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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world

Coptic funerary inscription on marble from the necropolis of the monastery of Apa Jeremias at Saqqara (Lower Egypt) with an invocation to the typical group of saints celebrated at Saqqara: *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Gabriel (the Archangel, S00192), *Adam (S00772), Apa *Jeremias, Apa *Enoch, and Ama *Sibylla (S00773), datable to the 8th/9th c.

Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

KSB 1 479

+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉ-
ⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲃ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓ-
ⲟⲥ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ
ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ
ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲁⲡⲁ
ⲓⲉⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲛ-
ⲱⲭ ⲁⲙⲁ ⲥⲓⲃⲩⲗⲗⲁ
ⲡⲉⲛⲥⲟⲛ ⲡⲡⲁⲡⲁ
ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲡⲕⲟⲩⲧⲏⲩⲥ
ⲁϥⲉⲙⲧⲟⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲛ-
ⲥⲟⲩ : ⲓⲏ ⲛⲧⲱⲃⲉ ϩⲛ
ⲟⲩⲉⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ϩⲁⲙⲏⲛ

'Father, Son, (and) Holy Spirit. Saint Michael, Saint Mary, Apa Gabriel, our father Adam, Apa Jeremias, Apa Enoch, (and) Ama Sibylla!
Our brother Papa Anoup, the shoemaker, has gone to rest on day 18 of the month Tybi in peace. Amen.'

Translation: Gesa Schenke.

Non Liturgical Activity



The marble plaque inv. 941 belongs to the Egyptian Collection in Heidelberg.


Apa Jeremias, Apa Enoch, and Ama Sibylla are frequently referred to as the Saqqara triad of saints.


M.R.M. Hasitzka, Koptisches Sammelbuch I (KSB I) (Vienna, 1993), 171.

Record Created By

Gesa Schenke

Date Last Modified


Related Saint Records
IDNameName in SourceIdentity
S00033Mary, Mother of Christ ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁCertain
S00181Michael, the Archangelⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗCertain
S00192Gabriel, the Archangelⲁⲡⲁ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗCertain
S00772Adam and Zoe/Eveⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙCertain
S00773Jeremias, Enoch, and Sibyllaⲁⲡⲁ ⲓⲉⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲛⲱⲭ, ⲁⲙⲁ ⲥⲓⲃⲩⲗⲗⲁCertain

Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL:
Gesa Schenke, Cult of Saints, E01247 -