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The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity


from its origins to circa AD 700, across the entire Christian world


Name

Akakios, soldier and martyr of Byzantion/Constantinople

Saint ID

S00468

Number in BH

BHG 13

Gender
Male
Type of Saint
Martyrs, Soldiers
Related Evidence Records
IDTitle
E00569Greek epigram, probably of the late 6th c., inscribed on the reliquary of the martyrs *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468) and *Alexandros (probably the bishop of Constantinople, ob. 337, S01789), probably in Constantinople. Recorded in the 10th c. Greek Anthology.
E01246Martyr shrine of *Akakios (perhaps the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00759), with an inscription labelling the apparent burial chamber of the martyr, and possible burials ad sanctos, i.e. close to the martyr's relics; part of the late antique basilica on the agora of Thasos/modern Limenas (island of Thasos, Aegean Islands), just possibly dedicated to *Paul the Apostle (S00008). Dated by the excavator to the late 4th/first half of the 5th c.
E01491The early 5th c. Syriac Martyrology commemorates on 10 May the martyrdom 'at Nicomedia' of *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion/Constantinople, S00468).
E03063The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 22 March *Akakios (perhaps the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S01018).
E03147The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 10 May *Philemon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386), and *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468).
E03418The early seventh-century Georgian version of the Lectionary of Jerusalem commemorates on 3 November *Philėmon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386) and *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468).
E03735The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 10 May *Philėmon (martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386) and *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468), *Pachomiοs (Egyptian monastic founder, ob. 346, S00352),*Epimachius (martyr of Rome, S00295), all the martyrs whose relics have been deposed under the altar of the church of St Saba Monastery, and *Simon Kananaios (the Zealot, apostle of Christ, S00835).
E03933The Church Calendar of Ioane Zosime, compiled in Georgian in the 10th c., based however on 5th-7th c. prototypes from Palestine, commemorates on 21 November *Philemon (probably the martyr of Antinoopolis, S00386), *Matthew (Apostle and Evangelist, S00791), *Akakios (probably the soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468), and *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033).
E04004Socrates in his Ecclesiastical History reports that, in 358/359, Bishop Macedonius of Constantinople had the sarcophagus of the emperor *Constantine (emperor, ob. 337, S00186) moved from the shrine of the Holy Apostles to the church of *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468) in Constantinople. The act caused a violent reaction among the people. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/446.
E04008Socrates in his Ecclesiastical History, reports that, in 405/408, the emperor Arcadius visited the shrine and walnut tree in Constantinople where *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468) was hanged. The site is described as standing in the courtyard of a large residential building; the emperor's prayers are believed to have saved the inhabitants from a violent death. Written in Greek at Constantinople, 439/446.
E04338Procopius of Caesarea, in his On Buildings, reports that the emperor Justinian (r. 527-565) rebuilt from the foundations the church of *Akakios (soldier and martyr of Byzantion, S00468) in Constantinople, into a building of marvellous size. Written in Greek at Constantinople, in the 550s.
E05363The Greek Martyrdom of *Akakios the Cappadocian (soldier and martyr of Byzantium, S00468) recounts the martyrdom of a Cappadocian centurion, arrested at Perinthus (west of, and close to, Byzantium) and beheaded at the site of Staurion in Byzantium. It gives 8 May as the saint's festival. Written in Greek at Constantinople, possibly in the 6th c..