Inscriptions - Inscribed objects
Images and objects - Rings and seals
Images and objects - Narrative scenes
Images and objects - Representative images
The seals presented below are of unknown provenance. They are kept in the Museum of Crete and in the stores of the Ephorate of Antiquities in Heraklion.
1) A circular lead seal (diameter 0.023 m) with a depiction of Mary, holding the Christ Child, on the obverse, and a cross-like monogram Δημητρίου/'Of Demetrios' on the reverse.
Stylistically dated to the 7th c.
Text: Tsougarakis 1984, no. 2; SEG 34, 925.
2) A circular lead seal (diameter 0.025 m) with the scene of probably the Annunciation, showing Mary and Gabriel the Archangel, on the obverse, and three cross-like monograms on the reverse. One of them was interpreted as: Σεργίου/'Of Sergios'.
Stylistically dated to the late 6th-7th c.
Text: Tsougarakis 1984, no. 3; SEG 34, 926.
3) An oval lead seal (diameter 0.02 m) with the scene of the baptism of Christ, showing John the Baptist, Christ, probably an angel, and the Holy Ghost, on the reverse, and a Greek inscription on the obverse, written in the Latin alphabet:
P[e]tṛ | Чscri|bon(ο)s = Πέτρου(?) σκρίβωνος / 'Of Peter, skribon'
The seal belonged to a skribon, a high ranking member of the military unit of exkubitores - originating as a 5th c. imperial guard, but in the 8th c. transformed into elite troops of the Byzantine army. The habit of writing in Greek with the use of the Latin alphabet is also attested, for example, by signatures of notaries, preserved in late antique papyri.
Stylistically dated to the 6th c.
Text: Tsougarakis 1984, no. 4; SEG 34, 927.
4) A lead seal with the name Σεργίου/'Of Sergios' on the obverse and a Greek inscription, written in the Latin alphabet on the reverse:
)ЧLЧ | TSTḤE | T. . = Dulu | t[e]s The|[o]t[oku] = Δούλου τῆς Θεοτόκου / 'Of the servant of the God-Bearer'
Stylistically dated to the 5th-6th c.
Text: Xanthoudides 1903, 116-117; Tsougarakis 1984, 734; SEG 34, 929.
Private ownership of an imageNon Liturgical Activity
Prayer/supplication/invocationProtagonists in Cult and Narratives
SoldiersCult Related Objects
Other lay individuals/ people
Tsougarakis, D., "Sceaux byzantins de Crète", Bulletin de correspondance hellénique 108 (1984), 731-734.
Xanthoudides, S., "Χριστιανικαί αρχαιότητες εκ Κρήτης", Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique 6 (1903), 116-117.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 34, 925-927, 929.
|ID||Name||Name in Source||Identity||S00020||John the Baptist||Certain||S00033||Mary, Mother of Christ||Certain||S00192||Gabriel, the Archangel||Certain|
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Paweł Nowakowski, Cult of Saints, E01392 - http://csla.history.ox.ac.uk/record.php?recid=E01392