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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Symeon the Younger, stylite near Antioch, ob. 592.

Saint ID

S00860

Reported Death Not Before

592

Reported Death Not After

592

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Monastic founders, Ascetics/monks/nuns, Stylites/dendrites, Miracle-workers in lifetime
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E01644Greek inscriptions from the Monastery of *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860) at the 'Wondrous Mountain' near Antioch on the Orontes (north Syria), mentioning the joint intercession of Symeon and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), perhaps for the successful restoration of the monastery. 592-13th c.
E01648Pilgrim tokens (eulogiae) produced at the Monastery of *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860), with inscriptions and depictions, all referring to Symeon, some also to *Martha (his mother, S00864), *Konon (his disciple, S00865), and *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). From Bobbio (northern Italy), and other locations (generally near-eastern). 6th-13th c.
E01679Greek dedicatory inscription on a golden leaf, probably from a reliquary, commemorating an offering to God and 'saint Symeonios' (probably *Symeon the Younger, stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860). Exact provenance unknown, probably central Syria. Probably late 6th-7th c.
E01785Basalt pillar with low-relief carving and Greek inscription naming *Symeon the Elder (stylite of Qal‘at Sim‘ān, ob. 459, S00343) or *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860). Found at Jibrîn, to the southeast of Beroia/Aleppo (central Syria). Probably late antique.
E01822Inscribed metal medallion showing a depiction of *Symeon the Elder (stylite of Qal‘at Sim‘ān, ob. 459,S00343) or *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860). Provenance unknown. Seen in Beirut (west Lebanon). Not earlier than later 5th c.
E02316Gregory of Tours, in his Histories (8.15), records how *Vulfilaicus (late 6th c. stylite and monastic founder, S01199) kept vigils in youth in the name of *Martin (ascetic and bshop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), became a disciple of Aredius (monastic founder in the Limousin, ob. 591), and visited with him the tomb of Martin in Tours, where Aredius gathered dust in a small box (capsula). This dust when placed in the oratory of Aredius' monastery in the Limousin (western Gaul) increases in quantity. Vulfilaicus travels to the region of Trier (north-east Gaul), and on a column imitates the stylite *Symeon (probably the Elder, ob. 459, S00343; possibly the Younger, ob. 592, S00860). He destroys idols and converts the locals to Christianity; is cured of sores with oil brought from Saint Martin’s church in Tours; is ordered off his column by bishops; all in around 565-585. Written in Latin in Tours (north-west Gaul), 585/594.
E03165The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 28 May *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860) and his mother 'Helena' (an error for Martha, the mother of Symeon the Younger, S00864).
E03748The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th century, based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 23 May *Zechariah (father of John the Baptist, S00597), *Symeon (the Younger, stylite near Antioch, S00860), *Isakios and Meletios (bishops of Cyprus, S01635) and 'monk Nestereon', an unidentified figure.
E03813The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 27 July *Symeon the Elder (stylite of Qal‘at Sim‘ān, ob. 459, S00343), *Symeon the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860) and a third Symeon the Stylite and *Pantaleōn/Panteleēmōn (martyr of Nicomedia, during the Diocletian persecution of 305, S00596).
E04126The anonymous Greek Life of *Symeon Stylites the Younger (stylite near Antioch, ob. 592, S00860) recounts his ascetic withdrawal, life as a stylite, and numerous miracles in life. It includes references to miracles and shrines of *John the Baptist (S00020), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), and the *Forty Martyrs of Sebaste (S00103). Written in the late 6th or early 7th c., probably by a monk of the monastery and shrine of the 'Wondrous Mountain' near Antioch (Syria).
E04127The anonymous Greek Life of *Martha (mother of Symeon Stylites the Younger, S00864), written in Greek, recounts her holy life, death, and burial at the 'Wondrous Mountain', and several posthumous miracles. Written probably in the 7th c., and probably by a monk of the monastery and shrine of the Wondrous Mountain near Antioch (Syria).
E05080Evagrius Scholasticus in his Ecclesiastical History (6.23) mentions the story of *Symeon the Stylite the Younger (ascetic, ob. 592, S00080), recounting the beginnings of his station on his column near Antioch, and some of his miracles of healing and clairvoyance; some of this miraculous activity the author experienced in person. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria), 593/594.