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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Marcellinus and Petrus, priest and exorcist, martyrs of Rome, buried on the via Labicana

Saint ID

S00577

Number in BH

BHL 5230-5231

Reported Death Not Before

50

Reported Death Not After

312

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Groups and pairs of saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00680The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, lists those on the via Labicana, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, probably in 625/649.
E01443The short Life of *Honorius (bishop of Rome, ob. 638, S01459) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, lists his construction of, and offerings to, the churches of many saints in Rome and its region.
E02397Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (10.1), quotes a sermon preached by Pope Gregory the Great after his election, ordering the Roman community to go in procession from seven churches in Rome: of *Cosmas/Kosmas and Damianus (brothers, physician martyrs of Syria, S00385), *Gervasius and Protasius (martyrs of Milan, S00313), *Petrus and Marcellinus (martyrs of Rome, S00577), *Iohannes and Paulus (brothers and eunuchs, martyrs of Rome, S00384), *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030), *Euphemia (martyr of Chalcedon, S00017), *Clement, (bishop of Rome, martyr of the Crimea, S00111). They met together at the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); AD 590. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 590/594.
E02500The Martyrdom of *Marcellinus and Petrus (priest and exorcist, martyrs of Rome, S00577) is written in Latin, presumably in Rome, between the late 4th and the 8th c., perhaps in the early 7th c. It narrates the trials endured by the saints and the miracles and conversions they performed, notably of *Arthemius, Candida and Paulina (S00552), who are then martyred and buried in a crypt on the via Aurelia; Marcellinus and Petrus’ martyrdom in Silva nigra/Silva candida; their burial near the martyr *Tiburtius (martyr of Rome, S01404) on the via Labicana; the writing by pope Damasus (366-384) of a verse inscription for their tomb; the conversion of the saints’ executioner.
E05246Painting on the vault of a cubiculum, showing Christ flanked by the Apostles *Peter and *Paul (S00036 and S00008) in the upper register, and, in the lower register, four martyrs labelled with painted Latin inscriptions: *Gorgonius (martyr of Rome, S00576), *Marcellinus and Petrus (martyrs of Rome, S00577), and *Tiburtius (son of the prefect Chromatius and martyr of Rome, S01404), flanking the Lamb of God. Found in the cemetery inter duas lauros /ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum, via Labicana, Rome. Probably 5th c.
E05251Visitor graffiti from the cemetery Ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome, invoking the eponyms of the cemetery, *Marcellinus and Petrus (martyrs of Rome, S00577). Executed on a wall in a passage close to the crypt/chapel where the two saints were probably venerated. Probably late 4th – 5th c.
E05252Greek graffito invoking the intercession, on behalf of two monks, of *Helena (empress and mother of Constantine, ob. 328, S00185), and of unnamed martyrs, almost certainly those buried in the cemetery Ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome, where the graffito was found. Probably late 7th - early 8th c.
E05261Latin visitor graffiti with invocations on behalf of two people, including one monk, affiliated to an institution of a saint Caecilia (probably *Caecilia, virgin and martyr of Rome, S00146), and of a saint whose name is lost. Found in the cemetery Ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome, in the crypt where *Marcellinus and Petrus (martyrs of Rome, $S00577) were probably venerated. Probably 7th/9th c.
E05271Latin and Greek graffiti and epitaphs with invocations to unnamed saints and martyrs, holy spirits/spirita sancta, and saints whose names are lost. Found in the cemetery ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome. Probably 4th-6th c.
E05279Latin epitaph encouraging *Marcellinus and Petrus (martyrs of Rome, S00577) to receive the deceased as their 'adopted son' (alumnus). Found near the intramural church of Santa Prassede, but probably originally erected in the cemetery Ad Sanctos Marcellinum et Petrum /inter duas lauros, via Labicana, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c.
E05554Bede, in his Martyrology, records the feast on 2 June at Rome of *Marcellinus, priest, and Petrus, exorcist (martyrs of Rome, S00577). Written in Latin at Wearmouth-Jarrow (north-east Britain), 725/731.
E06362The decrees of a synod held by Pope Gregory the Great in 595 in St Peter’s basilica, Rome, are subscribed by presbyters from many of the city's titular churches, all dedicated to saints (Register 5.57a). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06586The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in June.
E06912The Cymiteria totius Romanae urbis lists 17 cemeteries around the city of Rome, giving their original names and the name of a prominent saint (or saints) buried there. Presumably written in Rome, possibly in the 6th c.
E06994The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Labicana, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07890The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists those outside the porta maior (present-day 'Porta Maggiore') on the via Labicana, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.