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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Philemon, Apollonios and companions, martyrs of Antinoopolis

Saint ID

S00386

Number in BH

BHG 1514; BHL 6803-6804

Reported Death Not Before

303

Reported Death Not After

305

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Officials and professionals, Lesser clergy , Merchants, artisans and other free people, Groups and pairs of saints
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00597Mosaic in the Rotunda of Thessalonike (south Balkans/Greece), of the 5th/6th c., depicting *Philemon (martyr of Antinoopolis, Egypt, S00386), with an inscription describing him as a flute player, and indicating March as the month of his festival.
E01473The early 5th c. Syriac Martyrology commemorates on 10 April the martyrdom of *Apollonios (priest and martyr of Alexandria, S01001).
E02653Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription commemorating the restoration of the pavement in a church or chapel dedicated to *Philemon (possibly the martyr of Antinoopolis, Egypt, S00386). Found at Riḥāb, between Bostra and Gerasa/Jerash (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Dated 663.
E02853A complex of warehouses, excavated to the north of the praetorium in Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I), was richly decorated with religious wall paintings showing Christ with the *Apostles (S00084), and probably the Three Egyptian martyrs: *Ares/Aretas, Promos, and Elias (S00196), and *Philemon (martyr of Antinoopolis, Egypt, S00386). Finds of small objects and the biblical background suggest the existence of a shrine of *Paul the Apostle (S00008) at the site in the 6th/7th c.
E02856Fragments of a labelled wall-painting, probably of *Philemon (martyr of Antinoopolis, Egypt, S00386) and just possibly *Thomas (the Apostle, S00199). Found in Caesarea Maritima (Roman province of Palaestina I), at the 'chapel of St. Paul'. Probably 6th-7th c.
E03147The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 10 May *Philemon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386), and *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468).
E03418The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 3 November *Philėmon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386) and *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468).
E03559The History of the Monks in Egypt recounts the martyrdom of *Apollonios, Philemon, and their companions (S01001, S00386), whose shrine and relics in the Thebaid (Upper Egypt) were venerated by the author in 394. Written in Greek at Jerusalem, 395/397.
E03564The 5th/6th century Greek Martyrdom of *Philemon, Apollonios, Areianos, and Companions (martyrs of Antinoopolis, S00386), recounts the martyrdom of eight martyrs, referring to various extravagant details and miracles. Their shrine is at Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt), and their feast is held in the month Phamenoth (4, 7 and 16 March), and on 14 December. Probably written in Egypt.
E03735The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 10 May *Philėmon (martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386) and *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468), *Pachomiοs (Egyptian monastic founder, ob. 346, S00352),*Epimachius (martyr of Rome, S00295), all the martyrs whose relics have been deposed under the altar of the church of St Saba Monastery, and *Simon Kananaios (the Zealot, apostle of Christ, S00835).
E03933The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 21 November *Philemon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386), *Matthew (Apostle and Evangelist, S00791), *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033).
E03958The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 14 December *Ares, Promos and Elias (Egyptian martyrs of Ascalon, S00196), and *Philemon and Apollonios (martyrs of Antinoopolis, S00386).