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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Nereus and Achilleus, eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, and companions

Saint ID

S00403

Number in BH

BHL 6058-6067

Reported Death Not Before

64

Reported Death Not After

100

Gender
Male
Female
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Eunuchs, Virgins, Lesser clergy
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00684The Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae, a guide to saints' graves around Rome, lists those on the via Ardeatina, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 625/649.
E01357The second edition of the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome between the 530s and 546, in its account of *John I (bishop of Rome, ob. 526, S00308), lists his renovation works in the cemeteries of *Nereus and Achilles (eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, S00403), of *Felix and Adauctus (martyrs of Rome, S00421), and of Priscilla, all in the suburbs of Rome; his adornment of the confessio of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008); as well as offerings made by the emperor Justin I to the churches in Rome of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), of *Paul (the Apostle, S00008), of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and of *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S00037).
E01442The short Life of *Boniface V (bishop of Rome, ob. 625, S00844) in the Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome soon after his death, mentions his regulations concerning handling relics, his renovation of the cemetery of *Nicomedes (on the via Nomentana, north-east of Rome), and his burial in the church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Rome.
E02033The Latin Martyrdom of *Nereus, Achilleus and Companions (martyrs of Rome and central Italy, S00403) is written, presumably in Rome, in Late Antiquity. It narrates the decision of the niece of the emperor Domitian, Domitilla to embrace virginity, her exile to the insula Pontiana with her eunuch slaves Nereus and Achilleus; the struggle of the Apostles *Peter (S00036) and *Paul (S00008) with Simon Magus; the martyrdom and burial of a number of saints: Felicula, Nicomedes, and Nereus and Achilleus in Rome; Eutyches, Victorinus and Maro on the via Nomentana and via Salaria north-east of Rome; Sulpitius and Servilianus on the via Latina, south-east of the city; Domitilla, with her companions, Euphrosyna and Theodora, in Terracina.
E05171Latin inscription with the names of *Sulpicius and Servilianus (martyr-companions of Nereus and Achilleus at Rome, S00403), probably a monumental commemorative plaque. Found at the Leonine City, Rome, but probably originally displayed in one of the cemeteries on the via Latina, Rome. Now lost. Probably 4th c.
E06362The decrees of a synod held by Pope Gregory the Great in 595 in St Peter’s basilica, Rome, are subscribed by presbyters from many of the city's titular churches, all dedicated to saints (Register 5.57a). Written in Latin in Rome.
E06544The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in May.
E06788A Latin papyrus preserved in Monza (northern Italy) lists the 'oils of the holy martyrs who in body rest in Rome' brought from Rome for Theodelinda, queen of the Lombards, naming many Roman saints. Written at Monza or Rome, 590/604; preserved in its original copy.
E06912The Cymiteria totius Romanae urbis lists 17 cemeteries around the city of Rome, giving their original names and the name of a prominent saint (or saints) buried there. Presumably written in Rome, possibly in the 6th c.
E06991The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Ardeatina, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E06993The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Latina, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E06997The De Locis Sanctis, a guide to the graves of the martyrs around Rome, lists those on the via Nomentana, north-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07153Latin poem by Pope Damasus, for an inscription commemorating *Nereus and Achilleus (eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, S00403) at their shrine in the catacomb of Domitilla, on the via Ardeatina outside Rome. Written in Rome, 366/384.
E07888The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists those outside porta Nomentana, north-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07891The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists three gates, including the porta Asinaria (now called saint John's gate), and the martyrs buried outside the porta Latina on the via Latina, south-east of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E07893The Itinerarium Malmesburiense, a guide to saints' graves around and within Rome, lists those on the via Ardeatina, south of the city. Written in Latin in Rome, 642/683.
E08075Three relic labels at the monastery of Saint-Maurice d'Agaune (south-east Gaul), datable by their script to the late 6th/earlier 7th c., for relics of various saints. Written in Latin, either where the relics originated, or at Saint-Maurice d'Agaune.