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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Abraham, Old Testament patriarch

Saint ID

S00275

Reported Death Not After

1

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Old Testament saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00489The Piacenza Pilgrim describes the basilica at Mamre, with the tombs of the Old Testament Patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00276), *Jacob (S00280) and *Joseph (S00277), and of Abraham's wife Sarah (S00278), which is frequented by both Jews and Christians; he also mentions the feast of the deposition of *Jacob and of *David (king of Israel and psalmist, S00269), celebrated on the day after Christmas by large numbers of Jews. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570.
E00571The Piacenza Pilgrim records his visit, first to Barbalissos (on the Euphrates) with the tomb of *Bacchus/Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079), and then to Suras, where Bacchus and his 'brother' *Sergius (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) suffered; the pilgrim states that Sergius rests 12 miles further on, at Tetrapyrgion. Account of an anonymous pilgrim, written in Latin, probably in Placentia (northern Italy), c. 570. In the second recension of the text, Sergius is replaced by *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), whose grave is said to be at Tyre (in Phoenicia, on the coast).
E00720Inscription with prayer in Greek, from a church in Kasossos near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor). Refers to saints and other holy figures: *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Jacob (Old Testament patriarch, S00280), *Moses (Old Testament prophet and lawgiver, S00241), *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217), *Elisha (Old Testament prophet, S00239), the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008), other unnamed Apostles (S00084), unnamed Confessors (S00184), *George (soldier and martyr, S00259), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a virgin *Eirene (possibly the martyr of Magedon, S02162). Probably late antique (6th/8th c.) or later.
E02798Limestone mould for the production of inscribed metal ampullae with labelled depictions of *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), and *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727). Found at Silwan/Siloam, close to Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Late antique.
E03357The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 21 August the Old Testament Patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00275), and *Jacob (S00280).
E03394The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 9 October *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275) and the deposition of the relics of *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288).
E03839The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 21 August *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Bassa (martyr of Edessa in Macedonia under Galerius, S01796) and *Aeglon (anchorite in Sketis, S01514).
E03890The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 9 October *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Lot (Old Testament Patriarch and nephew of Abraham, S01234), and the deposition of the relics of *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288), and *Severianos (martyr of Sebaste under Licinius, S01689), *Stratonikos and Seleukia (husband and wife, martyrs in Scythia, S01690), and *Iouventinus (soldier and martyr under Julian the Apostate, S00053).
E03968The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 24 December *Eugenia (martyr at Rome under Valerian, S00401) and her companions, *Thekla (follower of the Apostle Paul, S00092), *Abraham (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), *Isaac (Old Testament Patriarch, S00275), and *Jacob (Old Testament Patriarch, S00280).
E04156Fragmentary Greek inscription commemorating the completion of a 'place' (topos) of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), and a 'place' (topos) of *Abraham (probably the Old Testament patriarch, S00275). Found at Beersheva in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably 5th-6th c.
E04171Greek inscription praising the virtues of seven Old Testament figures (*Abraham, S00275; *Isaac, S00276; *Jacob, S00280; *Moses, S00241; *David, S00269; *Solomon, S00270; *Job, S01191), and probably encouraging the reader to imitate them. Found at Shivta (ancient Sobata) in the Negev desert (Roman province of Palaestina III). Probably late antique.
E05225The pilgrim Egeria, in her Itinerary, describes her visit to a church outside Carrhae/Karrhai (Mesopotamia) on the precise site of the house of *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), a place of great veneration for Christians, 'for the memory' of Abraham; she also mentions tombs of his kin. Written in Latin during Egeria's journey to the East, probably in 381-384.
E06075Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to a table set up in Jerusalem, at the place where *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275) prepared to sacrifice his son. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06087Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to the tombs near Hebron and Mamre (Palestine) of the Old Testament patriarchs *Abraham (S00275), *Isaac (S00276), *Jacob (S00280), with their wives, Sarah (S00278), *Rebecca (S02281) and *Leah (S02282), and of *Adam (the first man, S00772). Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06088Adomnán, in his On the Holy Places, reports the recent visit of the Franco-Gallic bishop Arculf to a great basilica at Mamre (Palestine), built around the oak tree where *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275) had once entertained angels. Written in Latin at Iona (north-west Britain), possibly 683/689.
E06104The Itinerary of the so-called Pilgrim of Bordeaux lists several tombs in the Holy Land of biblical personages, almost all from the Old Testament. Written in Latin, probably in Bordeaux (south-west Gaul), shortly after 333.
E06518Jerome, in his Letter 108, describes how Paula travelled through Palestine in 385 and visited 'the cells' of *Sarah (Old Testament matriarch, wife of Abraham, S00278), the oak tree of *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), and the birthplace of *Isaac (Old Testament patriarch, S00276). Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 404.
E06519Jerome, in his Letter 108, describes how Paula travelled through Palestine in 385 and visited the tombs of *Abraham (Old Testament patriarch, S00275), *Isaac (Old Testament patriarch, S00276) and *Adam (S00772) or *Caleb (Old Testament figure, S02459) in Hebron. Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 404.
E07918Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, on a route from Jerusalem to Hebron notes the graves of the Patriarchs of Israel near Hebron. Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.