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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Eugenia, virgin and martyr of Rome, buried on the via Latina, and companions

Saint ID

S00401

Number in BH

BHL 2666-2670
BHG 608

Reported Death Not Before

257

Reported Death Not After

260

Gender
Female
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Virgins, Transvestites
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00681The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, lists those on the via Latina, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649.
E02490The Martyrdom of *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401) and Companions is written in Latin. Original version 5th or 6th c.; later version from before late 7th c. It narrates the conversion and disguised life as an abbot of the noble Roman Eugenia; the conversion and martyrdom of her father Philippus; of the conversion and eventual martyrdom of Basilla (martyr of Rome, buried on the via Salaria vetus, S00684), the niece of the emperor Gallienus; and of the eventual martyrdom of Eugenia and her eunuch companions, *Protus and Hyacinthus (martyrs of Rome, S00464). Eugenia is said to be buried on the Via Latina.
E03968The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 December *Eugenia (martyr at Rome under Valerian, S00401) and her companions, *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), *Isaac (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), and *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280).
E03974The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 30 December *Eugenia (martyr at Rome under Valerian, S00401), *Cornelius (probably the Centurion, New Testament saint, S00301), *Markellos (hegumen in Constantinople, 5th c., S01670), *Anysia (martyr of Thessalonike under Maximian, S01671), *Ananias (New Testament saint, S01629) and *Irenaeus (probably the bishop and martyr of Lyon, Gaul, S02832).
E05064The 6th/7th c. recension of the Latin Martyrologium Hieronymianum, as transmitted in 8th c. manuscripts, records the feasts of a number of saints on 25 December.
E05172Latin Orationale of the Old Hispanic Liturgy of the 7th c. (Orationale Visigothicum), with prayers used on the feasts of saints in December: *Leocadia (virgin and confessor of Toledo, S01367), *Eulalia (virgin and martyr of Mérida, S00407), *Mary, Mother of Christ (S00033), *Stephen, the First Martyr (S00030), *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401), *John the Apostle and Evangelist (S00042), *Columba (virgin and martyr of Sens, 01862).
E05555Venantius Fortunatus writes eleven books of Poems in Latin, mainly in western and north-western Gaul, 565/600; many of them with reference to saints. Overview entry.
E05617Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 11 September in Rome of *Protus and Hyacinthus (martyrs of Rome, S00464), eunuchs of *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05950Mosaic portraits of twelve apostles and twelve martyrs (six female, six male) depicted on the barrel vaults of the Cappella Arcivescovile in Ravenna (northern Italy), datable 494/520.
E06237Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem on virginity (8.3), gives a list of prominent female virgin saints. Written in Latin in Gaul, probably in the early 570s.
E06582Aldhelm, in his prose On Virginity, names *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401) as an exemplary virgin. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/686.
E06659Aldhelm's verse On Virginity lists a range of saints as exemplary virgins, with some variations to the list found in the earlier prose version of the same treatise. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/710. Overview entry
E06912The Cymiteria totius Romanae urbis lists 17 cemeteries around the city of Rome, giving their original names and the name of a prominent saint (or saints) buried there. Presumably written in Rome, possibly in the 6th c.
E06993The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Latina, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07847Venantius Fortunatus, in a poem (10.7) for the feast day of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), depicts Martin in heaven with Christ, the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008), *Eugenia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00401), and *Radegund (former queen and monastic founder, ob. 587, S00182), who had died not long before the composition of the poem. Written in Latin in Gaul, 587/588.
E07891The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists three gates, including the porta Asinaria (now called saint John's gate), and the martyrs buried outside the porta Latina on the via Latina, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.