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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Prophets, unnamed or name lost

Saint ID

S00139

Reported Death Not After

33

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Other New Testament saints, Old Testament saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00333Gregory of Tours, in the Preface to his Life of *Ursus and Leobatius (abbots in Berry and the Touraine, around AD 500, S00137), compares the apostles and other saints, including those of the present, to stars in the heavens, enlightening the world. From Gregory's Life of the Fathers, written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 573/594.
E00829Greek inscription on an altar, mentioning unnamed Old Testament prophets and unnamed *Apostles. Found near Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor), probably late antique (4th-8th c.).
E01042The fifth Mystagogic Catechesis, of the mid to late 4th c., ascribed to Cyril of Jerusalem (c. 313-387) or his successor John II (387-417), mentions a special invocation of the intercession of *Patriarchs, *Prophets, *Apostles, and *Martyrs during the Eucharist. Written in Greek at Jerusalem.
E01872Greek inscriptions from the so-called 'church of the Apostles' at I'djāz near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria), invoking the intercession of unnamed Apostles, and also unnamed prophets and martyrs, for the well-being of the emperors Theodosius I and Arcadius, and of other Christians. 383-395.
E02361Greek inscription commemorating the construction of a church, perhaps dedicated to unnamed Holy Prophets, Apostles, and Martyrs. Found at Gerasa/Jerash (Roman province of Arabia). Dated 464/465.
E02781Sozomen in his Ecclesiastical History mentions stories of visions indicating that the emperor Julian the Apostate was killed by two apostles or prophets. Another vision announced the death to *Didymos the Blind (ascetic and philosopher of Alexandria, S01370). Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/450.
E03495Theodoret of Cyrrhus sends five letters, inviting his correspondents to celebrate the dedication of a church at Cyrrhus, built to house relics of Apostles and Prophets. Written in Cyrrhus (north Syria), 423/449.
E05192Coptic Encomion on Apa *Apollo (S01968), Pachomian monk and founder of the monastery of *Isaak (S00276), presumably located near Herakleopolis Magna (Middle Egypt), attributed to Stephanos, bishop of Herakleopolis Magna, and presented on Apollo’s day of commemoration, relating the saint’s ascetic life as a monk in the Pachomian monastery at Pbow, his virtues and great humility, his wanderings, as well as his founding of the monastery of Isaak, his prophetic gift and numerous miracles performed during his lifetime as well as posthumously; written presumably in the later 6th century.
E05735John Malalas in his Chronographia, in his account of events in Antioch (Syria) in the early 6th century, mentions the local shrines of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), unnamed *Prophets (S00139), *Zachariah (probably the father of John the Baptist, S00597, or the Old Testament Prophet, S00283), and *Kosmas and Damianos (brothers and physician martyrs, S00385), as well as a Gate of *Ioulianos (probably the martyr of Cilicia, S00305). Written in Greek at Antioch or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.
E07375Sophronius of Jerusalem, in his Miracles of the Saints Cyrus and John (36), recounts how *Kyros and Ioannes/Cyrus and John (physician and soldier, martyrs of Egypt, S00406), through multiple appearances in dreams healed from gout and converted Theodoros, an heretical follower of Julian of Halicarnassus, at their shrine at Menouthis (near Alexandria, Lower Egypt). An icon is described which represented Christ, Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and John (the Baptist, S00020), surrounded by prophets, apostles and martyrs. Written in Greek in Alexandria, 610/615.