Site logo

The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Jacob, Old Testament patriarch

Saint ID

S00280

Reported Death Not After

1

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Old Testament saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00489The Piacenza Pilgrim describes the basilica at Mamre, with the tombs of the Old Testament Patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00276), *Jacob (S00280) and *Joseph (S00277), and of Abraham's wife Sarah (S00278), which is frequented by both Jews and Christians; he also mentions the feast of the deposition of *Jacob and of *David (king of Israel and psalmist, S00269), celebrated on the day after Christmas by large numbers of Jews. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00720Inscription with prayer in Greek, from a church in Kasossos near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor). Refers to saints and other holy figures: *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), *Moses (Old Testament prophet and lawgiver, S00241), *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), other unnamed Apostles (S00084), unnamed Confessors (S00184), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a virgin *Eirene (possibly the martyr of Magedon, S02162). Probably late antique (6th/8th c.) or later.
E01461Greek, Syriac, and Arabic graffiti from so-called Basilica A/the 'Great Basilica' in Rusafa/Sergioupolis (northeast Syria/Euphratesia), a major place of the cult of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023), with invocations of Sergios, and of other saints and Old Testament figures. From the 6th c. onwards.
E02524The so-called Madaba Mosaic Map shows a number of labelled places of cult of saints in the Holy Land (mainly monasteries). Found in Madaba (Roman province of Arabia/Jordan). Probably mid-6th c.
E03357The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 21 August the Old Testament Patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00275), and *Jacob (S00280).
E03358The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 22 August, the Old Testament Patriarchs *Isaac (S00275), and *Jacob (S00280).
E03393The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 8 October *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280).
E03840The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 22 August *Isaac (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), and *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280), *Loukianos (martyr of Heliopolis-Baalbek, S00831) and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and *Agathonikos (martyr of Bithynia and Thrace, S01628).
E03889The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 8 October *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280) and *James (the Apostle, son of Alphaeus, S01801).
E03968The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 December *Eugenia (martyr at Rome under Valerian, S00401) and her companions, *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), *Isaac (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), and *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280).
E04171Greek inscription praising the virtues of seven Old Testament figures (*Abraham, S00275; *Isaac, S00276; *Jacob, S00280; *Moses, S00241; *David, S00269; *Solomon, S00270; *Job, S01191), and probably encouraging the reader to imitate them. Found at Shivta (ancient Sobata) in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late antique.
E05997Coptic ostracon from the area of Jeme (Upper Egypt) with a list of donations/payments made to the topos of Apa *John (presumably either the Baptist, S00020, or the Apostle and Evangelist, S00042) and *Jakob (possibly the Old Testament patriarch, S00280); datable to the 7th century.
E06087Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to the tombs near Hebron and Mamre (Palestine) of the Old Testament patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00276), *Jacob (S00280), with their wives, Sarah (S00278), *Rebecca (S02281) and *Leah (S02282), and of *Adam (the first man, S00772). Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06104The Itinerary of the so-called Pilgrim of Bordeaux lists several tombs in the Holy Land of biblical personages, almost all from the Old Testament. Written in Latin, probably in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), shortly after 333.
E06519Jerome, in his Letter 108, describes how Paula travelled through Palestine in 385 and visited the tombs of *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Isaac (Old Testament patriarch, S00276) and *Adam (S00772) or *Caleb (Old Testament figure, S02459) in Hebron. Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 404.
E06528Jerome, in his Letter 108, describes how Paula travelled through Palestine in 385-6 and visited the well of *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), and the church on the site. Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 404.
E07856The pilgrim Egeria, in her Itinerary, mentions a church built at the well where *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S000280) met his wife Rachel (S00701), and other places connected with his history around Carrhae/Karrhai (Mesopotamia). Written in Latin during Egeria's journey to the East, probably in 381-384.
E07918Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, on a route from Jerusalem to Hebron notes the graves of the Patriarchs of Israel near Hebron. Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.