning an institution dedicated to *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259), people associated with *Mary (presumably Mother of Christ, S00033), and a district of *Philotheos (possibly the young boy of Antioch, S00878); datable to the 8th century.
E04331Greek inscriptions/graffiti found in the south court of the North Church at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III), invoking *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04356Levy of camels and camel riders assigning two camel riders to one or two institutions in the village of Charachmouba/El-Kerak, named after *George (soldier and martyr, S00259) and a saint whose name is lost. Written in Greek on papyrus. Probably issued at Elousa, found at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th c.
E04375Daily record of sales of dates, including an entry on a purchase by a person affiliated to an institution named after *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Written in Greek on papyrus. Found at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 6th-7th c.
E04385Fragmentary papyrus sheets from a codex with an account in Greek of the miracles and martyrdom of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), one of the earliest extant Greek manuscript of the so-called 'legend of Saint George'. The preserved fragments describe his resurrection of the dead, his healing of a widow's son, the third resurrection of George by Christ, and the tempting of George by king Dadianos (= the initial passages of the conversion of Queen Alexandra). A miracle by *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) is also mentioned. Found at Nessana/Auja Hafir in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 7th c.
E04390Syriac graffito possibly invoking *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Katura in north Syria, near Qalat Semaan, to the northwest of Beroia/Aleppo. Probably late antique.
E04404Floor-mosaic with a Greek funerary inscription for the presbyter and abbot Kyriakos, describing him as the founder of an oratory (eukterion) of *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), and mentioning a donation to the Justinianic 'Nea' Church in Jerusalem, dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Jericho (Roman province of Palaestina I). Dated 566.
E04416Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a martyr shrine (martyrion) dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Mûmsiyye/el-Ghassâniyye near Quneitra and Paneas/Caesarea Philippi, in the Golan Heights, to the northeast of the Sea of Galilee (Roman province of Phoenicia Paralias). Dated: 472, 486/487, or 532.
E04515Greek document from the Arsinoites (Fayum) mentioning an institution dedicated to *George (probably the soldier and martyr, S00259); datable to the 6th/7th century.
E04528Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription invoking *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at ‘Ein Dab, near Eleutheropolis, in the Judean Hills (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably second half of the 6th c.
E04535Long and complex, but poorly spelt, Greek text roughly inscribed on all the faces of a limestone slab, invoking the help of a number of saints: possibly a saint *Klemens, *Polykarpos (bishop and martyr of Smyrna, S00004), *Tryphon (martyr of Phrygia, S00439), *Kyprianos (probably the magician and martyr of Antioch, S01704), *Athanasios (probably the bishop of Alexandria, S00294), *Epiphanios (probably the bishop of Salamis, S00215), *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found at Lythrodontas near ancient Tamassos, Cyprus. Probably 5th or 6th c.
E04957The late 6th-century Life of *Nikolaos of Sion (abbot and bishop in Lycia, ob. 564, S00559) mentions fifteen shrines of various saints at villages in the territory of Myra in Lycia, and the celebration of public feasts with sacrifices of oxen at them, organised by Nikolaos, abbot of the monastery of Holy Sion. Written in Greek, probably at the monastery of Holy Sion in Lycia (south Anatolia).
E05056Jacob of Edessa (ob. 708), a West-Syrian bishop of Edessa in Mesopotamia, dispels doubts regarding the orthodoxy of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259), and expresses his disapproval of the unbefitting character of George's Martyrdom. From the Questions and Answers to John the Stylite of Litarba.
E05283In the 640s, the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619) by Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon, mentions several shrines and festivals of saints at Sykeon and other places in Anatolia, the Holy Land, and Constantinople. Written in Greek at Sykeon (central Anatolia).
E05291In the 640s, Eleusios-Georgios of Sykeon composes the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619), recounting the life, ascetic feats, and miracles of its hero, and the foundation of the monastic centre of Sykeon in Galatia (central Anatolia). The text mentions several shrines and festivals of saints in cities and villages of Anatolia, and also in Constantinople and the Holy Land. Written in Greek at Sykeon.
E05349In the 640s, the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619) mentions several festivals of saints, including processions, night vigils and the celebration of the Eucharist, celebrated in the 6th and 7th centuries at Iouliopolis, Germia, Sykeon (all in Anatolia), and in Constantinople. Written in Greek at Sykeon.
E05361In the 640s, the Life of *Theodoros (abbot of Sykeon, ob. 613, S01619) by Georgios of Sykeon, mentions the acquisition of relics of *Georgios (soldier and martyr, S00259) of the cloak of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) by the monastery of Theodoros at Sykeon. Written in Greek at Sykeon (central Anatolia).
E05555Eleven books of Poems are written in Latin by Venantius Fortunatus in northern Gaul, AD 565/600; many of them with reference to saints. Overview entry.
E05638PCBE In his poem On the church of Saint George, written in Latin, Venantius Fortunatus tells of the church of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259) founded by Sidonius, bishop of Mainz (north-east Gaul); AD 530/550. Poem 2.12, written in Gaul, AD 565/576.
E05670In the mid-6th century, John Malalas in his Chronographia mentions the martyrdom of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259) and Babylas (bishop of Antioch, $S00061) under Numerian (283-284). Written in Greek at Antioch or Constantinople.
E05697Coptic ostracon from the area of Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) with a letter mentioning that some people entered the church of *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259) causing damage, for which they will be banned from the celebration of the saint’s feast day; datable to the end of the 6th century.
E05700Coptic Ostracon from the area of Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) offering a list of various metal objects signed by the deacon of a church dedicated to *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, $S00259); datable to the 7th century.
E05773Agnellus of Ravenna, writing in 830/846 refers to a gate of Saint *Victor (probably 'Maurus'/ The Moor, soldier and martyr of Milan ($S00312), or possibly the bishop and martyr of Rome ($S00144) or the martyr of Marseille ($S00382)); perhaps already named after this saint in 546. Account in the Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis written in Latin in Ravenna.
E05788Agnellus of Ravenna, writing in 830/846, refers to the foundation of a monasterium dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259) which he claims took place in 557/570; account in the Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis written in Latin in Ravenna (northern Italy).
E05815Agnellus of Ravenna, writing in 830/846, refers to the reconciliation by Bishop Agnellus (557-570) of several previously Arian churches, located in or near Ravenna (northern Italy) to Orthodoxy. The new dedications are recorded as being to *Eusebius, *George, and *Theodore, all in Ravenna; to *Sergius in Classe; and to *Zeno in Caesarea ; account in the Liber Pontificalis Ecclesiae Ravennatis written in Latin in Ravenna.
E05972Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with an agreement of a newly ordained deacon for a shrine dedicated to *George (presumably the soldier and martyr, S00259); datable around the year 600.
E06093Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, relates two stories the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf heard, during his recent visit to Constantinople, about an image of *George (soldier and martyr, $S00259) in Diospolis (Palestine), which Arculf had himself visited. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), probably 683/9.