Site logo

The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Clemens/Clement, bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea

Saint ID

S00111

Number in BH

BHL 1848-1857

Reported Death Not Before

95

Reported Death Not After

105

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Bishops , Martyrs, Writers
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00268The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Clemens (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111), tells how he made church notaries record the acts of the martyrs of Rome, himself died a martyr in Greece, and was buried there on 24 November [AD 100].
E00367Gregory of Tours writes the Glory of the Martyrs (Liber in Gloria Martyrum), in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594. Overview entry.
E00535Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (35), tells of the tomb of *Clemens/Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) on the seabed, which is uncovered by the sea only on the day of his feast; a child left there by mistake was found asleep and unharmed a whole year later. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E00536Gregory of Tours, in his Glory of the Martyrs (36), tells of relics of *Clement (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00111) being brought to the territory of Limoges (western Gaul); their authenticity was proved when they miraculously regenerate a dry spring, invoked by the prayers of *Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591, S00302). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 580/594.
E02011Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (1.25), mentions several 1st, 2nd, and 3rd century martyrs, namely *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), *James ('the brother of the Lord', S00058), *Mark (the Evangelist, S00293), *Stephen (the first martyr, S00030), *Clemens (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111), *Symeon (bishop and martyr of Jerusalem, S01139), *Ignatios, (bishop of Antioch and martyr of Rome, S00649), *Iustinus (philosopher and martyr of Rome, S01140), *Polycarp (bishop and martyr of Smyrna, S00004), *Cornelius (bishop and martyr of Rome, S00172), and *Cyprian (bishop and martyr of Carthage, S00411). Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 575/594.
E02397Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.1), quotes a sermon preached by Pope Gregory the Great after his election, ordering the Roman community to go in procession from seven churches in Rome: of *Cosmas/Kosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), *Petrus and Marcellinus (martyrs of Rome, S00577), *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome, S00384), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Clement, (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111). They met together at the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); AD 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E02488The Latin Martyrdom of *Clemens (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) is written presumably in Rome, between the late 4th and the early 6th c. It narrates Clemens’ healing and conversion of a certain Sisinnius with his household and several other aristocrats in Rome, Clemens’ exile to the Black Sea, the many conversions triggered there, his death by being thrown into the sea, the miraculous receding of the sea to reveal his body placed in a sarcophagus in a temple, and how this miracle is repeated every year on the saint's feast day.
E02744The decrees (in Latin) of a synod, held in 499 in St Peter's basilica, Rome, by Pope Symmachus (498-514), are subscribed to by a number of presbyters of the city's titular churches, each identified by the name of his titulus, a few of which are dedicated to saints; preserved as Symmachus Letter 1.
E02890The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on the 5th-7th c. prototype from Jerusalem, commemorates on 24 January *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111), *Vincent (deacon and martyr in Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), *Kyriakos (a monk of St Sabas, S01358), and all the deceased monks of St Sabas.
E02955The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 24 January, at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111).
E03934The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 22 November *Agapios from Gaza (martyr in Palestine, S00188), *Amphilochos (theologian and bishop of Iconium, ob. c. 400, S01805), *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) and *Caecilia (virgin and martyr of Rome, S00146).
E03938The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 26 November *Peter (bishop and martyr of Alexandria, S00247), *John II (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 417, S00172) or *John III (bishop of Jerusalem, ob. 524, S00194), *Irenarchos (martyr of Sebasteia, S00623), *Elianos (probably martyr of Aman, S00889), *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111).
E04582Gregory the Great, in his Dialogues (4.15), mentions the church dedicated to *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) in Rome. Written in Latin in Rome, c. 593.
E05675Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 23 November at Rome of *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E05861The Calendar of Willibrord, in its earliest version, records the feasts of various saints in November. Written in Latin at Echternach, Frisia (north-east Gaul), 703/710.
E06362The decrees of a synod held by Pope Gregory the Great in 595 in St Peter’s basilica, Rome, are subscribed by presbyters from many of the city's titular churches, all dedicated to saints (Register 5.57a). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06551Aldhelm, in his prose On Virginity, names *Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) as an exemplary virgin. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/686.
E06591The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in November.
E06659Aldhelm's verse On Virginity lists a range of saints as exemplary virgins, with some variations to the list found in the earlier prose version of the same treatise. Written in Latin in southern Britain, for the nuns at the monastery at Barking (south-east Britain), c. 675/710. Overview entry
E07001The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the martyrs' burials around Rome, is followed by an Appendix listing 21 churches dedicated to saints within the Aurelianic walls of Rome. Written in Latin in Rome, certainly after 625 and before 790, possibly in 642/683.
E07904Jerome, in his On illustrious men, in his note on *Clemens/Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111), states that a church in Rome preserves the memory of Clemens' name. Written in Latin in Bethlehem (Palestine), 392/393.
E07924Theodosius, in his On the Topography of the Holy Land, gives an account of the martyrdom of *Clemens/Clement (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111) in Cersona on the Crimea, and of how his grave on the sea-bed is miraculously exposed for eight days a year, around the saint's feast day. Written in Latin, perhaps in Africa, 518/540.
E08080Latin inscription by a certain presbyter Severus commemorating his dedication to *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and mentioning the titulus-church of *Clemens, San Clemente (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111). Found in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome. Dated 533.